949 results match your criteria walking barefoot

Quantifying the Dynamic Stability of Gait Patterns in People with Hallux Valgus.

Appl Bionics Biomech 2021 10;2021:5543704. Epub 2021 May 10.

The Department of Mechatronics Engineering, Incheon National University, Republic of Korea.

Hallux valgus (HV), which is mainly caused by the wearing of narrow-width and high-heeled shoes, disrupts gait behavior because it deforms lower limb joints. There is limited information regarding the relationship between the foot disease HV and lower limb joints. Previous studies evaluating abnormal gait patterns caused by deformity used spatiotemporal parameters; however, they failed to characterize the overall gait dynamics. Read More

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Guided Self-rehabilitation Contracts Combined With AbobotulinumtoxinA in Adults With Spastic Paresis.

J Neurol Phys Ther 2021 07;45(3):203-213

UR 7377 BIOTN, Université Paris-Est Créteil, Albert Chenevier-Henri Mondor Hospital, Department of Neurorehabilitation, Créteil, France (J.M.G.); Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston McGovern Medical School, and the Neurorecovery Research Center at TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (G.E.F.); Department of Neurology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, and General Faculty Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic (R.J.); Neurology Department, Federal State Hospital, Treatments and Rehabilitation, Center of Ministry of Health and Social Development of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia (S.K.); and Ipsen Pharma, Boulogne- Billancourt, France (C.D.R., P.M).

Background And Purpose: Guided self-rehabilitation contracts (GSCs) are a diary-based rehabilitation strategy, wherein specific muscles are identified for prescription of high-load, home self-stretching techniques. We assessed the effect of GSCs combined with simultaneous upper limb (UL) and lower limb (LL) abobotulinumtoxinA injections on composite active range of motion (CXA) in adults with chronic spastic paresis.

Methods: This was an international, prospective, single-arm, open-label study (ENGAGE, NCT02969356). Read More

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Effects of barefoot vs. shod walking during indoor and outdoor conditions in younger and older adults.

Gait Posture 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Sport Science, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany.

Background: Gait stability and variability measures in barefoot and shod locomotion are frequently investigated in younger but rarely in older adults. Moreover, most studies examine gait measures in laboratory settings instead of real-life settings.

Research Questions: How are gait stability and variability parameters affected by footwear compared to barefoot walking in younger and older adults as well as under indoor vs. Read More

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A rare case of phaeohyphomycosis due to Phaeoacremonium krajdenii from Odisha.

Indian J Med Microbiol 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Microbiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhubaneswar, India.

A 45-year-old healthy woodcutter presented with a cystic swelling on the sole of the left great toe. Other than barefoot walking, there was no history of trauma or significant illness in the past. Fine needle aspirate showed yeast and hyphae on microscopy and culture grew black mould which was identified as Phaeoacremonium krajdenii species and genus confirmed by internal transcribed spacer sequencing. Read More

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Concurrent anemia and stunting among schoolchildren in Wonago district in southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional multilevel analysis.

PeerJ 2021 6;9:e11158. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Even if many schoolchildren in Ethiopia are anemic and stunted, few have studied the co-existence of anemia and stunting among schoolchildren in Ethiopia In addition, multilevel analysis to explore the variation in prevalence of concurrent anemia and stunting (CAS) across schools and classes is rarely applied. Thus, we aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of CAS at the individual, household, and school level among schoolchildren in southern Ethiopia.

Methods: We recruited 864 students aged 7-14 years from the Wonago district in southern Ethiopia using a three-stage random sampling, assigning four schools to level one, 24 classes to level two. Read More

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Analysis of hip joint loading during walking with different shoe types using instrumented total hip prostheses.

Sci Rep 2021 May 12;11(1):10073. Epub 2021 May 12.

Julius Wolff Institute, Berlin Institute of Health at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Hip joint loads need careful consideration during postoperative physiotherapy after joint replacement. One factor influencing joint loads is the choice of footwear, but it remains unclear which footwear is favorable. The objective of the present study was to investigate the influence of footwear on hip joint loads in vivo. Read More

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Soft soled footwear has limited impact on toddler gait.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(5):e0251175. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Physiotherapy, Centre for Health, Exercise and Sports Medicine, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine Dentistry & Health Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

The development of walking in young toddlers is an important motor milestone. Walking patterns can differ widely amongst toddlers, and are characterised by unique biomechanical strategies. This makes comparisons between newly walking toddler's and older children's walking difficult. Read More

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Management of gait impairments in people with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease: A treatment algorithm.

J Rehabil Med 2021 May 21;53(5):jrm00194. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Rehabilitation, Radboud University Medical Center, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, 6541GX Nijmegen, The Netherlands. E-mail:

Gait impairments in people with Charcot Marie Tooths disease are the combined result of ankle-foot deformities, muscle weakness, and somatosensory impairments. People with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease often experience pain and difficulties when walking, especially barefoot. They also trip and fall frequently and have a lower than normal gait speed and distance. Read More

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Postoperative changes in vertical ground reaction forces, walking barefoot and with ankle-foot orthoses in children with Cerebral Palsy.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2021 Apr 23;84:105336. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Department of Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Children with cerebral palsy often have problems to support the body centre of mass, seen as increased ratio between excessive vertical ground reaction forces during weight acceptance and decreased forces below bodyweight in late stance. We aimed to examine whether increasing ankle range of motion through surgery and restraining motion with ankle-foot orthoses postoperatively would have impact on the vertical ground reaction force in weight acceptance and late stance.

Methods: Ground reaction forces were recorded from 24 children with bilateral and 32 children with unilateral cerebral palsy, each measured walking barefoot before and after triceps surae lengthening. Read More

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Load Transference with the Gain of Excessive Body Mass: A Two-Year Longitudinal Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 11;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

Previous studies investigating the effect of excessive weight on the foot have commonly been cross-sectional; therefore, it is still unclear how the foot function gradually changes with the increased body mass that is physiologically gained over time. This study aimed to use a load transfer method to identify the mechanism of how the foot function changed with the increased excessive body mass over two years. Taking normal weight as the baseline, fifteen children became overweight or obese (group 1), and fifteen counterparts maintained normal weight (group 0) over the two years. Read More

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Ankle and foot mechanics in individuals with chronic ankle instability during shod walking and barefoot walking: A cross-sectional study.

Chin J Traumatol 2021 May 27;24(3):174-179. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Applied Medical Science, Taif University, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study evaluated the angular kinematic and moment of the ankle and foot during shod walking and barefoot walking in individuals with unilateral chronic ankle instability (CAI).

Methods: Recreational soccer players with unilateral CAI were recruited for this cross sectional study conducted between January and August 2019. A total of 40 participants were screened for eligibility but only 31 met the inclusion criteria based on the methods of Delahunt et al and Gribble et al. Read More

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Benefits and risks of non-slip socks in hospitals: a rapid review.

Int J Qual Health Care 2021 Apr;33(2)

La Trobe Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine Research, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport and ARCH, La Trobe University, Plenty Rd and Kingsbury Dr, Bundoora, VIC 3086, Australia.

Background: Non-slip socks are sometimes used in an attempt to prevent falls in hospitals despite limited evidence of benefit. We critique the current literature on their risks, benefits and effects.

Methods: A rapid review was conducted following the Cochrane Rapid Review Methods Group Guidelines. Read More

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Effects of Nonelastic Taping and Dual Task on Kinematics and Kinetics of the Ankle Joint.

J Healthc Eng 2021 28;2021:8866453. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Shanghai Yangzhi Rehabilitation Hospital, Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201615, China.

Objectives: The purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the effects of nonelastic taping and dual task on ankle kinematics and kinetics in gait analysis of healthy adults.

Methods: A total of 21 healthy adults completed trials of gait analysis using a Vicon system combining ground walking with different cognitive task conditions (none, modified Stroop color/character naming, and serial-7 subtraction), with or without nonelastic taping. Ankle kinematics and kinetics including speed, ankle plantarflexion and inversion angle, ground reaction force (GRF), and stride time variability (STV) under all conditions of taping (YES or NO) and cognitive task (none, naming, and subtraction) were characterized and analyzed with repeated-measures ANOVA. Read More

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February 2021

Preliminary Evidence That Taping Does Not Optimize Joint Coupling of the Foot and Ankle Joints in Patients with Chronic Ankle Instability.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 19;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Development and Regeneration, KU Leuven, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Foot-ankle motion is affected by chronic ankle instability (CAI) in terms of altered kinematics. This study focuses on multisegmental foot-ankle motion and joint coupling in barefoot and taped CAI patients during the three subphases of stance at running.

