2,440 results match your criteria war experiences

Prevalence of trauma among young adults exposed to stressful events of armed conflicts in South Asia: Experiences from Kashmir.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Applied Psychology.

There is dearth of studies regarding the exposure of traumatic conflicts in Kashmir, India, because of limited research undertaken in this area. Therefore, the main intent of this study was to estimate the prevalence of trauma among young adults exposed to violent and stressful events of armed conflict. This was a cross-sectional study conducted on the prevalence of trauma in all the 10 districts of Kashmir Valley using multistage sampling technique. Read More

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Through Her Eyes: The Impact of War on Syrian Refugee Families.

J Transcult Nurs 2021 Jul 29:10436596211026367. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: The Syrian war conflict ended with devastating impact on Syrian refugee women and their children. A few studies have been done that explored the impact of the civil war and displacement of Syrian families from a cultural perspective. The purpose of this study was to highlight the experiences of the Syrian war-refugee families who have sought shelter in a host country. Read More

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Experiential avoidance is associated with medical and mental health diagnoses in a national sample of deployed Gulf War veterans.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jul 22;142:17-24. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Durham VA Health Care System, 508 Fulton Street, Durham, NC, 27705, USA; VA Mid-Atlantic Mental Illness Research, Education and Clinical Center, 3022 Croasdaile Dr., Durham, NC, 27705, USA; Duke University School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, DUMC 3625, Durham, NC, 27710, USA. Electronic address:

A substantial minority of deployed Gulf War veterans developed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and several chronic illnesses. Although military combat and exposure to certain nuclear, biological, and chemical agents (NBCs) increase risk for post-deployment health problems, they do not fully explain many Gulf War veteran health diagnoses and are not viable treatment targets. Experiential avoidance (EA; one's unwillingness to remain in contact with unpleasant internal experiences) is a modifiable psychosocial risk factor associated with PTSD and depression in veterans as well as pain and gastrointestinal diseases in the general population. Read More

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"We will never give up": A qualitative study of ethical challenges Syrian health workers face in situations of extreme violence.

Disasters 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

JD Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics; Department of Epidemiology and Center for Humanitarian Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA.

Active conflict settings present challenging operating environments for humanitarian health organizations and workers. An emerging feature of some conflicts is direct violence against health workers, facilities, and patients. Since the start of the war in 2011, Syria has endured extreme and deliberate violent attacks on health facilities and workers. Read More

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Navigating Infodemics, Unlocking Social Capital and Maintaining Food Security during the COVID-19 First Wave in the UK: Older Adults' Experiences.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 6;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

School of Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QB, UK.

In March 2020, a national UK lockdown was implemented in response to rapidly rising COVID-19 infections. Those experiencing the most severe public health restrictions were 'shielding' groups as well as those over 70 years of age. Older age adults, many of whom were active, independent, and socially connected were immediately instructed to stay at home, to limit all external social contact and consider contingency for maintaining personal food security and social contact. Read More

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Trajectories of alcohol misuse among the UK Armed Forces over a 12-year period.

Addiction 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

King's Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, Weston Education Centre, London, UK.

Aim: To identify the main trajectories of alcohol misuse among UK military personnel from 12 years after the start of the Iraq war (2003) and the factors associated with each trajectory.

Design: Longitudinal cohort study with three phases of data collection (2004-06, 2007-09 and 2014-16).

Setting: United Kingdom. Read More

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Mitigating the Impact of Reemergence From a Pandemic on Healthcare.

Patricia L Hall

Mil Med 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, MO 65201, USA.

Healthcare workers have never faced a medical crisis that compares to the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. This modern-day pandemic fight draws parallels to a war. Because of these similarities, it would make sense that the experiences frontline providers have when transitioning to a normal healthcare routine would emulate experiences service members voice when reintegrating home from a battlefield. Read More

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"Because the country, it seems though, has turned their back on me": Experiences of institutional betrayal among veterans living with Gulf War Illness.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 6;284:114211. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

The War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, The VA New Jersey Health Care System, 385 Tremont Ave. Mail Stop 129, 11th Floor, East Orange, NJ, 07018, USA; Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology, University at Albany, State University of New York, NY, USA.

