118,063 results match your criteria weight management


Effect of diclofenac and naproxen and their mixture on spring barley seedlings and Heterocypris incongruens.

Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Sep 15;88:103746. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Jan Długosz University in Czestochowa, The Faculty of Science and Technology, 13/15 Armii Krajowej Av., 42-200, Czestochowa, Poland.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a popular group of drugs used worldwide. These drugs are also available over the counter, which implies that their consumption is not strictly regulated. They are released through wastewater and feces and can have adverse effects on the environment. Read More

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September 2021

Does weight management after Gestational Diabetes Mellitus diagnosis improve pregnancy outcomes? A multi-ethnic cohort study.

Diabet Med 2021 Sep 18:e14692. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

School of Health Sciences, College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, The University of Newcastle University Drive, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.

Aims: To assess the impact of achieving an Institute of Medicine based personalised weight target in addition to conventional glycaemic management after gestational diabetes mellitus diagnosis on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: A retrospective audit of clinical data (2016 to 2019) for singleton gestational diabetes pregnancies was conducted in a multi-ethnic cohort. Logistic regression analyses assessed relationships between achieving, exceeding, and gaining less than a personalised weight target provided after gestational diabetes diagnosis and rates of large for gestational age, small for gestational age infants, insulin therapy initiation, and neonatal outcomes. Read More

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September 2021

Shared medical appointments for weight loss: a systematic review.

Fam Pract 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, Australia.

Purpose: Shared medical appointments (SMAs) may help mitigate some of the barriers for managing obesity in primary care. The primary aim of this systematic review was to measure the effect of weight loss SMAs.

Methods: Systematic searches using keywords and Medical Subject Headings for overweight, obesity, and SMAs were conducted in the CENTRAL, Medline Complete, PsycINFO, Scopus, CINAHL, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases with no date limits. Read More

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September 2021

Feed intake, methane yield, and efficiency of utilization of energy and nitrogen by sheep fed tropical grasses.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 18;53(5):452. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Agricultural Diagnosis and Research, Hulha Negra, RS, Brazil.

Forage allowance impacts dry matter (DM) intake and the use of nutrients by ruminants. The efficient use of protein and energy from pasture is related to better livestock performance and lower environmental impacts. The aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of forage allowance levels on intake, digestibility, nitrogen (N) and energy balance, and methane (CH) emissions by lambs fed fresh pearl millet [Pennisetum americanum (L. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal disease activity and serological activity as predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus: a retrospective chart review.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fukushima Medical University School of Medicine, 1 Hikarigaoka, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the association between disease activity, serological activity, and adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and determine the cut-off values of complements to predict APOs in live birth cases.

Methods: This retrospective chart review included pregnant women with SLE who had singleton live births after 22 weeks between 2006 and 2020. First trimester maternal disease activity was assessed for SLE onset during pregnancy, antiphospholipid syndrome, SLE pregnancy disease activity index (SLEPDAI), disease flare-ups, lupus nephritis, pancytopenia, and daily prednisolone dosage. Read More

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September 2021

The management of moderate acute malnutrition in children aged 6-59 mo in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Background: Malnutrition is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children aged <5 y, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Unlike severe acute malnutrition, moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) affects greater numbers globally, and guidelines lack a robust evidence base. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the evidence for lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNSs), fortified blended flours (FBFs) and nutrition counselling, in the treatment of MAM. Read More

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September 2021

Early childhood body mass index trajectory and overweight/obesity risk differed by maternal weight status.

Eur J Clin Nutr 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Objectives: To evaluate the associations of maternal prepregnancy body mass index (pp-BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) with the childhood BMI z-score (BMI-z) trajectories from birth to 2 years old and the risk of overweight/obesity (OWO) at 2 years of age.

Subjects/methods: Mother-child dyads (23,617) were involved in the analysis. They were followed up from early pregnancy to 2 years postpartum with their healthcare data recorded in the Wuhan Maternal and Child Health Management Information System (WMCHMIS). Read More

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September 2021

Thromboxane A2 synthase inhibition ameliorates endothelial dysfunction, memory deficits, oxidative stress and neuroinflammation in rat model of streptozotocin diabetes induced dementia.

