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Age and growth of the tropical oviparous shark, Chiloscyllium punctatum in Indonesian waters.

J Fish Biol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

The brown-banded bamboo shark, Chiloscyllium punctatum is the most common shark caught in coastal commercial fisheries throughout southeast Asia, yet we lack the life history information necessary for reliable stock assessments. We estimated growth rates and age at maturity using analysis of growth bands in vertebral centra. We trialled four different techniques to enhance the visibility and improve identification of the putative annual growth bands necessary for age estimation. Read More

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The influence of the internet on the patients' choice of surgeon for their total knee replacement surgery.

J Clin Orthop Trauma 2021 Jun 24;17:186-190. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Holy Spirit Hospital, Andheri, Mumbai, India.

Background: To study the influence of the internet on the patient's choice about Total Knee Replacement surgery and about their choice of surgeon for their Total Knee Replacement procedure.

Significance: Insight into patient's decision making will help the surgeon to increase his/her visibility and also will help in providing true and reliable information about the patient's ailment.

Materials And Methods: We studied 200 patients who were operated by a single surgeon. Read More

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A Hybrid Blockchain Model for Trusted Data of Supply Chain Finance.

Wirel Pers Commun 2021 Apr 8:1-25. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

School of Management, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, Guangdong People's Republic of China.

Supply chain finance is an effective way to solve the problem of capital turnover of construction enterprises and stabilize economic growth under epidemic situation. Blockchain technology can solve the problems in the current supply chain finance business, such as incorrect information between banks and enterprises, lack of visibility in transaction process, and possible joint fraud in the core enterprise model. However, it still has problems such as inconvenient information verification, data fraud, and difficulty to achieve a balance between efficiency, security and cost. Read More

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Prospective Image Quality and Lesion Assessment in the Setting of MR-Guided Radiation Therapy of Prostate Cancer on an MR-Linac at 1.5 T: A Comparison to a Standard 3 T MRI.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;13(7). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Eberhard-Karls University, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany.

The objective of this study is to conduct a qualitative and a quantitative image quality and lesion evaluation in patients undergoing MR-guided radiation therapy (MRgRT) for prostate cancer on a hybrid magnetic resonance imaging and linear accelerator system (MR-Linac or MRL) at 1.5 Tesla. This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board. Read More

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Research on the Development of Religious Tourism and the Sustainable Development of Rural Environment and Health.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 8;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

School of Environmental and Life Sciences, Nanning Normal University, No. 175 Mingxiu East Road, Xixiangtang District, Nanning 530001, China.

The purpose of the research is to explore how to reach a consensus on the development of cultural tourism and the sustainability of the entire rural environment from the perspective of different rights holders. Using Beigang Township in Taiwan as a case study, we first conducted a questionnaire survey and analyzed 600 respondents by statistical verifications method, then used an interview method to compile suggestions from experts and scholars, and finally conducted a field survey to collect actual information. After summarizing, organizing, and analyzing all the data, the study was examined in a multivariate manner. Read More

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Sensors on the Move: Onboard Camera-Based Real-Time Traffic Alerts Paving the Way for Cooperative Roads.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Feb 10;21(4). Epub 2021 Feb 10.

CEIT-Basque Research and Technology Alliance (BRTA), Manuel Lardizabal 15, 20018 Donostia/San Sebastián, Spain.

European road safety has improved greatly in recent decades. However, the current numbers are still far away to reach the European Commission's road safety targets. In this context, Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS) are expected to significantly improve road safety, traffic efficiency and comfort of driving, by helping the driver to make better decisions and adapt to the traffic situation. Read More

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February 2021

How do I create a partnership between a blood bank and a milk bank to provide safe, pasteurized human milk to infants?

Transfusion 2021 Feb 18;61(2):350-355. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Versiti Blood Center of Indiana, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA.

The now 5-year collaboration between the Indiana Blood Center, now Versiti Blood Center of Indiana, and The Milk Bank has increased the number of human milk donors, improved the collection and processing of donor milk, and improved awareness of this lifesaving resource. The Indiana Blood Center provides greater visibility for The Milk Bank, creating more opportunities to reach potential donors, and can provide the screening blood test for potential donors to become approved human milk donors. The resources of the multiple locations of the Indiana Blood Center permitted the formation of new milk depots in five different cities and quicker transportation of donated milk through their active courier system. Read More

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February 2021

Mid-infrared quantum optics in silicon.

