48 results match your criteria venues maximum

Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 06 22;45(6):1298-1303. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with increased number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of current paper is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

An evaluation of assumptions underlying respondent-driven sampling and the social contexts of sexual and gender minority youth participating in HIV clinical trials in the United States.

J Int AIDS Soc 2021 05;24(5):e25694

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Introduction: Respondent-driven sampling (RDS) has been an effective sampling strategy for HIV research in many settings, but has had limited success among some youth in the United States. We evaluated a modified RDS approach for sampling Black and Latinx sexual and gender minority youth (BLSGMY) and explored how lived experiences and social contexts of BLSGMY youth may impact traditional RDS assumptions.

Methods: RDS was implemented in three US cities, Baltimore, Philadelphia and Washington DC, to engage BLSGMY aged 15 to 24 years in HIV prevention or care intervention trials. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 and ARDS: Update On Preventive And Therapeutic Venues.

Curr Mol Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Biochemistry, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014. 0.

A novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 which initially originated in China has outstretched to all nations and turned out to be an intense global concern for both the governments and the public. In addition to the health concerns, COVID-19 pandemic has caused tremendous impact on economic and political conditions of every nation. Ever since the start of pandemic the physicians were constrained to rely on the management strategies due to lack of clear understanding of the disease pathogenesis caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Examining HIV-related stigma among African, Caribbean, and Black church congregants from the Black PRAISE study in Ontario, Canada.

AIDS Care 2021 Jan 14:1-6. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Ontario HIV Treatment Network, Toronto, Canada.

HIV-related stigma impedes adoption and implementation of effective HIV prevention and treatment strategies. It may also exacerbate racial/ethnic HIV disparities. Given high levels of religious observance within African, Caribbean, and Black (ACB) communities and the social capital that faith-based organizations hold, these entities may be promising venues for stigma-remediation and effective partners in community-based, HIV-focused programing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

An evaluation of assumptions underlying respondent-driven sampling and the social contexts of sexual and gender minority youth participating in HIV clinical trials in the United States.

medRxiv 2020 Nov 4. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Introduction: Respondent-driven sampling has been an effective sampling strategy for HIV research in many settings, but has had limited success among some youth in the United States. We evaluated a modified RDS approach for sampling Black and Latinx sexual and gender minority youth (BLSGMY) and evaluates how lived experiences and social contexts of BLSGMY youth may impact traditional RDS assumptions.

Methods: RDS was implemented in three cities to engage BLSGMY in HIV prevention or care intervention trials. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

A multi-scalar climatological analysis in preparation for extreme heat at the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

Temperature (Austin) 2020 19;7(2):191-214. Epub 2020 Mar 19.

Korey Stringer Institute, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Extreme heat can be harmful to human health and negatively affect athletic performance. The Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games are predicted to be the most oppressively hot Olympics on record. An interdisciplinary multi-scale perspective is provided concerning extreme heat in Tokyo-from planetary atmospheric dynamics, including El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), to fine-scale urban temperatures-as relevant for heat preparedness efforts by sport, time of day, and venue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Radiotherapy service need in the Pacific Island countries.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2020 Sep 25. Epub 2020 Sep 25.

Collaboration for Cancer Outcomes, Research and Evaluation (CCORE), Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) have experienced an increase in cancer burden in the recent years. There is need for major investments in the cancer treatment facilities including radiotherapy (RT).

Aims: This study aimed to provide a quantitative estimation of the effect of establishing new RT facilities on patient access through Geographic Information System (GIS) modelling of population density and service availability to assess the best location for a new RT centre when there are multiple competing locations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

[Predictive ability of risk assessment tool regarding HIV infection for men who have sex with men].

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 2020 Aug;41(8):1324-1327

Taizhou Prefectural Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Taizhou 318000, China; School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To analyze the predictive ability of HIV infection risk assessment tool for men who have sex with men (MSM). Sentinel surveillance data of MSM in Taizhou prefecture of Zhejiang province was used. MSM involved in AIDS sentinel surveillance program in Taizhou from 2013 to 2017 were included in the study and items listed in the HIV infection risk assessment tool for MSM was revised. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Double Up Food Bucks: A Qualitative Evaluation of Usage, Impact, Barriers, and Facilitators.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2020 12 27;52(12):1100-1110. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Department of Community Health and Health Behavior, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY. Electronic address:

Objective: Evaluate implementation of a farmers market-based fruit and vegetable incentive program.