Physiol Behav 2021 Sep 14:113592. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Pharmacology division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Drug Research, Faculty of Medicine, Punjabi university, Patiala- 147002, Punjab, India. Electronic address:

Rationale: Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second leading cause of dementia worldwide. It is very important to find the possible pharmacological agents which may be useful in management and therapy of VaD.

Objectives: The present study investigates the effect of ozagrel, a selective thromboxane A2 (TXA2) synthase inhibitor, in a rat model of VaD. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Mobile Phone-based Telemedicine Management in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Am J Med Sci 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Departments of Nutriology. Electronic address:

Background: This study aims to explore the effect of mobile phone-based telemedicine management of glycemic control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: Patients with T2DM were followed up in Chongqing Jiulongpo District Yuzhoulu Community Health Center, and randomly divided into the telemedicine group (n=47) and the control group (n=50). The control group received regularly routine intervention. Read More

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September 2021

Health care provider views on the magnitude of overweight/obesity in spinal cord injury and awareness of evidence-based guidance for weight management.

PM R 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA.

Introduction: Literature shows that large proportions of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) continue to experience challenges and limitations in weight management (WM) efforts in the health care setting. Despite the need, evidence-based research on effective and practical WM practices for persons with SCI is inconsistent and not widely used by health care providers (HCPs).

Objective: The objectives of this paper were twofold: (1) To explore HCP perspectives of the extent of the problem of overweight/obesity in individuals with SCI and (2) HCPs awareness of and beliefs about availability of literature or evidence-based guidelines that discuss WM in SCI. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of a low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet on reported pain, blood biomarkers and quality of life in patients with chronic pain: A pilot randomised clinical trial.

Pain Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

The University of Sydney, Faculty of Medicine and Health, NSW Australia.

Background: A low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet has been reported to improve chronic pain by reducing inflammation, oxidative stress, and sensitivity within the nervous system. The main aim of this trial is to evaluate the effects of a ketogenic diet on reported pain, blood biomarkers and quality of life in patients with chronic pain.

Methods: Participants with chronic musculoskeletal pain were recruited for a 12-week diet intervention that commenced with a 3-week run-in diet removing ultra-processed foods, followed by randomisation to either a whole-food/well-formulated ketogenic diet (WFKD) or to continue with the minimally processed whole-food diet (WFD). Read More

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September 2021

Images: Sleep-disordered breathing and hypoventilation in a child with obesity and hypothalamic dysfunction.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Division of Pediatric Pulmonology and Sleep Medicine, Emory University, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, GA.

Rapid-onset obesity with hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation, and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) is a rare and potentially lethal disorder of respiratory control, autonomic, and hypothalamic dysfunction of unknown etiology. We report a 15-year-old girl with ROHHAD who developed hyperphagia and rapid weight gain of 16kg between 2.5-4 years of age, and cardiorespiratory arrest at 4 years. Read More

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September 2021

"LONG COVID": an insight.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep;25(17):5561-5577

Department of Community Medicine/Public Health, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.

We aimed this systematic review to analyze and review the currently available published literature related to long COVID, understanding its pattern, and predicting the long-term effects on survivors. We thoroughly searched the databases for relevant articles till May 2021. The research articles that met our inclusion and exclusion criteria were assessed and reviewed by two independent researchers. Read More

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September 2021

Combined treatment of myo-inositol and d-chiro-inositol (80:1) as a therapeutic approach to restore inositol eumetabolism in patients with bipolar disorder taking lithium and valproic acid.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep;25(17):5483-5489

Department of Neuroscience, Section of Psychiatry, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) experience a poor quality of life (QoL) and a weak adherence to the therapy due to the various side effects occurring during the pharmacological therapy. To date clinicians have no tools to intervene on such effects, considering them as an unavoidable part of the therapy. This review paves the way for a step forward in the management of patients with BD bridging the therapeutic gap in clinical practice. Read More

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September 2021

Dietary Intervention to Improve Blood Pressure Control: Beyond Salt Restriction.

