9,910 results match your criteria volvulus


Neurodevelopmental outcome of very preterm infants with gastrointestinal tract perforations does not differ compared to controls.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Research Unit for Neonatal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 34/2, 8036, Graz, Austria.

Purpose: To evaluate gastrointestinal tract (GIT) perforations in very low birth weight infants and the effects on neurodevelopmental outcome.

Methods: Between 2000 and 2017 all cases with GIT perforation were analyzed regarding causes, associated morbidities and neurodevelopmental outcome and compared with matched (gestational age, birth weight, gender, year of birth) by 1:2 controls.

Results: The incidence of GIT perforation was 2. Read More

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Let's (Not) Twist Again: Laparoscopic-Assisted Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in Paediatric Gastric Volvulus.

Dig Dis Sci 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Meyer Children's Hospital, University of Florence, Viale Pieraccini 24, 50139, Florence, Italy.

Introduction: In the setting of intermittent abdominal pain accompanied by gastro-intestinal obstruction, gastric volvulus should be suspected.

Areas Covered: A 10-year-old girl was admitted to our hospital for intermitted abdominal pain associated with recurrent non-bilious vomiting and acute weight loss. The radiological images performed at the district general hospital were reported as negative. Read More

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Meckel's Diverticulum Strangulation.

Cureus 2021 May 3;13(5):e14817. Epub 2021 May 3.

Surgery, Southwest Healthcare System, Murrieta, USA.

Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the small intestine. It is a true diverticulum containing all layers of the intestinal wall and results from the incomplete resolution of the omphalomesenteric duct. The majority of the cases are asymptomatic; however, diagnostic challenges arise when it becomes inflamed, causes gastrointestinal hemorrhage, intestinal obstruction, or when it protrudes through a potential abdominal opening (Littre's hernia). Read More

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A case report of gastric volvulus, a rare cause of acute abdomen.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;16(7):1907-1911. Epub 2021 May 26.

Radiology Department of Hospital Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKM. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Gastric volvulus is an uncommon disorder with an unknown incidence, unless it stays in the back of the diagnostician's mind, diagnosis of gastric volvulus, which can have significant morbidity and mortality associated with it, can be easily missed and can present either in the acute or chronic setting with variable symptoms. When it occurs in the acute scenario, patients present with severe epigastric pain and retching without vomiting. Together with inability to pass nasogastric tube, they constitute Borchardt's triad. Read More

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Left sided appendicitis - a surgical dilemma: Case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 May;71(5):1483-1485

Department of East Surgical Ward, Mayo Hospital, King Edward Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan.

Left-sided abdominal pain is an uncommon presentation of acute appendicitis. When a patient presents with this complaint, appendicitis can be difficult to diagnose, thus resulting in delayed definitive therapy and increased morbidity and mortality. In this report we discuss the case of a middle-aged man, who presented with left-sided abdominal pain, and was diagnosed to be suffering from acute appendicitis along with asymptomatic midgut malrotation. Read More

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Rare, long-term complication after pancreatoduodenectomy-a case report of cecal volvulus.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 28;2021(5):rjab202. Epub 2021 May 28.

Northwell North Shore/Long Island Jewish, Department of Surgery, Queens, NY 11040, USA.

Complications after pancreatoduodenectomy are common, and range widely in timing of presentation, relation to pancreatobiliary pathology, and necessity of operative intervention. We present a case of a 74-year-old male with history of pancreatoduodenectomy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma who presented 11 months after index operation with cecal volvulus and required emergent right hemicolectomy. Prior history of pancreatoduodenectomy with mobilization of the right colon likely predisposed him to development of this surgical emergency. Read More

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Emodepside targets SLO-1 channels of Onchocerca ochengi and induces broad anthelmintic effects in a bovine model of onchocerciasis.

