13,203 results match your criteria vats lobectomies


Measured versus predicted postoperative pulmonary function at repeated times up to 1 year after lobectomy.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: Postoperative pulmonary function is difficult to predict accurately, because it changes from the time of the operation and is also affected by various factors. The objective of this study was to assess the accuracy of predicted postoperative forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) at different postoperative times after lobectomy.

Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 104 patients who underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Thoracoscopic radical esophagectomy combined with left inferior pulmonary ligament lymphadenectomy for esophageal carcinoma via the right thoracic approach: A single-center retrospective study of 30 cases.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(23):e26302

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Putian University, Putian, Fujian.

Abstract: To evaluate the necessity, safety, and feasibility of left inferior pulmonary ligament lymphadenectomy during video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) radical esophagectomy via the right thoracic approach.Thirty patients (20 men, 10 women) with thoracic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) were recruited for this study. The patients' age ranged from 50 to 80 years, with an average age of 66. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cannabis Use Is Associated With Recurrence After Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax.

Front Surg 2021 25;8:668588. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, United States.

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) is a frequently encountered entity that carries a high rate of recurrence. The current study aims to investigate if cannabis use at time of initial PSP is associated with disease recurrence. Patients presenting with PSP between 2010 and 2018 at a single institution were identified. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CT-guided preoperative localization of ground glass nodule: comparison between the application of embolization microcoil and the locating needle designed for pulmonary nodules.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jun 11:20210193. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Radiology, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing, China.

Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of preoperative localization of ground glass nodule (GGN) using embolization microcoils and the locating needles designed for pulmonary nodules.

Methods: From June 2019 to December 2020, 429 patients who received CT-guided localization of single GGN before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) were enrolled. The diameter and depth of GGNs were 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Surgical results of video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy for treatment of Juvenile Myasthenia Gravis].

Andes Pediatr 2021 Apr;92(2):250-256

Escuela de Medicina, Facultad de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Introduction: Juvenile myasthenia gravis (JMG) is an autoimmune disease affecting the neuromuscular junction that appears before 19 years of age with varying degrees of weakness of different muscle groups. The main treatment is pharmacological, but thymectomy has also demonstrated to improve remission rates.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and postoperative course of pediatric patients with JMG who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) thymectomy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Quality of Life After Stereotactic Body Radiation therapy Versus Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery in Early stage Non-small Cell Lung Cancer. Is there Enough Data to Make a Recommendation?

J Clin Transl Res 2021 Apr 22;7(2):209-220. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Catalan Institute of Oncology, L'Hospitalet (Barcelona), Spain.

Background And Aim: Health reported quality of life test (HRQOLT) in oncologic patients has become a major concern. Early stage in non-small cell lung cancer has two options for treatment in fragile population: Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). Which option should be recommended in daily clinical practice remains a challenging question. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Surgical Cardiac Sympathetic Denervation for Ventricular Arrhythmias: A Systematic Review.

Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2021 Apr 25;17(1):24-35. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Ventricular arrhythmias are potentially life-threatening disorders that are commonly treated with medications, catheter ablation and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). Adult patients who continue to be symptomatic, with frequent ventricular arrhythmia cardiac events or defibrillation from ICD despite medical treatment, are a challenging subgroup to manage. Surgical cardiac sympathetic denervation has emerged as a possible treatment option for people refractory to less invasive medical options. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Stellate ganglion blockade with percutaneous bupivacaine injection followed with surgical denervation in the management of electrical storm.

J Electrocardiol 2021 May 27;67:94-97. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Electrical storm is a life-threatening medical emergency that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. It can remain a clinical challenge despite anti-arrhythmic drugs and catheter ablation therapies. Autonomic modulation techniques have gained increased recognition in the treatment of refractory electrical storm cases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Salvage surgery after definitive chemoradiotherapy through VATS for an initial unresectable locally advanced lung cancer: an alternative consolidative modality to radiotherapy?

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 8;7(1):138. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Thoracic Oncology, Department of Chest Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Definitive chemoradiotherapy (dCRT) is the first choice treatment for patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but up to 35% of dCRT-treated tumors may have persistent or recurrent disease. Since the last decades, multimodality therapy showing potential for cure has become the mainstream for treatment of locally advanced NSCLCs, even some that were initially inoperable. Although salvage lung resection after dCRT has been reported with acceptable survivals, experiences in this respect are still limited. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Single-cell analyses of renal cell cancers reveal insights into tumor microenvironment, cell of origin, and therapy response.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(24)

Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109;

Diverse subtypes of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) display a wide spectrum of histomorphologies, proteogenomic alterations, immune cell infiltration patterns, and clinical behavior. Delineating the cells of origin for different RCC subtypes will provide mechanistic insights into their diverse pathobiology. Here, we employed single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to develop benign and malignant renal cell atlases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A 63-Year-Old Woman With an Acute Exacerbation of Interstitial Pneumonia.

Chest 2021 Jun;159(6):e389-e394

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. Electronic address:

Case Presentation: A 63-year-old, non-smoking Asian woman presented to our hospital due to abnormal findings on chest radiography. She had no history of dust exposure. Chest radiography and CT imaging showed patchy ground-glass attenuation (GGA) in the bilateral lower lung lobes, a ground-glass nodule in the right lower lung lobe (diameter, 9. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Three Cases of Resection of Late Recurrence of Breast Cancer that Required Differential Diagnosis of Primary Lung Cancer.

J UOEH 2021 ;43(2):271-276

Department of General Surgery, Shinkokura Hospital.

We report 3 cases of surgical resection for lung metastasis more than 15 years after initial surgery for breast cancer. Case 1: A 77-year-old woman was referred to our hospital because of a lung nodule in the left lower lobe detected in a computed tomography (CT) scan. She had undergone breast preservation therapy for breast cancer 15 years before the first visit. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Video Assisted Thoracoscopy as a therapeutic modality in evacuating retained or clotted haemothoraces.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 May;71(5):1428-1431

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: To determine the role of video-assisted thoracoscopy for evacuating retained / clotted haemothoraces to minimise the duration of chest tube drainage and length of hospital stay.

Methods: The prospective cohort study was conducted from July 2019 to February 2020 at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi, and comprised consecutive patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopy for retained or clotted haemothoraces. Outcome was measured as evacuation of retained haemothoraces resulting in partial or complete lung expansion and length of hospital stay. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical effectiveness of olaparib monotherapy in germline BRCA-mutated, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer in a real-world setting: phase IIIb LUCY interim analysis.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jun 1;152:68-77. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Baylor University Medical Centre, Texas Oncology and US Oncology, Dallas, TX, USA.

Background: In the phase III OlympiAD trial, olaparib significantly increased progression-free survival (PFS) compared with chemotherapy of physician's choice in patients with germline BRCA-mutated (gBRCAm), human epidermal growth factor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC). The phase IIIb LUCY trial assessed the clinical effectiveness of olaparib in similar patients, in a setting reflecting clinical practice.

Methods: This open-label, single-arm trial of olaparib (300 mg, twice daily) enrolled patients with BRCAm, HER2-negative mBC who had received taxane and/or anthracycline in the (neo)adjuvant/metastatic setting and not more than two lines of prior chemotherapy for mBC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical Outcomes and Technical Approach of Thymectomy in the Veterans Health Administration.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, D.C. USA; Department of Surgery, George Washington University, Washington D.C., USA. Electronic address:

Background: Thymectomy is traditionally performed via transsternal incision, but less invasive modalities have emerged, including transcervical, thoracoscopic, and robotic approaches. Despite the advantages of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS) over thoracotomy, most thymectomies are performed via sternotomy. This study compared the utilization and 30-day post-operative outcomes of transsternal, transcervical, and VATS thymectomy in the Veterans Health Administration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Amelioration of immune and digestive system through weed supplemented feed against Aeromonas hydrophila in Clarias gariepinus.

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2021 May 30;115:124-133. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara College, University of Delhi, New Delhi, 110021, India. Electronic address:

Aquaculture is one of the important globally growing industries. It serves as an important food source of protein for human beings. With the expanding demand for the fish and their products it has become extremely important to improve the aquaculture practices. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The role of the surgeon in treating patients with lung cancer. An updating article.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 28;139(3):293-300. Epub 2021 May 28.

MD. Thoracic Surgeon, Hospital Beneficência Portuguesa (BP), São Paulo (SP), Brazil.

Lung cancer is a type of neoplasia with one of the highest incidences worldwide and is the largest cause of mortality due to cancer in the world today. It is classified according to its histological and biological characteristics, which will determine its treatment and prognosis. Non-small cell lung cancer accounts for 85% of the cases, and these are the cases that surgeons mostly deal with. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Visceral Adipose Tissue Displays Unique Metabolomic Fingerprints in Obesity, Pre-Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 27;22(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Endocrine and Metabolic Research, Unit for Multidisciplinary Research in Biomedicine (UMIB), University of Porto, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal.

Visceral adipose tissue (VAT) metabolic profiling harbors the potential to disentangle molecular changes underlying obesity-related dysglycemia. In this study, the VAT exometabolome of subjects with obesity and different glycemic statuses are analyzed. The subjects ( = 19) are divided into groups according to body mass index and glycemic status: subjects with obesity and euglycemia (Ob+NGT, = 5), subjects with obesity and pre-diabetes (Ob+Pre-T2D, = 5), subjects with obesity and type 2 diabetes under metformin treatment (Ob+T2D, = 5) and subjects without obesity and with euglycemia (Non-Ob, = 4), used as controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Chronic Chest Pain Control after Trans-Thoracic Biopsy in Mediastinal Lymphomas.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 18;9(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Pain Department, AORN Dei Colli-V. Monaldi, 80131 Naples, Italy.

