283,872 results match your criteria vitro expressed

Design, synthesis, biological evaluation, and computational studies of novel thiazolo-pyrazole hybrids as promising selective COX-2 inhibitors: Implementation of apoptotic genes expression for ulcerogenic liability assessment.

Bioorg Chem 2021 Mar 31;111:104883. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Organic and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sadat City, Menoufiya 32897 Egypt.

A novel series of thiazolo-pyrazole hybrids has been prepared and assessed for their in vitro COX-1/COX-2 inhibitory activity. Compound 6c exhibited the most selective COX-2 inhibition profile (SI of 264) not far of Celecoxib (294). In-vivo anti-inflammatory activity revealed that compound 6d exhibited the highest activity (97. Read More

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Differences in growth of Trypanoplasma borreli in carp serum is dependent on transferrin genotype.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ichthyobiology and Aquaculture in Gołysz, Zaborze, 43-520, Chybie, Poland. Electronic address:

Kinetoplastid parasites require transferrin (Tf), being the main source of iron, for growth and multiplication. This group of parasites developed a unique receptor-mediated system for acquiring host Tf which bears no structural homology with the host transferrin receptor. Trypanoplasma borreli, a blood parasite of common carp, probably uses a similar mechanism to sequester iron from host transferrin. Read More

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Scutellaria barbata D.Don and Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb crude extracts inhibit hepatitis-B-virus-associated hepatocellular carcinoma growth through regulating circRNA expression.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Apr 14:114110. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Pathology, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, 200437, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Scutellaria barbata D.Don (SB) and Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb are commonly known as Ban Zhi Lian and Bai Hua She Cao in Chinese herbal medicines, respectively. Read More

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G protein gamma 7 suppresses progression of lung adenocarcinoma by inhibiting E2F transcription factor 1.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of radiation oncology, QiLu hospital of ShanDong university, Jinan, Shandong 250012, PR China. Electronic address:

G protein gamma 7 (GNG7) has been found to be aberrantly expressed in some kinds of malignant tumors. In this study, we mainly discuss the antitumor role of it in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cells. Protein levels of GNG7 in LUAD tissues were measured by western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. Read More

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Carboxylesterases and arylacetamide deacetylase comparison in human A549, H460, and H727 pulmonary cells.

Life Sci 2021 Apr 14:119486. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

National Research Council (NRC), Institute of Agricultural Biology and Biotechnology (IBBA), Research Unit of Pisa, Via Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

Aims: Human carboxylesterases (CESs) and arylacetamide deacetylase (AADAC) are serine-esterase enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of many compounds containing esters, amides, thioesters, or acetyl groups. This study aimed to investigate the presence, kinetic parameters, and inhibition of CES1, CES2, and AADAC in A549, H460, and H727 pulmonary cells in both living cells and S9 fractions.

Materials And Methods: The p-nitrophenyl acetate (pNPA) and 4-methylumbelliferyl acetate (4-MUA) were used as non-selective esterase substrates, whereas phenacetin as selective AADAC substrate. Read More

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Circ_03955 promotes pancreatic cancer tumorigenesis and Warburg effect by targeting the miR-3662/HIF-1α axis.

A Liu J Xu

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First People's Hospital of Yueyang, Yueyang Avenue, Yueyang Tower District, Yueyang City, 414000, Hunan Province, China.

Objectives: Former studies found that circRNAs play an important part in the occurrence of a variety of malignant biological characteristics that are critical for cancer progression. It has been shown that circ_03955 is highly expressed and implicated with quantities of biological processes in solid tumor. However, whether circ_03955 regulates the tumorigenesis and Warburg effect of pancreatic cancer (PC) remains largely unknown. Read More

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Methamphetamine exposure induces neuronal programmed necrosis by activating the receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 -related signalling pathway.

FASEB J 2021 May;35(5):e21561

School of Forensic Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

Methamphetamine (METH) is a synthetic drug with severe neurotoxicity, however, the regulation of METH-induced neuronal programmed necrosis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to identify the molecular mechanisms of METH-induced neuronal programmed necrosis. We found that neuronal programmed necrosis occurred in the striatum of brain samples from human and mice that were exposed to METH. Read More

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Loss of microRNA-147 function alleviates synovial inflammation through ZNF148 in rheumatoid and experimental arthritis.

Eur J Immunol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine (IMTM), and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, West Yanta Road No.76, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710061, PR China.

