971 results match your criteria violations higher

Aortic neck IFU violations during EVAR for ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysms are associated with increased in-hospital mortality.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Objective: Vascular surgeons treating patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) must make rapid treatment decisions and sometimes lack immediate access to endovascular devices meeting the anatomic specifications of the patient at hand. We hypothesized that endovascular treatment of rAAA (rEVAR) outside manufacturer instructions-for-use (IFU) guidelines would have similar in-hospital mortality compared to patients treated on-IFU or with an infrarenal clamp during open repair (rOAR).

Methods: Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) datasets for endovascular and open aortic repair were queried for patients presenting with ruptured infrarenal AAA between 2013-2018. Read More

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A Head-to-Head Comparison of the Standard Quality-Adjusted Life Year Model With the Annual Profile Model.

Value Health 2021 May 12;24(5):707-713. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The standard quality-adjusted life year (QALY) model (SQM) assumes time-utility independence within constant health states and additive independence when health varies over time. The validity of SQM has been challenged through reported violations of these assumptions. An alternative approach that relaxes these assumptions is to assign a single valuation to an entire health profile: an integral assessment of disease severity over time. Read More

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Retrospective analysis of sleep patterns in patients with chronic disorders of consciousness.

Sleep Med X 2020 Dec 28;2:100024. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Federal State Budget Scientific Institution, Federal Research and Clinical Center of Intensive Care Medicine and Rehabilitology, Moscow, Russia.

Analysis of sleep patterns in patients with chronic disorders of consciousness attracts attention from the perspective of the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease as well as the treatment. Yet, the very existence of normal sleep in patients in a vegetative or minimally conscious state is still a matter of debate. This paper presents a retrospective analysis of overnight polysomnographic records of 40 patients with chronic disorders of consciousness aimed at the possibility of establishing the connection between the degree of impaired consciousness and the presence and organization of polysomnographic graphical elements, associated with stages of sleep in normal individuals. Read More

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December 2020

Sleep-deprived car-following: Indicators of rear-end crash potential.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 13;156:106123. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Transportation Systems Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India. Electronic address:

Safety assessment among sleep-deprived drivers is a challenging research area with only a few sleep-related studies investigating safety performance during car-following. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the effects of partial sleep deprivation on driver safety during car-following. Fifty healthy male drivers with no prior history of any sleep-related disorders, drove the driving simulator in three conditions of varying sleep duration: a baseline (no sleep deprivation), test session (TS1) after one night of PSD (sleep ≤4. Read More

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Occurrence and Adherence to Recommendations: Small and Large Retail Delicatessens in Iowa.

Food Prot Trends 2020 Sep;40(5):320-331

Iowa Dept. of Inspection and Appeals, 321 East 12th St., Des Moines, IA 50319, USA.

The goal of this research was to determine the prevalence of in Iowa retail delicatessens and assess environmental aspects that mitigate . Fifty-seven small and large retail delicatessens in Iowa were selected randomly. More small operations ( = 43) were included as compared with larger stores, given the higher frequency of violations. Read More

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September 2020

Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 1;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Faculty of Psychology-INTRAS Research Centre, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain.

This research investigated how behaviours and attitudes of bicycle riders influence crash frequency and severity. The study recruited 1102 Australian bicycle riders for an online survey. The survey comprised questions on demographics, frequency of riding and the number and severity of traffic crashes during the last five years. Read More

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Initiation of a Night Float System in an Otolaryngology Residency: Resident Perception and Impact on Operative Volume.

Laryngoscope 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A.

Objectives: Evaluate resident perception on implementation of a night float (NF) system to an otolaryngology residency program. We compared these perceptions to Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) case log data.

Methods: A retrospective anonymous survey was sent to residents and alumni graduating between 2015 and 2023. Read More

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Basic Medical Training for Refugees via Collaborative Blended Learning: Quasi-Experimental Design.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Mar 24;23(3):e22345. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Globally, there is an excess of 68.5 million people who have been forced to leave their homes and seek sanctuary elsewhere because of poverty, persecution, conflict, violence, and human rights violations. Although international humanitarian responses usually focus on ensuring that the basic needs of these people are being met, there is growing attention on the role that development-oriented interventions can play in the longer term. Read More

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Consequences of Ethical and Audit Violations: Evidence from the PCAOB Settled Disciplinary Orders.

