98 results match your criteria venue capacity

Pre-exposure prophylaxis for transgender women and men who have sex with men: qualitative insights from healthcare providers, community organization-based leadership and end users in coastal Kenya.

Int Health 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Program, Kilifi, Kenya.

Transgender women (TW) and men who have sex with men (MSM) in Kenya are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and would benefit substantially from pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We conducted focus group discussions (FGDs) with healthcare providers (HCPs) and TW/MSM leadership and in-depth interviews (IDIs) with PrEP-experienced MSM and TW to learn about perceived and actual barriers to PrEP programming. Eleven HCP and 10 TW/MSM leaders participated in FGDs before PrEP roll-out (January 2018) and 12 months later. Read More

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Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 06 22;45(6):1298-1303. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with increased number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of current paper is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

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Quality and Adoption of COVID-19 Tracing Apps and Recommendations for Development: Systematic Interdisciplinary Review of European Apps.

J Med Internet Res 2021 06 2;23(6):e27989. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Institute for Interactive Systems, Technische Hochschule Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Background: Simulation study results suggest that COVID-19 contact tracing apps have the potential to achieve pandemic control. Concordantly, high app adoption rates were a stipulated prerequisite for success. Early studies on potential adoption were encouraging. Read More

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Type I Interferon acts as a major barrier to the establishment of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) persistent infections.

J Virol 2020 Dec 16. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Departamento de Biología Molecular y Celular, Centro Nacional de Biotecnología-CSIC, Madrid, Spain

Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), the best characterized member of the family, is a highly relevant avian pathogen causing both acute and persistent infections in different avian hosts. Here, we describe the establishment of clonal, long-term, productive persistent IBDV infections in DF-1 chicken embryonic fibroblasts. Although virus yields in persistently-infected cells are exceedingly lower than those detected in acutely infected cells, the replication fitness of viruses isolated from persistently-infected cells is higher than that of the parental virus. Read More

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December 2020

Inside The O2: the NHS Nightingale Hospital London education center.

J Interprof Care 2020 Sep-Oct;34(5):698-701. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Health Education England , London, England.

As part of the response to COVID-19 in the United Kingdom (UK) the NHS Nightingale Hospital London was rapidly established in March 2020. Set up in the ExCel, an international conference center, it aimed to address the anticipated shortfall of intensive care beds in London. Whilst this hospital garnered huge amounts of publicity in the UK, less widely discussed is the Nightingale Education Center. Read More

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November 2020

Working memory capacity predicts individual differences in social-distancing compliance during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2020 07 10;117(30):17667-17674. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Psychology, University of California, Riverside, CA 92521.

Noncompliance with social distancing during the early stage of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic poses a great challenge to the public health system. These noncompliance behaviors partly reflect people's concerns for the inherent costs of social distancing while discounting its public health benefits. We propose that this oversight may be associated with the limitation in one's mental capacity to simultaneously retain multiple pieces of information in working memory (WM) for rational decision making that leads to social-distancing compliance. Read More

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Freeze-dried synthesized bifunctional biopolymer nanocomposite for efficient fluoride removal and antibacterial activity.

J Environ Sci (China) 2020 Aug 18;94:52-63. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Department of Chemistry, Banasthali Vidyapith, Banasthali, Rajasthan 304022, India; School of Chemical Sciences, Central University of Gujarat, Gandhinagar 382030, India. Electronic address:

Local fluoride contamination and bacterial infections in potable water have dangerous effects on the human body and are today a global concern. In this study, we have synthesized a pH-responsive bifunctional biopolymer nanocomposite (HAZ) of humic acid with incorporating aluminum zirconium bimetallic oxide by deep freeze-drying method. Fast nucleation and interconnection of nanoparticles form a highly porous network because of sublimation of frozen HAZ. Read More

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IL-11 and soluble VCAM-1 are important components of Hypoxia Conditioned Media and crucial for Mesenchymal Stromal Cells attraction.

Stem Cell Res 2020 05 20;45:101814. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany.

Introduction: Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) are highly attractive for tissue engineering due to their ability to differentiate into different cell types, to expand extensively in vitro and to release paracrine soluble factors with a high regenerative potential. They were observed to migrate towards the sites of injury in response to chemotactic signals in vivo. During the last years hypoxia has become a proven method to control proliferation, differentiation and multipotency of BMSC. Read More

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Influence of Instant Controlled Pressure Drop (DIC) on Allergenic Potential of Tree Nuts.

Molecules 2020 Apr 10;25(7). Epub 2020 Apr 10.