PLoS Pathog 2021 Jun 2;17(6):e1009601. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Onchocerciasis (river blindness), caused by the filarial worm Onchocerca volvulus, is a neglected tropical disease mostly affecting sub-Saharan Africa and is responsible for >1.3 million years lived with disability. Current control relies almost entirely on ivermectin, which suppresses symptoms caused by the first-stage larvae (microfilariae) but does not kill the long-lived adults. Read More

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High Prevalence of Epilepsy in an Onchocerciasis-Endemic Area in Mvolo County, South Sudan: A Door-To-Door Survey.

Pathogens 2021 May 14;10(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Kinsbergen Centrum, Doornstraat 331, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

In June 2020, a door-to-door household survey was conducted in Mvolo County, an onchocerciasis-endemic area in South Sudan. A total of 2357 households containing 15,699 individuals agreed to participate in the study. Of these, 5046 (32. Read More

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Internal Hernia and Volvulus in an Adult Male Caused by Meckel's Diverticulum: A Case Report.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 May 3;57(5). Epub 2021 May 3.

3rd Surgery Department, AHEPA University Hospital, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54621 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Meckel's diverticulum is a common congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract encountered in about 1-3% of the general population. Although most patients remain asymptomatic, a minority will experience serious complications such as acute abdomen, haemorrhage or obstructive ileus. Of all patients presenting with symptoms of obstruction due to Meckel's diverticulum 7-18% is due to volvulus. Read More

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Military Working Dogs: An Overview of Veterinary Care of These Formidable Assets.

Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2021 Jul;51(4):933-944

Auburn Veterinary Specialists-Gulf Shores, Auburn University Educational Complex, 21541 Coastal Gateway Boulevard (County Road 8), Gulf Shores, AL 36542, USA.

For the clinician treating military working dogs, an understanding of how they are sourced, preventive medicine policies, and common disease conditions is paramount in optimizing the delivery of health care. Military personnel rely heavily on the availability of these K-9s, which bring a diverse array of capabilities to myriad operational settings. Anticipating and mitigating common diseases will ensure these dogs continue to serve the needs of US military and allied forces. Read More

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A rare case of idiopathic intrauterine intestinal volvulus complicated with intestinal perforation: a case report from Syria.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;2021(5):rjab192. Epub 2021 May 27.

Pediatric Department, Tishreen University Hospital, Latakia, Syria.

Fetal intestinal volvulus is rare, but it is a serious condition due to its life-threatening complications. The bowel loop becomes twisted; thus, impaired venous return leads to bowel necrosis. Prenatal volvulus is most secondary to intestinal atresia, arterial supply defect or without any underlying cause, with consideration that cystic fibrosis is the cause of the intestinal obstruction, because of meconium ileus. Read More

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Intestinal Obstruction Secondary to Multiple Gastrointestinal phytobezoars, A Rare presentation.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 21;83:106004. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of General Surgery, Qatif Central Hospital, Qatif, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Intestinal obstruction considered to be one of the most common surgical presentation. Adhesions secondary to previous operations, hernias, neoplasms, inflammatory bowel disease, intussusception, or volvulus are the usual causes of intestinal obstruction but bezoar can presents in 0.4-4%. Read More

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Complication of Hirschsprung's disease immediately after pregnancy: A rare case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 15;83:105893. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia - Policlinico of Modena, Via del Pozzo, 71, 41100, Modena, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Hirschprung's disease (HD) is a rare congenital colonic disorder that may develop in adult age, often determining a poor life quality with complications needing an emergency surgical setting. The disease rarely presents as an acute intestinal obstruction like SV, which represents an abdominal emergency issue.

Case Presentation: A few days after discharge from gynecology unit because of her first childbirth, a young woman with HD developed colonic obstruction due to sigmoid volvulus, which was treated with Hartmann's procedure. Read More

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Recurrent abdominal pain due to small bowel volvulus after transabdominal preperitoneal hernioplasty: A case report and review of literature.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(15):3696-3703

Department of Hernia Surgery, Tianjin Union Medical Centre, Tianjin 300000, China.

