Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Oct 22. Epub 2021 Oct 22.
Environmental Sciences & Biomedical Metrology Division, CSIR - National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K S Krishnan Road, New Delhi, 110012, India.
In the present study, total suspended particulate matter (TSP) samples were collected at 47 different sites (47 grids of 5 × 5 km area) of Delhi during winter (January-February 2019) in campaign mode. To understand the spatial variation of sources, TSP samples were analyzed for chemical compositions including carbonaceous species [organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC)], water-soluble total nitrogen (WSTN), water-soluble inorganic nitrogen (WSIN), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (16 PAHs), water-soluble inorganic species (WSIS) (F, Cl, SO, NO, NO, PO, NH, Ca, Mg, Na, and K), and major and minor trace elements (B, Na, Mg, Al, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, Fe, Zn, Cr, Mn, Cu, As, Pd, F, and Ag). During the campaign, the maximum concentration of several components of TSP (996 μg/m) was recorded at the Rana Pratap Bagh area, representing a pollution hotspot of Delhi. Read More