582,585 results match your criteria weight physical

Regular Voluntary Running Inhibits Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer Growth in Mice.

J Phys Act Health 2021 Apr 12:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Introduction: Benefits of regular physical exercise were demonstrated as preventive and coadjuvant nonpharmacological anticancer therapy. However, the role of exercise in modulating prostate cancer behavior has yet to be established.

Methods: Prostate tumors were induced in C57BL/6 male mice (n = 28) by subcutaneous inoculation of a suspension of murine androgen-independent RM1 cells (1. Read More

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The Lanata trichome mutation increases stomatal conductance and reduces leaf temperature in tomato.

J Plant Physiol 2021 Apr 6;260:153413. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Departamento de Biologia Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, CEP 36570-900, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address:

Trichomes are epidermal structures with a large variety of ecological functions and economic applications. Glandular trichomes produce a rich repertoire of secondary metabolites, whereas non-glandular trichomes create a physical barrier on the epidermis: both operate in tandem against biotic and abiotic stressors. A deeper understanding of trichome development and function would enable the breeding of more resilient crops. Read More

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Nicotine and energy balance: A review examining the effect of nicotine on hormonal appetite regulation and energy expenditure.

Appetite 2021 Apr 10:105260. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

School of Nutrition, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Nicotine has been shown to decrease appetite, food intake (FI) and body weight, but the mechanisms are unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine research on the effects of nicotine on energy balance by exploring physiological mechanisms and hormone regulation related to FI, subjective appetite and energy expenditure (EE). We searched PubMed and MEDLINE, and included articles investigating the effects of nicotine on central appetite regulation, FI, leptin, peptide-YY (PYY), ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), adiponectin, cholecystokinin (CCK), orexin, and EE. Read More

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Relationship in Dietary habits variations during COVID-19 lockdown in Kosovo: The COVIDiet Study.

Appetite 2021 Apr 10:105244. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Campus of Melilla, University of Granada, 52001 Melilla, Spain; Biomedical Research Centre, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INYTA) 'José Mataix', University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain; Biosanitary Research Institute of Granada, Ibs, 18012 Granada, Spain.

Changes in dietary habits and association with lifestyle during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown in the Kosovo population have not been studied yet. Therefore, the intent of the present study was to determine whether if COVID-19 lockdown had any impact in lifestyle, including dietary habits and physical activity (PA) patterns of people from different areas of Kosovo. Dietary habits, PA, body weight and sociodemographic variables were measured through validated online survey started one week after lockdown decision and lasted for next two month (May and June 2020). Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on education, health and lifestyle behaviour of Brazilian urology residents.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Jul-Aug;47(4):753-776

Divisão de Urologia, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo - FMUSP, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on clinical and surgical practice, educational activities, health and lifestyle behavior of Brazilian urology residents.

Materials And Methods: A web-based survey was sent to 468 Brazilian urology residents from postgraduate years (PGY) 3 to 5 to collect data on clinical practice and training after 4 months of COVID-19. We also assessed health-related and behavior changes, rate of infection by SARS-CoV-2, deployment to the front line of COVID-19, residents' concerns, and access to personal protective equipment (PPE). Read More

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January 2021

Quantitative Three-dimensional Assessment of Knee Joint Space Width from Weight-bearing CT.

Radiology 2021 Apr 13:203928. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

From the Department of Radiology, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UY, England (T.D.T., J.W.M.); Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, England (T.D.T., J.W.M.); Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, England (S.B.L.); Department of Radiology, University Hospitals Bristol and Weston NHS Foundation Trust, Bristol, England (S.R.); Departments of Engineering (G.M.T., A.H.G.) and Medicine (K.E.S.P.), University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, Calif (J.A.L.); and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City, Kan (N.A.S.).

Background Imaging of structural disease in osteoarthritis has traditionally relied on MRI and radiography. Joint space mapping (JSM) can be used to quantitatively map joint space width (JSW) in three dimensions from CT images. Purpose To demonstrate the reproducibility, repeatability, and feasibility of JSM of the knee using weight-bearing CT images. Read More

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Prospective associations between physical activity and BMI with irregular periods and heavy menstrual bleeding in a large cohort of Australian women.