People living with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) often have poor quality of life and health outcomes. Many struggle to engage with and trust in healthcare systems. This qualitative study examined how experiences with institutions influence perceptions of medical care for MUS by applying the theoretical framework of institutional betrayal to narratives of U. Read More

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A whole blood based resuscitation strategy in civilian medical services: Experience from a Norwegian hospital in the period 2017-2020.

Transfusion 2021 Jul;61 Suppl 1:S22-S31

Department of Immunology and Transfusion Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Civilian and military guidelines recommend early balanced transfusion to patients with life-threatening bleeding. Low titer group O whole blood was introduced as the primary blood product for resuscitation of massive hemorrhage at Haukeland University Hospital, Bergen, Norway, in December 2017. In this report, we describe the whole blood program and present results from the first years of routine use. Read More

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Daily experiences and strategies for psychological survival during the 2014 assaults in Gaza: a retrospective analysis of chronological diaries.

Lancet 2021 Jul;398 Suppl 1:S49

Remedial Education Center, Gaza Strip, occupied Palestinian territory.

Background: Public health research suggests that multiple factors contribute to the mental health sequalae of political violence, but the daily experiences and ongoing strategies of psychological survival during active warfare are not clearly understood. We analysed retrospective chronological diaries from Palestinian women in Gaza, occupied Palestinian territory, to explore their lives during Operation Protective Edge in 2014, when a series of aerial bombardments killed over 2000 Palestinians and left around 500 000 displaced from their homes.

Methods: 20 Palestinian female teachers in Gaza were recruited via an intervention for trauma recovery 1 month after the end of Operation Protective Edge, in September, 2014. Read More

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Sociodemographic Factors in Combat Compensation Seekers for Delayed-Onset PTSD.

Mil Med 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

University Department for Forensic Sciences, University of Split, Split 21000, Croatia.

Introduction: Sociodemographic factors can sometimes be more contributory in relation to war-related stress-induced disorder treatment and compensation-seeking than health-related factors. However, their impact is often overlooked. This study explores a relationship between sociodemographic factors and diagnoses of combat-related stress-induced disorders in combat compensation seekers for delayed-onset PTSD (DOPTSD). Read More

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What does the biography of Duncan Forbes MBE (1873-1941), Medical Officer of Health for Brighton (1908-1938), reveal about managing pandemics?

J Med Biogr 2021 Jul 2:9677720211021575. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Primary Care and Public Health, 12190Brighton and Sussex Medical School, UK.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the national lockdowns of 2020/2021 illustrate how modern public health systems are founded on empirical evidence and contemporary understanding of disease transmission. Duncan Forbes was one of the earliest sanitarians in Britain to propose and implement a new understanding of infectious disease control. Starting his early career in Manchester and Cambridge, his eventual tenure as Brighton's longest-serving medical officer of health (MOH) left an indelible mark by challenging the entrenched tradition of terminal disinfection and by devising his "Brighton methods" for the care of tubercular patients. Read More

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Sexual and reproductive health of Syrian refugee adolescent girls: a qualitative study using focus group discussions in an urban setting in Lebanon.

Reprod Health 2021 Jun 24;18(1):130. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Division of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, Medical Centre of the University of Munich (LMU), 80802, Munich, Germany.

Background: The war in Syria caused the forced displacement of millions of Syrians to neighboring countries. Lebanon is the host country with the largest overall number of Syrian refugees per capita. Adolescent refugee girls experience a unique level of vulnerability during human emergencies and are at increased risk of suffering from poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. Read More

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Counseling Techniques Supporting West African Children With Adverse Childhood Experiences: A Systematic Review.

