14,597 results match your criteria vitamin improve


[Complementary medicine in uro-oncology].

Urologe A 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Medizinische Klinik II, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Deutschland.

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is widespread in oncology patients with a user rate of approximately 40-50%. An accompanying supportive effect can arise through improved adherence, especially in long-term (e.g. Read More

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Vitamin D alleviates hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced injury of human trophoblast HTR-8 cells by activating autophagy.

Placenta 2021 May 30;111:10-18. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, 050000, China. Electronic address:

Introduction: Attenuation of trophoblast cell dysfunction would be beneficial for retarding pre-eclampsia (PE). Vitamin D has been reported to improve trophoblast cell function in early PE, but the mechanism involved is not fully elucidated. This study is aimed to investigate whether vitamin D alleviates trophoblast cell dysfunction via regulating autophagy. Read More

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The Relationship Between Diet and Sleep in Older Adults: a Narrative Review.

Curr Nutr Rep 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Physical Activity Research Group, Central Queensland University, 160 Ann St, Brisbane, QLD, 4000, Australia.

Purpose Of Review: Older adults more frequently experience reduced sleep quality and quantity compared to younger adults. Diet is one modifiable lifestyle factor that may influence sleep outcomes in older adults. The purpose of this review is to synthesise the current literature investigating the impact of diet, including foods and nutrients, on the sleep quality and quantity of older adults. Read More

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Vitamin E and selenium improve mesenchymal stem cell conditioned media immunomodulatory effects.

Stem Cell Investig 2021 7;8. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medical Immunology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with immunoregulatory properties affect immune systems. Many studies showed that antioxidants such as vitamin E (Vit E) and selenium (Se) could improve stem cells survival. This study aims to investigate the effects of MSC conditioned media (CM) treated with Vit E and Se on immune cells. Read More

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Perceived quality of essential newborn care implementation among health facility deliveries in North Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study.

Reprod Health 2021 Jun 13;18(1):127. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Departments of Pediatrics and Child Health, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Quality of essential newborn care is defined as the extent of health care services to improve the health of newborns. However, studies are scarce regarding the quality of newborn care implementation. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the magnitude and factors associated with essential newborn care implementation perceived quality among health facility deliveries in Northwest Ethiopia. Read More

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Letter to the editor regarding "Does vitamin C supplementation improve rotator cuff healing? A preliminary study".

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Graduate School of Health, Discipline of Physiotherapy, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

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Vitamin D Food Fortification and Biofortification Increases Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Concentrations in Adults and Children: An Updated and Extended Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Curtin School of Population Health, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia.

Background: Low vitamin D status is a global public health issue that vitamin D food fortification and biofortification may help to alleviate.

Objectives: We investigated the effect of vitamin D food fortification and biofortification on circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. We expanded the scope of earlier reviews to include adults and children, to evaluate effects by vitamin D vitamer, and investigate linear and nonlinear dose-response relations. Read More

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Dietary Approaches to Improve Efficacy and Control Side Effects of Levodopa Therapy in Parkinson's Disease: A Systematic Review.

Adv Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University & Research, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Although levodopa remains the most effective drug for symptomatic management of Parkinson's Disease (PD), treatment during advanced disease stages may raise unpredictable motor fluctuations and other complications. Counteracting these complications with other pharmacological therapies may prompt a vicious circle of side effects, and here, nutritional therapy may have great potential. Knowledge about the role of diet in PD is emerging and multiple studies have investigated nutritional support specifically with respect to levodopa therapy. Read More

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Effects of okara and vitamin B bioenrichment on the functional properties and in vitro digestion of fermented soy milk.

