99,973 results match your criteria weeks pregnancy


Adverse maternal outcomes of adolescent pregnancy in Northwest Ethiopia: A prospective cohort study.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(9):e0257485. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Background: Adolescent pregnancy is considered a major contributor to maternal and child morbidity and mortality, the greatest concern of developing countries and an important public health issue globally. Adolescents are responsible for eleven percent of births worldwide and they face several pregnancy and childbirth related complications. However, in low-income countries like Ethiopia, there are limited researches conducted to investigate outcomes of adolescent pregnancy. Read More

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September 2021

Gestational Intermittent Hypoxia Induces Sex-Specific Impairment in Endothelial Mechanisms and Sex Steroid Hormone Levels in Male Rat Offspring.

Reprod Sci 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Comparative Biosciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, 2015 Linden Drive, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent during gestation and is linked with adverse fetal outcomes. We examined whether gestational intermittent hypoxia (GIH), the main feature of OSA, leads to sex-specific alterations in cardiovascular function and vascular mechanisms in the offspring. Pregnant rats exposed to intermittent hypoxia or ambient air from gestation days 10 to 21 and their offspring were used for the study. Read More

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September 2021

Conjunctival pyogenic granuloma during pregnancy.

Arq Bras Oftalmol 2021 20;84(5):490-493. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pathology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Pyogenic granuloma is a common benign, vascular lesion of the skin and mucosa. Our case was a 34-year-old woman at 28 weeks of gestation. She presented with a complaint of a growing and occasionally bleeding mass on the left lower eyelid conjunctiva for approximately 3 months. Read More

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September 2021

Cyclopia: The Face Predicts the Future.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17114. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Neonatology and NICU, University Hospital of Heraklion, Heraklion, GRC.

The most extreme formof holoprosencephaly(HPE)iscyclopia and appears with a single characteristic midline diamond-shaped orbital structure and various facial, brain, and extrafacial features. We aimed to report a case of a cyclopic fetus diagnosed at the 22 weeks of the gestational age and further we reviewed the recent literature in order to highlight the etiopathogenesis and set goals for approaching such future pregnancies. Following the first-trimester assessment, in a 27-year-old pregnant woman, who underwent in vitro fertilization, the pregnancy was associated with a low risk for aneuploidies and a high risk for pre-eclampsia. Read More

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Cost-Effectiveness of a Proteomic Test for Preterm Birth Prediction.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2021 14;13:809-820. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Scientific Affairs, HealthCore, Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA.

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) carries increased risk of short- and long-term health problems as well as higher healthcare costs. Current strategies using clinically accepted maternal risk factors (prior PTB, short cervix) can only identify a minority of singleton PTBs.

Objective: We modeled the cost-effectiveness of a risk-screening-and-treat strategy versus usual care for commercially insured pregnant US women without clinically accepted PTB risk factors. Read More

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September 2021

Long-term follow-up of children exposed in-utero to progesterone treatment for prevention of preterm birth: study protocol of the AMPHIA follow-up.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 21;11(9):e053066. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Amsterdam Reproduction & Development, Amsterdam UMC Location AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Preterm birth is one of the main problems in obstetrics, and the most important cause of neonatal mortality, morbidity and neurodevelopmental impairment. Multiple gestation is an important risk factor for preterm birth, with up to 50% delivering before 37 weeks. Progesterone has a role in maintaining pregnancy and is frequently prescribed to prevent (recurrent) preterm birth and improve pregnancy outcomes in high-risk patients. Read More

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September 2021

Protocol for the e-POWUS Project: multicentre blinded-randomised controlled trial of ultrasound speed choice to improve sonography quality in pregnant women with obesity.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 21;11(9):e038684. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital Center, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Introduction: During pregnancy, maternal obesity increases the risk of fetal abnormalities. Despite advances in ultrasound imaging, the assessment of fetal anatomy is less thorough among these women. Currently, the construction of ultrasound images uses a conventional ultrasound propagation velocity (1540 m/s), which does not correspond to the slower speed of propagation in fat tissue. Read More

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September 2021

Chronic disabling postpartum headache after unintentional dural puncture during epidural anaesthesia: a prospective cohort study.

Br J Anaesth 2021 Oct 8;127(4):600-607. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Unintentional dural puncture with an epidural needle complicates approximately 1% of epidural anaesthetics and causes an acute headache in 60-80% of these patients. Several retrospective studies suggest an increased risk of chronic headache. We assessed the relationship between unintentional dural puncture and chronic disabling headache, defined as one or more functionally limiting headaches within a 2-week interval ending 2, 6, and 12 months postpartum. Read More

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October 2021

[Analysis of the effect of modified cervical cerclage in the treatment of cervical insufficiency].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;56(9):609-615

Department of Obstetrics, Qilu Hospital (Qingdao), Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Qingdao 266035, China.

To discuss the surgical effect of modified cervical cerclage for the treatment of pregnant women with cervical insufficiency. The clinical data of 225 pregnant women who underwent modified cervical cerclage in Qilu Hospital (Qingdao) were selected for retrospective analysis from April 2014 to June 2020. Surgical success rate, full-term birth rate, preterm birth rate, prolonged pregnancy weeks and newborn birth weight were compared between singleton and twin pregnancies, preventive cerclage and emergency cerclage, surgery before and after 18 weeks, naturally and in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET) conceived pregnant women respectively. Read More

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September 2021

[Clinical features and perinatal outcomes of 48 cases of pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;56(9):598-608

Department of Obstetrics, Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou 310006, China.

To investigate the clinical characteristics and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy with placental cystic lesions. A retrospective study was carried out on 48 pregnant women diagnosed as pregnancy complicated with placental cystic lesions from January 2000 to January 2020 at the Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. The clinical features, pathological diagnosis and perinatal outcome were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Gestational urinary tract infections and the risk of antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms: A longitudinal population-based study.

J Psychosom Res 2021 Sep 11;150:110600. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in pregnant women. This is the first longitudinal study investigating the association between gestational UTIs and the risk of maternal antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Methods: Data were utilised from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Read More

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September 2021

Challenging anticoagulation cases: A case of heparin-induced-thrombocytopenia in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Thromb Res 2021 Sep 14;207:58-61. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is an uncommon phenomenon which rarely occurs in the first trimester. Therapeutic options and duration of therapeutic anticoagulation are varied amongst reported published cases. We report a 41-year-old female with confirmed HIT following anticoagulation with dalteparin for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Read More

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September 2021

Pregnancy after stillbirth: Maternal and neonatal outcomes and health service utilisation.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Sep 18:100486. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Pregnancy Loss Research Group, the Irish Centre for Maternal and Child Health Research (INFANT), University College Cork; Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Cork, Ireland.

Background: Stillbirth occurs in every 3.5 of 1,000 pregnancies in Ireland and is a devastating event for a family. Women who have a pregnancy after stillbirth require increased antenatal support. Read More

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September 2021

The maternal blood lipidome is indicative of the pathogenesis of severe preeclampsia.

J Lipid Res 2021 Sep 18:100118. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific syndrome characterized by hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation. However, it is not well understood what lipids are involved in the development of this condition, and even less is known how these lipids mediate its formation. To reveal the relationship between lipids and preeclampsia, we conducted lipidomic profiling of maternal sera of 44 severe preeclamptic and 20 healthy pregnant women from a multi-ethnic cohort in Hawaii. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal exposure to indoor PM and associated adverse birth outcomes in low socio-economic households, Durban, South Africa.

Indoor Air 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Discipline of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Nursing and Public Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

The association between in utero exposure to indoor PM and birth outcomes is not conclusive. We assessed the association between in utero exposure to indoor PM , birth weight, gestational age, low birth weight, and/or preterm delivery. Homes of 800 pregnant women were assessed using a structured walkthrough questionnaire. Read More

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September 2021

Preterm birth among women with and without severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, New York, USA.