Hum Reprod 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity and Health, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane St Lucia, QLD, Australia.

Study Question: Are physical activity (PA) and body mass index (BMI) associated with irregular periods and heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in Australian women?

Summary Answer: Overweight and obese women have higher odds of both irregular periods and HMB than underweight/normal-weight women, but high levels of PA reduce the odds of HMB.

What Is Known Already: Most studies on relationships between PA and menstrual problems have focused on female athletes, but there have been few population-based studies.

Study Design, Size, Duration: Prospective cohort study, 10618 participants in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health (ALSWH) who completed mailed surveys in 1996, with follow-ups in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Read More

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Association between body fat distribution assessed by different techniques and body image perception in HIV-infected children and adolescents.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Federal University of Santa Catarina, Research Center in Kinanthropometry and Human Performance, Sports Centre, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Purpose: verify whether there is difference in body fat values assessed by different methods according to the body image perception of HIV-infected children and adolescents.

Design And Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 65 HIV-infected children and adolescents (aged 8-15 years). Total fat mass, trunk fat mass, arm fat mass and leg fat mass were obtained through dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Read More

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Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome caused by the ingestion of in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):300060520980649

Department of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare hepatic vascular disorder characterized by intrahepatic congestion, liver injury, and post-sinusoidal portal hypertension, and it is frequently associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In this study, we observed a case of HSOS associated with the ingestion of , a pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-containing Chinese herb, in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis. The patient was a 43-year-old man with chief complaints of physical asthenia and a loss of appetite for more than a month. Read More

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Influence of ultrasound-assisted ionic liquid pretreatments on the functional properties of soy protein hydrolysates.

Ultrason Sonochem 2021 Mar 29;73:105546. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, 301 Xuefu Road, Zhenjiang 212013, Jiangsu, China.

In this work, the effect of dual-frequency ultrasound-assisted ionic liquids (ILs) pretreatment on the functional properties of soy protein isolate (SPI) hydrolysates was investigated. The degree of hydrolysis (DH) of SPI pretreated by ultrasound and [BMIM][PF] increased by 12.53% as compared to control (P < 0. Read More

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Effect of Diabetes on Rotary Instrumentation of Dentin.

J Endod 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Associate Professor and Chairman, Department of Endodontics, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, NJ.

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may affect the physical and mechanical properties of dentin, which could potentially have an impact on root canal procedures. This study aimed to compare the amount of dentin removed by an endodontic rotary file, comparing dentin from diabetic patients to dentin from control patients under laboratory conditions.

Methods: The amount of dentin removed was tested using new F2 ProTaper files applied against the surface of prepared dentin disks for three different groups; diabetic type I (D1), diabetic type II (D2), and non-diabetic (Normal). Read More

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Short-term developmental outcomes in neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 from Wuhan, China.

World J Pediatr 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

National Children's Medical Center, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging disease. The consequences of SARS-CoV-2 exposure in infants remain unknown. Therefore, this study aims to investigate whether neonates born to mothers with COVID-19 have adverse brain development. Read More

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Interfacial interactions of SERS-active noble metal nanostructures with functional ligands for diagnostic analysis of protein cancer markers.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 Apr 12;188(5):164. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea University, 145 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul, 02841, Republic of Korea.

Noble metal nanostructures with designed hot spots have been widely investigated as surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS)-active substrates, particularly for selective and sensitive detection of protein cancer markers. For specific target recognition and efficient signal amplification, SERS probe design requires a choice of SERS-active nanostructures as well as their controlled functionalization with Raman dyes and target recognition entities such as antibodies. However, the chemical conjugation of antibodies and Raman dyes to SERS substrates has rarely been discussed to date, despite their substantial roles in detection schemes. Read More

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Prospective BMI changes in preschool children are not effected by changes in EBRBs but by parental characteristics and body weight perceptions: The ToyBox-study.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Apr 12:1-25. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Dietetics, Nutrition and Sport, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: To examine the effect of the intervention implemented in the ToyBox study on changes observed in age and sex specific BMI percentile and investigate the role of perinatal factors, parental perceptions and characteristics on this change.