Food Res Int 2021 Jul 19;145:110419. Epub 2021 May 19.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, People's Republic of China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Food Production and Safety, School of Biological Science and Engineering, North Minzu University, Yinchuan 750021, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Due to highly nutritious and well-known prebiotic nature, okara (soy by-product) can improve the physiological benefits of probiotic consumption by enhancing the physicochemical stability and bioavailability of bacteria and metabolites, partially in food matrices and then in gastrointestinal tract. Initially, vitamin B producing probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum UFG10 was immobilized with 4% okara for soy milk fermentation. SEM micrographs showed firm adherence of UFG10 to okara surface depicting efficient immobilization. Read More

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Effect of Vitamin B2-Deficient Diet on Hydroxyproline- or Obesity-Induced Hyperoxaluria in Mice.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Jun 10:e2100226. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Preventive Environment and Nutrition, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Tokushima University Graduate School, Tokushima, 770-8503, Japan.

Scope: Hyperoxaluria is a major cause of kidney stone disease. Around half of the oxalate in mammals is supplied from the diet and the other half is endogenously synthesized from glyoxylate. Reduction of hepatic glycolate oxidase (GO) activity is one approach to reduce endogenous production of oxalate. Read More

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The effect of combined supplementation with vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids on blood glucose and blood lipid levels in patients with gestational diabetes.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 May;10(5):5652-5658

Obstetrics Department, Haikou Hospital of the Maternal and Child Health, Haikou, China.

Background: To investigate the effects of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids on glucose and blood lipid metabolism in gestational diabetes (GDM) women.

Methods: A total of 150 patients with GDM aged 18-40 who were admitted to our hospital from May 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled in this study. The subjects were divided into test and control groups according to whether they took vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids. Read More

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Vitamin D as a biomarker of health in snoring children: a familial aggregation study.

Pediatr Res 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institut d'Investigació Sanitària de les Illes Balears (IdISBa), Palma de Mallorca, Spain.

Background: Hypovitaminosis D is a common health problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inter-relationship between serum 25(OH)D levels and paternal and maternal vitamin D status in a sample of snoring children.

Methods: We selected 137 participants for whom serum 25(OH)D had been measured and underwent overnight polysomnography evaluation. Read More

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Hypervitaminosis A in Pediatric Patients With Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease.

J Ren Nutr 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Division of Nephrology & Hypertension, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH.

Objective: Hypervitaminosis A is well-described but overlooked in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been associated with hypercalcemia, contributing to mineral bone disease. Our objective is to assess prevalence of hypervitaminosis A and its association with bone health in an advanced-CKD population.

Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 58 children with CKD 4-5 to examine the association between vitamin A levels and bone health and compared these values between a primarily formula-fed (FF) and nonprimarily formula-fed cohort (NFF). Read More

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Mechanisms of absorption of vitamin D delivered in protein nanoparticles in the absence and presence of fat.

Food Funct 2021 Jun 13;12(11):4935-4946. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Biotechnology & Food Engineering, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, 3200003, Israel.

Novel protein-based nanovehicles offer alternatives to fat for delivery of lipophilic bioactives (nutraceuticals and drugs), yet they raise important questions regarding the bioavailability and absorption mechanism of the bioactive without fat. To provide answers, we chose vitamin D (VD) as a model lipophilic-nutraceutical, re-assembled casein-micelles (rCM) as model protein-based nanovehicles, and non-fat yoghurt as a model food. We prepared three yoghurt formulations: 3% fat with VD dissolved in milk-fat, non-fat and 3% fat, both latter enriched with VD within rCM. Read More

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Modifiable management practices to improve udder health in dairy cattle during the dry period and early lactation: A scoping review.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, N1G 2W1. Electronic address:

The objective of this scoping review was to characterize all available literature on modifiable management practices used during the dry period that have been evaluated for their effects on udder health in dairy cattle during the dry period and the subsequent lactation. Five databases and two conference proceedings were searched for relevant literature. Articles published in or after 1990 were eligible for inclusion. Read More

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The Multifactorial Pathogenesis of Calciphylaxis: A Case Report.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 7;22:e930026. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Nephrology, Transplantology and Internal Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

BACKGROUND Calciphylaxis is a rare and lifethreatening syndrome characterized by small vascular calcifications, which lead to the occlusion of blood vessels and painful skin lesions with tissue necrosis. Although the disease can develop in a population without kidney failure, it is typically detected in patients receiving dialysis, with an increasing frequency ranging from 1% to 4%. Therefore, the disease is also known as calcific uremic arteriolopathy. Read More

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Dried plum consumption improves bone mineral density in osteopenic postmenopausal woman: A case report.