Design: Four focus groups and 6 interviews with program participants from April through November 2017.

Setting: Double Up Food Bucks (DUFB) program in Western New York. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Compliance with the smoking ban in enclosed, semiopen and open areas of workplaces and public places in Chile.

Tob Control 2021 Sep 23;30(5):570-573. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Center for Epidemiology and Health Policy, Facultad de Medicina, Clínica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago de Chile, Chile.

Objective: To assess the national level of compliance with the Chilean comprehensive smoke-free legislation by observing healthcare facilities, education centres, government offices, hospitality venues and private workplaces, by type of area within workplaces and public places: enclosed, semiopen and open.

Methodology: In this cross-sectional observational study, we studied a national representative sample of 3253 venues obtained through a two-stage cluster sampling design. First, 57 municipalities were randomly selected, proportionally to the total number of venues of interest. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

All Hands on Deck: A synchronized whole-of-world approach for COVID-19 mitigation.

Int J Infect Dis 2020 Sep 18;98:208-215. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Research Innovation Center, King Saud Medical City, Ministry of Health and College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

The COVID-19 pandemic can no longer be mitigated by a nationwide approach of individual nations alone. Given its scale and accelerating expansion, COVID-19 requires a coordinated and simultaneous Whole- of-World approach that galvanizes clear global leadership and solidarity from all governments of the world. Considering an 'all hands-on deck' concept, we present a comprehensive list of tools and entities responsible for enabling them, as well a conceptual framework to achieve the maximum impact. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke in waterpipe cafés in Barcelona, Spain: An assessment of airborne nicotine and PM.

Environ Res 2020 05 8;184:109347. Epub 2020 Mar 8.

Tobacco Control Unit, WHO Collaborating Centre for Tobacco Control, Institut Català d'Oncologia-ICO, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; Tobacco Control Research Group, Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge-IDIBELL, l'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Campus de Bellvitge, Universitat de Barcelona, l'Hospitalet del Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER of Respiratory Diseases (CIBERES), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has grown in popularity worldwide, with the prevalence of use increasing in Spain from 6.2% to 10.8% in the last decade, despite the smoking ban enacted in 2010 for all hospitality premises. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

No Shortage of Decibels in Music City: Evaluation of Noise Exposure in Urban Music Venues.

Laryngoscope 2021 01 10;131(1):25-27. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Otolaryngology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Objectives/hypothesis: To measure and report noise exposure at urban music venues and assess the risk of noise-induced hearing loss by comparing these measures to the National Institute of Occupations Safety and Health (NIOSH) guidelines.

Study Design: Observational study.

Methods: A commercially available smartphone and external calibrated microphone were used to measure sound levels at urban music venues. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Geographic Access to Preexposure Prophylaxis Clinics Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States.

Am J Public Health 2019 09 18;109(9):1216-1223. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Aaron J. Siegler is with the Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education and Anna Bratcher and Kevin M. Weiss are with the Department of Epidemiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.

To explore US geographic areas with limited access to HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) providers, PrEP deserts. We sourced publicly listed PrEP providers from a national database of PrEP providers from 2017 and obtained county-level urbanicity classification and population estimates of men who have sex with men (MSM) from public data. We calculated travel time from census tract to the nearest provider. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

A big night out getting bigger: Alcohol consumption, arrests and crowd numbers, before and after legislative change.

PLoS One 2019 20;14(6):e0218161. Epub 2019 Jun 20.

School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Restrictive practices on alcohol sales in entertainment districts have been introduced to reduce alcohol-related violence in youth. On 1st July 2016, the Queensland State Government (Australia) imposed a 2-hour reduction in trading hours for alcohol sales in venues within specific night-time entertainment districts (NEDS; from 5am to 3am), a reduction in maximum trading hours for venues outside NEDs (with a maximum 2am closing time), the banning of 'rapid intoxication drinks' (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2020

Evaluating changes in electronic gambling machine policy on user losses in an Australian jurisdiction.

BMC Public Health 2019 May 6;19(1):517. Epub 2019 May 6.

School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Road, Melbourne, Vic, 3004, Australia.

Background: Electronic gambling machines (EGMs) are in casinos and community venues (hotels and clubs) in all jurisdictions in Australia, except Western Australia (only in casino). EGMs have a range of features that can affect how people gamble, which can influence losses incurred by users. The Northern Territory Government recently changed two EGM policies - the introduction of note acceptors on EGMs in community venues, and an increase in the cap from 10 to 20 EGMs in hotels and 45 to 55 in clubs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Evaluation of on-the-job noise exposure in the case of bartenders].