Opt Express 2020 Dec;28(25):37092-37102

Applied quantum optics stands to revolutionise many aspects of information technology, provided performance can be maintained when scaled up. Silicon quantum photonics satisfies the scaling requirements of miniaturisation and manufacturability, but at 1.55 µm it suffers from problematic linear and nonlinear loss. Read More

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December 2020

The Experience of VaccinarSinToscana Website and the Role of New Media in Promoting Vaccination.

Vaccines (Basel) 2020 Nov 3;8(4). Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy.

The Department of Health Sciences (University of Florence) developed a regional website "VaccinarSinToscana" in order to provide information on vaccines and communicate with the general population, as well as the healthcare community, at a regional and local level. The aim of this paper is to present the VaccinarSinToscana website framework and analyze the three-year activity of the website and the related social network account on Facebook in terms of dissemination and visibility. In the first three years since its launch, the VaccinarSinToscana portal has increased its visibility: the number of single users, visits and single web pages has grown exponentially. Read More

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November 2020

Life cycle costing of MRI machine at a tertiary care teaching hospital.

Indian J Radiol Imaging 2020 Apr-Jun;30(2):190-194. Epub 2020 Jul 13.

Department of Hospital Administration, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Background: Life cycle costing (LCC) is an excellent decision-making tool that can assist a hospital administrator in seeking more cost-effective decisions to select the best course of action. LCC can be defined as "an economic assessment of competing design alternatives, considering all significant costs of ownership over the economic life of each alternative, expressed in equivalent rupees.

Aim: To determine the LCC of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machine at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Read More

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Evaluation of Ultra-low-dose Paediatric Cone-beam Computed Tomography for Image-guided Radiotherapy.

Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) 2020 12 13;32(12):835-844. Epub 2020 Oct 13.

Division of Cancer Sciences, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Aims: In image-guided radiotherapy, daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) is rarely applied to children due to concerns over imaging dose. Simulating low-dose CBCT can aid clinical protocol design by allowing visualisation of new scan protocols in patients without delivering additional dose. This work simulated ultra-low-dose CBCT and evaluated its use for paediatric image-guided radiotherapy by assessment of image registration accuracy and visual image quality. Read More

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December 2020

Advances in anesthesia education: increasing access and collaboration in medical education, from E-learning to telesimulation.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2020 Dec;33(6):800-807

Harvard Medical School.

Purpose Of Review: The landscape of medical education continues to evolve. Educators and learners must stay informed on current medical literature, in addition to focusing efforts on current educational trends and evidence-based methods. The present review summarizes recent advancements in anesthesiology education, specifically highlighting trends in e-learning and telesimulation, and identifies possible future directions for the field. Read More

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December 2020

A Real-Time Vehicle Detection System under Various Bad Weather Conditions Based on a Deep Learning Model without Retraining.

Sensors (Basel) 2020 Oct 9;20(20). Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, 1, Sec. 3, Chung-hsiao E. Rd., Taipei 10608, Taiwan.

Numerous vehicle detection methods have been proposed to obtain trustworthy traffic data for the development of intelligent traffic systems. Most of these methods perform sufficiently well under common scenarios, such as sunny or cloudy days; however, the detection accuracy drastically decreases under various bad weather conditions, such as rainy days or days with glare, which normally happens during sunset. This study proposes a vehicle detection system with a visibility complementation module that improves detection accuracy under various bad weather conditions. Read More

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October 2020

Fentanyl panic goes viral: The spread of misinformation about overdose risk from casual contact with fentanyl in mainstream and social media.

Int J Drug Policy 2020 Sep 16;86:102951. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Fueled by misinformation, fentanyl panic has harmed public health through complicating overdose rescue while rationalizing hyper-punitive criminal laws, wasteful expenditures, and proposals to curtail vital access to pain pharmacotherapy. To assess misinformation about health risk from casual contact with fentanyl, we characterize its diffusion and excess visibility in mainstream and social media.

Methods: We used Media Cloud to compile and characterize mainstream and social media content published between January 2015 and September 2019 on overdose risk from casual fentanyl exposure. Read More

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September 2020

What research for what training in psychotherapy? Some methodological issues and a proposal.

Authors:
Santo Di Nuovo

Res Psychother 2019 Dec 19;22(3):410. Epub 2019 Dec 19.

Department of Educational Sciences, Section of Psychology, University of Catania, Italy.