Food Technology DepartmentSGIT-INIA, Ctra. La Coruña Km. 7.5, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Pistachio and cashew contain allergenic proteins, which causes them to be removed from the diet of allergic people. Previous studies have demonstrated that food processing (thermal and non-thermal) can produce structural and/or conformational changes in proteins by altering their allergenic capacity. In this study, the influence of instant controlled pressure drop (DIC) on pistachio and cashew allergenic capacity has been studied. Read More

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Levelling playing field: synchronization and rapid facial mimicry in dog-horse play.

Behav Processes 2020 May 7;174:104104. Epub 2020 Mar 7.

Unit of Ethology, Department of Biology, University of Pisa, Via Volta 6, 56126, Pisa, Italy; Natural History Museum, University of Pisa, Italy. Electronic address:

Social play is a window on cognitive and communicative abilities of species. Inter-specific play, in particular, is a fertile venue to explore the capacity to correctly perceive and interpret signals emitted by partners. Up to now, most studies have focussed on dog-human play due to the important implications such studies have in understanding the peculiar relationship we establish with our pets. Read More

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Medical Education Empowered by Theater (MEET).

Acad Med 2020 08;95(8):1191-1200

M. Strazzacappa is an actress, clown, associate professor of education, and coordinator, Laborarte, University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4118-6572.

The medical education community acknowledges the importance of including the humanities in general, and the liberal arts in particular, in the education of health professionals. Among the liberal arts, theater is especially helpful for educators wanting to bring experiences that are both real and challenging to the learning encounter in an interactive, engaging, and reflective way. In this Perspective, the authors share what they have learned after working together with a company of actors for 8 years (2012-2019) in different obligatory and elective curricular activities. Read More

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Enhanced reactivity and mechanisms of mesoporous carbon supported zero-valent iron composite for trichloroethylene removal in batch studies.

Sci Total Environ 2020 May 11;718:137256. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

Department of Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Organic Pollution Process and Control, Hangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Ordered mesoporous carbon (CMK-3) supported nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) composites were synthesized and used for the removal of trichloroethylene (TCE). The nZVI/CMK-3 composites exhibited high TCE removal efficiency in a batch study, which was 2.5 times that of nZVI alone. Read More

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Promoting cervical screening among women experiencing homelessness and socio-economic disadvantage in Sydney.

Health Promot J Austr 2020 Sep 15;31(3):357-368. Epub 2020 Feb 15.

Family Planning NSW, Ashfield, NSW, Australia.

Issue Addressed: Australia's national cervical screening program has reduced rates of cervical cancer morbidity and mortality. However, these benefits have not been experienced by all women. A Cervical Cancer Screening Project was implemented with lay health educators to address inequitable screening access by women experiencing socio-economic disadvantage. Read More

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September 2020

Charting a successful course: The academic and clinical success committee's impact on student success.

Educ Health (Abingdon) 2019 May-Aug;32(2):84-86

Department of Student Affairs, Academic Support Services, Texas A and M University College of Medicine, Bryan, Texas, USA.

Background: The road from prematriculation to graduation looks different for each student at each institution. To successfully complete the curriculum, students must often overcome difficulties, both academic and nonacademic. Up to 15% of 3-year medical students in the United States are still struggling on the major components of their clerkships and 11% in their 4 year. Read More

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Essential elements of a community empowerment approach to HIV prevention among female sex workers engaged in project Shikamana in Iringa, Tanzania.

Cult Health Sex 2020 04 9;22(sup1):111-126. Epub 2019 Sep 9.

Department of Health, Behavior, and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Globally, female sex workers bear a disproportionate burden of HIV, with those in sub-Saharan Africa being among the most affected. Community empowerment approaches have proven successful at preventing HIV among this population. These approaches facilitate a process whereby sex workers take collective ownership over programmes to address the barriers they face in accessing their health and human rights. Read More

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Staff Perceptions of Responsible Gambling Training Programs: Qualitative Findings.

J Gambl Stud 2020 Mar;36(1):405-419

Faculty of Science, Brain and Mind Centre, School of Psychology, University of Sydney, 94 Mallett Street, Camperdown, NSW, 2050, Australia.

Staff training in responsible gambling forms an integral component of industry measures designed to respond to and minimize gambling-related harms. Research suggests that venue staff members have the capacity to identify behavioral indicators of problem gambling among patrons, but often are reluctant or fail to respond to patrons unless directly approached for assistance. Understanding the barriers preventing staff from proactively intervening with identified patrons is necessary if a positive shift toward greater levels of assistance for at-risk individuals is to be achieved. Read More

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Yoga: Theory and Practice-A Course that Illustrates Why Yoga Belongs in the Academy.