Methods: Foot segmental motion data of 12 controls and 15 CAI participants during running with a heel strike pattern were collected through gait analysis. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of Short-Term Limitation of Movement of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint on the Biomechanics of the Ipsilateral Hip, Knee, and Ankle Joints During Walking.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Mar 5;27:e930081. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Orthopaedic Medical Centre, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND We analyzed the effect of limitation of movement of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (FMJ) on the biomechanics of the lower limbs during walking. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eight healthy college students completed walking under barefoot (BF) and FMJ constraint (FMJC) conditions. We synchronously collected kinematics and dynamics data, and calculated the torque, power, and work of hip, knee, and ankle joints. Read More

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Effect of biomechanical footwear on upper and lower leg muscle activity in comparison with knee brace and normal walking.

J Electromyogr Kinesiol 2021 Apr 28;57:102528. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Central Finland Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland; Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Electronic address:

Aim: To evaluate the activity of knee stabilizing muscles while using custom-made biomechanical footwear (BF) and to compare it when walking barefoot and with a knee brace (Unloader®).

Methods: Seventeen healthy working-aged (mean age: 29 years; standard deviation: 8 years) individuals participated. The knee brace was worn on the right knee and BF in both legs. Read More

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Biomechanical maturation of foot joints in typically developing boys: Novel insight in mechanics and energetics from a cross-sectional study.

Gait Posture 2021 Mar 16;85:244-250. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

KULeuven- Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation Research Group, Campus Leuven, Tervuursevest, Heverlee, 3001, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: A growing body of quantitative evidence has been provided regarding age-related differences in plantar foot loading, multi-segment foot kinematics and muscle activity. Fundamental insight into the joint mechanics and energetics of the maturing foot has yet to be provided.

Research Question/hypothesis: It was hypothesized that so-called 'biomechancial maturation' joint kinetics would be observed in children underneath the age of eight and that older age-groups would not differ from each other in these parameters. Read More

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Prevalence, Infection Intensity and Associated Factors of Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis Among School-Aged Children from Selected Districts in Northwest Ethiopia.

Res Rep Trop Med 2021 15;12:15-23. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Biomedical and Laboratory Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Globally, soil-transmitted helminths affect beyond a billion people and cause 1.9 million disability-adjusted life years worldwide. It affects children disproportionately due to their unaware activities like walking barefoot, playing with dirty objects that might be contaminated with feces. Read More

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February 2021

The impact of orthoses on gait in children with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Gait Posture 2021 Mar 12;85:198-204. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Center for Motion Analysis, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Farmington, CT, USA; Division of Orthopedics, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Farmington, CT, USA.

Background: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) results in distal muscle weakness that leads to gait difficulties in both the stance and swing phases, thus limiting function in the community. A primary purpose of ankle foot orthoses (AFOs) is to improve gait function; however, little is known about what AFOs are prescribed and how they benefit children with CMT.

Research Question: To determine the impact of previously prescribed AFOs on gait in children with CMT using comprehensive gait analysis techniques. Read More

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Association between foot thermal responses and shear forces during turning gait in young adults.

PeerJ 2021 18;9:e10515. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Biomechanics, University of Nebraska-Omaha, Omaha, NE, United States of America.

Background: The human foot typically changes temperature between pre and post-locomotion activities. However, the mechanisms responsible for temperature changes within the foot are currently unclear. Prior studies indicate that shear forces may increase foot temperature during locomotion. Read More

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January 2021

The accuracy and predictability of micro Doppler radar signature projection algorithm measuring functional movement in NCAA athletes.

Gait Posture 2021 Mar 26;85:96-102. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Pennsylvania State University College of Engineering, 202 EE East Building, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802, United States.

Background: Development of accessible cost-effective technology to objectively, reliably, and accurately predict musculoskeletal injury risk could aid the effort to prevent chronic pain and disability. Recent work on micro-Doppler radar suggests it merits investigation towards these goals. The micro-Doppler signals that are created can infer differences in gross movements such as walking versus crawling in military settings where direct vision is not possible. Read More

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Ankle fusion and replacement gait similar post-surgery, but still exhibit differences versus controls regardless of footwear.

J Orthop Res 2021 Jan 17. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

RR&D Center for Limb Loss and MoBility, VA Puget Sound Health Care System, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Persons with ankle osteoarthritis (AOA) often seek surgical intervention to alleviate pain and restore function; however, recent research has yielded no superior choice between the two primary options: fusion and replacement. One factor yet to be considered is the effect of footwear on biomechanical outcomes. Comparisons of AOA biomechanics to a normative population are also sparse. Read More

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January 2021

Dynamic stability in cerebral palsy during walking and running: Predictors and regulation strategies.