To define boundaries and links between research and training in psychotherapy we have to establish what kind of research is needed for this purpose. For defining psychotherapy as a science some basic epistemological premises should be affirmed and specific methods have to be devised, using both quantitative and qualitative approaches, diachronic and longitudinal perspectives, cumulative and meta-analytic strategies, focusing both the techniques used in the therapies and the relationship between the subject and the subject as a core mean for produce change. What should be evaluated in this research process, what methods and techniques of assessment should be preferred, what analyses of data are suitable: these are the main issues addressed in the article, as they are useful for planning the training of a therapist as a researcher, regardless of the privileged theoretical and technical approach. Read More

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December 2019

The Canadian Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Collaborative Mobile App: A National Guideline Implementation Strategy.

Am J Perinatol 2020 09 8;37(S 02):S66-S70. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, McGill University Health Centre, The Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Objective: Coinciding with the publication of the Canadian congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) Collaborative's clinical practice guidelines (CPG), we developed a mobile smartphone app to increase guideline utilization and promote knowledge translation.

Study Design: This mobile app was organized into sections corresponding to the phases of CDH care (prenatal, perinatal/postnatal, and child/adolescent), and contained 22 recommendations supported by evidence summaries, PubMed links, levels of evidence, and strength of expert consensus. Download statistics were collected from September 2018 to June 2020 after release of two iOS versions and an Android platform. Read More

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September 2020

Expanding Pharmacy Services With an Intern Program at an Academic Medical Center.

J Pharm Pract 2020 Aug 20:897190020949425. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Department of Pharmacy, New York-Presbyterian Hospital Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Organizations that implement pharmacy services to provide patient education have reduced hospital readmissions and improved the patient experience. The term "pharmacy extender" has been used to describe pharmacy technicians and pharmacy students who alleviate the workload of a pharmacist, enhance pharmacy visibility throughout an organization, and foster professional development for the individual.

Objective: The objective of this pharmacy intern-driven program is to increase pharmacy reach for medication teaching. Read More

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Twitter Use Among Departments of Surgery With General Surgery Residency Programs.

J Surg Educ 2021 Jan-Feb;78(1):35-42. Epub 2020 Jul 4.

Department of Surgery, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Objective: To examine patterns of Twitter use by surgery departments with residency programs and understand relevant motivations and concerns. The primary outcome was to quantify account prevalence and activity. The secondary outcomes were to identify reasons for use and perceived benefits and concerns. Read More

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Odor Modulates Hand Movements in a Reach-to-Grasp Task.

Front Neurosci 2020 16;14:560. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

School of Psychology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China.

Recent evidence suggests that target-relevant sensory stimuli (i.e., visual, auditory, and olfactory) can play important roles in the motor system. Read More

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Integrating and maintaining automated external defibrillators and emergency planning in community sport settings: a qualitative case study.

Emerg Med J 2020 Oct 16;37(10):617-622. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Exercise Medicine Research Institute, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: A voluntary State Government-led programme in Victoria, Australia 'Defibrillators for Sporting Clubs and Facilities Program' ran from 2015 to 2019, broadly aimed at increasing access to automated external defibrillators (AEDs), together with a greater number of community members trained for management of medical emergencies. This study aimed to understand whether participating sport clubs/facilities had successfully integrated an AED and medical planning with other club/facility safety practices, 12 months after delivery of the programme.

Methods: This was a qualitative case study of 14 sport clubs/facilities in Victoria, Australia in 2017, underpinned by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. Read More

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October 2020

The effect of megavoltage field size on intrafraction cone-beam CT image quality.

Phys Eng Sci Med 2020 Jun 24;43(2):711-717. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Herston Biofabrication Institute, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

To investigate the effects of scatter from a megavoltage treatment beam on intrafraction cone beam CT (CBCT) image quality. The effects of treatment beam field size and phantom geometry were investigated as well as the clinical success of IFI. Intrafraction imaging (IFI) was performed on four phantoms with four different MV field sizes using a 6 MV FFF source. Read More

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Promotion of physical activity and public policies to tackle inequalities: considerarions based on the Inverse Care Law and Inverse Equity Hypothesis.

Cad Saude Publica 2020 8;36(6):e00155119. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Brasil.

This Essay reflects on some current approaches to the promotion of physical activity, proposing greater visibility for leisure-time physical activities and inequalities in access to them. The current scenario of increasing inequalities and the importance of confronting them, highlighting the pertinence of public policies, is presented and discussed in light of two theories, the Inverse Equity Hypothesis and the Inverse Care Law. The Inverse Equity Hypothesis seeks to understand how inequalities tend to be established in health indicators, based on an expected increase in inequalities when health innovations initially reach the more socially and economically privileged groups. Read More

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December 2020

Distance assessment of detours by jumping spiders.