J Bus Ethics 2021 Mar 19:1-25. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Swinburne Business School, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn Campus, VIC 3122 Australia.

We investigate the justifications provided by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) when sanctioning audit firms and individual auditors, as disclosed in the publicly released Settled Disciplinary Orders (SDOs). Employing responsive regulation theory, we seek to gain an understanding of violating behaviors by audit firms and individual auditors that attract regulatory responses ranging in nature from persuasive to punitive sanctions. Using 298 SDOs issued by the PCAOB from 2005 to 2020, we find that the frequency and severity of PCAOB sanctions at the firm level are positively associated with auditing standards violations, independence issues, and reckless behavior. Read More

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Children's and Adults' Sensitivity to Gricean Maxims and to the Maximize Presupposition Principle.

Front Psychol 2021 3;12:624628. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy.

Up to age 5, children are known to experience difficulties in the derivation of implicitly conveyed content, sticking to literally true, even if underinformative, interpretation of sentences. The computation of implicated meanings is connected to the (apparent or manifest) violation of Gricean conversational maxims. We present a study that tests unmotivated violations of the maxims of Quantity, Relevance, and Manner and of the Maximize Presupposition principle, with a Truth Value Judgment task with three options of response. Read More

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Surveillance of the infection prevention and control practices of healthcare workers by an infection control surveillance-working group and a team of infection control coordinators during the COVID-19 pandemic.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Apr 30;14(4):454-460. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Infection Control Department, Eunpyeong St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 1021, Tongil-ro, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul, 03312, Republic of Korea; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Eunpyeong St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 1021, Tongil-ro, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul, 03312, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: During the ongoing coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, hospitals have strengthened their guidelines on infection prevention and control (IPC), and a rigorous adherence to these guidelines is crucial. An infection control surveillance-working group (ICS-WG) and infection control coordinators (ICCs) team were created to monitor the IPC practices of the healthcare workers (HCWs) in a regional hospital in Korea. This study analyzed the surveillance results and aimed to identify what IPC practices needed improvement. Read More

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Genetically predicted circulating concentrations of micronutrients and risk of colorectal cancer among individuals of European descent: a Mendelian randomization study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: The literature on associations of circulating concentrations of minerals and vitamins with risk of colorectal cancer is limited and inconsistent. Evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to support the efficacy of dietary modification or nutrient supplementation for colorectal cancer prevention is also limited.

Objectives: To complement observational and RCT findings, we investigated associations of genetically predicted concentrations of 11 micronutrients (β-carotene, calcium, copper, folate, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, selenium, vitamin B-6, vitamin B-12, and zinc) with colorectal cancer risk using Mendelian randomization (MR). Read More

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Using Integrated City Data and Machine Learning to Identify and Intervene Early on Housing-Related Public Health Problems.

J Public Health Manag Pract 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Drs Robb and de Jong, Mr Diaz Amigo, and Ms Marcoux); and Chelsea City Hall, Chelsea, Massachusetts (Mr McAteer).

Context: Housing is more than a physical structure-it has a profound impact on health. Enforcing housing codes is a primary strategy for breaking the link between poor housing and poor health.

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine whether machine learning algorithms can identify properties with housing code violations at a higher rate than inspector-informed prioritization. Read More

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[Vascular remodeling with violations of intracardiac hemodynamics in patients older age category, combined with the clinical-cluster, neurocognitive and biomarker heterogeneity in multifocal atherosclerosis].

Ter Arkh 2020 Dec 15;92(12):67-74. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University).

Aim: Study of the remodeling of the carotid arteries with violation of intracardiac hemodynamics in patients with MFA, and the estimation of the main parameters of dyslipidemia, apoptosis, and oxidative stress in patients with high vascular risk older age group (6175 years) in a Regional vascular center of Ufa.

Materials And Methods: Depending on the predominant lesion of the vascular pool, patients were divided into 3 clusters by the method of hierarchical analysis of categorical variables according to the clinical manifestation of atherosclerotic lesions of the heart, brain and lower limb arteries confirmed by coronary angiography, ultrasound Doppler of the main arteries of the head and lower extremities. 96 of them were IPA with a primary lesion of the heart (1st cluster), the 96 IPA with a predominance of lesions of the carotid arteries (2nd cluster), 96 patients with ischemia of lower extremities (3rd cluster). Read More

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December 2020

Reproductive health at conflict borders: a cross-sectional survey of human rights violations and perinatal outcomes at the Thai-Myanmar border.