High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Research Center, Medical and Surgical Sciences Department, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Lifestyle improvement is a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease prevention and has a relevant effect on blood pressure control. During the last decades the attention of the researcher has focused on low-salt diets as the lifestyle modification most effective in blood pressure reduction. Current international guidelines thus suggest to stress the importance of the implementation of the dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) diet and of a low-salt Mediterranean diet to achieve the best results in term of blood pressure decrease. Read More

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September 2021

Geriatric Acetabular Fractures and Femoral Head Protrusio: Methods of Fixation and the Option of Total Hip Arthroplasty.

J Orthop Trauma 2021 Oct;35(Suppl 5):S26-S31

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS.

Summary: Currently, the literature is unclear regarding the optimal treatment algorithm for geriatric acetabular fractures. In a recent epidemiological study, 70% of all acetabular fractures in patients older than 65 years were classified as either associated both column or anterior column/posterior hemitransverse. Within the subset of these fractures, variants with significant femoral head protrusio, which is defined as the displacement of the femoral head medial to the ilioischial line, present with unique challenges. Read More

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October 2021

Management of Segmental Tibial Bone Defects With a Motorized Intramedullary Bone Transport Nail: A Case Review With Follow-Up.

J Orthop Trauma 2021 Oct;35(Suppl 4):S13-S18

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA.

Summary: Large segment bone defects of the tibia are challenging problems. Although caused by a wide range of conditions, tibial critical bone loss defects often require complex reconstructive plans with prolonged inability to weight-bear on the effected extremity. Reconstruction options frequently require harvesting of autograft leading to further morbidity. Read More

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October 2021

Vaginal birth after cesarean in women with no prior vaginal delivery carrying a large for gestational age baby.

Birth 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Background: To study the factors associated with successful labor after cesarean (LAC) among women with no prior vaginal delivery, delivering a large for gestational age (LGA) baby.

Methods: A retrospective case-control study at two tertiary medical centers in Israel, including all women undergoing LAC with no prior vaginal delivery during 2010-2020, delivering a singleton LGA newborn. Factors associated with successful vaginal delivery were examined by a multivariable analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Enzyme replacement therapy with galsulfase for mucopolysaccharidosis type VI.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Sep 17;9:CD009806. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Emergency Medicine and Evidence Based Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI) or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by the deficiency of arylsulphatase B. The resultant accumulation of dermatan sulphate causes lysosomal damage. The clinical symptoms are related to skeletal dysplasia (i. Read More

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September 2021

[Current state of the obesity research: genetic aspects, the role of microbiome, and susceptibility to COVID-19].

Probl Endokrinol (Mosk) 2021 Aug 2;67(4):20-35. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics of Ufa Federal Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences.

Obesity affects over 700 million people worldwide and its prevalence keeps growing steadily. The problem is particularly relevant due to the increased risk of COVID-19 complications and mortality in obese patients. Obesity prevalence increase is often associated with the influence of environmental and behavioural factors, leading to stigmatization of people with obesity due to beliefs that their problems are caused by poor lifestyle choices. Read More

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Conversion from Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass to Single Anastomosis Duodenoileal Bypass (SADI-S) for Weight Regain.

Obes Surg 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

General and Digestive Surgery Service, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria del Hospital Clínico San Carlos (IdISSC), Madrid, Spain.

Background: Revisional bariatric surgery presents a challenge for bariatric surgeons. This procedure can be considered for patients with inadequate weight loss or weight regain after an initial satisfactory response following bariatric surgery. However, the surgical management of weight regain following RYGB remains controversial. Read More

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September 2021

Irrigation Rationalization Boosts Wheat ( L.) Yield and Reduces Rust Incidence under Arid Conditions.

Biomed Res Int 2021 6;2021:5535399. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Egypt.

Under changing climate, water scarcity and frequent incidence of diseases like stripe rust pose the biggest threat to sustainable crop production which jeopardizes nutritional security. A study was executed to rationalize crop water requirement and evaluate wheat ( L. cv. Read More

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September 2021

Urofaecal glucocorticoid metabolite concentrations in African penguin () chick populations experiencing different levels of human disturbance.

Conserv Physiol 2021 14;9(1):coab078. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, University of the Western Cape, Bellville, 7535, South Africa.

Despite the importance of ecotourism in species conservation, little is known about the industry's effects on wildlife. In South Africa, some African penguin () colonies have become tourist attractions. The species is globally endangered, with population sizes decreasing over the past 40 years. Read More

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September 2021

Association of rs2231142 Allele and BMI With Hyperuricemia in an East Asian Population.

Front Genet 2021 31;12:709887. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Genetic variants and obesity are risk factors for hyperuricemia (HUA). Recent genome-wide association studies have identified rs2231142 as one of the most prominent genetic variants for HUA in an East Asian population. Nevertheless, no large-scale studies have demonstrated any interactive effects between this variant and obesity on serum urate level in Asians. Read More

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Association Between Blood Pressure and Branched-Chain/Aromatic Amino Acid Excretion Rate in 24-Hour Urine Samples from Elderly Hypertension Patients.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 10;14:3965-3973. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

School of Public Health and Management, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, Ningxia, People's Republic of China.

Background: Recently, the association between lifestyle-related diseases and free amino acids in the blood plasma-especially branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) and aromatic amino acids (AAAs)-has been highlighted. However, few studies have been carried out on 24-hour urine samples. Therefore, we aimed to explore the relationships between 24-hour urinary BCAAs and AAAs excretion rate and blood pressure (BP) in elderly patients with hypertension. Read More

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September 2021

The Relationship Between Body Mass Index and In-Hospital Mortality in the Contemporary Era of an Acute Myocardial Infarction Management.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 10;17:551-559. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Cardiology, Hadassah Medical Center, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: The association between body mass index (BMI) and clinical outcomes following an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains controversial. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between BMI and AMI presentation, in-hospital clinical course and mortality in the contemporary era of AMI management.

Methods: Patients, hospitalized for an AMI between October 2015 and December 2016, were identified in the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database. Read More

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September 2021

Physical activity in the management of obesity in adults: A position statement from Exercise and Sport Science Australia.

J Sci Med Sport 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Boden Collaboration for Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise and Eating Disorders, Sydney University, Australia.

This Position Statement examines the evidence for physical activity in weight and adiposity loss, prevention of weight and adiposity gain, and in weight regain in adults, and provides guidance on implications for exercise practitioners. Research evidence indicates that >150 min but preferably 300 min per week of aerobic activity of at least moderate intensity is required to prevent weight and adiposity gain, and at least the upper end of this range of activity to prevent weight regain after weight loss. For meaningful weight and total adiposity loss, a minimum of 300-420 min per week of aerobic activity of at least moderate intensity is required. Read More

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Predicting Metabolic Syndrome Using Anthropometric Indices among Chinese Adolescents with Different Nutritional Status: A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study.

Biomed Environ Sci 2021 Sep;34(9):673-682

Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan, China.

Objective: To evaluate the predictive performance of anthropometric indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) among Chinese adolescents with different nutritional status.

Methods: We recruited 9,513 adolescents aged 10-18 years from seven provinces in China during September 2014. Anthropometric indices and blood pressure were measured at recruitment, and blood samples were collected for determining fasting plasma glucose and lipid profile. Read More

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September 2021

The association between overweight/obesity and double diabetes in adults with type 1 diabetes; a cross-sectional study.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 Sep 16;21(1):187. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Southmead Hospital, North Bristol NHS Trust, BS10 5NB, Bristol, UK.

Background: Double Diabetes (DD), type 1 diabetes (T1DM) + insulin resistance (IR), is associated with increased risk of micro/macro-vascular complications and mortality. Obesity can contribute to the development of DD. This study explored the prevalence of overweight/obesity and their association with DD in adults with T1DM. Read More

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September 2021

Management of pertrochanteric fractures in patients over 90 years: In-hospital mortality rate, complications and associated risk factors.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Sep 16;22(1):799. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology and Plastic Surgery, University of Leipzig, Liebigstr. 20, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Purpose: This study aims primarily to investigate the outcome following surgical management of pertrochanteric fractures of patients over 90 years compared to the outcome of a control group below 90 years under special consideration of the timing of surgery. The second aim was to analyze potential risk factors for early deaths in very old patients. This study allows us to draw conclusions to minimize complications linked to this particular age segment. Read More

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September 2021