387 results match your criteria weight dromedaries

Interspecific variations in external and internal egg quality among various captive avian species from Punjab, Pakistan.

Braz J Biol 2021 28;82:e245261. Epub 2021 May 28.

University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Department of Wildlife and Ecology, Lahore, Pakistan.

Present study was planned to determine variations in external and internal quality egg parameters of different avian species including ostrich Struthio camelus, ducks Anas platyrhynchos, chicken Gallus gallus, turkeys Meleagris gallopavo and grey francolin Francolinus pondicerinus. All the birds were kept under similar rearing conditions. A total of 150 eggs were collected for each species to record external features of these eggs. Read More

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Effect of Different Watering Regimes in Summer Season on Water Intake, Feed Intake, and Milk Production of Marecha She-camel ().

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 8;11(5). Epub 2021 May 8.

Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh Mahni, Punjab 30030, Pakistan.

Twelve lactating healthy Marecha she-camels in the early lactation stage during the summer at Camel Breeding and Research Station Rakh-Mahni (Pakistan) were included. All animals were fed with and and divided into three groups in relation to the access to water, after a period of seven days of adaptation to experimental conditions. Group 1 (G1) was considered as control having access to water once every day; Group 2 (G2) had access once every 4 days, while Group 3 (G3) had access once every 6 days. Read More

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Use of multivariate adaptive regression splines for prediction of body weight from body measurements in Marecha (Camelus dromedaries) camels in Pakistan.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 May 31;53(3):339. Epub 2021 May 31.

Center for Advanced Studies in Vaccinology and Biotechnology (CASVAB), University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan.

The aim of the present work was to predict live body weight by means of some body measurements, i.e., SH, CG, and BG in indigenous Marecha camel breed. Read More

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Presentation, Clinical Pathology Abnormalities, and Identification of Gastrointestinal Parasites in Camels ( and ) Presenting to Two North American Veterinary Teaching Hospitals. A Retrospective Study: 1980-2020.

Front Vet Sci 2021 22;8:651672. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Knoxville, TN, United States.

Old World Camelids (OWC) represent two species ( and ) with increasing numbers in North America. Gastrointestinal (GI) parasitism is a major cause of clinical disease in camelids and leads to significant economic impacts. Literature reporting on clinical parasitism of camels is localized to India, Africa, and the Middle East, with limited information available on OWCs in North America. Read More

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Genomic prediction for growth using a low-density SNP panel in dromedary camels.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 7;11(1):7675. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Persian BayanGene Research and Training Center, 7134767617, Shiraz, Iran.

For thousands of years, camels have produced meat, milk, and fiber in harsh desert conditions. For a sustainable development to provide protein resources from desert areas, it is necessary to pay attention to genetic improvement in camel breeding. By using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) method we produced over 14,500 genome wide markers to conduct a genome- wide association study (GWAS) for investigating the birth weight, daily gain, and body weight of 96 dromedaries in the Iranian central desert. Read More

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Use of MARS algorithm for predicting mature weight of different camel (Camelus dromedarius) breeds reared in Pakistan and morphological characterization via cluster analysis.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Mar 3;53(1):191. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Livestock and Poultry Production, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan.

Mature weight is a significant trait that can be influenced by age, sex, breed, production system, and climate conditions in camels. In camel breeding, it is essential to describe breed standards of the studied camel breeds as part of morphological characterization and to determine morphological traits positively influencing mature weight within the scope of indirect selection criteria. This study was to find the best one among candidate models in prediction of mature weight from several morphological traits measured for eight camel breeds (Bravhi, Kachi, Kharani, Kohi, Lassi, Makrani, Pishin, and Rodbari) raised under Pakistan conditions. Read More

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Comparative growth response related to hair mineral analysis in dromedary camel calves.

Open Vet J 2021 01 14;10(4):392-399. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Misurata University, Misurata, Libya.

Background: The dromedary camel plays a significant role in supporting the livelihood of pastoral and agropastoral systems, as well as a source of income for the national economy in arid regions.

Aim: The current study was executed to check the comparative growth response in relation to hair mineral status in Marecha camel calves reared under an intensive management system and an extensive management system in Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan.

Methods: Twelve male and female calves of almost the same weight and age were divided into two groups of 6 each (3 male and 3 female). Read More

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January 2021

Management of Knuckling in an Ostrich () Using a Custom-Made Orthotic Shoe.

