33,476 results match your criteria water sludge


Accumulation of sulfamethazine and ciprofloxacin on grain surface decreases the transport of biochar colloids in saturated porous media.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Apr 21;417:125908. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

College of Land Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

The increasing amount of antibiotics entering the environment through manure usage and sludge application from wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) attracts much concern due to their potential threat to ecological security and human health. When biochar, a soil and water amendment, is introduced into the soil for remediation, the antibiotics are usually co-present with the biochar colloids (BC) or pre-accumulated in soils. However, little is known about the effect of antibiotics on the behavior of BC. Read More

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Sorptive and microbial riddance of micro-pollutant ibuprofen from contaminated water: A state of the art review.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 1;786:147327. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Durgapur, India. Electronic address:

Continuous discharge of ibuprofen, a pharmaceutical compound in local water systems is becoming a budding concern as seen from data procured from the past few decades. Increased concentrations of the compound in water reservoirs resulted in adverse effects on the environment. In order to prevent the deleterious impacts of increasing ibuprofen concentration in water bodies, application of cost effective and energy efficient elimination of ibuprofen (IBP) is needed. Read More

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Digestion liquid based alkaline pretreatment of waste activated sludge promotes methane production from anaerobic digestion.

Water Res 2021 Apr 29;199:117198. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Hunan Qing Zhi Yuan Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd, Changsha 410004, PR China.

This work proved an efficient method to significantly increase methane production from anaerobic digestion of WAS. This method is to reflux proper of digestion liquid into waste activated sludge pretreatment unit (pH 9.5 for 24 h). Read More

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The effectiveness of divalent cation addition for highly saline activated sludge cultures: Influence of monovalent/divalent ratio and specific cations.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 6;274:129864. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science and Engineering, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha, Qatar. Electronic address:

Saline wastewaters are prevalent in various industries and pose challenges to stable biological treatment. Increasing monovalent cation concentrations are commonly reported to deteriorate treatment and settling performance, while divalent cations can enhance flocculation and settling. However, many previous studies were performed at relatively low salinities and reports conflict on whether concentrations of monovalent cations, divalent cations, or their ratio (M/D) are most critical. Read More

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Antibiotic residues in the aquatic environment - current perspective and risk considerations.

J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2021 May 12:1-19. Epub 2021 May 12.

School of Biosystems and Food Engineering, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Antimicrobial resistance is a major concern for human and animal health, projected to deteriorate with time and given current trends of antimicrobial usage. Antimicrobial use, particularly in healthcare and agriculture, can result in the release of antimicrobials into surface waters, promoting the development of antibiotic resistance in the environment, and potentially leading to human health risks. This study reviews relevant literature, and investigates current European and Irish antimicrobial usage trends in humans and animals, as well as potential pathways that antibiotics can take into surface waters following use. Read More

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Impact of treated sewage on meiobenthic nematodes: a case study from the Tunisian Refining Industries Company.

Braz J Biol 2021 10;82:e246116. Epub 2021 May 10.

Laboratory of Biomonitoring of the Environment LR01 ES14, University of Carthage, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, Zarzouna 7021, Tunisia.

The main objective of the current study was to assess the impact of the water taken from the 'Tunisian Refining Industries Company' on meiobenthic nematodes, before and after a series of treatments in decantation basins followed by its discharge in Bizerte bay, Tunisia. The comparison of environmental parameters of the two types of water was clearly indicative of an improvement in the quality of treated waters after a significant reduction in their loads in hydrocarbons. Overall, the water retained a good quality after being treated by 'Tunisian Refining Industries Company' before discharge in the sea. Read More

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Insights into Nitrous Oxide Mitigation Strategies in Wastewater Treatment and Challenges for Wider Implementation.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

School of Chemical Engineering, the University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Queensland 4072, Australia.

Nitrous oxide (NO) emissions account for the majority of the carbon footprint of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). Many NO mitigation strategies have since been developed while a holistic view is still missing. This article reviews the state-of-the-art of NO mitigation studies in wastewater treatment. Read More

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Occurrence of retinoic acids and their metabolites in sewage and their removal efficiencies by chemically enhanced primary treatment and secondary biological treatment.