Confl Health 2021 Mar 10;15(1):15. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

Background: Human rights violations (HRVs) are common in conflict and displacement contexts. Women are especially vulnerable to HRVs in these contexts, and perinatal health is acutely sensitive to related stressors and health care barriers. However, how HRVs affect immediate and long-term perinatal health in chronic displacement settings has not been closely investigated. Read More

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The Division of Labor in Communication: Speakers Help Listeners Account for Asymmetries in Visual Perspective.

Cogn Sci 2021 Mar;45(3):e12926

Department of Psychology, Stanford University.

Recent debates over adults' theory of mind use have been fueled by surprising failures of perspective-taking in communication, suggesting that perspective-taking may be relatively effortful. Yet adults routinely engage in effortful processes when needed. How, then, should speakers and listeners allocate their resources to achieve successful communication? We begin with the observation that the shared goal of communication induces a natural division of labor: The resources one agent chooses to allocate toward perspective-taking should depend on their expectations about the other's allocation. Read More

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Perceptions of the appropriate response to norm violation in 57 societies.

Nat Commun 2021 03 5;12(1):1481. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Center for Culture and Evolution, Brunel University London, Uxbridge, UK.

Norm enforcement may be important for resolving conflicts and promoting cooperation. However, little is known about how preferred responses to norm violations vary across cultures and across domains. In a preregistered study of 57 countries (using convenience samples of 22,863 students and non-students), we measured perceptions of the appropriateness of various responses to a violation of a cooperative norm and to atypical social behaviors. Read More

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Steering clear: Traffic violations among emerging adults who engage in habitual or casual cannabis use.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 1;153:106059. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada. Electronic address:

While some research has shown that cannabis use can impair driving ability, evidence to the degree and impact of impairment are lacking. This study examined the association between habitual or casual cannabis use and past-year traffic violations among emerging adults (EAs). Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Read More

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A longitudinal analysis of fatigue in colorectal cancer patients during chemotherapy.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 3 East Qingchun Road, Hangzhou, 310016, China.

Purpose: The aim of this longitudinal study was to analyze trends in fatigue among colorectal cancer patients during chemotherapy and examine the predictors of multidimensional fatigue.

Methods: A mixed sample of colorectal cancer patients who were receiving chemotherapy (N = 200) was recruited in China. The patients completed the Cancer Fatigue Scale (CFS) at baseline (before chemotherapy) and after 3 and 6 months of chemotherapy. Read More

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Post-discharge Telemonitoring of Physical Activity, Vital Signs, and Patient-Reported Symptoms in Older Patients Undergoing Cancer Surgery.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Surgical Oncology, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Postoperative home monitoring could potentially detect complications early, but evidence in oncogeriatric surgery is scarce. Therefore, we evaluated whether post-discharge physical activity, vital signs, and patient-reported symptoms are related to post-discharge complications and hospital readmissions in older patients undergoing cancer surgery.

Methods: In this observational cohort study, we monitored older patients (≥65 years of age) undergoing cancer surgery, for 2 weeks post-discharge using tablet-based applications and connected devices. Read More

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February 2021

Data privacy and confidentiality from the perspectives of general public and health care providers in Jordan.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Feb 26:e14117. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.

Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude, and beliefs about the right to privacy and confidentiality from the viewpoints of the general public (GP) and the health system (HS) professionals in Jordan.

Methods: An online-based cross-sectional descriptive questionnaire was distributed across Jordan during May & June of 2020. A total number of 388 respondents filled in the online survey assessing their knowledge, attitude, and opinion about the right to privacy and confidentiality being practiced during the professional contact between the patients and their health care providers. Read More

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February 2021

Tobacco 21 Policies in the U.S.: The Importance of Local Control With Federal Policy.

Am J Prev Med 2021 05 16;60(5):639-647. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Health and Exercise Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.

Introduction: In December 2019, the U.S. raised the minimum legal sales age of tobacco to 21 years, a law commonly known as Tobacco 21. Read More

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Healing features of experimental injuries of soft tissues that contain foreign bodies in the form of fragments of military personnel uniforms.