Bone Rep 2021 Jun 18;14:101094. Epub 2021 May 18.

Penn State University, University Park, PA, USA.

The use of non-pharmacological alternatives to pharmacological interventions, e.g., nutritional therapy, to improve or maintain bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal women has gained traction over the past decade, but limited data exist regarding its efficacy. Read More

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Encapsulated Food Products as a Strategy to Strengthen Immunity Against COVID-19.

Front Nutr 2021 21;8:673174. Epub 2021 May 21.

Bioprocesses Research Group, Food Research Department, School of Chemistry, Universidad Autonoma de Coahuila, Unidad Saltillo, Saltillo, Mexico.

In December 2019, the severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-a novel coronavirus was identified which was quickly distributed to more than 100 countries around the world. There are currently no approved treatments available but only a few preventive measures are available. Among them, maintaining strong immunity through the intake of functional foods is a sustainable solution to resist the virus attack. Read More

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Effects of poly-gamma-glutamic acid and vitamin B supplements on sleep status: a randomized intervention study.

Nutr Res Pract 2021 Jun 15;15(3):309-318. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Foods and Nutrition, College of Science and Technology, Kookmin University, Seoul 02707, Korea.

Backgroud/objectives: Data regarding the effects of poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA) on sleep status are limited. This study aimed to test whether γ-PGA and vitamin B (VitB6) supplements improve sleep duration and quality.

Subjects/methods: A factorial randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study included 47 adults (25 men and 22 women) who were free of chronic disease. Read More

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Optimal Management of Anticoagulation Therapy in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation.

Circ J 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital.

Stroke prevention is the cornerstone of management of atrial fibrillation (AF), and non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are commonly prescribed. Because routine monitoring of anticoagulant effects of NOACs is not necessary, appropriate dosing following the criteria of each NOACs defined in pivotal randomized trials is important. Real-world data demonstrate that underdosing NOACs is associated with a higher risk of ischemic stroke without a lower risk of major bleeding. Read More

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Effect of vitamin D supplementation on microvascular reactivity in obese adolescents: A randomized controlled trial.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

UMR MOISA, Univ Montpellier, CIRAD, CIHEAM-IAM, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro, Montpellier, France.

Background And Aim: Childhood obesity is associated with vitamin D (VD) deficiency and vascular dysfunction. Considering evidence indicates that VD may improve vascular function, this study, for the first time, assessed the effect of VD supplementation on microvascular reactivity in obese adolescents (OA).

Methods And Results: This randomized controlled trial included 26 OA, receiving fruit juice with (n = 13) or without VD (4000 IU/d; n = 13) over a 3-month lifestyle program, as well as 23 normal-weight adolescents (controls). Read More

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Redesign of computerized decision support system to improve Non Vitamin K oral anticoagulant prescribing-A pre and post qualitative and quantitative study.

Authors:
Viviane Khalil

Int J Med Inform 2021 Aug 31;152:104511. Epub 2021 May 31.

Peninsula Health Pharmacy Department, 2 Hastings Rd, Frankston, Vic, 3199. Victoria, Australia; Monash University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: Inappropriate prescribing of non-vitamin K agents (NOAC) contributes to significant economic and personal burden to our society. Studies have shown that when well designed and targeted, computerized alerts can be effective in improving prescribing without contributing to alert fatigue.

Method: A collaborative multidisciplinary review group was set up to review and endorse an upgrade and modification to the hospital electronic medication management system (EMS). Read More

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Health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life in affected and unaffected menopausal women by primary osteoporosis.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 27;10:45. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: Primary osteoporosis is a common complication of aging and menopause. The negative effects of osteoporosis in the coming years will increase by increasing life expectancy and population aging. The purpose of this research was to compare health-promoting lifestyle and quality of life in postmenopausal women with and without primary osteoporosis. Read More

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February 2021

Using nontargeted LC-MS metabolomics to identify the Association of Biomarkers in pig feces with feed efficiency.