Gait Posture 2021 Feb 31;84:329-334. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: The postural control in cerebral palsy (CP) is often deficient and manifests in a variety of impairments. Consequently, maintaining balance and controlling posture is impeded and results in an increased cost of locomotion and higher risk of falls. The margin of stability is an established measure to quantify dynamic stability during gait. Read More

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February 2021

The mechanics behind gait problems in patients with Dravet Syndrome.

Gait Posture 2021 Feb 31;84:321-328. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Research Group MOVANT, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy (REVAKI), University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium; Multidisciplinary Motor Centre Antwerp (M2OCEAN), University of Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Dravet Syndrome (DS) is a developmental and epileptic encephalopathy starting in infancy and characterised by treatment resistant epilepsy with cognitive impairment and progressive motor dysfunction. Walking becomes markedly impaired with age, but the mechanical nature of gait problems remains unclear.

Research Question: What are the kinetic strategies characterised in gait of patients with DS?

Methods: This case-control study compared 41 patients with DS aged 5. Read More

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February 2021

Diabetic Foot Self-Care Practices Among Adult Diabetic Patients: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2020 4;13:4779-4786. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Institute of Health, School of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Background: Adequate foot care and regular foot examinations along with optimal glycemic control are effective strategies to prevent foot ulceration.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of foot self-care practice among diabetic patients attending an ambulatory clinic.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the ambulatory clinic of Jimma Medical Center. Read More

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December 2020

Minimal shoes improve stability and mobility in persons with a history of falls.

Sci Rep 2020 12 10;10(1):21755. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Musculoskeletal and Ageing Science, Institute of Life Course and Medical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Postural and walking instabilities contribute to falls in older adults. Given that shoes affect human locomotor stability and that visual, cognitive and somatosensory systems deteriorate during aging, we aimed to: (1) compare the effects of footwear type on stability and mobility in persons with a history of falls, and (2) determine whether the effect of footwear type on stability is altered by the absence of visual input or by an additional cognitive load. Thirty participants performed standing and walking trials in three footwear conditions, i. Read More

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December 2020

Effects of Walking With Talus-Stabilizing Taping on Passive Range of Motion, Timed Up and Go, Temporal Parameters of Gait, and Fall Risk in Individuals With Chronic Stroke: A Cross-sectional Study.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021 01 26;44(1):49-55. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Yonsei University, Wonju, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of walking with talus-stabilizing taping on ankle dorsiflexion passive range of motion, the timed up-and-go test, temporal parameters of gait, and fall risk in individuals with chronic stroke.

Methods: In this cross-sectional design study, 20 participants with chronic stroke (9 female, 11 male), aged 60.5 ± 8. Read More

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January 2021

The effects of shoe type on lower limb venous status during gait or exercise: A systematic review.

PLoS One 2020 25;15(11):e0239787. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Normandie Univ, UNIROUEN, CETAPS, Rouen, France.

This systematic review evaluated the literature pertaining to the effect of shoes on lower limb venous status in asymptomatic populations during gait or exercise. The review was conducted in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. The PubMed-NCBI, EBSCO Host, Cochrane Library and Science Direct databases were searched (March 2019) for words around two concepts: shoes and venous parameters. Read More

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January 2021

Barefoot walking changed relative timing during the support phase but not ground reaction forces in children when compared to different footwear conditions.

Gait Posture 2021 01 2;83:287-293. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS 90619-900, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: There is a paucity of available biomechanical kinetic data comparing shod and barefoot conditions in children.

Research Question: Do children wearing footwear have comparable gait velocity, ground reaction forces (GRF), spatiotemporal parameters, propulsive and braking impulses when compared to children walking barefoot?

Methods: Seventy-five children were divided into four groups: Group 1 females aged 4-9 years old (n = 29). Group 2 females aged 3-5 years old (n = 16). Read More

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January 2021

Correlations between weight-bearing 3D bone architecture and dynamic plantar pressure measurements in the diabetic foot.

J Foot Ankle Res 2020 Oct 30;13(1):64. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Movement Analysis Laboratory, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

Background: Measurements of plantar loading reveal foot-to-floor interaction during activity, but information on bone architecture cannot be derived. Recently, cone-beam computer tomography (CBCT) has given visual access to skeletal structures in weight-bearing. The combination of the two measures has the potential to improve clinical understanding and prevention of diabetic foot ulcers. Read More

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October 2020