BMJ Mil Health 2021 Feb 5. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Сentral Research Laboratory, Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Introduction: The healing of combat wounds can be complicated by the presence of foreign bodies. The present research aimed to study the regeneration of soft tissue injuries complicated by foreign bodies in the form of fragments of military uniforms.

Methods: 60 rats were divided into four groups: intact (Int), control (Con) and two experimental (EG1, EG2). Read More

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February 2021

Safety and efficacy of an rAd26 and rAd5 vector-based heterologous prime-boost COVID-19 vaccine: an interim analysis of a randomised controlled phase 3 trial in Russia.

Lancet 2021 02 2;397(10275):671-681. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Federal State Budget Institution "National Research Centre for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after Honorary Academician N F Gamaleya" of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Background: A heterologous recombinant adenovirus (rAd)-based vaccine, Gam-COVID-Vac (Sputnik V), showed a good safety profile and induced strong humoral and cellular immune responses in participants in phase 1/2 clinical trials. Here, we report preliminary results on the efficacy and safety of Gam-COVID-Vac from the interim analysis of this phase 3 trial.

Methods: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial at 25 hospitals and polyclinics in Moscow, Russia. Read More

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February 2021

Remote exposure to traumatic events and PTSD symptoms among U.S. Air Force intelligence personnel: Moderating effects of morally injurious experiences.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Shaw Air Force Base, U.S. Air Force.

Objectives: U.S. Air Force (USAF) intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) personnel continuously view high-resolution, real-time imagery and video feeds that include intermittent exposure to graphic events. Read More

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February 2021

Mental Distress and Human Rights Violations During COVID-19: A Rapid Review of the Evidence Informing Rights, Mental Health Needs, and Public Policy Around Vulnerable Populations.

Front Psychiatry 2020 8;11:603875. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

COVID-19 prevention and mitigation efforts were abrupt and challenging for most countries with the protracted lockdown straining socioeconomic activities. Marginalized groups and individuals are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects of the pandemic such as human rights abuses and violations which can lead to psychological distress. In this review, we focus on mental distress and disturbances that have emanated due to human rights restrictions and violations amidst the pandemic. Read More

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January 2021

Breaking up the Proton: An Affair with Dark Forces.

Phys Rev Lett 2021 Jan;126(1):011801

TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3, Canada.

Deep inelastic scattering of e^{±} off protons is sensitive to contributions from "dark photon" exchange. Using HERA data fit to HERA's parton distribution functions (PDFs), we obtain the model-independent bound ε≲0.02 on the kinetic mixing between hypercharge and the dark photon for dark photon masses ≲10  GeV. Read More

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January 2021

Supervisory control configurations design for nitrogen and phosphorus removal in wastewater treatment plants.

Water Environ Res 2021 Jan 14. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India.

Model predictive control (MPC) and Fuzzy controllers are designed in a two-level hierarchical supervisory control framework for control of activated sludge-based wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) in order to efficiently remove nitrogen and phosphorus. Benchmark simulation model No.3 with a bio-phosphorus (ASM3bioP) module is used as a working platform. Read More

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January 2021

Analysis of Traffic Crashes Caused by Motorcyclists Running Red Lights in Guangdong Province of China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 11;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Motorcycles are among the primary means of transport in China, and the phenomenon of motorcyclists running red lights is becoming increasingly prevalent. Based on the traffic crash data for 2006-2010 in Guangdong Province, China, fixed- and random-parameter logit models are used to study the characteristics of motorcyclists, vehicles, roads, and environments involved in red light violations and injury severity resulting from motorcyclists' running red lights in China. Certain factors that affect the probability of motorcyclists running red lights are identified. Read More

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January 2021

The clinical significance of duration of untreated psychosis: an umbrella review and random-effects meta-analysis.

World Psychiatry 2021 Feb;20(1):75-95

Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

The idea that a longer duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) leads to poorer outcomes has contributed to extensive changes in mental health ser-vices worldwide and has attracted considerable research interest over the past 30 years. However, the strength of the evidence underlying this notion is unclear. To address this issue, we conducted an umbrella review of available meta-analyses and performed a random-effects meta-analysis of primary studies. Read More

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February 2021