Int J Yoga Therap 2019 Nov 5;29(1):109-118. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

1. Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio.

The course "Yoga: Theory and Practice" (YTP) evolved from the realization that although graduate and undergraduate academic yoga course offerings were filled beyond capacity with waitlists, students were often not being exposed to the depth and breadth of yoga as a holistic, integrative health practice. In the authors' experience, students experientially understood the contribution that yoga practice made in their lives and sensed the health benefits it afforded, yet they were hungry for the scientific evidence for using yoga to address various clinical conditions and to understand why yoga felt like a grounding practice. Students wanted scientific evidence for what they experientially knew to be true: Yoga helped them feel more grounded in their bodies. Read More

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November 2019

The epidemiology and treatment of conjunctivitis at Urgent Care Centres in Israel.

Clin Ophthalmol 2019 2;13:771-779. Epub 2019 May 2.

Department of Optometry, Hadassah Academic College, Jerusalem 9101001, Israel.

Conjunctivitis is the most common ocular condition diagnosed at emergency departments (ED) in the USA, although it is generally not an emergent condition. Treatment of conjunctivitis at Urgent Care Centres (UCC) could offer lower cost than ED. This study describes the demographics and outcomes of a cohort presenting with conjunctivitis to a nationwide UCC system. Read More

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Root Cortex Provides a Venue for Gas-Space Formation and Is Essential for Plant Adaptation to Waterlogging.

Front Plant Sci 2019 29;10:259. Epub 2019 Mar 29.

Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan.

Lysigenous aerenchyma, which develops by death and subsequent lysis of the cortical cells in roots, is essential for internal long-distance oxygen transport from shoot base to root tips of plants in waterlogged soil. Although many studies focus on the amounts of aerenchyma in roots, significance of the size of the root cortex in which aerenchyma forms has received less research attention. In the present study, we evaluated the cross-sectional area of each root tissue in adventitious roots of upland crops, wheat () and maize ( ssp. Read More

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Pattern Generation with Nucleic Acid Chemical Reaction Networks.

Chem Rev 2019 05 13;119(10):6370-6383. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology , University of Texas at Austin , Austin , Texas 78712 , United States.

Biological and biochemical systems are manifestations of chemical reaction networks (CRNs). The ability to design and engineer such networks may allow the construction of artificial systems that are as complex as those seen in biology, opening the way to translational possibilities including adaptive materials. One venue for progress is the design of autonomous systems capable of pattern generation; however many synthetic CRNs, such as the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction, cannot be rewired to encode more complex interactions and thus lack the capacity for more detailed engineering algorithms. Read More

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Strategic Talent Management: Implementation and Impact of a Leadership Development Program in Radiology.

J Am Coll Radiol 2019 Jul 2;16(7):992-998. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

The rapidity of change and increasing complexity of the academic medical center environment require a talented and engaged workforce with competencies in adaptability, capacity for working in empowered and diverse interprofessional teams, and self-efficacy. Radiology-a crosscutting field that interfaces with most other biomedical disciplines and that is often at the forefront of technological disruption-is a potentially ideal venue to focus professional and leadership development to create positive organizational value. In this report, we detail the design of and 9-year experience with a departmental leadership academy at a large academic center intended to foster team-based skills in early to midcareer faculty and staff. Read More

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Primary Prevention of Intimate Partner Violence Among Recently Married Dyads Residing in the Slums of Pune, India: Development and Rationale for a Dyadic Intervention.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Jan 18;8(1):e11533. Epub 2019 Jan 18.

Department of Social and Behavioral Research, National AIDS Research Institute, Indian Council of Medical Research, Pune, India.

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is frequently experienced by women of low socioeconomic status in India. It is a human rights violation and associated with negative effects on physical and mental well-being, underscoring the need for effective prevention strategies.

Objective: This study aimed to develop a dyadic intervention for the primary prevention of IPV among newly married couples residing in slum communities in India. Read More

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January 2019

Civil society demand for accountability to achieve the 90-90-90 targets: lessons from Eastern and Southern Africa.

Curr Opin HIV AIDS 2019 01;14(1):41-45

Health Global Access Project, Kampala, Uganda and Nairobi, Kenya.

Purpose Of Review: Civil society demand for accountability has long been a critical component of the AIDS response. In the age of 90-90-90 HIV treatment goals, civil society advocacy has continued, but often in new forms. In particular, civil society accountability at the intersection of national policy and global health financing has taken on increasing importance, but has not been well documented. Read More

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January 2019

Off the rails-Evaluating the nightlife impact of Melbourne, Australia's 24-h public transport trial.