Background: Compared with open mesh repair, transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) hernioplasty results in less chronic postoperative inguinal pain and faster postoperative recovery. However, it may still lead to rare but serious complications. Here we report a case of intestinal volvulus with recurrent abdominal pain as the only clinical symptom, which occurred 3 mo after TAPP repair for bilateral inguinal hernia. Read More

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Synchronous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: a rare case of large bowel obstruction.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 2;38:231. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospital Ibn Tofaîl, University Hospital Center Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco.

Colonic volvulus usually occurs as a single event that can affect various parts of the colon. The usual sites affected being the sigmoid colon (75%) and the caecum (22%). The phenomenon of multiple sites simultaneously undergoing volvulus is an extremely rare occurrence. Read More

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Corrigendum to: Caecal volvulus associated with complex small bowel malrotation and congenital bands: A case report and literature review.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 19;2021(5):rjab214. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of General Surgery, Worthing Hospital, Worthing, UK.

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1093/jscr/rjab040.]. Read More

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Longitudinal Gastrectomy for Nonbariatric Indications.

Minim Invasive Surg 2021 6;2021:9962130. Epub 2021 May 6.

University of Maryland Community Medical Group, Easton, MD, USA.

Background: Sleeve gastrectomy is the most commonly performed bariatric procedure. Laparoscopic longitudinal gastrectomy (LLG) may be indicated for other indications. . Read More

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Systemic and cerebrospinal fluid immune and complement activation in Ugandan children and adolescents with long-standing nodding syndrome: A case-control study.

Epilepsia Open 2021 Jun 12;6(2):297-309. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda.

Objective: Nodding syndrome is a poorly understood epileptic encephalopathy characterized by a unique seizure type-head nodding-and associated with Onchocerca volvulus infection. We hypothesized that altered immune activation in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma of children with nodding syndrome may yield insights into the pathophysiology and progression of this seizure disorder.

Method: We conducted a case-control study of 154 children (8 years or older) with long-standing nodding syndrome and 154 healthy age-matched community controls in 3 districts of northern Uganda affected by nodding syndrome. Read More

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Ultrasound imaging as the first line of investigation to diagnose intestinal malrotation in children: Safety and efficacy.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Women's and Children's Hospital, South Australia, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Background: Upper gastrointestinal contrast study is considered the gold standard investigation to diagnose intestinal malrotation and midgut volvulus which is potentially devastating condition. Ultrasound imaging is an alternative but has been considered unreliable due to significant false negative results. At our institution we have been using ultrasound imaging as the first line investigation to diagnose malrotation since 2008 with a preliminary study of 139 patients published in 2014. Read More

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A rare association of caecal volvulus and intestinal malrotation causing an acute abdomen: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 30;65:102357. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgery A La Rabta, Tunis, Tunisia.

Introduction: and importance: Caecal volvulus represents 30% of colonic volvulus. It happens due to torsion or hyperflexion of a hypermobile caecum. Usually it is secondary to an axial rotation of the caecum and the ileum around the mesentery. Read More

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A Rare Case of Acute Necrotizing Gastritis.

Indian J Surg 2021 May 17:1-4. Epub 2021 May 17.

Institute of General Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu India.

Stomach is a highly vascular organ in the gastrointestinal tract. It is very rare for a stomach to go in for gangrene even in cases of volvulus. Spontaneous gangrene due to acute necrotizing gastritis is a very rare and dreaded condition. Read More

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Taking the strain out of onchocerciasis? A reanalysis of blindness and transmission data does not support the existence of a savannah blinding strain of onchocerciasis in West Africa.

