32,695 results match your criteria waist circumference

Additional cardiovascular fitness when progressing from moderate- to high-intensity exercise training in previously trained breast cancer survivors.

Support Care Cancer 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Physical Education, Sport & Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Purpose: Cardiovascular disease, often secondary to chemotherapy, is the leading cause of death in BC survivors. Increased aerobic capacity improves post-rehabilitation survival; however, many cancer rehabilitation programs are limited to lower intensity training. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is associated with the largest improvements in aerobic capacity; therefore, this study aimed to determine whether HIIT would cause a greater increase in VOpeak than continuous moderate-intensity (MICT) exercise in previously trained BC survivors. Read More

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Soluble thrombomodulin and cardiovascular disease risk factors in Japanese children.

Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 2021 Jun;32(4):273-277

Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan.

This study aimed to establish standard reference values for soluble thrombomodulin in healthy prepubertal school-aged children and elucidate the relationship between soluble thrombomodulin levels and obesity, metabolic syndrome-associated indices, and other markers of vascular endothelial damage. The participants in this study were healthy Japanese children aged 9-10 years (315 boys and 267 girls). Blood tests for soluble thrombomodulin, leptin, fibrinogen, and general biochemical markers were performed, and the mean and 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles for each marker were determined. Read More

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Plasma lipid metabolites associate with diabetic polyneuropathy in a cohort with type 2 diabetes.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objective: The global rise in type 2 diabetes is associated with a concomitant increase in diabetic complications. Diabetic polyneuropathy is the most frequent type 2 diabetes complication and is associated with poor outcomes. The metabolic syndrome has emerged as a major risk factor for diabetic polyneuropathy; however, the metabolites associated with the metabolic syndrome that correlate with diabetic polyneuropathy are unknown. Read More

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Central obesity, smoking habit and hypertension are associated with lower antibody titers in response to COVID-19 mRNA vaccine.

Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Medical Pathophysiology, Food Science and Endocrinology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161, Rome, Italy.

Aims: To explore variables associated with the serological response following COVID-19 mRNA vaccine.

Methods: Eighty-six healthcare workers adhering to the vaccination campaign against COVID-19 were enrolled in January-February 2021. All subjects underwent two COVID-19 mRNA vaccine inoculations (Pfizer/BioNTech) separated by three weeks. Read More

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Relationship between obesity and depression, anxiety and psychological distress among Iranian health-care staff.

East Mediterr Health J 2021 Apr 27;27(4):327-335. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Integrative Functional Gastroenterology Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Islamic Republic of Iran.

Background: Psychological-related disorders such as obesity are a key contributor to morbidity and mortality.

Aims: To assess the association between general and abdominal obesity with depression and anxiety among Iranian health-care staff.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted under the framework of the Study on the Epidemiology of Psychological Alimentary Health and Nutrition. Read More

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Anthropometric Markers and Iron Status of 6-12-Year-Old Thai Children: Associations and Predictors.

J Nutr Metab 2021 13;2021:9629718. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Population, Policy & Practice Research and Teaching Department, University College London Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

Introduction: Obesity may be associated with poor iron status. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between different indices of iron status and anthropometric measurements in Thai children.

Materials And Methods: Anthropometry (weight, height, waist circumference (WC), and body composition assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis) and iron indices were measured in 336 Thai children aged 6-12 years. Read More

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Home Blood Pressure Control and Drug Prescription Patterns among Thai Hypertensives: A 1-Year Analysis of Telehealth Assisted Instrument in Home Blood Pressure Monitoring Nationwide Pilot Project.

Int J Hypertens 2021 14;2021:8844727. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Background: Several interventions have been proposed to improve hypertension control with various outcomes. The home blood pressure (HBP) measurement is widely accepted for assessing the response to medications. However, the enhancement of blood pressure (BP) control with HBP telemonitoring technology has yet to be studied in Thailand. Read More

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The Associations of Perceived and Oxidative Stress with Hypertension in a Cohort of Police Officers.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2021 23;14:1783-1797. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Jagiellonian University School of Medicine, Krakow, Poland.

Purpose: Associations between perceived stress and oxidative stress marker and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components were investigated in a cohort of police officers.

Methods: Cross-sectional data from a cohort of non-diabetic subjects (n=233; 19F), median [interquartile range] age 50 [37-44] years, were analysed. MetS was construed in line with International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria and perceived stress with Cohen's 10-item Perceived Stress Scale. Read More

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Monitoring of metabolic side-effects in children and adolescents prescribed antipsychotic medication: A systematic review.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 May 5:48674211009620. Epub 2021 May 5.

Metro North Mental Health, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Herston, QLD, Australia.

Objectives: Prescribing antipsychotic medications to children and adolescents with severe mental and developmental disorders is common; however, there is a lack of consensus on appropriate metabolic monitoring for this population. This review systematically evaluates studies examining metabolic monitoring of children and adolescents prescribed antipsychotic medication to understand the clinical practice of metabolic monitoring and identify opportunities to improve the safety of antipsychotic prescribing in this population.

Methods: A systematic search for original research on metabolic monitoring in children and adolescents prescribed antipsychotics was conducted in six databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, The Cochrane Library [Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CENTRAL], Cochrane Methodology Register and Web of Science [Science and Social Science Citation Index]) from inception to February 2020 following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Read More

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Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Impaired Glucose Metabolism among 10- to 17-Year-Old Overweight and Obese Lithuanian Children and Adolescents.

Obes Facts 2021 May 5:1-12. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Endocrinology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Background: Overweight (Ow) and obesity among adults and children increases the risk of metabolic consequences. Metabolic syndrome (MS) and impaired glucose metabolism are well-known risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of MS and impaired glucose metabolism among Ow and obese (Ob) children and adolescents (aged 10-17 years) in Lithuania, and to evaluate the associations between insulin resistance (IR) indices and anthropometric parameters as well as metabolic disturbances. Read More

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Weight change and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients during COVID-19 pandemic: the lockdown effect.

Endocrine 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Endocrinology, Diabetology and Andrology Unit, IRCCS Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano (MI), Italy.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 lockdown occurred in Italy from March 9th to May 18th, 2020 on anthropometric parameters and glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: One hundred twenty-eight consecutive patients with T2DM (median age 70 years, 74 males) were retrospectively evaluated at the end of the lockdown period. Data on metabolic control were collected at different time: within three months before the lockdown (visit 0) and within the first six weeks after it (visit 1). Read More

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Nutritional status and metabolic risk in adults: association with diet quality as assessed with ESQUADA.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2021 3;24:e210019. Epub 2021 May 3.

Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Objective: To analyze the association between diet quality assessed with the Diet Quality Scale (ESQUADA) and the nutritional status and metabolic risk in adults.

Methods: The data included 1,147 adults aged 20 to 59, from the population-based study with complex sampling. Weight, height, tricipital (TSF) and subscapular (SSF) skinfolds, and waist (WC) and mid-arm (MAC) circumferences were measured. Read More

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Relationship between P-wave dispersion, left ventricular mass index and function in Nigerian hypertensive patients.

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 May 4;32:1-6. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Lagos Nigeria.

Hypertension is the most prevalent cardiovascular disorder in the world. It is associated with target-organ damage in various organs and ECG changes. P-wave dispersion (PWD), which represents inhomogeneous atrial conduction and discontinuation of impulses, has been observed, when prolonged, to predict atrial fibrillation, particularly in the setting of hypertension. Read More

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Frailty and Quality of Life in Older Adults with Metabolic Syndrome - Findings from the Healthy Older People Everyday (HOPE) Study.

J Nutr Health Aging 2021 ;25(5):637-644

Associate Professor Reshma A Merchant, Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119228, Email: Telephone number: +65 6779 5555.

Objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and frailty are both associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Frailty is associated with reduced quality of life (QoL) but association of QoL with MetS have produced mixed results suggesting that other factors such as disease burden, obesity and depression may have a more significant influence. We aim to investigate the demographics of frail participants with MetS, and relationship between frailty and QoL in MetS. Read More

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January 2021

The performance of an integrated model including retinal information in predicting childhood hypertension.

Pediatr Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: The objective of this study was to examine the association of an integrated model (composed of retinal arteriolar caliber, height, and sex) with blood pressure (BP) among a group of Chinese children, and assess the predictive value of the integrated model for childhood hypertension.

Methods: This study included 1460 candidates aged 12.634 ± 0. Read More

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Risk factors for non-communicable diseases related to obesity among first- and second-generation Bangladeshi migrants living in north-east or south-east England.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, UK.

Background: Obesity is a global burden, which significantly increases the risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). More than a quarter of adults in the United Kingdom are obese, but prevalence varies by ethnicity, and South Asians have the largest burden of NCDs. This paper assesses how sex, generation, and region interplay to vary the predisposition to obesity-related (OR) NCDs among UK Bangladeshis. Read More

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Neck circumference and waist circumference associated with cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetes (Beijing Community Diabetes Study 23).

Sci Rep 2021 May 4;11(1):9491. Epub 2021 May 4.

Diabetes Trials Unit, Radcliffe Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Obesity increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and other metabolic diseases. We intended to compare three different anthropometric indicators of obesity, in predicting the incidence of cardiovascular events in Chinese type 2 diabetes. Beijing Community Diabetes Study was a prospective multi-center study conducted in Beijing community health centers. Read More

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Inequality of weight status in urban Cuba: 2001-2010.

Popul Health Metr 2021 May 4;19(1):24. Epub 2021 May 4.

Global Health Institute, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, 710061, Shaanxi, China.

Background: Although understanding changes in the body weight distribution and trends in obesity inequality plays a key role in assessing the causes and persistence of obesity, limited research on this topic is available for Cuba. This study thus analyzed changes in body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) distributions and obesity inequality over a 9-year period among urban Cuban adults.

Methods: Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests were first applied to the data from the 2001 and 2010 National Survey on Risk Factors and Chronic Diseases to identify a rightward shift in both the BMI and WC distributions over the 2001-2010 period. Read More

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Impact of the Level of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet on the Parameters of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 30;13(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Laboratory of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

High adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has been associated with a lower prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS). The present study aimed to investigate the impact of MD adherence on parameters of MetS. A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Central Registry of Clinical Trials (CENTRAL), Scopus, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Read More

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Subjective Social Status and Cardiometabolic Risk Markers by Intersectionality of Race/Ethnicity and Sex Among U.S. Young Adults.

Ann Behav Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nutrition, T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Subjective social status (SSS) has shown inverse relationships with cardiometabolic risk, but intersectionalities of race/ethnicity and sex may indicate more nuanced relationships.

Purpose: To investigate associations of SSS with cardiometabolic risk markers by race/ethnicity and sex.

Methods: Data were from Wave IV (2008) of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 4,847; 24-32 years), which collected biological cardiometabolic risk markers. Read More

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Effect of testosterone replacement therapy on insulin sensitivity and body composition in congenital hypogonadism: A prospective longitudinal follow-up study.

J Postgrad Med 2021 Apr-Jun;67(2):67-74

Department of Endocrinology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and whole-body composition in patients with congenital hypogonadism and investigate the effects of replacement therapy with testosterone undecanoate on MS, insulin resistance (IR), and whole-body composition in subset of patients.

Methods: In a single arm prospective longitudinal intervention study, 33 patients with congenital hypogonadism, ages 20-39 years, were recruited and their parameters of MS, whole-body composition by DXA were compared with age and BMI matched healthy controls. In 21 patients, after 9 months we prospectively studied the effect (pre-post difference) of injection testosterone undecanoate (1,000 mg) replacement on MS, IR, and whole-body compositions. Read More

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Insulin resistance and liver histopathology in metabolically unhealthy subjects do not correlate with the hepatic abundance of NLRP3 inflammasome nor circulating IL-1β levels.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 May;9(1)

Department Nutrition, Diabetes and Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile

Introduction: Systemic chronic low-grade inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance (IR) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and its final product, interleukin (IL)-1β, exert detrimental effects on insulin sensitivity and promote liver inflammation in murine models. Evidence linking hepatic NLRP3 inflammasome, systemic IR and NASH has been scarcely explored in humans. Read More

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Study on the independent effect of thyroid hormone based on uric acid level on NAFLD.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 May 3;40(1):21. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of General Practice, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310016, China.

Objective: This study aims to explain the correlation among non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hyperuricemia, and thyroid function and to find independent risk factors for each other.

Methods: Data were obtained from subjects who underwent health examination in the Health Promotion Centre of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital of Zhejiang University from January 2017 to February 2019. The diagnosis of NAFLD was according to the clinical diagnosis of the guidelines. Read More

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Sociodemographic characteristics are associated with prevalence of high-risk waist circumference and high-risk waist-to-height ratio in U.S. adolescents.

BMC Pediatr 2021 May 3;21(1):215. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, 14853, USA.

Background: Adiposity status in adolescence is associated with various health outcomes in adulthood. Waist circumference [WC] and waist-to-height ratio [WHtR] are measures of abdominal obesity and have shown to be valid predictors of future chronic diseases. However, the relationship between sociodemographic characteristics and WC, as well as WHtR in U. Read More

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Moderate-Intensity Aerobic vs Resistance Exercise and Dietary Modification in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2021 Mar;12(3):e00316

1Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Department of Health Promotion, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand; 3Division of Clinical Nutrition, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand; 4Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Thammasat University, Thailand.

Introduction: This randomized trial aimed to compare the effects of moderate-intensity aerobic vs resistance exercise with dietary modification in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Methods: Patients with NAFLD were randomly assigned (1:1) to a 12-week supervised training program of moderate-intensity aerobic or resistance exercise with dietary intervention consisting of monthly individual nutritional counseling by a dietician. Transient elastography, anthropometry, body composition, cardiorespiratory fitness, biochemistries, and glucose tolerance were measured at baseline and 12 weeks. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of a specific commercial high-protein meal-replacement product line in weight management: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2020 Oct 14:1-12. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health - Bloomington, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

Background: Protein is suggested to be the nutrient providing the most satiety and is frequently used in meal-replacement products to achieve weight loss. Commercial products such as Herbalife high-protein (HP) products have been studied in various clinical trials, but controversy remains regarding their efficacy and safety.

Methods: We searched the PubMed, Center for Clinical and Translational Research (CCTR), and Google Scholar databases for randomized controlled trials of Herbalife HP products used as meal replacement (MR) published through July 2019 in peer-reviewed journals. Read More

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October 2020

Effects Of Intragastric Balloon In Patients With Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease And Advanced Fibrosis.

Liver Int 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Background & Aims: Effective therapy for clinically significant fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is an unmet need. Data on the effectiveness of endoscopic placement of intragastric balloon (IGB) in patients with NAFLD are limited. In this study, we evaluated the impact of IGB placement in NAFLD patients with advanced fibrosis. Read More

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Body satisfaction of female staff members working in primary schools in Mangaung, Bloemfontein.

Health SA 2021 30;26:1555. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

Background: The role of psychosocial determinants of overweight and obesity is receiving attention in South African literature. South Africans tend to exhibit an inaccurate perception of their body weight.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine levels of body satisfaction in female staff members working in primary schools in Mangaung, Bloemfontein. Read More

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Changes in spirometric parameters with position in asymptomatic Egyptian young males with central obesity.

Multidiscip Respir Med 2021 Jan 1;16(1):745. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut.

Background: Central obesity is a chronic condition that can contribute to impairments in lung functions. Body position is an important technique that effectively restores and increases lung functions. We aimed to address the possible changes in spirometric parameters in asymptomatic overweight individuals with central obesity with a change in posture from sitting to supine in comparison to normal weight non-obese ones. Read More

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January 2021

The Relationship Between Metabolic Parameters, Age, and Thyroid Status: A Cross-Sectional Study-Based National Survey of Iodine Nutrition, Thyroid Disease.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 23;14:1723-1730. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Rehabilitation, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, Luzhou, Sichuan, 646000, People's Republic of China.

Aim: The relationship between thyroid status and metabolic factors was investigated as well as iodine nutrition in the general population and among the elderly population.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional survey of 2483 subjects to assess the status of national iodine nutrition and incidence of thyroid disease. The general and elderly populations were divided into normal thyroid function (NTF) and subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) groups. Read More

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