Porcine Health Manag 2021 Jun 2;7(1):39. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

College of Animal Science and National Engineering Research Center for Breeding Swine Industry, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

Background: Improving feed efficiency is economically and environmentally beneficial in the pig industry. A deeper understanding of feed efficiency is essential on many levels for its highly complex nature. The aim of this project is to explore the relationship between fecal metabolites and feed efficiency-related traits, thereby identifying metabolites that may assist in the screening of the feed efficiency of pigs. Read More

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Evaluation of the effect of vitamin D supplementation on spermatogram, seminal and serum levels of oxidative stress indices in asthenospermia infertile men: a study protocol for a triple-blind, randomized controlled trial.

Nutr J 2021 Jun 2;20(1):49. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Health education group, Jahad Daneshgahi, Ahvaz, Khuzestan, Iran.

Background: It is suggested that vitamin D may have a beneficial role in male reproduction. The male reproductive system is a target tissue for vitamin D. This study will aim to evaluate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on sperm parameters, seminal and serum levels of oxidative stress and serum endocrine factors in asthenospermia infertile men. Read More

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Effects of vitamin D supplementation on blood markers in ulcerative colitis patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

School of Health Sciences and Engineering, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, 301617, China.

Objective: Observational studies have shown that vitamin D levels are inversely related to ulcerative colitis activity, yet evidence from population interventions remains inconsistent. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials to clarify the effect of vitamin D on blood markers in patients with ulcerative colitis.

Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang databases were searched for studies published before June 2020. Read More

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Anticoagulation Control with Acenocoumarol or Warfarin in Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation in Primary Care (Fantas-TIC Study).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 26;18(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Campus Terres de l'Ebre, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, 43500 Tortosa, Tarragona, Spain.

The use of vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) is complicated due to the narrow therapeutic margin they present and their unpredictable dose-response relationship. Most studies are based on warfarin, with the results being extrapolated to acenocoumarol. However, studies comparing the two treatments in terms of the degree of anticoagulation control are scarce, justifying the present study. Read More

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Validity of New Technologies That Measure Bone-Related Dietary and Physical Activity Risk Factors in Adolescents and Young Adults: A Scoping Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 26;18(11). Epub 2021 May 26.

Charles Perkins Centre, Nutrition and Dietetics Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

New technologies may improve the validity of dietary and physical activity assessment and thereby associated findings for lifestyle-related bone health research. This scoping review mapped the evidence for the validity of new technologies that measure bone-related dietary and physical activity risk factors in adolescents and young adults. A systematic literature search was conducted using seven electronic databases for peer-reviewed studies published from January 2008 to 2021. Read More

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Vitamin D: Promises on the Horizon and Challenges Ahead for Fighting Pancreatic Cancer.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 31;13(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

Unit 1466, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Pancreatic cancer has a dismal prognosis, while its incidence is increasing. This is attributed, in part, to a profound desmoplastic and immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment associated with this cancer and resistance to current available therapies. Novel and effective intervention strategies are urgently needed to improve the outcomes of patients with pancreatic cancer. Read More

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Molecular Hydrogen Maintains the Storage Quality of Chinese Chive through Improving Antioxidant Capacity.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 29;10(6). Epub 2021 May 29.

College of Life Sciences, Laboratory Center of Life Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China.

Chinese chive usually becomes decayed after a short storage time, which was closely observed with the redox imbalance. To cope with this practical problem, in this report, molecular hydrogen (H) was used to evaluate its influence in maintaining storage quality of Chinese chive, and the changes in antioxidant capacity were also analyzed. Chives were treated with 1%, 2%, or 3% H, and with air as the control, and then were stored at 4 ± 1 °C. Read More

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