1,360 results match your criteria volvulus rare


Meckel's Diverticulum Strangulation.

Cureus 2021 May 3;13(5):e14817. Epub 2021 May 3.

Surgery, Southwest Healthcare System, Murrieta, USA.

Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the small intestine. It is a true diverticulum containing all layers of the intestinal wall and results from the incomplete resolution of the omphalomesenteric duct. The majority of the cases are asymptomatic; however, diagnostic challenges arise when it becomes inflamed, causes gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, or when it protrudes through a potential abdominal opening (Littre's hernia). Read More

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A case report of gastric volvulus, a rare cause of acute abdomen.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;16(7):1907-1911. Epub 2021 May 26.

Radiology Department of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Gastric volvulus is an uncommon disorder with an unknown incidence, unless it stays in the back of the diagnostician's mind, diagnosis of gastric volvulus, which can have significant morbidity and mortality associated with it, can be easily missed and can present either in the acute or chronic setting with variable symptoms. When it occurs in the acute scenario, patients present with severe epigastric pain and retching without vomiting. Together with inability to pass nasogastric tube, they constitute Borchardt's triad. Read More

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Rare, long-term complication after pancreatoduodenectomy-a case report of cecal volvulus.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 28;2021(5):rjab202. Epub 2021 May 28.

Northwell North Shore/Long Island Jewish, Department of Surgery, Queens, NY 11040, USA.

Complications after pancreatoduodenectomy are common, and range widely in timing of presentation, relation to pancreatobiliary pathology, and necessity of operative intervention. We present a case of a 74-year-old male with history of pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma who presented 11 months after index operation with cecal volvulus and required emergent right hemicolectomy. Prior history of pancreatoduodenectomy with mobilization of the right colon likely predisposed him to development of this surgical emergency. Read More

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Internal Hernia and Volvulus in an Adult Male Caused by Meckel's Diverticulum: A Case Report.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 3;57(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

3rd Surgery Department, AHEPA University Hospital, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54621 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Meckel's diverticulum is a common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract encountered in about 1-3% of the general population. Although most patients remain asymptomatic, a minority will experience serious complications such as acute abdomen, haemorrhage or obstructive ileus. Of all patients presenting with symptoms of obstruction due to Meckel's diverticulum 7-18% is due to volvulus. Read More

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A rare case of idiopathic intrauterine intestinal volvulus complicated with intestinal perforation: a case report from Syria.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;2021(5):rjab192. Epub 2021 May 27.

Pediatric Department, Tishreen University Hospital, Latakia, Syria.

Fetal intestinal volvulus is rare, but it is a serious condition due to its life-threatening complications. The bowel loop becomes twisted; thus, impaired venous return leads to bowel necrosis. Prenatal volvulus is most secondary to intestinal atresia, arterial supply defect or without any underlying cause, with consideration that cystic fibrosis is the cause of the intestinal obstruction, because of meconium ileus. Read More

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Intestinal Obstruction Secondary to Multiple Gastrointestinal phytobezoars, A Rare presentation.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 21;83:106004. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of General Surgery, Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Intestinal obstruction considered to be one of the most common surgical presentation. Adhesions secondary to previous operations, hernias, neoplasms, inflammatory bowel disease, intussusception, or volvulus are the usual causes of intestinal obstruction but bezoar can presents in 0.4-4%. Read More

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Complication of Hirschsprung's disease immediately after pregnancy: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;83:105893. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia - Policlinico of Modena, Via del Pozzo, 71, 41100, Modena, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Hirschprung's disease (HD) is a rare congenital colonic disorder that may develop in adult age, often determining a poor life quality with complications needing an emergency surgical setting. The disease rarely presents as an acute intestinal obstruction like SV, which represents an abdominal emergency issue.

Case Presentation: A few days after discharge from gynecology unit because of her first childbirth, a young woman with HD developed colonic obstruction due to sigmoid volvulus, which was treated with Hartmann's procedure. Read More

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Recurrent abdominal pain due to small bowel volvulus after transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(15):3696-3703

Department of Hernia Surgery, Tianjin Union Medical Centre, Tianjin 300000, China.

Background: Compared with open mesh repair, transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernioplasty results in less chronic postoperative inguinal pain and faster postoperative recovery. However, it may still lead to rare but serious complications. Here we report a case of intestinal volvulus with recurrent abdominal pain as the only clinical symptom, which occurred 3 mo after TAPP repair for bilateral inguinal hernia. Read More

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Synchronous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: a rare case of large bowel obstruction.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 2;38:231. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospital Ibn Tofaîl, University Hospital Center Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco.

Colonic volvulus usually occurs as a single event that can affect various parts of the colon. The usual sites affected being the sigmoid colon (75%) and the caecum (22%). The phenomenon of multiple sites simultaneously undergoing volvulus is an extremely rare occurrence. Read More

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A rare association of caecal volvulus and intestinal malrotation causing an acute abdomen: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 30;65:102357. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery A La Rabta, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: and importance: Caecal volvulus represents 30% of colonic volvulus. It happens due to torsion or hyperflexion of a hypermobile caecum. Usually it is secondary to an axial rotation of the caecum and the ileum around the mesentery. Read More

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A Rare Case of Acute Necrotizing Gastritis.

Indian J Surg 2021 May 17:1-4. Epub 2021 May 17.

Institute of General Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India.

Stomach is a highly vascular organ in the gastrointestinal tract. It is very rare for a stomach to go in for gangrene even in cases of volvulus. Spontaneous gangrene due to acute necrotizing gastritis is a very rare and dreaded condition. Read More

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Ischemic volvulus of the transverse colon caused by intestinal malrotation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 18;83:105971. Epub 2021 May 18.

Departement of General Surgery, University Hospital Centre Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco; Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: Congenital Intestinal malrotation is a complex disorder caused by incomplete or abnormal rotation of the intestine during fetal development. Volvulus of the transverse colon secondary to intestinal malrotation is a rare cause of acute abdomen in adults. It has a high risk of mortality, hence the need for an urgent diagnosis and surgical intervention. Read More

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Volvulus of the transverse colon in an octogenarian veteran.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 10;2021(5):rjab166. Epub 2021 May 10.

VA North Texas Health Care System, Department of Surgery and Radiology, Dallas, TX, USA.

In the USA, the third leading cause of a large bowel obstruction in adults is volvulus with torsion occurring commonly in the sigmoid and the cecum. Transverse colonic volvulus is exceedingly rare and specific involvement of the splenic flexure is even more uncommon. In the present report, we discuss a Veteran octogenarian who presented with a long-standing history of constipation, but then developed an acute abdomen from a large bowel obstruction. Read More

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Sigmoid volvulus in children.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 12;14(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Surgery and Transplantation, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Universiy Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Sigmoid volvulus in paediatric patients is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Since 1940, only 100 cases have been reported. There are no consensual guidelines for juvenile sigmoid volvulus unlike in adults, where the condition and the treatment is well described. Read More

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Chilaiditi syndrome in pediatric patients - Symptomatic hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of colon: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Pediatr 2021 May 9;10(3):40-47. Epub 2021 May 9.

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, United States.

Background: Chilaiditi syndrome is a rare disorder characterized by the hepatodiaphragmatic interposition of the intestine.

Case Summary: Here we report a case of a 12-year-old male who was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit secondary to abdominal pain and severe respiratory distress. He was treated conservatively but the symptoms persisted requiring a surgical approach. Read More

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Congenital intestinal volvulus with episodes of pain for long period of time: case report.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2021 ;14(2):174-177

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

The incidence of intestinal volvulus as a cause of abdominal pain is rare in adults and normally presents during infancy. Approximately 90% of patients with volvulus are diagnosed within the first year of life, 80% of whom are diagnosed within the first month of life. The current case was a 34-year-old pregnant woman who was admitted to the hospital due to self-limited episodes of epigastric pain from a young age. Read More

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January 2021

Caecal volvulus within the lesser sac: a rare cause of large bowel obstruction.

ANZ J Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Barwon Health, Department of General Surgery, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

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Intrauterine midgut volvulus as a rare cause of intestinal obstruction: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 4;15(1):239. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Pediatric, Şanlıurfa Mehmet Akif İnan Training and Research Hospital, Şanlıurfa, Turkey.

Background: Intrauterine midgut volvulus is a very rare, life-threatening condition, and prenatal diagnosis is difficult. In this article, we present a case of midgut volvulus followed by a pre-diagnosis of antenatal jejunal atresia.

Case Presentation: A 1-day-old Turkish male baby, who was followed with a diagnosis of antenatal jejunal atresia, with a birth weight of 3600 g, delivered by cesarean section at 38 weeks of gestation from a 19-year-old mother in her fourth pregnancy, was taken to the newborn intensive care unit. Read More

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Pediatric volvulus induced thyroid storm: A case report.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Emergency Medicine, San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium, 3551 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, United States.

Thyroid storm is an unusually rare but life-threatening pediatric occurrence, carrying significant mortality. Skewed towards the adolescent population, thyroid decompensation occurs due to inciting factors ranging from infection, trauma, surgery, burns, medications, direct thyroid trauma, and rarely volvulus. Emergent care focuses on both reversing the inciting event as well as quelling the metabolic hyperactivity associated with thyroid storm. Read More

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Idiopathic ileal volvulus with multiple concomitant infections in a starving man.

Malays J Pathol 2021 Apr;43(1):81-85

Hospital Raja Permaisuri Bainun, Department of Forensic Medicine, Ipoh, Perak Darul Ridzuan, Malaysia.

Background: Small bowel volvulus is defined as the torsion of the small intestine, potentially leading to bowel obstruction, gangrene and perforation. It is a rare condition, especially in adults.

Case Presentation: A 30-year-old man was retrieved from the jungle with severe weight loss and abdominal symptoms. Read More

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Cecal bascule - An unusual cause of intestinal obstruction: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 14;82:105888. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Introduction: Cecal bascule is a rare type of cecal volvulus occurring in the elderly population with a male predominance. It is a condition where the cecum folds upward upon itself.

Importance: There are only a handful of case reports published about cecal bascule. Read More

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Gastric remnant mesentero-axial volvulus following Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy: A rare complication.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 7;82:105873. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Esophageal Institute, Allegheny Health Network, Pittsburgh, PA, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: Acute gastric volvulus is a surgical emergency with a mortality as high as 15-20%. The rarity of gastric volvulus requires high index of clinical suspicion especially in the patients with altered anatomy, to allow immediate surgical intervention and reduce the morbidity and mortality.

Presentation Of Case: We present an unusual case of gastric remnant volvulus several months following Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy performed in an obese patient for severe, recurrent gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and failed prior fundoplication. Read More

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Duodenal Volvulus due to Duodenum Inversum.

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011111. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Trauma Acute Care Surgery, Inova Fairfax Hospital, Department of Surgery, 23146Virginia Commonwealth School of Medicine, Richmond, VA, USA.

Duodenum inversum, or inverted duodenum, is a rare congenital disorder resulting in an abnormal position of the third and/or fourth portions of the duodenum. Most patients are asymptomatic, but others can experience pain, nausea, vomiting, peptic ulcer disease, pancreatitis, and even intestinal obstruction. In this case, we report a patient who presented with acute abdominal pain and vomiting. Read More

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Rare case of rectosigmoid stricture causing transverse colon volvulus.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Mar 25;14(3). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Surgery, St Joseph Mercy Health System, Ypsilanti, Michigan, USA.

A 60-year-old woman with remote history of sleeve gastrectomy presented with altered mental status after an unwitnessed fall. She was found to be hypothermic with lactic acidaemia, leucocytosis, positive urinalysis, and dilated ascending and transverse colon on cross-sectional imaging, initially thought to be secondary to faecal loading. She was admitted to the medical intensive care unit for resuscitation and broad-spectrum antibiotics for presumed urinary sepsis. Read More

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Sentinel bowel loop as a marker for primary segmental intestinal volvulus in extreme low birth weight neonates.

J Neonatal Perinatal Med 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, University of Maryland Medical Center, Baltimore, USA.

Primary segmental intestinal volvulus is a rare condition that may affect neonates. This condition occurs when a loop of bowel torses around the axis of its mesentery without any other abnormality or malrotation. In the earlier stages, the diagnosis can be challenging due to the lack of specific clinical and radiographic signs. Read More

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Sigmoid Volvulus in Pregnancy Assessed by Contrast-Enhanced Computed Tomography Scanning.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 3;2021:6692483. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, 207 Uehara Nishihara, Okinawa 903-0215, Japan.

Sigmoid volvulus requires urgent treatment, and it is particularly rare among pregnant women without a history of laparotomy. A delay in diagnosis may lead to serious consequences for the mother and fetus, and a rapid diagnosis and treatment in this setting is essential. The patient was a 19-year-old primiparous woman. Read More

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Gastric Volvulus: A Multidisciplinary Approach and Conservative Treatment.

Cureus 2021 Feb 11;13(2):e13285. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Internal Medicine, Hospital Do Litoral Alentejano, Santiago do Cacém, PRT.

Gastric volvulus can be defined as an abnormal rotation of the stomach. It can be both an emergency and a chronic intermittent problem. Being such a rare clinical entity and a difficult condition to diagnose, it is commonly diagnosed at the time of surgery or even at autopsy. Read More

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February 2021

Mobile caecum as a content in recurrent incisional hernia an incidental finding: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 22;81:105672. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: Recurrence in ventral hernia after laparoscopic repair is less as compared to conventional approach. Mobile caecum as a content of ventral hernia is a very rare entity. Standard treatment for mobile cecum is caecopexy using lateral peritoneal flap. Read More

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An infarcted wandering spleen leading to a sigmoid volvulus presenting with acute large bowel obstruction: a case report.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2021 Apr 8;103(4):e127-e130. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

A wandering spleen is a very rare event characterised by the absence of the spleen in its anatomical position due to the hyperlaxity of its ligaments. We present a case of wandering spleen complicated by splenic vascular pedicle torsion, thrombosis and subsequent splenic infarction. Compression of the infarcted spleen on the rectosigmoid junction led to the development of a sigmoid volvulus, which presented as an acute large bowel obstruction. Read More

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Sub-acute transverse colon volvulus an exceptional cause of large bowel obstruction: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Mar 3;63:102154. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: The sub-acute form of transverse colon volvulus manifests with signs and symptoms of large bowel obstruction. The diagnosis is most often done intraoperatively. We report a rare case of transverse colon volvulus in a 65-year-old female patient with no particular pathological or surgical history. Read More

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