Chest pain following a trans-thoracic biopsy often has multiple etiologies, especially in patients with lymphomas. Pathological neuronal mechanisms integrate with an overproduction of IL-6, TNF-α, IL1-β by macrophages and monocytes, which amplifies inflammation and pain. In consideration of this complex pathogenesis, international guidelines recommend diversified analgesia protocols: thoracic epidural, paravertebral block, and systemic administration of opioids. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Subxiphoid versus Unilateral VATS Thymectomy for Thymomas: A Propensity Score-matching Analysis.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Thoracic Surgery/Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Disease, China State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: The appropriate surgical approach of VATS for early-stage thymoma remains unclear. The present study aimed to explore the safety and feasibility of subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic thymectomy in comparison with unilateral thoracoscopic thymectomy for treatment of early-stage thymoma.

Methods: The outcomes of 237 patients without myasthenia gravis who had undergone thoracoscopic thymectomy for Masaoka stage I and II thymoma from January 2015 to May 2019 at our center were retrospectively evaluated (subxiphoid and subcostal arch approach: 39; unilateral VATS approach: 198). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Intrathoracic Migration of a Kirschner Wire Successfully Removed by Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):481-483

Department of Surgery, Okinawa Prefectural Yaeyama Hospital, Ishigaki, Japan.

A 40-year-old man who had been surgically treated for the fracture of the right humerus with two Kirschner wires (K-wires) complained of chest pain and difficulty in breathing at fourth day after surgery and visited our hospital. Chest radiography revealed dislocation of the K-wire and right pneumothorax. Video-assisted thoracic surgery( VATS) was performed immediately, and the K-wire was removed safely. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Vagal Schwannoma in the Middle Mediastinum Found by Atelectasis on Chest X-ray:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Jun;74(6):472-475

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shinko Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

An 70-year-old woman was reffered to our hospital to examine for a left lower lobe atelectasis on chest X-ray. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed the mass in middle mediastinum. The video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery( VATS) was performed to establish diagnosis and treat. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Tuberculosis diagnosed by thoracic surgeons.

Pol Arch Intern Med 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Introduction: Tuberculosis is frequently omitted in the diagnostic workup and may be identified accidentally following thoracic surgeries, mostly targeting lung cancer.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of patients who underwent thoracic surgery that resulted in the diagnosis of tuberculosis and to review lesions initially found on chest imaging in the context of the potential presence of tuberculosis.

Patients And Methods: We analyzed medical records of all patients hospitalized in the Department of Thoracic Surgery of the National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland, between 2014 and 2018 (57 persons) in whom tuberculosis was diagnosed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Forty year old female with cough and chest pain].

Laeknabladid 2021 Jun;107(6):297-299

Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Wedge resection on recurrent pneumothorax, failed lung expansion after needle aspiration: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 21;83:106000. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga - Dr. Soetomo General Academic Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia. Electronic address:

Background: Pneumothorax has several classifications, including based on etiology, location, extent, and degree of collapse as well as by mechanism and type.

Case Presentation: A 61-years-old man with the main complaint of sudden shortness of breath after lifting a birdcage. The complaint worsened, and it was accompanied by nausea, sweating, and decreased vital signs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Minimally invasive surgery for adult oesophageal duplication cysts: Clinical profile and outcomes of treatment from a tertiary care centre and a review of literature.

J Minim Access Surg 2021 05 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of General and Upper Gastrointestinal Surgery, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Background: Oesophageal duplication cysts (ODC) are rare in adults. Complete surgical excision is the ideal treatment. Conventionally, it is performed through a thoracotomy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery Lung Resection in United States Veterans: Trends and Outcomes versus Thoracotomy.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Heart Center, Washington D.C. Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia, United States.

Background:  Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) offers reduced morbidity compared with open thoracotomy (OT) for pulmonary surgery. The use of VATS over time has increased, but at a modest rate in civilian populations. This study examines temporal trends in VATS use and compares outcomes between VATS and OT in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

VATS right apical segmentectomy for lung cancer in a patient with tracheal bronchus.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 20;83:106007. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Surgery, Saiseikai Fukuoka General Hospital, 1-3-46 Tenjin, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-0001, Japan.

Introduction: A tracheal bronchus is rarely observed, occurring in only 1% of all patients who undergo thoracic surgeries. We rarely encounter lung cancer in a patient with a tracheal bronchus; however, it is essential to know the distinctive perioperative management strategy for patients with a tracheal bronchus.

Case Presentation: We report a 72-year-old man with lung cancer located in the right apical segment supplied by a tracheal bronchus. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Spontaneous hemopneumothorax with a ruptured aneurysm in the second intercostal artery: report of a case.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jul 27;69(7):1133-1136. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Ruptured intercostal aneurysm is a rare cause of spontaneous hemopneumothorax (SHP). A 29-year-old woman presented to our hospital with left neck pain and, in the emergency room, suddenly lost consciousness. Chest radiography showed massive pleural effusion and the moderate collapse of the left lung. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Robot-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation for a large esophageal leiomyoma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;7(1):129. Epub 2021 May 26.

Thoracic Surgery, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Akita, Japan.

Background: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is being used to treat esophageal submucosal tumors (SMTs) all over the world. However, this technique is difficult when the tumor is large and located on the left side wall of the esophagus, within the upper mediastinum. This is because, with VATS, the surgical forceps have a limited range of motion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF