124,916 results match your criteria violence

Association of Neighborhood Gun Violence With Mental Health-Related Pediatric Emergency Department Utilization.

JAMA Pediatr 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

The Urban Health Lab, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Importance: Many children and adolescents in the United States are exposed to neighborhood gun violence. Associations between violence exposure and children's short-term mental health are not well understood.

Objective: To examine the association between neighborhood gun violence and subsequent mental health-related pediatric emergency department (ED) utilization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Intrapersonal Emotional Intelligence during Adolescence: Sex Differences, Connection with other Variables, and Predictors.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Sep 18;10(3):899-914. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Faculty of Psychology, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, Avenida de Tolosa, 70, 20018 Donostia, Spain.

This study explores Intrapersonal Emotional Intelligence (IEI) with the objectives of: (1) analyzing possible differences due to sex and age, and the request for psychological assistance for behavioral and emotional problems; (2) finding evidence of personality traits, social behaviors, and parental socialization styles that are characteristic of adolescents with low IEI; and (3) identifying variables that predict high IEI. The sample comprised 2283 participants aged 12-17 years from the Basque Country (northern Spain). Results: (1) Females had greater emotional attention capacity but there were no sex differences in emotional comprehension and emotion regulation; (2) adolescents aged 12-14 showed higher scores in comprehension and emotion regulation than those aged 15-17; (3) adolescents who consulted a psychologist for problems (anxiety, depression, violence, etc. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Mechanisms of Moral Disengagement Used to Justify School Violence in Sicilian Primary School.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Jun 29;10(3):682-690. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Evolutionary Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain.

This study investigated the mechanisms of moral disengagement most commonly used to justify school violence in Sicilian primary school. The main objective of this study was to analyze the mechanisms of moral disengagement that are set in motion by those involved in situations of school violence (victims, aggressors, and bystanders) in Sicilian primary school. Likewise, the differences by gender and age are investigated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Expected years lived with intimate partner violence: a new approach for public health.

Glob Health Action 2021 Jan;14(1):1976442

Centre d'Estudis Demogràfics (CED-CERCA), UAB, Cerdanyola Del Vallès, Spain.

Background: Intimate Partner Violence against women (IPV) is a major public health problem. However, mainstream indicators used in public health are not designed to fully capture the pervasive and enduring impact of IPV.

Objective: We propose a new indicator that considers the burden of IPV in women during their middle life years, estimating the number of years that women are expected to live under IPV, and provide estimates for 151 countries. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Working Against Gender-Based Violence in the American South: An Analysis of Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Sexuality in Advocacy.

Qual Health Res 2021 Sep 18:10497323211041327. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.

Non-profit organizations that address gender-based violence must create diverse, inclusive, and equitable workplaces for advocates so that they can adequately serve diverse survivors. Despite recent efforts, differential treatment and high turnover among minority advocates continue. Further strategies to eliminate discriminative organizational practices are needed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Impact of early life exposures on COPD in adulthood: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Respirology 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, China.

Early life represents a critical period for the development and growth of the lungs. Adverse exposures in this stage may drive the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Thus, we quantitatively evaluated the impact of different early life exposures on COPD in adulthood. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The relationship between domestic violence against women, adaptation to pregnancy and maternal-fetal antenatal attachment.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Midwifery, İnönü University, Malatya, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to determine the relationship between domestic violence against women, adaptation to pregnancy, and maternal-fetal antenatal attachment.

Design And Methods: The study consisted of 385 pregnant women who were referred to the antenatal clinics of a public hospital in eastern Turkey. The data were collected using the Domestic Violence against Women Scale (DVAWS), the Maternal-Fetal Antenatal Attachment Scale (MAAS), and the Prenatal Self-Evaluation Questionnaire (PSEQ) to assess adaptation to pregnancy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Formation of the upper gastrointestinal tract for patients who underwent total esophago-gastrectomy due to caustic ingestion: Case series.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Oct 9;70:102846. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Thai Binh University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Viet Nam.

Introduction And Importance: No case has been reported regarding esophago-gastrectomy due to caustic chemicals in the literature.

Case Presentation: The first case was a 43-year-old woman with BMI 28.5. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Roles of Family Stress, Maltreatment, and Affect Regulation Difficulties on Adolescent Mental Health During COVID-19.

J Fam Violence 2021 Sep 15:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychology, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC Canada.

This study examines the indirect effects of affect dysregulation and suppression on the associations between family stress from confinement, maltreatment, and adolescent mental health during COVID-19. We examined both adolescent and caregiver perspectives to yield a more well-rounded understanding of these associations than afforded in previous research. Using both adolescent ( = 809, M = 15. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Geodemographic insights on the COVID-19 pandemic in the State of Wisconsin and the role of risky facilities.

GeoJournal 2021 Sep 12:1-23. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) continues to impact the United States. While age and comorbid health conditions remain primary concerns in the community-based transmission of the virus, empirical evidence continues to suggest that substantial variability exists in the geographic and geodemographic distribution of COVID-19 infection rates. The purpose of this paper is to provide an alternative, spatiotemporal perspective on the pandemic using the state of Wisconsin as a case study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

How Do the Urban Poor Survive? A Comparative Ethnography of Subsistence Strategies in Argentina, Ecuador, and Mexico.

Qual Sociol 2021 Sep 11:1-29. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Sociology, University of Texas, 305 E 23rd St. CLA 3.306, Austin, TX 78712 USA.

Drawing on ethnographic data collected in three informal communities, one in Argentina, one in México, and one in Ecuador, we address the long-standing question posed by Larissa Lomnitz's and Carol Stack's now-classic studies of how impoverished people not only survive but what strategies they adopt in an attempt to build a dignified life. By focusing on the diversity of strategies by which the urban poor solve the everyday problems of individual and collective reproduction, we move beyond the macro-level analysis of structural constraint and material deprivation. Our findings show a remarkable continuity in the difficulties residents of these informal communities confronted and the problem-solving strategies they resorted to. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The institutional foundations of surf break governance in Atlantic Europe.

Martin Rode

Public Choice 2021 Sep 15:1-30. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Departamento de Economía, Universidad de Navarra, Campus Universitario, 31009 Pamplona, Navarra Spain.

The sport of surfing is best enjoyed with one rider on one wave, but crowding makes that optimal assignment increasingly hard to attain. This study examines the phenomenon of surf localism, whereby competitors are excluded from waves by intimidation and the threat of violence. An alternative way to accommodate crowds is contained in the surfer's code, which sets informal rules and self-enforced regulations to avoid conflict in the water. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Experience of Violence and Factors Influencing Response to Violence Among Emergency Nurses in South Korea: Perspectives on Stress-Coping Theory.

J Emerg Nurs 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Introduction: This cross-sectional study aimed to explore the experiences of workplace violence involving emergency nurses and to identify the factors influencing the response to violence on the basis of the stress-coping theory formulated by Lazarus and Folkman.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, a structured questionnaire was administered to measure the experience of violence, perceived stress, coping actions after violence, resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale), and responses to violence. The participants were 131 nurses who were working in the emergency departments in 9 of 11 general hospitals in 2 cities in South Korea. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Reproductive endocrinologists' knowledge and attitudes in the identification of intimate partner violence.

Fertil Steril 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address:

Objective: To assess reproductive endocrinologists' attitudes, beliefs, knowledge, and experiences with intimate partner violence (IPV).

Design: Cross-sectional survey of US reproductive endocrinologists.

Setting: The survey was disseminated via both direct mail and e-mail to a voluntary, semirandomized US national sample of reproductive endocrinologists. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Control, power, and responsibility: a qualitative study of local perspectives on problem drinking in Peruvian Andean highlands.

Global Health 2021 Sep 19;17(1):109. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Alcohol control has emerged as an important global health challenge due to the expanding influence of alcohol companies and limited control measures imposed by governments. In the Peruvian Andean highland, the ritual function of collective drinking is reported to have been weakened in response to the increased availability of alcohol and the experience of political violence. This study seeks to merge the broader political economy with local experience and culture to provide a deeper understanding of the dynamic between global processes and local realities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Approaching a New Normal: Lessons Learned Transitioning Family Education Programming to a Virtual Environment.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Sep 18:15248399211034814. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Champions for Children, Inc., Tampa, FL, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is highlighting deep-rooted health inequities. While the virus itself does not discriminate, gaps in access to services and disparities in health outcomes are prevalent. Concerns over worsening mental health outcomes and increases in family violence exist. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Serious physical assault and subsequent risk for rehospitalization in individuals with severe mental illness: a nationwide, register-based retrospective cohort study.

Ann Gen Psychiatry 2021 Sep 18;20(1):44. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital in Pilsen, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Victimization is associated with worse social and clinical outcomes of individuals with severe mental illness (SMI). A relapse of SMI may be one of the clinical consequences of assaultive trauma. As far as we know, there is no published study that analyzes nationwide health registers to assess the risk of SMI rehospitalization following assault. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Potential traumatic events and symptoms of post-traumatic stress in unaccompanied refugee minors-a comparison with youth in foster care.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, NORCE Norwegian Research Centre, Bergen, Norway.

Building knowledge on how child welfare services (CWS) should tailor services for unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) is important. URMs and youth in foster care are high-risk groups taken care of by the CWS in Norway. Little is known on whether knowledge gained from youth in foster care can inform services for URMs, and if these groups are comparable in terms of experiences of potential traumatic events (PTEs) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom load. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Afghanistan: Decades of collective trauma, ongoing humanitarian crises, Taliban rulers, and mental health of the displaced population.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 Sep 10;65:102854. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Kelaniya, Sri Lanka.

More than half of the Afghan population suffers from depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder, including many survivors of conflict-related violence, yet only about 10 percent receive effective psychosocial therapy from the government. As a result of decades of bloodshed, many Afghans have sustained serious psychological traumas. Due to unfair social standards, women and girls confront additional challenges, and millions of Afghans have suffered psychologically as a result of 41 years of conflict. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Observations and report of incidents on how birthing persons are treated during childbirth in two public facilities of Argentina.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Mother and Child Health. Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: This study sought to estimate the frequency and types of mistreatment during childbirth and explore health professionals´ opinions on barriers/facilitators to providing respectful childbirth care.

Methods: This prospective mixed-methods investigation consisted of direct observations of childbirth (N=250), at-home surveys with birthing individuals (N=45), and qualitative in-depth health staff interviews (N=6); conducted January-July 2019, in two public facilities in Argentina. Frequencies of clinical practices and mistreatment and 5% confidence intervals were calculated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The instigating effects of isolation on substance-related intimate partner violence: A review.

Curr Opin Psychol 2021 Aug 14;44:18-23. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Purdue University, USA.

In this article, we examine the empirical and theoretical support for the idea that experiences of isolation can intensify substance use, even among those in committed close relationships, and can increase the likelihood of negative conflict behaviors, including intimate partner violence (IPV). Cross-sectional, longitudinal, and laboratory-based research suggest that individuals and couples who report experiences of social exclusion and have fewer social supports experience more mental health problems, more negative emotional experiences, and higher levels of stress. These negative outcomes spur coping efforts to reduce these distressing states, which often involve pain-relieving substances such as alcohol. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Work situation of rheumatologists and residents in times of COVID-19 : Findings from a survey in Germany.

Z Rheumatol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Klinik für Rheumatologie und Immunologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover, OE 6830, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, 30625, Hannover, Germany.

Background And Objective: The work situation is an important dimension of professional life and wellbeing, and a policy lever to strengthen recruitment and retention. This study aims to explore the work situation of physicians and residents in internal medical rheumatology, considering the impact of the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19.

Methods: A questionnaire-based online survey was conducted in early 2021 at the Hannover Medical School, supported by the German Society of Rheumatology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Longitudinal prospective study examining the effects of the timing of prenatal stress on infant and child regulatory functioning: the Michigan Prenatal Stress Study protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 17;11(9):e054964. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Human Development and Family Studies, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA.

Introduction: A considerable literature implicates prenatal stress as a critical determinant of poor psychological functioning in childhood and beyond. However, knowledge about whether the timing of prenatal stress differentially influences the development of child outcomes, including psychopathology, is virtually unknown. The primary aim of our study is to examine how the timing of prenatal stress differentially affects early childhood regulatory functioning as a marker of psychopathology. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Sexual Behaviors: Findings From a National Survey in the United States.

J Sex Med 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Program in Human Sexuality, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Background: Studies from the first months of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and the resulting lockdown and social distancing measures have shown that there have been decreases in sexual frequency and relationship satisfaction.

Aim: To evaluate the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sexual behavior, relationship satisfaction, and intimate partner violence in the United States using a large national convenience sample.

Methods: About 1,051 participants across the United States were recruited in October 2020 to complete a cross-sectional online survey. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Women as users and dealers of inhalants in the streets of Mexico city: A study on empowerment, cooperation, and trust at the margins.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Sep 14:103440. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, 09340. Mexico City, Mexico; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, Insurgentes Sur 1582, 08400, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Introduction: People who live on the streets in Mexico commonly use inhalants to induce psychoactive effects. Research on the distribution, sale, and consumption of these substances is scarce and mostly focuses on men, which limits the understanding of their use and possible public policies. Our ethnographic research concentrates on women who live and work on the street under marginalized conditions in Mexico City. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The Neuroscience of Intergroup Threat and Violence.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

ISN Psychology, Institute for Social Neuroscience, Australia.

The COVID-19 pandemic led to a global increase in hate crimes and xenophobia. In these uncertain times, real or imaginary threats can easily lead to intergroup conflict. Here, we integrate social neuroscience findings with classic social psychology theories into a framework to better understand how intergroup threat can lead to violence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Barriers and facilitators to the access to specialized female genital cutting healthcare services: Experiences of Somali and Sudanese women in Norway.

PLoS One 2021 17;16(9):e0257588. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Section for Trauma, Catastrophes and Forced Migration-Adults and Elderly, Norwegian Centre for Violence and Traumatic Stress Studies, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Girls and women subjected to female genital cutting (FGC) risk experiencing obstetrical, gynecological, sexual, and psychological health problems. Therefore, Norway has established low-threshold specialized healthcare services where girls and women with FGC-related health problems can directly seek medical attention. Nevertheless, we lack data about access to these services, especially for non-maternity-related purposes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

All-cause and cause-specific mortality during and following incarceration in Brazil: A retrospective cohort study.

PLoS Med 2021 Sep 17;18(9):e1003789. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and Geographic Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America.

Background: Mortality during and after incarceration is poorly understood in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The need to address this knowledge gap is especially urgent in South America, which has the fastest growing prison population in the world. In Brazil, insufficient data have precluded our understanding of all-cause and cause-specific mortality during and after incarceration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Preventing Gender-Based Homelessness in Canada During the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: The Need to Account for Violence Against Women.

Violence Against Women 2021 Sep 17:10778012211034202. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Women's Shelters Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to increases in intimate partner violence (IPV), a leading cause of women's homelessness. Although the Canadian Government provided emergency funding to the violence against women and housing and homelessness sectors in response to COVID-19, Canada lacks a national legislative and funding framework to support coordinated prevention efforts. We review the context of IPV and homelessness among women and international policy exemplars. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021