95,875 results match your criteria vascular smooth


Caloric restriction enhances vascular tone of cerebral and mesenteric resistance arteries in aged rats.

Mech Ageing Dev 2021 Jun 12:111520. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Biology, Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036, Rende, Italy; Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA. Electronic address:

Vascular changes of tone and biomechanical properties induced by ageing increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases. Caloric restriction (CR) has been shown to protect against cardiovascular diseases and improve endothelial dysfunction in cerebral resistance arteries. We hypothesise that CR will enhance vascular tone and structural properties of cerebral resistance arteries and exert comparable beneficial effects on the systemic vasculature of aged rat model. Read More

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Basement Membrane Extracellular Matrix Proteins in Pulmonary Vascular and Right Ventricular Remodeling in Pulmonary Hypertension.

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1500, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, United States;

The extracellular matrix (ECM), a highly organized network of structural and non-structural proteins, plays a pivotal role in cellular and tissue homeostasis. Changes in the ECM are critical for normal tissue repair, while dysregulation contributes to aberrant tissue remodeling. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a severe disorder of the pulmonary vasculature characterized by pathologic remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature and right ventricle (RV), increased production and deposition of structural and non-structural proteins, and altered expression of ECM growth factors and proteases. Read More

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Association of vaping with decreased vascular endothelial growth factor expression and decreased microvessel density in cutaneous wound healing tissue in rats.

Wound Repair Regen 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Vaping is suggested to be a risk factor for poor wound healing akin to smoking. However, the molecular and histologic mechanisms underlying this postulation remain unknown. Our study sought to compare molecular and histologic changes in cutaneous flap and non-flap tissue between vaping, smoking and control cohorts. Read More

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miR-141-5p suppresses vascular smooth muscle cell inflammation, proliferation, and migration via inhibiting the HMGB1/NF-κB pathway.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Jun 14:e22828. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Shanxi Cancer Hospital, Taiyuan, Shanxi, China.

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as significant modulators in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). Additionally, the dysregulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is a crucial biological event during AS. Our study aimed to explore the functional roles and molecular mechanisms of miR-141-5p in VSMCs dysfunction. Read More

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Tannic acid attenuates vascular calcification-induced proximal tubular cells damage through paracrine signaling.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 12;140:111762. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Calcium Signaling Laboratory, Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 50 Irving Street, Washington DC 20422, NW, USA; Division of Renal Diseases & Hypertension, Department of Medicine, The George Washington University, Washington DC 20037, USA; Department of Biomedical Engineering, The Catholic University of America, 620 Michigan Avenue, Washington DC 20064, NE, USA. Electronic address:

Vascular calcification is common in chronic kidney disease; however, the extent to which such condition can affect the renal microvasculature and the neighboring cell types is unclear. Our induced-calcification model in renal proximal tubular (PT) cells exhibited endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and oxidative damage, leading to apoptosis. Here, we utilized such calcification in mouse vascular smooth muscle (MOVAS-1) cells as a vascular calcification model, because it exhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, ER and oxidative stress, inflammatory, and apoptotic gene expressions. Read More

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The lncRNA PAHRF functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate MST1 expression by sponging miR-23a-3p in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Vascul Pharmacol 2021 Jun 11:106886. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmacy, The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang 222061, China; Department of Pharmacy, The Affiliated Lianyungang Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University/The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang 222061, China.

Background: Emerging evidence has shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays important roles in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, some new lncRNAs in patients with PAH are still lacking research. Herein, we examined the expression and role of lncRNA (pulmonary arterial hypertension related factor, PAHRF) in PAH. Read More

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The protective effect of HOXA5 on carotid atherosclerosis occurs by modulating the vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype.

Mol Cell Endocrinol 2021 Jun 11:111366. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China. Electronic address:

The phenotypic change of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from a contractile to a synthetic form is a key player in atherogenic processes. Homeobox A5 (HOXA5), a transcription factor of the homeobox gene family, has been shown to regulate cell differentiation and morphogenesis. The present study was designed to clarify the involvement of HOXA5 in VSMC phenotypic transition in carotid atherosclerosis (CAS). Read More

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The Dual Role of Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein 1 in Atherosclerosis.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 28;8:682389. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Neurology, Tongji Medical College, Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein-1 (LRP1) is a large endocytic and signaling receptor belonging to the LDL receptor (LDLR) gene family and that is widely expressed in several tissues. LRP1 comprises a large extracellular domain (ECD; 515 kDa, α chain) and a small intracellular domain (ICD; 85 kDa, β chain). The deletion of LRP1 leads to embryonic lethality in mice, revealing a crucial but yet undefined role in embryogenesis and development. Read More

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Apelin Does Not Impair Coronary Artery Relaxation Mediated by Nitric Oxide-Induced Activation of BK Channels.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:679005. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND, United States.