MicroRNA-147 (miR-147) had been previously found induced in synoviocytes by inflammatory stimuli derived from T cells in experimental arthritis. This study was designed to verify whether loss of its function might alleviate inflammatory events in joints of experimental and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DA rats were injected intradermally with pristane to induce arthritis, and rno-miR-147 antagomir was locally administrated into individual ankle compared with negative control or rno-miR-155-5p antagomir (potential positive control). Read More

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Cardiac Differentiation of Mesenchymal Stem Cells: Impact of Biological and Chemical Inducers.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Biomaterials and Organ Engineering Group, Centre for Biomaterials, Cellular and, Molecular Theranostics, School of Mechanical Engineering, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, 632014, India.

Cardiovascular disorders (CVDs) are the leading cause of global death, widely occurs due to irreparable loss of the functional cardiomyocytes. Stem cell-based therapeutic approaches, particularly the use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) is an emerging strategy to regenerate myocardium and thereby improving the cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI). Most of the current approaches often employ the use of various biological and chemical factors as cues to trigger and modulate the differentiation of MSCs into the cardiac lineage. Read More

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NSDHL promotes triple-negative breast cancer metastasis through the TGFβ signaling pathway and cholesterol biosynthesis.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer in Shanghai, Department of Breast Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, 270 Dong-An Road, Build 7, Room 303, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Purpose: Metastasis is the main cause of breast cancer mortality. Recent studies have proved that lipid metabolic reprogramming plays critical roles in breast cancer carcinogenesis and metastasis. We aim to identify critical lipid metabolism genes in breast cancer metastasis. Read More

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TREM2 is a receptor for non-glycosylated mycolic acids of mycobacteria that limits anti-mycobacterial macrophage activation.

Nat Commun 2021 Apr 16;12(1):2299. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Immunology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Kagoshima University, Kagoshima, Japan.

Mycobacterial cell-wall glycolipids elicit an anti-mycobacterial immune response via FcRγ-associated C-type lectin receptors, including Mincle, and caspase-recruitment domain family member 9 (CARD9). Additionally, mycobacteria harbor immuno-evasive cell-wall lipids associated with virulence and latency; however, a mechanism of action is unclear. Here, we show that the DAP12-associated triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) recognizes mycobacterial cell-wall mycolic acid (MA)-containing lipids and suggest a mechanism by which mycobacteria control host immunity via TREM2. Read More

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Developmental role of adenosine kinase in the cerebellum.

eNeuro 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ 08854, USA

Adenosine acts as a neuromodulator and metabolic regulator of the brain through receptor dependent and independent mechanisms. In the brain, adenosine is tightly controlled through its metabolic enzyme adenosine kinase, which exists in a cytoplasmic (ADK-S) and nuclear (ADK-L) isoform. We recently discovered that ADK-L contributes to adult hippocampal neurogenesis regulation. Read More

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Silencing SHMT2 inhibits the progression of tongue squamous cell carcinoma through cell cycle regulation.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Apr 16;21(1):220. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510055, Guangdong, China.

Background: Serine hydroxymethyltransferase 2 (SHMT2) is a vital metabolic enzyme in one carbon metabolism catalyzing the conversion of serine to glycine, which has been reported to play a crucial role in the progression of tumors. However, its function in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) remains unclear.

Methods: SHMT2 expression was analyzed using samples in online databases, and was assessed through immunohistochemistry staining of collected clinical specimens. Read More

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Induced defence responses limit Hartig net formation in ectomycorrhizal birch roots.

New Phytol 1999 Dec;144(3):541-547

1 Laboratoire de Biologie et Physiologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences, Université d'Angers, 2 bd Lavoisier, F-49045 Angers cedex, France.

Roots of clonal birches (Betula pendula) were inoculated with the ectomycorrhizal fungi Paxillus involutus (isolates P0 and Mi) and Hebeloma cylindrosporum (strains D1 and D105). These fungi showed different rates of mycorrhiza formation in vitro. Mature mycorrhizas were obtained after only 2-4 d with H. Read More

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December 1999

MiR-25 and KLF4 relationship has early prognostic significance in the development of cervical cancer.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Apr 9;222:153435. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Ankara University, Biotechnology Institute, Ankara, Turkey. Electronic address:

Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the common cancer types among women. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play an important role in the formation and development of many cancer types by regulating expression of their targets. While many studies have investigated the relationship between miRNAs and cervical cancer, no robust miRNA biomarkers have been defined yet for diagnosis of cervical lesions. Read More

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Decoding molecular markers and transcriptional circuitry of naive and primed states of human pluripotency.