Introduction: Studies directly comparing preterm birth rates in women with and without severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection are limited. Our objective was to determine whether preterm birth was affected by SARS-CoV-2 infection within a large integrated health system in New York with a universal testing protocol.

Material And Methods: This retrospective cohort study evaluated data from seven hospitals in New York City and Long Island between March 2020 and June 2021, incorporating both the first and second waves of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the USA. Read More

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September 2021

The Tavistock First-Time Parent Study: a pilot randomised controlled feasibility trial of a brief couple-focused perinatal intervention to reduce inter-parental discord.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Research and Development Unit, The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust, 120 Belsize Lane, London, NW3 5BA, UK.

Numerous studies report that some first-time parents experience a decline in relationship quality and an increase in conflict after the birth of a first baby. Inter-parental discord that is frequent, intense, and poorly resolved increases the likelihood of relationship breakdown and adversely impacts child development. We investigated the feasibility of a brief preventative couple-focused psychotherapeutic intervention in the perinatal period in a general population sample. Read More

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September 2021

Associations between ethnicity and admission to intensive care among women giving birth: a cohort study.

BJOG 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Faculty of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Objective: To determine the association between ethnic group and likelihood of admission to intensive care in pregnancy and the postnatal period.

Design: Cohort study.

Setting: Maternity and intensive care units in England and Wales. Read More

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September 2021

Are pregnancy and postpartum oxytocin level a predictive biomarker for postpartum depression?

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Midwifery, Cukurova University, Faculty of Health Science, Adana, Turkey.

Aim: This study aims to determine the relationship between the late pregnancy and postpartum oxytocin levels and postpartum depression (PPD) symptoms.

Methods: This longitudinal study was conducted with 70 pregnant women. Data collection was performed through two interviews. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of an emollient application on newborn skin from birth for prevention of atopic dermatitis: A randomized controlled study in Thai neonates.

J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Neonatology division, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand.

Background: Enhancing the skin barrier in high-risk neonates by daily use of emollients during infancy might prevent atopic dermatitis (AD); however, there have been no studies on this topic in a country with a tropical climate. Climate may affect the results of the use of emollients in neonates for AD prevention and possible adverse cutaneous eruptions.

Objectives: To test the hypothesis that emollients used during infancy can prevent AD in high-risk neonates in a country with a tropical climate and to evaluate other possible adverse cutaneous eruptions in this population. Read More

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September 2021

Transverse position. Using Rotation to aid Normal birth - OUTcomes following manual rotation (The TURN-OUT Trial): A randomized controlled trial.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Sep 17:100488. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

RPA Women & Babies, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia; Sydney Institute for Women Children and their Families/Sydney Local Health District.

Background: Fetal occiput transverse position in the second stage of labor is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Prophylactic manual rotation in the second stage of labor is considered a safe and easy to perform procedure that has been used to prevent operative deliveries.

Objective: To determine the efficacy of prophylactic manual rotation in the management of occiput transverse position for preventing operative delivery. Read More

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September 2021

Severity of preeclampsia: data from a high specialty hospital in Mexico City.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):444-449

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Hospital de Ginecología y Obstetricia No. 3, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos. Ciudad de México, México.

IntroducciÓn: La severidad de la preeclampsia puede variar según la población en estudio.

Objetivo: Identificar la frecuencia y el tipo de datos de severidad de la preeclampsia en pacientes atendidas en una unidad médica de alta especialidad de la Ciudad de México.

Material Y MÉtodos: Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y transversal de una serie de 100 pacientes embarazadas con preeclampsia grave atendidas en un hospital de tercer nivel de la Ciudad de México, del 1 de agosto al 31 de diciembre de 2018. Read More

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January 2020

Third trimester gestational anemia: frequency and severity according to maternal age.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):428-436

Universidad de Cuenca, Facultad de Ciencias Agopecuarias. Cuenca, Azuay, Ecuador.