Int J Drug Policy 2019 01 23;63:39-46. Epub 2018 Nov 23.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Health, Deakin University Geelong, Waterfront Campus, Locked Bag 20001, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Background: This paper evaluates the impact of the AU$83 million introduction of 24-h public transport (PT) in Melbourne, Australia on Friday and Saturday nights on a sample of nightlife venues and venue patrons. This sample was selected because a primary reason for the introduction of 24 h PT was to provide a safe means of travel home for nightlife attendees.

Methods: Covert venue observations (pre-post) and a convenience sample of nightlife patron interviews (post-only) were conducted to measure the impact of 24-h PT on venues and venue patrons. Read More

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January 2019

Barriers to rejecting junk food sponsorship in sport-a formative evaluation using concept mapping.

Public Health 2019 Jan 7;166:1-9. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Centre for Sport and Social Impact, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: Energy-dense, nutrient-poor food and drink ('junk food') brands sponsoring sport is a growing public health concern. This study explored sports administrators' perceptions of the barriers to rejecting junk food sponsorship.

Study Design: This study used concept mapping. Read More

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January 2019

The bumpy trajectory of performance-based financing for healthcare in Sierra Leone: agency, structure and frames shaping the policy process.

Global Health 2018 10 20;14(1):99. Epub 2018 Oct 20.

ReBUILD & Institute for Global Health and Development (IGHD), Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: As performance-based financing (PBF) has been increasingly implemented in low-income countries, a growing literature has developed, assessing its effectiveness and, more recently, focussing on the political dynamics of PBF introduction and implementation. This study contributes to the latter body of literature by exploring decision-making processes on PBF in Sierra Leone during the 2010-2017 period. Sierra Leone presents an interesting case because of the 'start-stop-start' trajectory of PBF. Read More

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October 2018

Implementation of 100% smoke-free law in Uganda: a qualitative study exploring civil society's perspective.

BMC Public Health 2018 07 28;18(1):927. Epub 2018 Jul 28.

Northwestern University, Chicago, USA.

Background: In 2016, Uganda became one of few sub-Saharan African countries to implement comprehensive national smoke-free legislation. Since the World Health Organisation recommends Civil Society Organisation's (CSO) involvement to support compliance with smoke-free laws, we explored CSOs' perceptions of law implementation in Kampala, Uganda, and the challenges and opportunities for achieving compliance. Since hospitality workers tend to have the greatest level of exposure to second-hand smoke, we focussed on implementation in respect to hospitality venues (bars/pubs and restaurants). Read More

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Parent training interventions for parents with intellectual disability.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018 07 13;7:CD007987. Epub 2018 Jul 13.

School of Public Health, Midwifery and Social Work, Canterbury Christ Church University, North Holmes Road, Canterbury, Kent, UK, CT1 1QU.

Background: Research suggests that the number of intellectually disabled people with children is increasing. Intellectual disabilities do not inevitably cause parenting difficulties, but it may impact on an individual's capacity to parent a child effectively. Children of parents with intellectual disabilities may be at increased risk of neglectful care, which could lead to health, developmental and behavioural problems, or increased risk of intellectual disability. Read More

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Large π-Conjugated Porous Frameworks as Cathodes for Sodium-Ion Batteries.

J Phys Chem Lett 2018 Jun 1;9(12):3205-3211. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

School of Optical and Electronic Information, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics (WNLO) , Huazhong University of Science and Technology , Wuhan 430074 , China.

Organic sodium-ion batteries (OSIBs) are promising alternatives of inorganic lithium-ion batteries. The cathodes of OSIBs still suffer from low capacity, poor rate performance, and low cyclability. For the first time, we demonstrate the large π-conjugated porous frameworks (CPFs) as cathodes for OSIBs, motivated by the speculation that the CPFs are capable of enhancing charge transport, facilitating ionic diffusion, inhibiting dissolution, as well as improving stability. Read More

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Lessons from the on-site quality audit of data transmitted to the French cystic fibrosis registry.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2018 02 8;13(Suppl 1). Epub 2018 Feb 8.

CF Center, Fondation Ildys, Roscoff, France.

Background: The French Cystic Fibrosis Registry takes a census of the population of patients and records their annual data transmitted by Cystic Fibrosis Centers (CFCs). Quality of patient data has been a focus in the past years, with the implementation of automated controls before data integration. The objective was to assess, at the 14 CFCs trained in the quality improvement named Hospital Program to Improve Outcomes and Expertise in Cystic Fibrosis (PHARE-M), the quality of the 2012 and 2013 data transmitted to the French Registry with respect to the rules established to obtain forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%) and anthropometric data. Read More

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February 2018