Chemosphere 2021 May 3;280:130745. Epub 2021 May 3.

State Key Laboratory of Marine Pollution and Department of Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China; The Swire Institute of Marine Science and School of Biological Sciences, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong, China. Electronic address:

Sewage treatment plants (STPs) are important in densely populated megacities like Hong Kong to control the release of harmful pollutants from households and industries into the receiving water bodies and maintain water quality for supporting various beneficial uses. This study investigated the occurrence of the teratogenic retinoic acids (RAs) and their oxidative metabolites in sewage and sludge of six selected STPs that treat about 87% of all sewage in Hong Kong annually, and compared the removal efficiencies of these compounds from sewage between two major sewage treatment processes, i.e. Read More

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Unraveling the nitrogen removal properties and microbial characterization of "Candidatus Scalindua"-dominated consortia treating seawater-based wastewater.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 1;786:147470. Epub 2021 May 1.

Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Science and Technology, Research Center for Eco-environmental Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.

"Candidatus Scalindua", as known as marine anammox bacteria (MAB), was engineered to remove nitrogen from seawater-based wastewater (SWW). In this study, "Candidatus Scalindua" was successfully enriched within 106 days with marine sediments as inoculated sludge. The operating temperature was 20 ± 2 °C, and influent pH was 7. Read More

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Lateral flow device for water fecal pollution assessment: from troubleshooting of its microfluidics using bioluminescence to colorimetric monitoring of generic .

Lab Chip 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Nanobioelectronics & Biosensors Group, Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2), CSIC and BIST, Campus UAB, Bellaterra, 08193, Barcelona, Spain. and ICREA, Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Pg. Lluís Companys, 23, 08010, Barcelona, Spain.

Water is the most important ingredient of life. Water fecal pollution threatens water quality worldwide and has direct detrimental effects on human health and the global economy. Nowadays, assessment of water fecal pollution relies on time-consuming techniques that often require well-trained personnel and highly-equipped laboratories. Read More

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Uptake and bio-transformation of telmisartan by cress (Lepidium sativum) from sewage treatment plant effluents using high-performance liquid chromatography/drift-tube ion-mobility quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Johannes Kepler University, Altenberger Strasse 69, 4040, Linz, Austria.

In the present study, the uptake and metabolization of the sartan drug telmisartan by a series of plants was investigated. Thereby for seven potential metabolites, modifications on the telmisartan molecule such as hydroxylation and/or glycosylation could be tentatively identified. For two additional signals detected at accurate masses m/z 777. Read More

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Wastewater treatment and fouling control in an electro algae-activated sludge membrane bioreactor.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 30;786:147475. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Sanitary Environmental Engineering Division (SEED), Department of Civil Engineering, University of Salerno, 84084 Fisciano, Italy. Electronic address:

The effect of addition of algae to activated sludge as active biomass in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) and electro-MBRs (e-MBRs) for wastewater remediation was examined in this study. The performances of Algae-Activated Sludge Membrane Bioreactor (AAS-MBR) and electro Algae-Activated Sludge Membrane Bioreactor (e-AAS-MBR) were compared to those observed in conventional MBR and e-MBR, which were previously reported and utilized activated sludge as biomass. The effect of application of electric field was also examined by the comparison of performances of e-AAS-MBR and AAS-MBR. Read More

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Core-shell ZVI@carbon composites reduce phosphate inhibition of ZVI dissolution and enhance methane production in an anaerobic sewage treatment.

Water Res 2021 Apr 29;199:117197. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Textile Pollution Controlling Engineering Center of Ministry of Environmental Protection, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China; Shanghai Institute of Pollution Control and Ecological Security, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Inhibitory effects of phosphate on zero-valent iron (ZVI) dissolution have been studied mainly focusing on a single chemical system. Little is known about inhibitory effects and the mechanism of phosphate on ZVI dissolution within a bioreactor during long-term operation. This study demonstrates the feasibility of achieving energy recovery from phosphate-containing domestic sewage using an efficient anaerobic reactor with micro-sized or nano-sized ZVI addition. Read More

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Destroying the structure of extracellular polymeric substance to improve the dewatering performance of waste activated sludge by ionic liquid.

Water Res 2021 Apr 17;199:117161. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Sichuan Base of International Science and Technology Cooperation for Green Chemical Industry, School of Chemical Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, China. Electronic address:

The disposal and resource utilization of waste activated sludge (WAS) is a big challenge for its high moisture content. Ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium trifluoromethanesulfonate ([EMIM][OTf]), was innovatively used as a conditioner to improve the dewatering performance of WAS. The WAS was characterized by flocs size, three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM), zeta potential, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) for the investigation of intensification mechanism. Read More

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Non-conventional water reuse in agriculture: A circular water economy.

Water Res 2021 Apr 26;199:117193. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Applied Material Division, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Ave., Argonne, IL 60439, United States.

Due to the growing and diverse demands on water supply, exploitation of non-conventional sources of water has received much attention. Since water consumption for irrigation is the major contributor to total water withdrawal, the utilization of non-conventional sources of water for the purpose of irrigation is critical to assuring the sustainability of water resources. Although numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate and manage non-conventional water sources, little research has reviewed the suitability of available water technologies for improving water quality, so that water reclaimed from non-conventional supplies could be an alternative water resource for irrigation. Read More

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Acid mine drainage and sewage impacted groundwater treatment by membrane distillation: Organic micropollutant and metal removal and membrane fouling.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 7;291:112708. Epub 2021 May 7.

Strategic Water Infrastructure Laboratory, School of Civil, Mining and Environmental Engineering, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Groundwater is the dominant source of freshwater in many countries around the globe, and the deterioration in its quality by contaminants originating from anthropogenic sources raises serious concern. In this study, a scenario where groundwater is contaminated by acid mine drainage (AMD) from mining activities and/or sewage was envisaged, and the performance of a direct contact membrane distillation (DCMD) system was investigated comprehensively for different compositions of the AMD- and sewage-impacted groundwater. Regardless of the composition, MD membrane achieved 98-100% removal of metals and bulk organics, while the removal of the selected micropollutants ranged between 80 and 100%. Read More

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Fluoride and nitrate contamination of groundwater in the Loess Plateau, China: Sources and related human health risks.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 4;286:117287. Epub 2021 May 4.

College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, China. Electronic address:

Fluoride (F) and nitrate (NO) in groundwater have caused serious health problems worldwide. However, in the Chinese Loess Plateau where groundwater is the primary source of drinking water, previous studies have rarely reported the health risks from fluoride and nitrate in groundwater. Therefore, we collected 105 groundwater samples (78 from shallow aquifers and 27 from deep aquifers) from the western district of the Loess Plateau for physicochemical and isotopic analysis to investigate the sources of F and NO in groundwater and associated health risks. Read More

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Detecting pollutant sources and pathways: High-frequency automated online monitoring in a small rural French/German transborder catchment.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 7;290:112619. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Saarland University, Dudweiler Zeile 4, 66125, Saarbruecken, Germany.

Great temporal and spatial variability of inputs make comprehensive monitoring in small and middle sized rivers difficult. In this study, relevant inputs in a small river were recorded with suitable online monitoring equipment coupled in mobile water quality monitoring stations, the study area being a transborder catchment with French and German (Saarland federal state) subcatchments. In addition to a pronounced spatial variability necessitating a denser net of measuring points this catchment has also to be assessed in the light of different national regulations. Read More

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Microwave applications in the food industry: an overview of recent developments.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 May 10:1-20. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Animal Products Technology, Faculty of Food Technology, University of Agriculture, Poland in Cracow, Krakow.