Stem Cell Res 2021 Apr 8;53:102334. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Centre of Bioinformatics, Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Allahabad, Prayagraj 211002, India. Electronic address:

Pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) have been observed to occur in two distinct states - naive and primed. Both naive and primed state PSCs can give rise to tissues of all the three germ layers in vitro but differ in their potential to generate germline chimera in vivo. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern these two states of pluripotency in human can open a plethora of opportunities for studying early embryonic development and in biomedical applications. Read More

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Gut microbial short-chain fatty acids-mediated olfactory receptor 78 stimulation promotes anorexigenic gut hormone peptide YY secretion in mice.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 13;557:48-54. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Applied Biological Science, Graduate School of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan; AMED-CREST, Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-0004, Japan; Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, Graduate School of Biostudies, Kyoto University, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address:

Olfactory receptor 78 (Olfr78), which is also known as a receptor for short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) produced via gut microbial fermentation from indigestible polysaccharides such as dietary fibers, is expressed in the enteroendocrine cells of the colon. However, the role of Olfr78 in gut hormone secretion remains unknown. Here, we aimed to investigate the function and mechanism of action of Olfr78 in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Isolation and development of bovine primary respiratory cells as model to study influenza D virus infection.

Virology 2021 Apr 11;559:89-99. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

M. H. Gluck Equine Research Center, Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40546, USA. Electronic address:

Influenza D virus (IDV) is a novel type of influenza virus that infects and causes respiratory illness in bovines. Lack of host-specific in vitro model that can recapitulate morphology and physiology of in vivo airway epithelial cells has impeded the study of IDV infection. Here, we established and characterized bovine primary respiratory epithelial cells from nasal turbinate, soft palate, and trachea of the same calf. Read More

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Effects of the tight junction protein CLDN6 on cell migration and invasion in high-grade meningioma.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Central Laboratory, The First People's Hospital of Yibin, Yibin 644000, Sichuan, China. Electronic address:

Background: Meningioma is a common tumor of the central nervous system, and malignant meningioma is highly aggressive and frequently recurs after surgical resection. Claudin 6 (CLDN6) is involved in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and plays a role in maintaining tight junctions (TJs) between cells as well as obstructing the movement of cells to neighboring tissues.

Methods: In this study, we attempted to evaluate the effect of TJ protein CLDN6 expression levels on meningioma invasiveness by using silencing and overexpression constructs in both in vitro and in vivo models. Read More

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miR-30c inhibits angiogenesis by targeting delta-like ligand 4 in liver sinusoidal endothelial cell to attenuate liver fibrosis.

FASEB J 2021 May;35(5):e21571

Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Liver fibrosis is a common feature of liver dysfunction during chronic liver diseases and is frequently associated with angiogenesis, a dynamic process that forms new blood vessels from preexisting vasculature. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), which act as posttranscriptional regulators of gene expression, have been shown to regulate liver fibrosis; however, how miRNAs regulate angiogenesis and its mechanism in fibrosis are not well understood. We aimed to elucidate the role and mechanism of miR-30c in attenuating liver fibrosis. Read More

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Region- and receptor-specific effects of chronic social stress on the central serotonergic system in mice.

IBRO Neurosci Rep 2021 Jun 3;10:8-16. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Roehampton, London SW15 4JD, UK.

Serotonin (5-HT), via its receptors expressed in discrete brain regions, modulates aversion and reward processing and is implicated in various psychiatric disorders including depression. Stressful experiences affect central serotonergic activity and act as a risk factor for depression; this can be modelled preclinically. In adult male C57BL/6J mice, 15-day chronic social stress (CSS) leads to depression-relevant behavioural states, including increased aversion and reduced reward sensitivity. Read More

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Transforming Growth Factor-β1 Enhances Mesenchymal Characteristics of Buffalo () Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

Cell Reprogram 2021 Apr;23(2):127-138

State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, Guangxi University, Nanning, China.

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) from livestock are valuable resources for animal reproduction and veterinary therapeutics. Previous studies have shown that BMSCs were prone to malignant transformation of mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition , which can cause many barriers to further application of BMSCs. The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway has been widely studied as the most important signaling pathway involved in regulating mesenchymal features of BMSCs. Read More

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In vitro effects of curcumin on proinflammatory cytokines and expression of their genes in minor salivary gland tissue of patients with Sjogren's syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632004, India.

Curcumin reduces disease severity and ameliorates lupus-like/Sjögren's Syndrome-like disease in mice model. The immunological basis of these effects is largely unknown. This study examined the effects of curcumin on pro-inflammatory cytokines secreted by minor salivary glands in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Read More

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Comparison of phytochemical profile and bioproperties of methanolic extracts from different parts of Tunisian Rumex roseus.

Chem Biodivers 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

CNR Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry: Istituto di Chimica Biomolecolare Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Chimica Biomolecolare, Via Paolo Gaifami, 18, Catania, ITALY.

