979 results match your criteria violence covid-19


Social and environmental effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children.

J Pediatr (Rio J) 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Escola de Medicina, Núcleo de Neurociências and Instituto do Cérebro (InsCer), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: This study aimed to review the literature, summarizing the existing evidence on the effects of the pandemic on children, adolescents and parents, with an emphasis on the psychological, emotional, and sleep quality consequences.

Source Of Data: Empirical studies identified in the following databases: MEDLINE, ISI Web of Knowledge/Web of Science, and preprint servers.

Synthesis Of Data: The findings point to a wide range of consequences for children and adolescents resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, which mainly includes an increase in depressive mood symptoms. Read More

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September 2021

Completing the picture: a proposed framework for child maltreatment surveillance and research in Canada.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2021 Sep 27;41(11). Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

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September 2021

Symptoms of major depressive disorder during the COVID-19 pandemic: results from a representative sample of the Canadian population.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2021 Sep 27;41(11). Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Since the outbreak of COVID-19, numerous studies from around the world have reported declines in mental health. However, most of these studies were of low-to-moderate quality and many were based on convenience samples or used mental health measures with low validity, or both. Consequently, it has been difficult to draw conclusions. Read More

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September 2021

Police referrals for domestic abuse before and during the first COVID-19 lockdown: An analysis of routine data from one specialist service in South Wales.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Cardiff Women's Aid, Cardiff CF24 0EJ, UK.

Background: COVID-19 lockdown measures may have led to more, and increasingly severe, domestic abuse. This study examines police referrals to a specialist domestic abuse service in Wales, UK before and during the first lockdown.

Methods: Routine data relating to 2292 police referrals for female adult victim-survivors from December 2019 until July 2020 were analysed and presented in the form of descriptive statistics to monitor changes in referral rates and the profile of those referrals. Read More

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September 2021

Resilience of nurses at the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in Lebanon.

Int J Nurs Sci 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Rafik Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the level and factors associated with the resilience of nurses practicing at the main COVID-19 referral center in Lebanon.

Methods: The study utilized a cross-sectional survey design. Data were collected electronically in the spring of 2020 from 265 nurses. Read More

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Adolescents' symptoms of anxiety and depression before and during the Covid-19 outbreak - A prospective population-based study of teenagers in Norway.

Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021 Jun 28;5:100093. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Department for Child and Adolescent Research, Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Gullhaugveien 1-3, 0409 Oslo, Norway.

Background: Lockdown policies related to the Sars-Cov-2 pandemic has potential negative consequences for mental health in youths.

Methods: Anxiety and depressive symptoms were assessed in 3 572 adolescents, age 13 to 16 using the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (HSCL-10), in a representative longitudinal survey of Norwegian youths between February 2019 (T1) and June 2020 (T2). Predictors for symptom change were analysed with linear mixed-effects models. Read More

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The risk of COVID-19 in survivors of domestic violence and abuse.

BMC Med 2021 09 24;19(1):246. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Institute of Applied Health Research, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B152TT, UK.

A 'shadow pandemic' of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) has emerged secondary to strict public health measures containing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Many countries have implemented policies to allow the free movement of DVA survivors in attempts to minimise their exposure to abusive environments. Although these policies are well received, as a result there is a possibility of increased COVID-19 transmission within this vulnerable group who are not currently prioritised for vaccination. Read More

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September 2021

Mental Health Issues in the COVID-19 Pandemic and Responses in Bangladesh: View Point of Media Reporting.

Front Public Health 2021 3;9:704726. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Initiative for Non-Communicable Diseases, Health System and Population Studies Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

The negative impact of COVID-19 on mental health has been reported by media throughout the world, although this role is not well-understood in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC). We examined the reporting of mental health issues during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh and initiatives undertaken to support mental health reported from the viewpoint of media. We reviewed articles published in 10 local newspapers, including seven Bangla and three English newspapers, during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Frequency and determinants of domestic violence against Iranian women during the COVID-19 pandemic: a national cross-sectional survey.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 23;21(1):1727. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Lecturer in Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacy Practice, Strathclyde Institute of Pharmacy and Biomedical Science, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

Introduction: Domestic violence (social, legal, and health violence) is the most common type of violence against women. Due to factors such as the current quarantine, this type of violence has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study aimed to assess the frequency of domestic violence against women and identify the risk factor among Iranian women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Does TikTok Open Gates for Sexual Violence Against Young Girls in Bangladesh Amid COVID-19?

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 Sep 22:10105395211046479. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Bangladesh Health Profession Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

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September 2021

Household response to an extreme shock: Evidence on the immediate impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on economic outcomes and well-being in rural Uganda.

World Dev 2021 Apr 2;140:105318. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

University of Oxford, United Kingdom.

We provide evidence on the economic and well-being impact of the Covid-19 lockdown on a sample of households in rural Uganda. Our sample consists of 1,277 households randomly drawn from 114 rural villages in western Uganda and surveyed in-person in early March 2020, just before the lockdown. We followed up with this sample in May 2020, reaching over 85% of them by phone. Read More

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Positive and Negative Peace as Predictors of Pandemic Preparedness: Evidence from a Micro- and Macro-Level Investigation During the Onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Polit Psychol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The COVID-19 pandemic has generated unprecedented human loss and financial difficulties worldwide. In line with recent calls for social sciences to help collective efforts to address COVID-19, we investigated the link between peace and pandemic preparedness, advancing the literatures on negative (i.e. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 and Shelter in Place on Volume and Type of Traumatic Injuries.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Sep 2;22(5):1060-1066. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Temple University Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Very little is known about the effects of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and its associated social distancing practices on trauma presentations to the emergency department (ED). This study aims to assess the impact of a city-wide stay at home order on the volume, type, and outcomes of traumatic injuries at urban EDs.

Methods: The study was a retrospective chart review of all patients who presented to the ED of an urban Level I Trauma Center and its urban community affiliate in the time period during the 30 days before the institution of city-wide shelter-in-place (preSIP) order and 60 days after the shelter-in-place (SIP) order and the date-matched time periods in the preceding year. Read More

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September 2021

Roles of Family Stress, Maltreatment, and Affect Regulation Difficulties on Adolescent Mental Health During COVID-19.

J Fam Violence 2021 Sep 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC Canada.

This study examines the indirect effects of affect dysregulation and suppression on the associations between family stress from confinement, maltreatment, and adolescent mental health during COVID-19. We examined both adolescent and caregiver perspectives to yield a more well-rounded understanding of these associations than afforded in previous research. Using both adolescent ( = 809, M = 15. Read More

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September 2021

Geodemographic insights on the COVID-19 pandemic in the State of Wisconsin and the role of risky facilities.

GeoJournal 2021 Sep 12:1-23. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to impact the United States. While age and comorbid health conditions remain primary concerns in the community-based transmission of the virus, empirical evidence continues to suggest that substantial variability exists in the geographic and geodemographic distribution of COVID-19 infection rates. The purpose of this paper is to provide an alternative, spatiotemporal perspective on the pandemic using the state of Wisconsin as a case study. Read More

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September 2021

Approaching a New Normal: Lessons Learned Transitioning Family Education Programming to a Virtual Environment.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Sep 18:15248399211034814. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Champions for Children, Inc., Tampa, FL, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is highlighting deep-rooted health inequities. While the virus itself does not discriminate, gaps in access to services and disparities in health outcomes are prevalent. Concerns over worsening mental health outcomes and increases in family violence exist. Read More

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September 2021

Afghanistan: Decades of collective trauma, ongoing humanitarian crises, Taliban rulers, and mental health of the displaced population.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Sep 10;65:102854. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

More than half of the Afghan population suffers from depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, including many survivors of conflict-related violence, yet only about 10 percent receive effective psychosocial therapy from the government. As a result of decades of bloodshed, many Afghans have sustained serious psychological traumas. Due to unfair social standards, women and girls confront additional challenges, and millions of Afghans have suffered psychologically as a result of 41 years of conflict. Read More

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September 2021

Work situation of rheumatologists and residents in times of COVID-19 : Findings from a survey in Germany.

Z Rheumatol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Klinik für Rheumatologie und Immunologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, OE 6830, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background And Objective: The work situation is an important dimension of professional life and wellbeing, and a policy lever to strengthen recruitment and retention. This study aims to explore the work situation of physicians and residents in internal medical rheumatology, considering the impact of the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19.

Methods: A questionnaire-based online survey was conducted in early 2021 at the Hannover Medical School, supported by the German Society of Rheumatology. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual Behaviors: Findings From a National Survey in the United States.

J Sex Med 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Studies from the first months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting lockdown and social distancing measures have shown that there have been decreases in sexual frequency and relationship satisfaction.

Aim: To evaluate the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual behavior, relationship satisfaction, and intimate partner violence in the United States using a large national convenience sample.

Methods: About 1,051 participants across the United States were recruited in October 2020 to complete a cross-sectional online survey. Read More

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The neuroscience of intergroup threat and violence.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Sep 15;131:77-87. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

ISN Psychology, Institute for Social Neuroscience, Australia.

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a global increase in hate crimes and xenophobia. In these uncertain times, real or imaginary threats can easily lead to intergroup conflict. Here, we integrate social neuroscience findings with classic social psychology theories into a framework to better understand how intergroup threat can lead to violence. Read More

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September 2021

Preventing Gender-Based Homelessness in Canada During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: The Need to Account for Violence Against Women.

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 17:10778012211034202. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Women's Shelters Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to increases in intimate partner violence (IPV), a leading cause of women's homelessness. Although the Canadian Government provided emergency funding to the violence against women and housing and homelessness sectors in response to COVID-19, Canada lacks a national legislative and funding framework to support coordinated prevention efforts. We review the context of IPV and homelessness among women and international policy exemplars. Read More

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September 2021

"We are Forgotten": Forced Migration, Sexual and Gender-Based Violence, and Coronavirus Disease-2019.

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 17:10778012211030943. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Baobab Women's Project, Birmingham, UK.

Adopting a structural violence approach, this article explores, with survivors and practitioners, how early coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic conditions affected forced migrant sexual and gender-based violence survivors' lives. Introducing a new analytical framework combining violent abandonment, slow violence, and violent uncertainty, we show how interacting forms of structural violence exacerbated by pandemic conditions intensified existing inequalities. Abandonment of survivors by the state increased precarity, making everyday survival more difficult, and intensified prepandemic slow violence, while increased uncertainty heightened survivors' psychological distress. Read More

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September 2021

Domestic violence against Latin American women and female mental health during the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak.

Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot 2021 Sep 17:1-4. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

School of Medicine, Federal University of Cariri, Barbalha, Ceará, Brazil.

We aimed to discuss the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the VAW scenario and how it affects women's mental health. The short communication from secondary data collected from the official websites of seven countries in Latin America was performed. The sample was non-probabilistic, for convenience. Read More

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September 2021

How Has COVID-19-Related Income Loss and Household Stress Affected Adolescent Mental Health in Kenya?

J Adolesc Health 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Social and Behavioral Science Research Department, Population Council, Nairobi, Kenya.

Purpose: Adolescent mental health has been under-researched, particularly in Africa. COVID-19-related household economic stress and school closures will likely have adverse effects. We investigate the relationship among adolescent mental health, adult income loss, and household dynamics during the pandemic in Kenya. Read More

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September 2021

Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health-Related Socioeconomic Risks During the Early COVID-19 Pandemic: A National Survey of U.S. Women.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Nearly half of U.S. women experienced new or worsening health-related socioeconomic risks (HRSRs) (food, housing, utilities and transportation difficulties, and interpersonal violence) early in the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

STEM the bullying: An empirical investigation of abusive supervision in academic science.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 Oct 8;40:101121. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Radiology and Precision Health Program, Michigan State University, MI, USA.

Background: Academic bullying is a topic of significant interest of late, with high profile cases featured in scientific journals. Our aim is to document the nature and extent of academic bullying behaviors, examining who are the primary targets and perpetrators as well as the responses to and outcomes of bullying.

Methods: We developed a cross-sectional global survey aimed primarily at those in academic science institutions. Read More

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October 2021

Period of Purple Crying Program for the Prevention of Abusive Head Trauma/Shaken Baby Syndrome.

Authors:
E Power F Sharif

Ir Med J 2021 Aug 19;114(7):415. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Paediatrics, Mullingar Regional Hospital, Westmeath.

The Period of PURPLE Crying Program is an educational program delivered to parents of newborn children that aims to reduce the incidence of abusive head trauma/shaken baby syndrome1. The program was developed by a research-based, non-profit organisation and has already been implemented in many countries around the world. It educates parents on what to expect during the first few months of their newborn infant's life, allowing parents to become more informed and better prepared to care for their child. Read More

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Australian social media sentiment data and domestic violence during the Covid-19 pandemic.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

University of Sydney, Sydney, AU.

Background: Measuring public response during COVID-19 is an important way of ensuring the suitability and effectiveness of epidemic response efforts. An analysis of social media provides an approximation to public sentiment during an emergency like the current pandemic. The measures introduced across the globe to help curtail the spread of the coronavirus have led to the development of a situation labelled as a 'perfect storm', triggering a wave of domestic violence. Read More

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September 2021

Pediatric emergency department visits due to child abuse and neglect following COVID-19 public health emergency declaration in the Southeastern United States.

BMC Pediatr 2021 09 13;21(1):401. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA.

Background: The ongoing worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has heightened several risk factors  for child abuse and neglect (CAN). We study whether COVID-19 and the public health response to it affected CAN-related pediatric emergency department (ED) visits in the southeastern United States (US).

Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review on medical records of ED visits from a level I pediatric hospital system serving one of the largest metropolitan areas in the southeastern US from January through June 2018-2020. Read More

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September 2021