Design: A multicomponent, kindergarten-based, family-involved intervention with a cluster-randomized design. A standardized protocol was used to measure children's body weight and height. Read More

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Exercise and outcomes in macrosomic pregnancies.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Apr 11:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objective: Pregnancy is generally known to be a period when physical activity is partially or totally restricted to avoid negative outcomes such as miscarriage or premature birth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on maternal and fetal outcomes of exercise in pregnancies complicated by macrosomia.

Material And Method: In this retrospective study, the data were retrospectively screened of women who gave birth at ≥38 weeks with infant birthweight of ≥4000 gr. Read More

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How will the way we live look different in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic? A nutrition survey in Greece.

Nutr Health 2021 Apr 11:2601060211009033. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

School of Medicine, 68993University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background: As we move towards a post-pandemic society, a question arises: How will the way we live look different in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic?

Aim: The aim of this survey was to evaluate changes in eating habits and other lifestyle behaviours (i.e., exercise and smoking) of people of almost all ages, who live in Greece, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Objectively Measured Physical Activity Increases Only in Males During a Summer Camp for Obese Children.

Front Sports Act Living 2021 25;3:624449. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Pediatrics Unit, Hospital of Atri, Atri, Italy.

Childhood obesity is a major public health challenge. Summer camps for children with obesity represent an alternative setting to improve eating and physical activity habits. Here we evaluated if the participation in the camp improves objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior and whether there are differences between male and female participants. Read More

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Self-reported disability and its association with obesity and physical activity in Australian adults: Results from a longitudinal study.

SSM Popul Health 2021 Jun 10;14:100765. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Health Services and Hospital Administration, Faculty of Economics and Administration, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: A high prevalence of disability has been previously observed in developed countries. Identifying trends in its prevalence and risk, as well as protective factors of disability, are essential to establish effective prevention strategies.

Objective: The purposes of this study are to outline trends in the prevalence of disability among Australian adults and to analyse the relationship between obesity, and physical activity with disability. Read More

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The Implementation of Therapeutic Alliance in the Rehabilitation of an Elite Pediatric Athlete with Salter-Harris Fracture: A Case Report.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Apr 1;16(2):539-551. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

OSU Sports Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA; Sports Medicine Research Institute, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA; Department of Orthopaedics, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background/purpose: Although research on the value of therapeutic alliance is prominent in other areas of health care, physical therapy research is limited. The purpose is to describe the incorporation of therapeutic alliance concepts throughout the rehabilitation of an elite pediatric athlete with a complicated recovery following a fracture to the distal femoral epiphysis.

Case Description: A 14-year-old male was referred to physical therapy following an open reduction and internal fixation to address a type IV Salter-Harris fracture of the right distal femoral epiphysis. Read More

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The Single Leg Squat Test: A "Top-Down" or "Bottom-Up" Functional Performance Test?

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Apr 1;16(2):360-370. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Colorado Mesa University.

Background: Medial knee deviation (MKD) during the single leg squat test (SLST) is a common clinical finding that is often attributed to impairments of proximal muscular structures. Investigations into the relationship between MKD and the foot and ankle complex have provided conflicting results, which may impact clinicians' interpretation of the SLST.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) and foot posture in subjects that perform the SLST with MKD (fail) versus without MKD (pass). Read More

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Chronic pain and weight regain in a lifestyle modification trial.

Obes Sci Pract 2021 Apr 1;7(2):192-198. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Center for Clinical Epidemiology & Population Health Marshfield Clinic Research Institute Marshfield Wisconsin USA.

Objective: Obesity and chronic pain often co-occur and exert bidirectional influences on one another. How patients with obesity and chronic pain respond to weight loss treatments, however, remains unclear. This study evaluated body weight, physical activity, and diet outcomes in participants with and without chronic pain in a 2-year behavioral weight loss trial. Read More

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The eggshell structure in ; form, function, and adaptation.

Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 26;11(7):3184-3202. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Fonterra ltd. Palmerston North New Zealand.

is a genus of flightless birds endemic to New Zealand known to lay very large eggs in proportion to body weight. The eggshell of is unusually thin and less porous than allometrically expected possibly as a compensation for a very long incubation period. Past studies have been carried out on a species which once comprised all kiwi with brown plumage, now separated into three distinct species. Read More

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Cardiovascular Risk Is Increased in Miner's Chronic Intermittent Hypobaric Hypoxia Exposure From 0 to 2,500 m?

Front Physiol 2021 26;12:647976. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Laboratorio de Fisiología, Hipoxia y Función Vascular, Departamento de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Católica del Norte, Coquimbo, Chile.

Over the past 40 years, mining activities in Chile have relocated miners who normally live at sea level to work at high altitudes. This results in a form of chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) characterized by alternating periods of work at high altitude and rest periods at sea level. Previous studies performed in our laboratory showed that aerobic capacity is reduced at 3,800 m, even when oxygen content is maintained. Read More

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Assessment score for the diagnosis of a case with pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis.

Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul Cerrahpasa University, Istanbul.

Idiopathic pleuropulmonary fibroelastosis is an extremely rare lung disease characterized by the combination of fibrosis of the visceral pleura and the fibroelastotic changes transcending in the subpleural lung parenchyma that predominantly affects the upper lobes with accompanying volume loss. It is mostly idiopathic while infection, autoimmunity, bone marrow or lung transplantation and genetic predisposition may be associated with the development of PPFE. The disease is exceptionally rare as approximately ninety cases have been reported in the literature currently. Read More

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Preparation of High-Drug-Loaded Clarithromycin Gastric-Floating Sustained-Release Tablets Using 3D Printing.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2021 Apr 11;22(3):131. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

The high-drug-loaded sustained-release gastric-floating clarithromycin (CAM) tablets were proposed and manufactured via semisolid extrusion (SSE)-based 3D printing. The physical and mechanical properties, such as dimensions, weight variation, friability, and hardness, were accessed according to the quality standards of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (Ch.P). Read More

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Jumping rope and whole-body vibration program effects on bone values in Olympic artistic swimmers.

J Bone Miner Metab 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona, c/Villarroel, 170, 08036, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Artistic swimming seems not to benefit bone development like other out-of-water physical activities. To increase bone acquisition, artistic swimming should combine water training with weight-bearing impact or strength activities. Artistic swimmers can be a population at risk of developing osteopenia and osteoporosis in later life. Read More

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A weight-loss Mediterranean diet/lifestyle intervention ameliorates inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: results of the "MIMOSA" randomized clinical trial.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Sciences and Education, Harokopio University, 70 Eleftheriou Venizelou Str., 17671, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: Inflammation and oxidative stress are implicated in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) pathophysiology. We aimed at exploring whether the combination of a weight-loss Mediterranean diet/lifestyle intervention with OSA standard care, i.e. Read More

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Effect of Aerobic or Resistance Exercise, or Both, on Intermuscular and Visceral Fat and Physical and Metabolic Function in Older Adults with Obesity While Dieting.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Background: Obesity exacerbates age-related effects on body composition, physical and metabolic function. Which exercise mode is most effective in mitigating these deleterious changes in dieting obese older adults is unknown.

Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, we performed a head-to-head comparison of aerobic (AEX), resistance (REX), or combination (COMB) exercise during matched weight loss in 160 obese older adults. Read More

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How does the side of approach impact the force delivered during external chest compression?

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Mar 30;48:67-72. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: We investigated the biomechanics of four external chest compression (ECC) approaches involving different sides of approach and hand placement during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Methods: A total of 60 participants (30 women and 30 men) with CPR certification performed standard continuous 2-min ECC on a Resusci Anne manikin with real-time feedback in four scenarios: rescuer at the manikin's right side with right hand chest contact (RsRc), rescuer at the manikin's right side with left hand chest contact (RsLc), rescuer at the manikin's left side with left hand chest contact (LsLc), and rescuer at the manikin's left side with right hand chest contact (LsRc). Pressure distribution maps of the palm, peak compression pressure, and compression forces were analysed. Read More

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