Adv Parasitol 2021 3;112:1-50. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research (LCNTDR), Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Onchocerciasis (also known as 'river blindness'), is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) caused by the (Simulium-transmitted) filarial nematode Onchocerca volvulus. The occurrence of 'blinding' (savannah) and non-blinding (forest) parasite strains and the existence of corresponding, locally adapted Onchocerca-Simulium complexes were postulated to explain greater blindness prevalence in savannah than in forest foci. As a result, the World Health Organization (WHO) Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa (OCP) focused anti-vectorial and anti-parasitic interventions in savannah endemic areas. Read More

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Ischemic volvulus of the transverse colon caused by intestinal malrotation: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 18;83:105971. Epub 2021 May 18.

Departement of General Surgery, University Hospital Centre Ibn Rochd, Casablanca, Morocco; Faculty of Medecine and Pharmacy, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.

Introduction: Congenital Intestinal malrotation is a complex disorder caused by incomplete or abnormal rotation of the intestine during fetal development. Volvulus of the transverse colon secondary to intestinal malrotation is a rare cause of acute abdomen in adults. It has a high risk of mortality, hence the need for an urgent diagnosis and surgical intervention. Read More

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The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Colonic Volvulus and Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction.

Dis Colon Rectum 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Assistant Professor of Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts Associate Professor of Surgery, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada Assistant Professor of Surgery, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida Associate Professor of Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio Associate Professor of Surgery, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio Professor of Surgery, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

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Gallbladder Volvulus Presenting as Acute Appendicitis.

Cureus 2021 Apr 14;13(4):e14484. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of General Surgery, New York University (NYU) Langone Hospital-Long Island, Mineola, USA.

Gallbladder volvulus is a rarely reported and diagnosed condition. We present a case of an elderly female with right lower quadrant pain mimicking acute appendicitis without conclusive imaging; however, due to worsening serological laboratory findings and sepsis picture, an exploratory laparotomy was performed. A necrotic gallbladder was removed, diagnosing gallbladder volvulus. Read More

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Volvulus of the transverse colon in an octogenarian veteran.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 10;2021(5):rjab166. Epub 2021 May 10.

VA North Texas Health Care System, Department of Surgery and Radiology, Dallas, TX, USA.

In the USA, the third leading cause of a large bowel obstruction in adults is volvulus with torsion occurring commonly in the sigmoid and the cecum. Transverse colonic volvulus is exceedingly rare and specific involvement of the splenic flexure is even more uncommon. In the present report, we discuss a Veteran octogenarian who presented with a long-standing history of constipation, but then developed an acute abdomen from a large bowel obstruction. Read More

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Endoscopic Decompression in Colonic Distension.

Authors:
Sebastian Belle

Visc Med 2021 Mar 11;37(2):142-148. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Internal Medicine II, University Medical Center Mannheim, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, Germany.

Background: Acute colonic distension is a medical emergency with high morbidity and mortality. Clinically important causes of colonic distension are acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, colonic volvulus, and malignant obstruction. Endoscopic decompression is one established therapeutic strategy. Read More

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Chylous ascites as a sequelae of primary small bowel volvulus in a virgin abdomen.

Authors:
Matthew Leaning

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 8;2021(5):rjab176. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of General Surgery, Caboolture Hospital, Caboolture, Queensland, Australia.

Chylous ascites (CA) results in a thick white ascitic fluid, akin to milk. It is most commonly caused by malignancy and cirrhosis in adults. Here we present only the second reported case of primary small bowel volvulus resulting in CA in the virgin abdomen. Read More

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Sigmoid volvulus in children.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 12;14(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Surgery and Transplantation, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen Universiy Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Sigmoid volvulus in paediatric patients is a rare but potentially life-threatening condition. Since 1940, only 100 cases have been reported. There are no consensual guidelines for juvenile sigmoid volvulus unlike in adults, where the condition and the treatment is well described. Read More

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Comments on "Surgical Management of Sigmoid Volvulus: A Multicenter Observational Study".

Ann Coloproctol 2021 Apr 30;37(2):73-74. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

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