Curr Zool 2020 Jun 10;66(3):263-273. Epub 2019 Sep 10.

School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.

To take an indirect route (detour) in order to reach a specific target requires complex cognitive processes. Yet more demanding, from the cognitive point of view, is when the goal is only visible at the beginning of the detour. In spiders from the family Salticidae, vision is a key sensory modality mediating navigation and prey search. Read More

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Distinguishing the Neural Correlates of Perceptual Awareness and Postperceptual Processing.

J Neurosci 2020 06 14;40(25):4925-4935. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Psychology, Reed College, Portland, Oregon 97202-8199

To identify the neural correlates of perceptual awareness, researchers often compare the differences in neural activation between conditions in which an observer is or is not aware of a stimulus. While intuitive, this approach often contains a critical limitation: to link brain activity with perceptual awareness, observers traditionally report the contents of their perceptual experience. However, relying on observers' reports is problematic because it is difficult to know whether the neural responses being measured are associated with conscious perception or with postperceptual processes involved in the reporting task (e. Read More

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Characterization of particulate matter and its extinction ability during different seasons and weather conditions in Sinkiang, China: two case studies.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2020 Jun 20;27(18):22414-22422. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution and Prevention (LAP3), Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433, China.

The Sinkiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in western China and the centre of the Asian-European continent, which frequently suffers from sandstorm disasters and haze weathers. A 1-year measurement campaign in two selected points in Shihezi and Urumqi of Sinkiang was conducted to characterise the effects of particle matters and factors on particle extinction under different weather conditions. Results showed that the average concentration of PM was 19. Read More

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Progress Toward Measles Elimination - Eastern Mediterranean Region, 2013-2019.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2020 Apr 17;69(15):439-445. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

In 1997, during the 41st session of the Regional Committee for the Eastern Mediterranean, the 21 countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) Eastern Mediterranean Region* (EMR) passed a resolution to eliminate measles (1). In 2015, this goal was included as a priority in the Eastern Mediterranean Vaccine Action Plan 2016-2020 (EMVAP) (2), endorsed at the 62nd session of the Regional Committee (3). To achieve this goal, the WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean developed a four-pronged strategy: 1) achieve ≥95% vaccination coverage with the first dose of measles-containing vaccine (MCV1) among children in every district of each country through routine immunization services; 2) achieve ≥95% vaccination coverage with a second MCV dose (MCV2) in every district of each country either through implementation of a routine 2-dose vaccination schedule or through supplementary immunization activities (SIAs); 3) conduct high-quality, case-based surveillance in all countries; and 4) provide optimal measles clinical case management, including dietary supplementation with vitamin A (4). Read More

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Barriers and Facilitators to Real-world Implementation of the Diabetes Prevention Program in Large Healthcare Systems: Lifestyle Coach Perspectives.

J Gen Intern Med 2020 06 6;35(6):1684-1692. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Center for Health Systems Research, Sutter Heath, Palo Alto, CA, USA.

Background: Group-based lifestyle change programs based on the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) are associated with clinically significant weight loss and decreases in cardiometabolic risk factors. However, these benefits depend on successful real-world implementation. Studies have examined implementation in community settings, but less is known about integration in healthcare systems, and particularly in large, multi-site systems with the potential for extended reach. Read More

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Online Impact and Presence of a Specialized Social Media Team for the Journal of Neurosurgery: Descriptive Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2020 05 19;22(5):e17741. Epub 2020 May 19.

Division of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Social media use continues to gain momentum in academic neurosurgery. To increase journal impact and broaden engagement, many scholarly publications have turned to social media to disseminate research. The Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group (JNSPG) established a dedicated, specialized social media team (SMT) in November 2016 to provide targeted improvement in digital outreach. Read More

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Optimization of acquisition parameters for reduced-dose thoracic CT: A phantom study.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2020 May 24;101(5):269-279. Epub 2020 Feb 24.

Department of Radiology, Cochin Hospital, AP-HP Centre, 75014 Paris, France; Université de Paris, Descartes-Paris 5, 75006 Paris, France; Center for Visual Computing, École Centrale Supelec, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France. Electronic address:

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of different options for reduced-dose computed tomography (CT) on image noise and visibility of pulmonary structures in order to define the best choice of parameters when performing ultra-low dose acquisitions of the chest in clinical routine.

Materials And Methods: Using an anthropomorphic chest phantom, CT images were acquired at four defined low dose levels (computed tomography dose index [CTDI]=0.15, 0. Read More

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