Med Pr 2018 12 17;69(6):633-641. Epub 2018 Dec 17.

Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. J. Nofera / Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine, Łódź, Poland (Klinika Audiologii i Foniatrii / Audiology and Phoniatrics Clinic).

Background: In places associated with the entertainment industry in which music is performed or played, sounds with high sound pressure levels may occur. Such exposure is a threat to both people spending their free time at concerts, in discos or pubs, as well as employees in these places. The aim of the research conducted in 2017 was to assess on-the-job noise exposure in the case of bartenders at various premises of the entertainment industry. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2018

Preventing heat illness in the anticipated hot climate of the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympic Games.

Environ Health Prev Med 2017 Sep 19;22(1):68. Epub 2017 Sep 19.

Department of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Hikarigaoka 1, Fukushima, 960-1295, Japan.

Amid the effects of global warming, Tokyo has become an increasingly hot city, especially during the summertime. To prepare for the upcoming 2020 Summer Olympics and Paralympics in Tokyo, all participants, including the athletes, staff, and spectators, will need to familiarize themselves with Tokyo's hot and humid summer conditions. This paper uses the wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) index, which estimates the risk of heat illness, to compare climate conditions of sports events in Tokyo with the conditions of the past three Summer Olympics (held in Rio de Janeiro, London, and Beijing) and to subsequently detail the need for establishing appropriate countermeasures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2017

Characterization and health risk assessment of PM-bound organics inside and outside of Chinese smoking lounges.

Chemosphere 2017 Nov 4;186:438-445. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Key Lab of Aerosol Chemistry & Physics, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China; State Key Lab of Loess and Quaternary Geology (SKLLQG), Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an, China. Electronic address:

PM samples were collected at six indoor public places that contained dedicated smoking lounges. Samples were taken in the smoking lounges, at two indoor locations outside of the lounges, and in outdoor air near the venues. Organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), and non-polar organic compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), n-alkanes (n-C to n-C), iso/anteiso-alkanes (C to C), hopanes and phthalate esters (PAEs) were quantified. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2017

Pilot study of patron sound level exposure in loud restaurants, bars, and clubs in New York city.

J Occup Environ Hyg 2017 07;14(7):494-501

a New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene , Division of Environmental Health, Bureau of Environmental Disease and Injury Prevention , New York , New York.

Visiting restaurants, bars, clubs, and lounges is a regular part of urban cultural life for residents and tourists alike; however, anecdotal reports and diner surveys suggest that sound levels are excessive and diners dislike them. High sound levels in these venues can contribute to both patron and employee overexposure, and young people may be particularly at risk. To supplement the paucity of literature and data on noise in urban venues, patron noise exposure was measured inside a sample of loud New York City restaurants, bars, clubs, and lounges. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of a comprehensive law on the prevalence of tobacco consumption in Spain: evaluation of different scenarios.

Public Health 2016 Sep 10;138:41-9. Epub 2016 Apr 10.

Department of Statistics and Operations Research, University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Objectives: Since 2011, smoking legislation was hardened in Spain, banning tobacco consumption in all hospitality venues. Law 42/2010 was the first comprehensive tobacco control policy enacted in Spain. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effect that this intervention has had in reducing the prevalence of tobacco consumption, setting up three scenarios on the basis of different theoretical levels of effect of the law. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2016

Assessment of a University Campus Food Environment, California, 2015.

Prev Chronic Dis 2016 Feb 4;13:E18. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, California.

Introduction: University campuses offer an opportunity to study the extent to which modifying the food environment influences eating, but in-depth characterizations of campus food environments are needed to identify potential targets for intervention. The objective of this project was to describe the availability, accessibility, and quality of healthful food choices in dining venues and food stores at or near a public, 4-year university in California.

Methods: Trained assessors used the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for campus dining (NEMS-CD) to evaluate all 18 campus dining venues, and NEMS for stores (NEMS-S) to evaluate 2 on-campus and 37 off-campus food stores. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2016

Increased Hypoxic Dose After Training at Low Altitude with 9h Per Night at 3000m Normobaric Hypoxia.

J Sports Sci Med 2015 Dec 24;14(4):776-82. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport , Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia ; Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Flinders University , Adelaide, South Australia.