Front Sociol 2021 7;6:573115. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Counseling, Psychology, and Special Education, Duquesne University, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Using a meta-synthesis approach, through the review of current literature, five published and peer reviewed qualitative research reports were studied. The intention was to identify interventions being used with West African children who have endured adverse childhood experiences. These results were found through matching inclusionary criteria and all studies were screened for appropriateness and relevance to the topic matter. Read More

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United States medical preparedness for nuclear and radiological emergencies.

J Radiol Prot 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Radiation Research Program, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, UNITED STATES.

With the end of the Cold War in 1991, U.S. Government (USG) investments in radiation science and medical preparedness were phased out; however, the events of September 11th , which involved a terroristic attack on American soil, led to the re-establishment of funding for both radiation preparedness and development of approaches to address injuries. Read More

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Parental post-traumatic stress and psychiatric care utilisation among refugee adolescents.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Parental psychiatric morbidity related to experiences of war and trauma has been associated with adverse psychological outcomes for children. The aim of this study was to investigate parental post-traumatic stress in relation to psychiatric care utilization among children of refugees with particular attention on the child's own refugee status, sex of both child and parents, and specific psychiatric diagnoses. This was a register study in a population of 16 143 adolescents from refugee families in Stockholm County born 1995-2000 and followed between 2011 and 2017 (11-18 years old). Read More

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"That is not my country anymore": Pre- and postdisplacement trauma, stressors, and distress in war-affected Syrian civilians.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

William James Center for Research.

This mixed-methods study assessed the prevalence of pre-and postmigration trauma and stressors as determinants of refugee mental health in resettlement. Forty-four war-affected Syrian civilians arriving in Portugal through four streams-UNHCR resettlement, EU relocation, spontaneous asylum, and higher education programs for refugees-participated in focus groups and individual interviews. Participants completed self-report measures of trauma and torture and PTSD symptoms, and narrated pre- and postmigration experiences and distress through semistructured interviews. Read More

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"An automatic Bible in the brain": Trauma and prayer among Acholi Pentecostals in northern Uganda.

Lars H Williams

Transcult Psychiatry 2021 Jun 15:13634615211018556. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

London School of Economics and Political Science.

This article examines the role of prayers for traumatized survivors of war within a Pentecostal-charismatic community in post-conflict northern Uganda. It argues that becoming part of a church group and learning certain regimes of prayer can work toward symptom relief and recovery for people suffering from traumatic experiences. The study builds on 13 months of ethnographic fieldwork in rural northern Uganda, with extensive participant observation of religious practices and interviews with rural church congregants. Read More

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WWII traumatic events, subjective well-being and valuation of life in the very old.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Chair of Rehabilitative Gerontology, Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Herbert-Lewin-Str. 2, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Experiencing war is a major trigger for physical and mental health problems. People in the German population who are currently over 80 years of age experienced the Second World War (WWII) as children or adolescents, at a time when psychological vulnerability is high. Empirical results show that positive subjective well-being (SWB) and valuation of life (VoL) in older cohorts are widespread; however, when confronted with existential age-associated changes, many older adults experience increased burden, sometimes bringing biographical vulnerabilities to the forefront. Read More

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Advocating for a Collaborative Research Approach on Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2021 Jun 3:1-5. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Archaeology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Since Myers (1915) coined the term 'shell shock' to define the prolonged suffering of soldiers returning from the Great War, the psychological and physical result of distressing experiences, known as trauma, has been of academic interest. Transgenerational transmission of trauma effects has been recorded, demonstrating that on some level, the exposure to trauma of one generation can impact individuals of a subsequent generation (Yehuda & Lehrner, 2018). Observational studies on children of holocaust survivors formed the basis of this trajectory of research (Rakoff, 1966), and eventually this phenomenon became referred to as the transgenerational transmission of trauma (TTT). Read More

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War on waste: Challenges and experiences in COVID-19 waste management.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Jun 7:1-13. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Medical Superintendent, AIIMS, New DelhiIndia.