The genus Rumex (Polygonaceae) is distributed worldwide and the different species belonging to it are used in traditional medicine. The present study aimed at the evaluation of the phytochemical profile and the biochemical properties of methanolic extracts from different parts (roots, stems and leaves) of Rumex roseus , a wild local Tunisian plant traditionally used as food. The phytochemical analysis on the extracts was performed using standard colorimetric procedures, HPLC-DAD, and HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS; then, several in vitro cell-free assays have been used to estimate their antioxidant/free radical scavenging capability (TAC-PM, DPPH, TEAC, FRAP, ORAC, SOD-like activity, and HOCl-induced albumin degradation). Read More

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Identification and functional characterization of a new flavonoid synthase gene MdFLS1 from apple.

Planta 2021 Apr 15;253(5):105. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Pharmacy, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, Shandong, 250000, People's Republic of China.

Main Conclusion: The flavonoid synthase gene MdFLS1 from apple, which possibly plays an important role in anthocyanin synthesis, accumulates in the purple-red branches of Malus 'Pink spire'. Flavonoid metabolism serves an important function in plant growth and development. In this study, we selected 20 varieties of apple lines, 10 green and ten red branches, from the plant nursery of Qingdao Agriculture Academy. Read More

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Ergostatrien-3β-ol (EK100) from Attenuates Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Liver Injury and .

Prev Nutr Food Sci 2021 Mar;26(1):58-66

Institute of Food Science and Technology, Taipei 106, Taiwan.

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury is a complication that occurs during liver surgery, whereby hepatic tissue is injured by oxygen deficiency during ischemia, then further damaged by a cascade of inflammatory and oxidative insults when blood is resupplied during reperfusion. is an indigenous fungus in Taiwan and an esteemed Chinese herbal medicine with various bioactivities. This study examined the effect of ergostatrien-3β-ol (EK100), an active compound found in both the fruiting body and mycelia of , on IR injury pathologies in rats and cell models of oxidative and inflammatory stress. Read More

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A Local and Low-Dose Chemotherapy/Autophagy-Enhancing Regimen Treatment Markedly Inhibited the Growth of Established Solid Tumors Through a Systemic Antitumor Immune Response.

Front Oncol 2021 30;11:658254. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Institute of Clinical Oncology, Research Center of Cancer Diagnosis and Therapy, and Department of Clinical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

Chemotherapy is one of the main options for the treatment of a variety of malignant tumors. However, the severe side effects resulting from the killing of normal proliferating cells limit the application of cancer-targeting chemotherapeutic drugs. To improve the efficacy of classic systemic chemotherapy, the local delivery of high-dose chemotherapeutic drugs was developed as a method to enhance local drug concentrations and minimize systemic toxicity. Read More

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Metalloelastase-12 is involved in the temporomandibular joint inflammatory response as well as cartilage degradation by aggrecanases in STR/Ort mice.

Biomed Rep 2021 Jun 1;14(6):51. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa, Ishikawa 920-8640, Japan.

Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) is characterised by clinical symptoms involving both the masticatory muscles and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Disc internal derangement and osteoarthritis (OA) are the most common forms of TMJD. Currently, the molecular process associated with degenerative changes in the TMJ is unclear. Read More

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Discovery of Diaminopyrimidine Carboxamide HPK1 Inhibitors as Preclinical Immunotherapy Tool Compounds.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2021 Apr 19;12(4):653-661. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Discovery Chemistry, Computational and Structural Chemistry, Quantitative Biosciences, Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism, Oncology Early Discovery, Merck & Co., Inc., Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States.

Hematopoietic progenitor kinase 1 (HPK1), a serine/threonine kinase, is a negative immune regulator of T cell receptor (TCR) and B cell signaling that is primarily expressed in hematopoietic cells. Accordingly, it has been reported that HPK1 loss-of-function in HPK1 kinase-dead syngeneic mouse models shows enhanced T cell signaling and cytokine production as well as tumor growth inhibition , supporting its value as an immunotherapeutic target. Herein, we present the structurally enabled discovery of novel, potent, and selective diaminopyrimidine carboxamide HPK1 inhibitors. Read More

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Targeting long noncoding RNA PMIF facilitates osteoprogenitor cells migrating to bone formation surface to promote bone formation during aging.

Theranostics 2021 20;11(11):5585-5604. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Lab for Bone Metabolism, Xi'an Key Laboratory of Special Medicine and Health Engineering, Key Lab for Space Biosciences and Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, China.

The migration of mesenchymal osteoprogenitor cells (OPCs) to bone formation surface is the initial step of osteoblastogenesis before they undergo osteoblast differentiation and maturation for governing bone formation. However, whether the migration capacity of OPCs is compromised during aging and how it contributes to the aging-related bone formation reduction remain unexplored. In the present study, we identified a migration inhibitory factor (, long noncoding RNA PMIF) and examined whether targeting lnc-PMIF could facilitate osteoprogenitor cells migrating to bone formation surface to promote bone formation during aging. Read More

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