IntroducciÓn: La anemia es muy frecuente durante el embarazo y tiene repercusiones en la madre y en su hijo.

Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia y la gravedad de la anemia gestacional del tercer trimestre (hemoglobinemia < 11 g/dl), según la edad materna de los nacimientos atendidos en el Hospital Vicente Corral, entre septiembre de 2016 y febrero de 2017.

Material Y MÉtodos: Estudio transversal. Read More

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January 2020

Immunological assessment of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy from diagnosis to delivery: A multicentre prospective study.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0253090. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

UCD School of Medicine, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: Background Population-based data on SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnancy and assessment of passive immunity to the neonate, is lacking. We profiled the maternal and fetal response using a combination of viral RNA from naso-pharyngeal swabs and serological assessment of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: This multicentre prospective observational study was conducted between March 24th and August 31st 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Elevated Circulating Levels of Glycoprotein Non-Metastatic Melanoma Protein B as a Predictor of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Clin Lab 2021 Sep;67(9)

Background: The current study aims to investigate the differences of glycoprotein non-metastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) levels between gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) women and normal blood glucose women during pregnancy to provide the basis for early intervention and treatment of GDM.

Methods: The level of GPNMB was detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Pearson's correlation assay was performed to analyze the correlation between serum GPNMB and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Read More

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September 2021

Maturation of Purkinje cell firing properties relies on neurogenesis of excitatory neurons.

Elife 2021 09 20;10. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Pathology and Immunology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, United States.

Preterm infants that suffer cerebellar insults often develop motor disorders and cognitive difficulty. Excitatory granule cells, the most numerous neuron type in the brain, are especially vulnerable and likely instigate disease by impairing the function of their targets, the Purkinje cells. Here, we use regional genetic manipulations and in vivo electrophysiology to test whether excitatory neurons establish the firing properties of Purkinje cells during postnatal mouse development. Read More

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September 2021

Vertical transmission: evidence of COVID-19 in a twin pregnancy.

JBRA Assist Reprod 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Specialist in Human Reproductive Medicine at Ángeles del Pedregal Hospital, Mexico City, Mexico.

This article reports the case of a 28-year-old female 31.6 weeks pregnant with twins diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection, who delivered a boy and a girl. The newborns underwent RT-PCR testing for SARS-CoV-2; the male tested negative and the female newborn tested positive, in that the female placenta was SARS-CoV-2 positive and the male placenta negative. Read More

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September 2021

Potential of DNA zygosity tests for non-invasive evaluation of risk of complications in twin pregnancies.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Objectives: To evaluate and compare the potential of DNA analysis and ultrasound examination for diagnosis of high-risk and low-risk twin pregnancies.

Material And Methods: Chorionicity of 42 twin pregnancies was determined by routine high-resolution sonographic examination between 10 and 14 weeks of gestation. Zygosity was analysed in umbilical cord blood samples collected immediately after the birth by genotyping of 22 autosomal short tandem repeats used in human identity testing. Read More

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September 2021

Solving an incomplete puzzle: risk factors of low back pain during pregnancy.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Akdeniz Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Hastanesi, Kadın Hastalıkları ve Doğum Anabilim Dalı, Pınarbaşı Mahallesi, Konyaaltı ANTALYA, TURKEY, 07058 Antalya, Turkey.

Objectives: Low back pain during pregnancy is a common disorder with an obscure etiopathogenesis. This study sought to investigate the association of low back pain by assessing various epidemiologic and clinical risk factors including weight changes, the presence of striae gravidarum, and intraperitoneal adhesions.

Material And Methods: A total of 250 pregnant women between 37 and 40 gestational weeks who were scheduled for cesarean section were included in this multicenter prospective trial. Read More

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September 2021