Apelin-APJ receptor signaling regulates vascular tone in cerebral and peripheral arteries. We recently reported that apelin inhibits BK channel function in cerebral arteries, resulting in impaired endothelium-dependent relaxations. In contrast, apelin causes endothelium-dependent relaxation of coronary arteries. Read More

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Pyroptosis in the Initiation and Progression of Atherosclerosis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:652963. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, Affiliated Wuxi Matemity and Child Health Care Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China.

Pyroptosis, a newly discovered form of programmed cell death, is characterized by cell swelling, the protrusion of large bubbles from the plasma membrane and cell lysis. This death pathway is mediated by the pore formation of gasdermin D (GSDMD), which is activated by human caspase-1/caspase-4/caspase-5 (or mouse caspase-1/caspase11), and followed with the releasing of both cell contents and proinflammatory cytokines. Pyroptosis was initially found to function as an innate immune effector mechanism to facilitate host defense against pathogenic microorganisms, and subsequent studies revealed that pyroptosis also plays an eventful role in inflammatory immune diseases and tumor resistance. Read More

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Circulating Plasma miRNA and Clinical/Hemodynamic Characteristics Provide Additional Predictive Information About Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism, Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension and Idiopathic Pulmonary Hypertension.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:648769. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Pathology, Laboratory of Histomorphometry and Lung Genomics, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Idiopathic pulmonary artery hypertension (IPAH), chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), and acute pulmonary embolism (APTE) are life-threatening cardiopulmonary diseases without specific surgical or medical treatment. Although APTE, CTEPH and IPAH are different pulmonary vascular diseases in terms of clinical presentation, prevalence, pathophysiology and prognosis, the identification of their circulating microRNA (miRNAs) might help in recognizing differences in their outcome evolution and clinical forms. The aim of this study was to describe the APTE, CTEPH, and IPAH-associated miRNAs and to predict their target genes. Read More

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In Vitro and In Vivo Comparative Evaluation of a Shellac-Ammonium Paclitaxel-Coated Balloon versus a Benchmark Device.

J Interv Cardiol 2021 25;2021:9962313. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Medical Affair, Cardionovum Co, Ltd, Wuhan, China.

Objectives: The present study was designed to compare the characteristics and performance regarding drug delivery of a novel drug-coated balloon (DCB) to a benchmark device (Restore® versus SeQuent® Please) in an in vitro and in vivo model.

Background: Although Restore® and SeQuent® are both paclitaxel-coated, they use different coating excipient, shellac-ammonium salt and iopromide, respectively. Preclinical study comparing these two different commercial DCBs regarding their characteristics and effects on early vascular response is sparse. Read More

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L-Arginine reduces downstream vascular contractility after flow-diverting device deployment: A preliminary study in a rabbit model.

Interv Neuroradiol 2021 Jun 12:15910199211025107. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN, USA.

Background: Flow diverters (FDs) are an effective treatment for intracranial aneurysms, though not free from hemorrhagic complications. A previous study demonstrated increased vascular contractility after FD-implantation as a potential mechanism of distal complications. Our study aimed to investigate whether L-arginine medication affects vascular contractility following FD deployment in a rabbit model. Read More

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Differential lncRNA expression profiling of cognitive function in middle and old aged monozygotic twins using generalized association analysis.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 2;140:197-204. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Unit of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Biodemography, Department of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark; Unit of Human Genetics, Department of Clinical Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark. Electronic address:

Cognitive impairment is the most prominent symptom in neurodegenerative disorders affecting quality of life and mortality. However, despite years of research, the molecular mechanism underlying the regulation of cognitive function and its impairment is poorly understood. This study aims to elucidate the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression and lncRNA-mRNA interaction networks, by analyzing lncRNA expression in whole blood samples of 400 middle and old aged monozygotic twins in association with cognitive function using both linear models and a generalized correlation coefficient (GCC) to capture the diverse patterns of correlation. Read More

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Dexamethasone reduces the formation of thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection in a murine model.

Exp Cell Res 2021 Jun 10:112703. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection (TAAD) is a life-threatening vascular disease with no effective pharmaceutical therapies currently available. Inflammation plays a key role in the progression of aneurysms. Dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic glucocorticoid, has showed alleviating effects on cells in vitro from TAAD patients. Read More

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Kindlin-2 in Sertoli cells is essential for testis development and male fertility in mice.

Cell Death Dis 2021 Jun 11;12(6):604. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Human Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education) and State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Drugs, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, 100191, China.

Kindlin-2 is known to play important roles in the development of mesoderm-derived tissues including myocardium, smooth muscle, cartilage and blood vessels. However, nothing is known for the role of Kindlin-2 in mesoderm-derived reproductive organs. Here, we report that loss of Kindlin-2 in Sertoli cells caused severe testis hypoplasia, abnormal germ cell development and complete infertility in male mice. Read More

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Pathophysiological Aspects of the Development of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with a Special Focus on Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Genetic Associations.

Biomol Concepts 2021 Jun 11;12(1):55-67. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Basic Research, Institute for Atherosclerosis Research, Moscow121609, Russia.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex degenerative vascular disease, with considerable morbidity and mortality rates among the elderly population. The mortality of AAA is related to aneurysm expansion (the enlargement of the aortic diameter up to 30 mm and above) and the subsequent rupture. The pathogenesis of AAA involves several biological processes, including aortic mural inflammation, oxidative stress, vascular smooth muscle cell apoptosis, elastin depletion, and degradation of the extracellular matrix. Read More

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Cooperativity between β-agonists and c-Abl inhibitors in regulating airway smooth muscle relaxation.

FASEB J 2021 Jul;35(7):e21674

Department of Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Center for Translational Medicine, Korman Respiratory Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Current therapeutic approaches to avoid or reverse bronchoconstriction rely primarily on β2 adrenoceptor agonists (β-agonists) that regulate pharmacomechanical coupling/cross bridge cycling in airway smooth muscle (ASM). Targeting actin cytoskeleton polymerization in ASM represents an alternative means to regulate ASM contraction. Herein we report the cooperative effects of targeting these distinct pathways with β-agonists and inhibitors of the mammalian Abelson tyrosine kinase (Abl1 or c-Abl). Read More

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MicroRNA-146b-3p regulates the dysfunction of vascular smooth muscle cells via repressing phosphoinositide-3 kinase catalytic subunit gamma.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):2627-2638

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Dalian Municipal Center Hospital, Dalian Liaoning, China.

MicroRNAs are crucial regulators in the phenotype switch of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Nonetheless, the role of miR-146b-3p in VSMCs remains unclear. In the present study, platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at different concentrations was employed to stimulate VSMCs for different times, to establish the model of VSMC dysfunction. Read More

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December 2021

Type 2 diabetes impairs vascular responsiveness to nitric oxide, but not the venoarteriolar reflex or post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia in forearm skin.

Exp Dermatol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

The venoarteriolar reflex (VAR) is a local mechanism by which vasoconstriction is mediated in response to venous congestion. This response may minimize tissue overperfusion, preventing capillary damage and edema. Post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia (PORH) is used to appraise microvascular function performed by a brief local arterial occlusion resulting in a subsequent rapid transient vasodilation. Read More

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Current Developments on the Role of α-Adrenergic Receptors in Cognition, Cardioprotection, and Metabolism.

Authors:
Dianne M Perez

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 25;9:652152. Epub 2021 May 25.

The Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH, United States.

The α-adrenergic receptors (ARs) are G-protein coupled receptors that bind the endogenous catecholamines, norepinephrine, and epinephrine. They play a key role in the regulation of the sympathetic nervous system along with β and α-AR family members. While all of the adrenergic receptors bind with similar affinity to the catecholamines, they can regulate different physiologies and pathophysiologies in the body because they couple to different G-proteins and signal transduction pathways, commonly in opposition to one another. Read More

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LncRNA SAMMSON Overexpression Suppresses Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Inhibiting miR-130a Maturation to Participate in Intracranial Aneurysm.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 4;17:1793-1799. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Neurosurgery West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu Province, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Background: MiR-130a is a recently identified critical player in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation, which participates in intracranial aneurysm (IA). However, the involvement of miR-130a in IA and its upstream regulator are unknown. Our preliminary sequencing analysis revealed a close correlation between miR-130a and lncRNA SAMMSON across IA samples. Read More

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CD38 deficiency alleviates Ang II-induced vascular remodeling by inhibiting small extracellular vesicle-mediated vascular smooth muscle cell senescence in mice.

Signal Transduct Target Ther 2021 Jun 11;6(1):223. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

The National Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Drugs and the Technologies, Institute of Translational Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, People's Republic of China.

CD38 is the main enzyme for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) degradation in mammalian cells. Decreased NAD levels are closely related to metabolic syndromes and aging-related diseases. Our study showed that CD38 deficiency significantly alleviated angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced vascular remodeling in mice, as shown by decreased blood pressures; reduced vascular media thickness, media-to-lumen ratio, and collagen deposition; and restored elastin expression. Read More

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TET2 Protects Against VSMC Apoptosis and Intimal Thickening in Transplant Vasculopathy.

Circulation 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine (Cardiovascular Medicine), Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Coronary allograft vasculopathy (CAV) is a devastating sequelae of heart transplant in which arterial intimal thickening limits coronary blood flow. There are currently no targeted therapies to prevent or reduce this pathology that leads to transplant failure. Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotypic plasticity is critical in CAV neointima formation. Read More

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Review: Circadian clocks and rhythms in the vascular tree.

Curr Opin Pharmacol 2021 Jun 7;59:52-60. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

The progression of vascular disease is influenced by many factors including aging, gender, diet, hypertension, and poor sleep. The intrinsic vascular circadian clock and the timing it imparts on the vasculature both conditions and is conditioned by all these variables. Circadian rhythms and their molecular components are rhythmically cycling in each endothelial cell, smooth muscle cell, in each artery, arteriole, vein, venule, and capillary. Read More

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miR-34c inhibits PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMCs phenotypic transformation and proliferation via PDGFR-β/SIRT1 pathway.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, 25 Taiping Road, Luzhou, 646000, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of miR-34c on PDGF-BB-induced HAVSMCs phenotypic transformation and proliferation via PDGFR-β/SIRT1 pathway, so as to find a new method for early diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease. HA-VSMCs were treated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) at 0 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h or 36 h to explore the optimal time for phenotypic transformation of VSMCs. And then, PDGF-BB-induced HA-VSMCs were transfected with miR-34c mimics/mimics NC and pcDNA3. Read More

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Advances in anoctamin 1: A Potential New Drug Target in Medicinal Chemistry.

Curr Top Med Chem 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

School of life Science,Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road,200444, China.

ANO1, anoctamin 1(also known as TMEM16A), is the molecular basis of calcium-activated chloride channels with ten transmembrane segments which are widely expressed in mammalian cells, including epithelial cells, vascular smooth muscle tissues, electro-excitatory cells, and some tumor cells. These proteins are widely expressed in mammalian cells, including epithelial cells, vascular smooth muscle tissues, electro-excitatory cells, and some tumor cells. To date, multiple studies have shown that many natural and synthetic compounds have regulatory effects on ANO1. Read More

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An Optimal Surgical Plane for Laparoscopic Functional Total Mesorectal Excision in Rectal Cancer.

J Gastrointest Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, 430060, People's Republic of China.

Background: Intraoperative damage of pelvic autonomic nerves is the primary reason for postoperative sexual and urinary dysfunction after rectal cancer surgery,1,2 especially in patients with low rectal cancer. In the present study, we developed the nerve plane as a novel concept in rectal cancer surgery, which served as a landmark for better preservation of pelvic autonomic nerves in standardized total mesorectal excision (TME) surgery. The nerves never exist alone, and are always surrounded by tiny capillaries and adipose tissue, which are covered by a thin layer of membranous tissue, leading to a continuous plane, which we defined as the nerve plane. Read More

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CircRNA DOCK1 Regulates miR-409-3p/MCL1 Axis to Modulate Proliferation and Apoptosis of Human Brain Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 24;9:655628. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Neurosurgery, Shanxi Bethune Hospital, The Third Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Background: Intracranial aneurysm is an abnormal expansion in the intracranial arteries, which is associated with growth and apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have implicated in the progression of intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of this paper is to study the function and mechanism of circRNA dedicator of cytokinesis 1 (circ_DOCK1) in regulating proliferation and apoptosis of human brain vascular smooth muscle cells (HBVSMCs). Read More

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Internal Mammary Artery and Its Resilience to Atherogenesis: Shifting From Risk to Resistance to Address Unmet Needs.

Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2021 Jun 10:ATVBAHA121316256. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Center for Molecular Cardiology, University of Zürich, Switzerland (S.K., A.A., G.G.C., T.F.L.).

Fueled by the global surge in aging, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease reached pandemic dimensions putting affected individuals at enhanced risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and premature death. Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease driven by a wide spectrum of factors, including cholesterol, pressure, and disturbed flow. Although all arterial beds encounter a similar atherogenic milieu, the development of atheromatous lesions occurs discontinuously across the vascular system. Read More

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