COVID-19 has posed formidable challenges including overwhelming bio-medical waste. Guidelines have been rapidly changing along with mounting pressure of waste generation. These challenges were managed by smart re-engineering of structure and processes for desired outcomes. Read More

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"This is not my decision; I have no alternative". Perceptions and experiences of marriage age and family planning among Syrian women and men: a primary care study.

Prim Health Care Res Dev 2021 06 7;22:e25. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Social Anthropology Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey.

Purpose: Reproductive health includes the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide. In this context, both women and men have rights. In this study, it is aimed to reveal the obstacles in using these rights and to describe perceptions on marriage and family planning (FP) of Syrian women and men and to increase awareness for developing new policies on the Primary Health Care. Read More

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Exploring the psychosocial morbidity of women undergoing chemotherapy for breast cancer in a post-war setting: experiences of Northern Sri Lankan women.

Support Care Cancer 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Purpose: A breast cancer diagnosis leads to considerable internal conflict and social disruption. Coping with breast cancer may be especially challenging where psychosocial services are not integrated to cancer care. This exploratory descriptive qualitative study delves into breast cancer-associated psychosocial morbidity among women diagnosed with breast cancer at a cancer centre in post-war northern Sri Lanka. Read More

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Effectiveness of a technology-assisted, family volunteers delivered, brief, multicomponent parents' skills training intervention for children with developmental disorders in rural Pakistan: a cluster randomized controlled trial.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 May 31;15(1):53. Epub 2021 May 31.

University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Globally, there is a large documented gap between needs of families and children with developmental disorders and available services. We adapted the World Health Organization's mental health Gap-Intervention Guidelines (mhGAP-IG) developmental disorders module into a tablet-based android application to train caregivers of children with developmental disorders. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of this technology-assisted, family volunteers delivered, parents' skills training intervention to improve functioning in children with developmental disorders in a rural community of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Read More

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Legacies of humanitarian neglect: long term experiences of children who returned from the Lord's Resistance Army in Uganda.

Confl Health 2021 May 29;15(1):43. Epub 2021 May 29.

Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Background: Much has been written about the short-term challenges facing children returning 'home' from rebel fighting groups, but little is known about the longer term day to day realities of return. This article presents findings from the first long-term assessment of the social and economic challenges facing an officially registered group of children who passed through an internationally-financed reception centre after a period of time with the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA).

Methods: Records from a reception centre were used to trace a random sample of individuals to their current location. Read More

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Nociceptive stress interferes with neural processing of cognitive stimuli in Gulf War Veterans with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

Life Sci 2021 Aug 26;279:119653. Epub 2021 May 26.

William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, USA; Department of Kinesiology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Aims: Disrupted cognition and chronic musculoskeletal pain (CMP) are prevalent experiences among Gulf War Veterans (GWV). A negative association between CMP and cognition (i.e. Read More

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Collage-based graphic elicitation method for capturing the lived experiences of veterans with Gulf War illness.

Life Sci 2021 May 24:119656. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Creative Arts Therapies, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA, United States of America.

Aims: Graphic elicitation is an emergent data gathering approach in qualitative research. An overview of the development and application of a collage based graphic elicitation method in gaining greater understanding about the experience of Gulf War Illness (GWI) is presented in this paper. The unique contributions of this method are also discussed. Read More

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"I held on to the police's leg for mercy": Experiences of adversity, risk and harm among people who inject drugs during an anti-drug drive in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Jun 24;92:103299. Epub 2021 May 24.

Programme for HIV and AIDS, Infectious Diseases Division, icddr,b68 Shaheed Tajuddin Ahmed Sarani, Mohakhali, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh.

Background: A number of countries across Asia have instituted "drug wars", aimed at eradicating drug supply and consumption. These wars often employ strategies like arbitrary arrest and detention, increased surveillance, harassment and sometimes extrajudicial killings. However, these measures have not been shown to effectively eliminate drug supply and consumption; rather they often predispose people who use drugs to increased risk and harm. Read More

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