Microwave radiation has the ability to heat a material with dielectric properties. Material absorbs microwave energy and then converts it into heat, which gives the possibility of a wide use of microwaves in many industry sectors or agricultural sciences. Microwaves are especially widely used in food industry. Read More

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High Diversity and Functional Potential of Undescribed "Acidobacteriota" in Danish Wastewater Treatment Plants.

Front Microbiol 2021 22;12:643950. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Chemistry and Bioscience, Center for Microbial Communities, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.

Microbial communities in water resource recovery facilities encompass a large diversity of poorly characterized lineages that could have undescribed process-critical functions. Recently, it was shown that taxa belonging to "Acidobacteriota" are abundant in Danish full-scale activated sludge wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), and here we investigated their diversity, distribution, and functional potential. "Acidobacteriota" taxa were identified using a comprehensive full-length 16S rRNA gene reference dataset and amplicon sequencing surveys across 37 WWTPs. Read More

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Advanced nitrogen removal from anaerobically pre-treated potato wastewater via partial nitritation-anammox in a continuous fed SBR.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130716. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Research and Development Department, Waterleau Group NV, Wespelaar, 3150, Belgium.

Partial nitritation-anammox was carried out successfully in a continuous fed Sequencing Batch Reactor (cf-SBR), composed of 3 compartments operated in continuous mode. The reactor was operated with floccular biomass (flocs) and biofilm to remove nitrogen from the anaerobic effluent from the potato industry at different nitrogen loading rates (0.16 g TN L d - 0. Read More

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Antifouling potential and microbial characterization of an electrochemical anaerobic membrane bioreactor utilizing membrane cathode and iron anode.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Apr 30;334:125230. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. Electronic address:

Serious membrane fouling limits the application of anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) in sewage treatment. Herein, a novel electrochemical AnMBR (eAnMBR) was established by integrating electrocoagulation and a conductive membrane into an AnMBR. Compared with the traditional AnMBR, TP average removal rate increased by 24. Read More

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Bioaerosol emissions of pilot-scale low-pH and neutral-pH biofilters treating odors from landfill leachate: Characteristics and impact factors.

Waste Manag 2021 May 6;128:64-72. Epub 2021 May 6.

Beijing Engineering Research Center of Sustainable Urban Sewage System Construction and Risk Control, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China; Key Laboratory of Urban Stormwater System and Water Environment, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Beijing 100044, China.

Large amounts of bioaerosols are generated during the treatment of landfill leachate, which poses potential threat to public health safety. In this study, the concentrations, particle size distribution, and microbial community of bioaerosols emitted from the low-pH biofilter (LPB) and neutral-pH biofilter (NPB) used to treat the odors from landfill leachate, as well as the effect of the inlet flow rate (IFR) and water-containing rate (WCR) were investigated. The results showed that the removal efficiency of the LPB for heterotrophic bacteria and the NPB for fungi were higher when the IFR was higher. Read More

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Effectiveness of Oxygen-Saturated Seawater Injections and Air Sparging Technologies in Remediation of Coastal Marine Sediments from Sludge.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Departamento de Agroquímica y Bioquímica. Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Alicante. Campus de San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690, Alicante, Spain.

The occurrence of hypoxic muddy sediments on shallow beaches and other sheltered areas is a well-known environmental problem, which negatively affects coastal areas, tourism potential, the public use of beaches and sediment biodiversity. The usual solution is limited to dredging and removal of sludge to a landfill site. In this study, a laboratory-scale experiment was performed to determine the effectiveness of two technologies: a modification of air sparging and a new approach based on injecting oxygen-saturated seawater in hypoxic muddy sediments (oxygen-saturated seawater injections method), for remediating sludge in coastal sediments, minimizing environmental impact respect to dredging. Read More

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Occurrence, removal and mass balance of substituted diphenylamine antioxidants in wastewater treatment plants in Northeast China.

Environ Res 2021 May 10;198:111291. Epub 2021 May 10.

International Joint Research Center for Persistent Toxic Substances (IJRC-PTS), State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, China; International Joint Research Center for Arctic Environment and Ecosystem (IJRC-AEE), Polar Academy, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, China; Faculty of Chemistry, Biotechnology & Food Sciences (KBM), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway.

Substituted diphenylamine antioxidants (SDPAs) are additives used in various commodities and are commonly found in environmental samples. However, limited information was available on their fate and removal in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). This paper reports the results on the occurrence and removal efficiency of ten selected SDPAs in six WWTPs equipped with different treatment processes in Northeast China. Read More

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Mixtures of chelating agents to enhance photo-Fenton process at natural pH: Influence of wastewater matrix on micropollutant removal and bacterial inactivation.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 29;786:147416. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Universitat de Barcelona, C/Martí i Franqués 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.

Three organic fertilizers (EDTA (Ethylenedinitrilotetraacetic acid), EDDS (Ethylenediamine-N, N'-disuccinic acid) and DTPA (Diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid)) were tested as Fe-complexes in photo-Fenton process at natural pH for micropollutants (MPs) abatement and simultaneous E.coli inactivation. Less stable Fe-complexes show high iron precipitation, stopping MPs degradation. Read More

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Research on rapid cultivation of aerobic granular sludge (AGS) with different feast-famine strategies in continuous flow reactor and achieving high-level denitrification via utilization of soluble microbial product (SMP).

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 22;786:147237. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Key Laboratory of Water Science and Water Environment Recovery Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100123, China; State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China.

The mixture of partial AGS and flocculent sludge in continuous flow reactors were operated with periodic famine (PF) strategy and continuous feast (CF) strategy to reveal the impact of the feast-famine strategies on cultivation of AGS and the dynamics of microbial communities. The experimental results showed that the mature AGS were cultivated with PF and CF strategy on the 31st and the 71st days respectively, which was the result of good extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) secretion with PF strategy. It could accelerate the formation of microbial aggregates due to the conditions of periodic famine. Read More

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Hydraulic and auto-depurative characteristics of the Gualaxo do Norte River after the Fundão dam rupture.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Civil Engineering, Escola de Minas, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Campus Universitário Morro do Cruzeiro, s/n, Ouro Preto, MG, 35400-000, Brazil.

The hydraulic characteristics of the Gualaxo do Norte River (RGN), a tributary of the upper Rio Doce basin, were affected in November 2015 by the rupture of the iron ore tailings dam at Fundão, in Bento Rodrigues, Mariana, Minas Gerais. We analyzed two sections of the RGN, located upstream and downstream of the Fundão dam. Measurements were taken at 11 stations along the main river in distinct seasonal periods, including river depth, river width, velocity, and flow. Read More

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Fate processes of Parabens, Triclocarban and Triclosan during wastewater treatment: assessment via field measurements and model simulations.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

International Joint Research Center for Persistent Toxic Substances (IJRC-PTS), State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, 150090, China.

The high levels of parabens (including methyl-, ethyl- and propyl congeners), triclocarban (TCC) and triclosan (TCS) used every year in China might be a problem to the typical wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). This study addresses measurements of parabens, TCC and TCS Northern China WWTP and a modelling assessment on the occurrence, fate and removal pathways in WWTP. Per-capita emissions of the three parabens, TCC and TCS to the WWTP were estimated as 0. Read More

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Enhanced proteins and amino acids production based on ammonia nitrogen assimilation and sludge increment by the integration of bioadsorption with anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (AAO) process.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 30;280:130721. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Anaerobic Biotechnology, School of Environment and Civil Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, 214122, China; Jiangsu College of Water Treatment Technology and Material Collaborative Innovation Center, Suzhou, 215009, China. Electronic address:

Poor effect of contaminants removal efficiency and low organic matter content of activated sludge are common in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) in China due to the low-strength wastewater. An anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (AAO) and an adsorption/AAO (A/AAO) combined system were established simultaneously to conduct a comparative study for realizing the conversion of carbon source in influent and the enrichment and recovery of proteins and amino acids through the assimilation of ammonia nitrogen. The experimental results showed that 63. Read More

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