J Avian Med Surg 2020 Dec;34(4):381-389

Wrsan, Wildlife Division, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

A 4-year-old female ostrich () developed knuckling on its left foot after a traumatic event. Conservative treatment, rest, and traditional splinting methods failed to resolve the gait abnormality or improve mobility. A dynamic multicomponent orthotic shoe was then custom designed and fabricated with an ultra-high-molecular weight, low-pressure polyethylene polymer (St 1000 DIN16972 TG2) to correct the foot malposition. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of camel milk protein hydrolysates against hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and associated oxidative stress in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Feb 30;104(2):1304-1317. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Food Science, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, 15551, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

This study investigated the effect of camel milk protein hydrolysates (CMPH) at 100, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg of body weight (BW) for 8 wk on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and associated oxidative stress in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Body weights and fasting blood glucose levels were observed after every week until 8 wk, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) levels and biochemical parameters were evaluated after 8 wk in blood and serum samples. Antioxidant enzyme activity and lipid peroxidation in the liver were estimated, and histological examination of the liver and pancreatic tissues was also conducted. Read More

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February 2021

The effect of dietary energy and protein level on feather, skin and nodule growth of the ostrich (Struthio camelus).

J S Afr Vet Assoc 2020 Sep 17;91(0):e1-e8. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa; and, Animal Sciences, Western Cape Department of Agriculture, Elsenburg.

Accurate diet formulations are required to fulfil the nutrient requirements of birds in order to achieve optimal production. Knowing how the skin, nodule and feather production characteristics vary with diets of different nutrient densities will help in least-cost modelling. Feather growth and nodule development are factors that were previously neglected in ostrich diet formulation, both of which are essential for the development of a predictive production model. Read More

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September 2020

Effects of two-dose intravenous administration of furosemide on clinical variables, electrocardiographic indices and serum electrolytes in dromedary calves.

Vet Med Sci 2020 Sep 23. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.

The intravenous (IV) usage of diuretic agents such as furosemide may cause changes in clinical signs, electrocardiographic (ECG) indices and serum electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus and magnesium) concentrations in dromedary calves. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical, ECG and biochemical effects of two-dose IV administration of furosemide in dromedary calves. A total of 21 clinically healthy male dromedary calves with the age of 5 (± 1) months and weight of 95 (± 5) kg were studied. Read More

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September 2020

The palliative effect of camel milk on hepatic CYP1A1 gene expression and DNA damage induced by fenpropathrin oral intoxication in male rats.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jan 16;207:111296. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Veterinarian at the Central Administration of Veterinary Quarantine and Examinations, Egypt.

The present study investigated the alleviating role of camel milk (CM) in the mitigation of fenpropathrin (FNP) type II pyrethroid induced oxidative stress, alterations of hepatic (CYP1A1) mRNA expression pattern, and DNA damage using the alkaline comet assay (SCGE) in male rats. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into six groups (n = 10): 1st control (C), 2nd corn oil (CO), 3rd (CM): gavaged CM 2ml/rat, 4th (FNP): gavaged FNP 7.09 mg/kg body weight (BW), 5th (FNP pro/co-treated): gavaged CM firstly for 15 days, then CM + FNP by the same mentioned doses and route, 6th (FNP + CM co-treated): gavaged FNP firstly followed by CM by the same mentioned doses and route. Read More

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January 2021

Meat quality, skin damage and reproductive performance of ostriches exposed to extensive human presence and interactions at an early age.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Nov 10;52(6):3439-3448. Epub 2020 Sep 10.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7602, South Africa.

The effect human presence and interactions performed after hatch to 3 months of age has on ostrich meat quality, skin damage and reproductive performance at a later age was investigated in 416-day-old ostrich chicks. The chicks were allocated to one of the three treatments, which varied with regard to exposure to human presence and care for 3 months post-hatch: HP1-extensive human presence with physical contact (touch, stroking), gentle human voice and visual contact; HP2-extensive human presence with gentle human voice and visual contact without physical contact; S-standard control treatment, where human presence and visual contact were limited to routine management, feed and water supply only. Carcass attributes (carcass weight, dressing percentage and drumstick weight), meat quality traits (pH, colour and tenderness) and skin traits (skin size, skin grading and number of lesions) were evaluated on twenty-four 1-year-old South African Black (SAB) ostriches. Read More

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November 2020

Use of near and mid infra-red spectroscopy for analysis of protein, fat, lactose and total solids in raw cow and camel milk.

Food Chem 2021 Jan 2;334:127436. Epub 2020 Jul 2.

Department of Food, Nutrition and Health, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, P.O. Box: 15551, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Milk samples (150 cow and 217 camel milk samples) were analyzed for protein, fat, lactose and total solids by near and mid-infrared transmission spectroscopy. Excellent positive correlations between the two methods were obtained for both types of milk (p < 0.001); for protein (r ≥ 0. Read More

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January 2021

Anatomy of the Tarsometatarsal Region and Digits in the Ostrich (): A Computed Tomography and Cross-Sectional Study.

J Avian Med Surg 2020 Jul;34(2):142-151

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Karadj Branch, Karadj, Iran.

The ostrich is the largest living bird and has unique characteristics in its locomotor system that differentiate it from other bird species. The purpose of this study was to provide a reference atlas of reference-interval computed tomography (CT) and cross-sectional anatomy of the tarsometatarsal region and digits in the ostrich (). The pelvic limbs of 25 ostriches were used for this imaging study. Read More

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Exopolysaccharide produced by the potential probiotic Lactococcus garvieae C47: Structural characteristics, rheological properties, bioactivities and impact on fermented camel milk.

Food Chem 2020 Dec 4;333:127418. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Food Science Department, College of Food and Agriculture, United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Fermented camel milk possesses a weak (liquid-like) gel structure. We aimed to 1) investigate the characteristics, bioactivities and rheological properties of the exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Lactococcus garvieae-C47 (exopolysaccharide-C47 product), a potential probiotic bacterium, on milk extracted from camels and 2) examine the rheological properties of the fermented camel milk produced by L. garvieae-C47. Read More

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December 2020

Diagnosis and treatment of foreign bodies swallowing syndrome in camels (Camelus dromedarius) with special reference to the role of mineral deficiency.

J Vet Med Sci 2020 Aug 8;82(8):1097-1103. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, P.O. Box 51452, Saudi Arabia.

This study describes the clinical presentation of ruminal and reticular foreign body syndrome (RRFBS), and evaluates the effect of mineral deficiency on its occurrence in dromedary camels. Thirty dromedary camels were divided into two groups. Group 1 (control) included 10 apparently healthy she-camels. Read More

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Scanning electron microscopy of Onchocerca fasciata (Filarioidea: Onchocercidae) adults, microfilariae and eggs with notes on histopathological findings in camels.

Parasit Vectors 2020 May 13;13(1):249. Epub 2020 May 13.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, 6517658978, Hamedan, Iran.

Background: Onchocerca fasciata is a prevalent filarial species in camelids of Asia and Africa forming nodules in the skin of dromedary and Bactrian camels. In spite of recent advances in the biology and epidemiology of this nematode species, a relatively scant number of studies have focussed on the morphology of this parasite. The main objective of this study was to describe morphological characteristics of adults, microfilariae and eggs of O. Read More

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A pilot study on the pharmacokinetics of a single intramuscular injection of cefquinome in Arabian camel calves.

Acta Vet Hung 2020 03 8;68(1):59-64. Epub 2020 May 8.

1Department of Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, King Faisal University, Al Hofuf, Al Ahsa, 31982, Saudi Arabia.

This study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cefquinome in camel calves after a single intramuscular injection in a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight (kg b. w.). Read More

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Morphometric characterization and estimating body weight of two Algerian camel breeds using morphometric measurements.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Sep 6;52(5):2505-2512. Epub 2020 May 6.

Laboratory Pathophysiology and Biochemistry of Nutrition (PpBioNut), Department of Biology, SNV-STU Faculty, University of Tlemcen, Chetouane, Algeria.

This study was carried out in order to identify the body measurements of two different Dromedary camel breeds raised in Algeria. The animal material of the study consisted of a total of 115 animals belong to Steppe (n = 55) and Sahraoui (n = 60) camel breeds. Eye and coat colors along with body measurements such as head length, neck length, neck girth, tail length, distance between eyes, distance between ears, body length, withers height, chest girth, and live weight were determined. Read More

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September 2020

Analysis of variation in growth and spline-based growth models for Marecha and Lassi dromedary camels.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Sep 9;52(5):2309-2317. Epub 2020 Mar 9.

Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani (Outfall) Road, Lahore, 54000, Pakistan.

Camel is an important domestic animal that is well adapted to extremely harsh environments. Due to its multi-purpose role, the camel is gaining importance, particularly as a meat producer. Body weights at different ages and growth curves have been extensively studied in several livestock species. Read More

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September 2020

Genetic parameters of birth weight trait in dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius).

Trop Anim Health Prod 2020 Sep 10;52(5):2333-2340. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Emirates Industry for Camel Milk & Products, Dubai-Al Ain Road, Exit 26 Umm Nahad, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Birth weight data of dromedary calves from the database of one of the world's largest dairy herds (Dubai, UAE) were analyzed for the period from 2007 to 2018. The assessment included the data of 4124 camel calves that were classified into six ecotypes (Emirate, Emirate crossed, Black, Pakistanian, Saudi-Sudanian, and Saudi crossed). The aim of the study was to describe the heritability of birth weight of calves and the breeding value of sires. Read More

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September 2020

Determination of Lactoferrin in Camel Milk by Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry Using an Isotope-Labeled Winged Peptide as Internal Standard.

Molecules 2019 Nov 19;24(22). Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Institute of Agricultural Quality Standards and Testing Technology Research, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 202 Gongyebeilu Road, Jinan 250100, Shandong Province, China.

An ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the determination of lactoferrin in camel milk based on the signature peptide. The camel lactoferrin was purified by heparin affinity chromatography and then used to screen tryptic signature peptides. The signature peptide was selected on the basis of sequence database search and identified from the tryptic hydrolysates of purified camel lactoferrin by ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry. Read More

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November 2019

Purification and characterization of l-glutaminase enzyme from camel liver: Enzymatic anticancer property.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 May 16;150:1213-1222. Epub 2019 Nov 16.

Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11566, Egypt.

l-Glutaminase has gained an important attention as glutamine-depleting enzyme in treatment of various cancers. Therefore, this study aimed to purify, characterize and investigate antitumor activity of l-glutaminase from camel liver mitochondria (CL-Glu), since no available information about CL-Glu from camel. CL-Glu was purified using cell fractionation, ultrafiltration, DEAE-and CM-cellulose chromatography columns. Read More

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Characterization, bioactivities, and rheological properties of exopolysaccharide produced by novel probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum C70 isolated from camel milk.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Feb 28;144:938-946. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Department of Physics, College of Science, United Arab Emirates University (UAEU), Al Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Various industries highly regard the functionalities and bioactivities of bacterial polysaccharides. We aimed to characterize the exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by novel probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum C70 (accession number KX881779) isolated from camel milk and to investigate its bioactivities and rheological properties. EPS-C70 had a weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of 3. Read More

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February 2020

Comparison of the hypoglycemic and antithrombotic (anticoagulant) actions of whole bovine and camel milk in streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in rats.

J Dairy Sci 2020 Jan 16;103(1):30-41. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Pharmacology Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, 11461 Riyadh, PO Box 2625, Saudi Arabia.

People with diabetes are at higher risk of fatal thromboembolic accidents in the cerebral and coronary circulations, especially stroke and ischemic heart disease. We have previously described the hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, and anticoagulant activity of orally administered camel milk in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. In the present study in the same animal model, we extended these observations by comparing camel milk and the more available and widely consumed bovine milk with respect to their antidiabetic and antithrombotic actions. Read More

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January 2020

The Arabian camel, Camelus dromedarius interferon epsilon: Functional expression, in vitro refolding, purification and cytotoxicity on breast cancer cell lines.

PLoS One 2019 6;14(9):e0213880. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

The current study highlights, for the first time, cloning, overexpression and purification of the novel interferon epsilon (IFNƐ), from the Arabian camel Camelus dromedaries. The study then assesses the cytotoxicity of IFNε against two human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7. Full-length cDNA encoding interferon epsilon (IFNε) was isolated and cloned from the liver of the Arabian camel, C. Read More

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Extensive human presence and regular gentle handling improve growth, survival and immune competence in ostrich chicks.

J Appl Anim Welf Sci 2020 Jan-Mar;23(1):95-107. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland, South Africa.

A total of 416 day-old ostrich chicks were randomly allocated to one of the three different husbandry practices for 3 months after hatch; HP1 (extensive human presence with gentle human voice, visual and gentle physical stimuli), HP2 (similar to HP1 but without physical stimuli) and S (human presence limited to supply of feed and water). Chick weight (kg) was measured at 6 and 12 weeks of age, while mortalities were recorded daily to calculate the survival rate. Finally, chicks' antibody responses to vaccination against Newcastle disease (NCD) was measured using the Hemagglutination-Inhibition (HI) test at 20 weeks of age. Read More

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Fenpropathrin induces testicular damage, apoptosis, and genomic DNA damage in adult rats: Protective role of camel milk.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2019 Oct 22;181:548-558. Epub 2019 Jun 22.

Pathology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44511, Egypt; Veterinary Department, Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Thamar University, Yemen.

Fenpropathrin (FNP) is a member of the synthetic pyrethroids. Herein, the present study was conducted to investigate, for the first time, the potentially harmful effects of FNP on the reproductive system of male rats. In addition, the prophylactic or concurrent influence of camel milk (CM) was assessed. Read More

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October 2019

Effect of diet composition on dry matter intake of dairy she-camels.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2019 Nov 15;51(8):2513-2519. Epub 2019 Jun 15.

Agricultural Research Centre for International Development CIRAD-EMVT, TA 30/A, International campus de Baillarguet, 34398, Montpellier-Cedex, France.

The present paper aims to propose an evaluation of the ingestibility and selectivity of food items, as well as the effect of different levels of energetic supplementation and concentrate feed ingredients, on camels dry matter intake (DMI). With this goal, an experiment on six dairy she-camels receiving every 14-15 days a progressive high level of concentrates was conducted. During experimental periods, DMI ranged from 1. Read More

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November 2019