This study examined effects of low altitude training and a live-high: train-low protocol (combining both natural and simulated modalities) on haemoglobin mass (Hbmass), maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max), time to exhaustion, and submaximal exercise measures. Eighteen elite-level race-walkers were assigned to one of two experimental groups; lowHH (low Hypobaric Hypoxia: continuous exposure to 1380 m for 21 consecutive days; n = 10) or a combined low altitude training and nightly Normobaric Hypoxia (lowHH+NHnight: living and training at 1380 m, plus 9 h.night(-1) at a simulated altitude of 3000 m using hypoxic tents; n = 8). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2015

Consumer Perspectives on Gambling Harm Minimisation Measures in an Australian Jurisdiction.

J Gambl Stud 2016 Jun;32(2):801-22

Melbourne Graduate School of Education, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

This paper investigates consumer perspectives of implemented and proposed gambling harm minimisation measures taken from a geographically stratified survey of adult residents in Tasmania, Australia. Electronic gaming machine (EGM) gamblers were asked whether current and proposed EGM harm minimisation measures impacted on their actual or anticipated gambling expenditure and enjoyment. Participants were analysed based on their endorsement of Problem Gambling Severity Index criteria (scores 0-27), and categorised as non-problem gamblers (score 0), low-risk gamblers (scores 1-2), and moderate/problem gamblers (scores 3+). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

System factors to explain 2009 pandemic H1N1 state vaccination rates for children and high-risk adults in US emergency response to pandemic.

Vaccine 2014 Jan 25;32(2):246-51. Epub 2013 Nov 25.

Immunization Services Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC Corporate Square Building 8, Corporate Boulevard NE, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: During the 2009-2010 H1N1 pandemic, children and high-risk adults had priority for vaccination. Vaccine in short supply was allocated to states pro-rata by population, but vaccination rates as of January 2010 varied among states from 21.3% to 84. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2014

Impact of a smoking ban in hospitality venues on second hand smoke exposure: a comparison of exposure assessment methods.

BMC Public Health 2013 Jun 4;13:536. Epub 2013 Jun 4.

Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.

Background: In May 2010, Switzerland introduced a heterogeneous smoking ban in the hospitality sector. While the law leaves room for exceptions in some cantons, it is comprehensive in others. This longitudinal study uses different measurement methods to examine airborne nicotine levels in hospitality venues and the level of personal exposure of non-smoking hospitality workers before and after implementation of the law. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Detecting negative selection on recurrent mutations using gene genealogy.

BMC Genet 2013 May 7;14:37. Epub 2013 May 7.

Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-5001, USA.

Background: Whether or not a mutant allele in a population is under selection is an important issue in population genetics, and various neutrality tests have been invented so far to detect selection. However, detection of negative selection has been notoriously difficult, partly because negatively selected alleles are usually rare in the population and have little impact on either population dynamics or the shape of the gene genealogy. Recently, through studies of genetic disorders and genome-wide analyses, many structural variations were shown to occur recurrently in the population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and reliability testing of the Worksite and Energy Balance Survey.

J Public Health Manag Pract 2013 May-Jun;19(3 Suppl 1):S105-13

Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University in St Louis, Missouri, USA.

Context: Worksites represent important venues for health promotion. Development of psychometrically sound measures of worksite environments and policy supports for physical activity and healthy eating are needed for use in public health research and practice.

Objective: Assess the test-retest reliability of the Worksite and Energy Balance Survey (WEBS), a self-report instrument for assessing perceptions of worksite supports for physical activity and healthy eating. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2013

Differences in 200-m sprint running performance between outdoor and indoor venues.

J Strength Cond Res 2013 Jan;27(1):83-8

Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Science, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Athletes' times in 200-m indoor races are greater than in outdoor races. The purpose of this study was to determine which 50-m sections were slower indoors than outdoors in 200-m sprint events and by how much. Using 2-dimensional photogrammetric techniques, a 50-m split-time analysis was made of the performance of 17 men and 16 women, all well-trained athletes, at 4 national competitions held over 5 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2013

Carbon fiber couch effects on skin dose for volumetric modulated arcs.

Med Phys 2011 May;38(5):2419-23

Department of Radiation Oncology, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy Street, Providence, Rhode Island 02903, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the dosimetric effect of carbon fiber couches (CFCs) on delivered skin dose as well as to explore potential venues for its minimization for volumetric modulated arc (VMAT) treatments.

Methods: A carbon fiber couch (BrainLab) was incorporated in Pinnacle treatment planning system (TPS) by autocontouring. A retrospective investigation on five lung and five prostate patient plans was performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF