888 results match your criteria violent incidents


A multinational case-control study comparing forensic and non-forensic patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders: the EU-VIORMED project.

Psychol Med 2021 Sep 13:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Unit of Statistics, IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

Background: The relationship between schizophrenia and violence is complex. The aim of this multicentre case-control study was to examine and compare the characteristics of a group of forensic psychiatric patients with a schizophrenia spectrum disorders and a history of significant interpersonal violence to a group of patients with the same diagnosis but no lifetime history of interpersonal violence.

Method: Overall, 398 patients (221 forensic and 177 non-forensic patients) were recruited across five European Countries (Italy, Germany, Poland, Austria and the United Kingdom) and assessed using a multidimensional standardised process. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Retrospective Observational Study of Daytime Add-On Administration of Zopiclone to Difficult-to-Treat Psychiatric Inpatients With Unpredictable Aggressive Behavior, With or Without EEG Dysrhythmia.

Front Psychiatry 2021 17;12:693788. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Managing violent behavior is a particularly challenging aspect of hospital psychiatric care. Available pharmacological interventions are often unsatisfactory. To assess the effectiveness and safety of daytime zopiclone add-on administration in violent and difficult-to-treat psychiatric inpatients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Molecular Epidemiology of Plasmodium species in Conflicted Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) Pakistan.

Braz J Biol 2021 27;83:e247219. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

University of Gujrat, Department of Biochemistry & Biotechnology, Gujrat, Punjab, Pakistan.

Military conflicts have been significant obstacles in detecting and treating infectious disease diseases due to the diminished public health infrastructure, resulting in malaria endemicity. A variety of violent and destructive incidents were experienced by FATA (Federally Administered Tribal Areas). It was a struggle to pursue an epidemiological analysis due to continuing conflict and Talibanization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Interventions for Workplace Violence Prevention in Emergency Departments: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 10;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Competence Centre for Epidemiology and Health Services Research for Healthcare Professionals (CVcare), Institute for Health Services Research in Dermatology and Nursing (IVDP), University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE), 20246 Hamburg, Germany.

Emergency departments (EDs) are high-risk settings for workplace violence, but interventions to prevent violent incidents and to prepare staff are not yet consistently implemented, and their effectiveness is often unclear. This study aims to summarise evidence on workplace violence prevention interventions that were implemented in EDs to reduce violent incidents caused by patients/relatives or to increase the knowledge, skills or feelings of safety of ED staff. A systematic review was conducted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Managing violence and aggression in the emergency department.

Emerg Nurse 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

The Royal London Hospital, London, England.

Half of all reported violent incidents in healthcare settings occur in the emergency department (ED), so ED nurses are disproportionately affected by violence and aggression. Violence and aggression can cause physical injury, psychological harm, delays to patient care, eroded staff morale, increased sick leave and low staff retention. This article explores potential causes and risk factors for violent or aggressive behaviour from patients and visitors in the ED. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Corporal punishment in the home: Is there a legal duty on the medical doctor to report it?

Authors:
S Lutchman

S Afr Med J 2021 Jun 30;111(7):620-622. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

The infliction of corporal punishment on children (in the home) was found to be unconstitutional by the Constitutional Court of South Africa (September 2019). Corporal punishment was historically permitted if exercised within reasonable grounds (moderate or reasonable chastisement). In reaching its judgment, the apex court found that the child's right to human dignity and to be free from all forms of violence was unjustifiably infringed by the exercising of this form of discipline. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparing Fatal Child Abuse Involving Biological and Surrogate Parents.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 Aug 5. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Department of Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Department of Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine.

Background: Nearly half of pediatric homicides under age 5 are attributable to child abuse. Parents are most commonly the perpetrators, but less is known about incidents involving biological vs. surrogate parents. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring staff experiences: A case for redesigning the response to aggression and violence in the emergency department.

Int Emerg Nurs 2021 07 24;57:101017. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: A Code Black is the coordinated response by healthcare staff and security to an act or threat of verbal and physical aggression or violence perpetrated by a patient, family member or visitor towards healthcare staff within a hospital setting. Behavioural disturbance is often verbally de-escalated by staff. However, as a last resort physical and/or chemical restraint may be necessary. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 06 22;45(6):1298-1303. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with increased number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of current paper is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Effectiveness of De-Escalation Techniques as Compared to Physical Restraint/Seclusion on Inpatient Psychiatric Units: A Quantitative Systematic Review.

Authors:
Shavar Chase

CNS Spectr 2021 04;26(2):175-176

Rutgers University, Newark, NJ, USA.

Background: Restraint and seclusion were considered a form of treatment but consistently has led to physical and mental injuries to staff and patients. De-escalation has been viewed as a safer option. Understanding which intervention yields decreased injuries, aggression and violence will guide policy and inform practice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identifying Predictors of Inpatient Verbal Aggression in a Forensic Psychiatric Setting Using a Tree-based Modeling Approach.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 13:8862605211021972. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Criminological Research Service of the Ministry of Justice in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Inpatient violence poses a great risk to the health and well-being of other patients and members of staff. Previous research has shown that prevalence rates of violent behavior are particularly high in forensic psychiatric settings. Thus, the reliable identification of forensic inpatients who are particularly at risk for violent behavior is an important aspect of risk management. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Deleterious Effect of Victimization on Just World Beliefs.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211025027. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI, USA.

Being a victim of a violent crime is a traumatic experience. Sexual victimization, in particular, may be powerful enough to change presumably stable worldviews like just world beliefs. Across two large samples, we examined the influence of sexual victimization on just world beliefs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intimate partner sexual violence and violent victimisation among women living homeless in Madrid (Spain).

J Community Psychol 2021 Sep 1;49(7):2493-2505. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Departamento de Ciencias de la Educación, Área de Psicología Social, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Spain.

The purpose of this paper is to discover the extent to which women living homeless in Madrid (Spain) have been victims of intimate partner sexual violence (IPSV), analysing the connection between stressful life events (SLE) relating to violent victimisation and having suffered sexual assault by a partner. This study took place using a sample of women living homeless in Madrid (n = 136). The results obtained show that a high percentage of the women living homeless who were questioned had been victims of IPSV. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Modifiable risk factors for inpatient violence in psychiatric hospital: prospective study and prediction model.

Psychol Med 2021 May 24:1-7. Epub 2021 May 24.

University of Oxford, University Dept, Warneford Hospital, Oxford, OX3 7JX, UK.

Background: Violence perpetrated by psychiatric inpatients is associated with modifiable factors. Current structured approaches to assess inpatient violence risk lack predictive validity and linkage to interventions.

Methods: Adult psychiatric inpatients on forensic and general wards in three psychiatric hospitals were recruited and followed up prospectively for 6 months. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Violence against Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Review of Incidents from a Lower-Middle-Income Country.

Ann Glob Health 2021 04 23;87(1):41. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, Karachi, 74800, Pakistan.

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) across the globe have met tremendous challenges during the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, such as shortages of personal protective equipment, extensive work hours, and constant fear of catching the virus or transmitting it to loved ones. Adding on to the already existing burnout, an increase in incidents of violence and aggression against HCWs was seen in Pakistan and globally.

Objectives: Primarily to review cases of violence against HCWs in Pakistan, highlighting and comparing the instigating factors seen within the country and globally. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Role of the Physical and Social Environment in Observed and Self-Reported Park Use in Low-Income Neighborhoods in New York City.

Front Public Health 2021 20;9:656988. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Center for Systems and Community Design, Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy, City University of New York, New York, NY, United States.

Physical and social environments of parks and neighborhoods influence park use, but the extent of their relative influence remains unclear. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship between the physical and social environment of parks and both observed and self-reported park use in low-income neighborhoods in New York City. We conducted community- ( = 54 parks) and individual-level ( = 904 residents) analyses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An observational study of a cross platform risk assessment mobile application in a forensic inpatient setting.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 06 30;138:388-392. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Computer Science and Applied Physics, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Ireland.

Consumer-focused healthcare mobile applications have seen widespread adoption in recent years. Enterprise mobile applications in hospital settings have been slower to gain traction. In this study we examine the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression: Inpatient version (DASA), a short-term risk assessment tool which is well validated and widely used in the prediction of violent incidents, within an inpatient forensic setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gender Differences in Witnessing and the Prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence from the Perspective of Children in Finland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 28;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Faculty of Social Sciences (SOC), Tampere University, 33014 Tampere, Finland.

Background-Intimate partner violence (IPV) has both direct and longer-term effects on children's well-being. Much of the research thus far has relied on caregiver reports of IPV and clinical samples of children. By contrast, minimal research has examined violence between parents from the perspective of children using nationwide samples. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Examining the utility of the Violence Prevention Climate scale: In a metropolitan Australian general hospital.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Aug 19;30(15-16):2399-2408. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Northumbria University, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne, UK.

Aim And Objectives: To evaluate and examine the utility of the Violence Prevention Climate scale by generalist healthcare professionals.

Background: Workplace violence in general hospital settings remains a challenge for healthcare organisations. High rates of violence are still being reported towards healthcare workers, despite organisational violence prevention strategies being implemented. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of patients' and staff's perspectives on the causes of violence and aggression in psychiatric inpatient settings: An integrative review.

J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs 2021 Oct 24;28(5):924-939. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Psychological Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, New Zealand.

WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Aggression and violence are persistent problems in psychiatric inpatient units. Violence preventive factors have been identified from both staff's and patients' perspectives. Violent and aggressive inpatient incidents have not been adequately explained in research and reviews to date. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Media Reports about Violence against Medical Care Providers in China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 12;18(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Clinical Epidemiology, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, China.

Improper, unprofessional, or misleading media reports about violence against medical care providers (typically doctors and nurses) may provoke copycat incidents. To examine whether media reports about violence against medical care providers in China follow professional journalism recommendations, we identified 10 influential incidents of violence against medical care providers in China through a systematic strategy and used standardized internet-based search techniques to retrieve media reports about these events from 2007-2017. Reports were evaluated independently by trained coders to assess adherence to professional journalism recommendations using a 14-item checklist. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Realist Review of Violence Prevention Education in Healthcare.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 Mar 17;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

School of Population & Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Violence from patients and visitors towards healthcare workers is an international concern affecting the safety and health of workers, quality of care, and healthcare system sustainability. Although the predominant intervention has been violence prevention (VP) education for healthcare workers, evaluating its effectiveness is challenging due to underreporting of violence and the inherent complexity of both violence and the health care environment. This review utilized a theory-driven, realist approach to synthesize and analyze a wide range of academic and grey literature to identify explanations of how and why VP education makes a difference in preventing violence and associated physical and psychological injury to workers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Violence toward emergency physicians: A prospective-descriptive study.

World J Emerg Med 2021 ;12(2):111-116

Department of Emergency Medicine, Research and Training Hospital, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman 02100, Turkey.

Background: The highest rate of workplace violence occurs in the health sector, although most cases remain unreported. Emergency services face the majority of these incidents for many reasons, such as the patient profile, long waiting time, and overcrowding. We aimed to determine the characteristics and causes of violence toward emergency physicians. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Psychoactive substances have major impact on injuries in rural arctic Norway - A prospective observational study.

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand 2021 07 15;65(6):824-833. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Forensic Sciences, Section for Drug Abuse Research, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Rural areas have increased injury mortality with a high pre-hospital death rate. Knowledge concerning the impact of psychoactive substances on injury occurrence is lacking for rural arctic Norway. These substances are also known to increase pre-, per- and postoperative risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

User-friendly system (a smartphone app) for reporting violent incidents in the Emergency Department: an Italian multicenter study.

Med Lav 2021 Feb 23;112(1):68-81. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Health Sciences Department, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Background: Nurses, particularly emergency nurses, are among the health workers most exposed to workplace violence. Although reporting systems are increasingly used, under-reporting remains high. Recent studies suggest that the use of easy registration systems could facilitate violence reporting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Strong Associations Between Childhood Victimization and Community Violence in Male Forensic Mental Health Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2020 1;11:628734. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Center for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Childhood abuse and neglect increase the risk of both mental disorders and violent behavior. Associations between child relational adversities and violent behavior have not been extensively investigated in forensic mental health settings. We asked whether the extent of child adversities predicts the extent of violence in the community in forensic mental health patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021