647,443 results match your criteria vascular plants


[Cannabis use among hospitalized young people experiencing a first episode of psychosis: a case control study].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Nov;148(11):1606-1613

Departamento de Psiquiatría, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Cannabis use among young people in Chile has increased significantly in the last years. There is a consistent link between cannabis and psychosis.

Aim: To compare cannabis use in patients with a first episode of psychosis and healthy controls. Read More

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November 2020

Melatonin synthesis genes N-acetylserotonin methyltransferases evolved into caffeic acid O-methyltransferases and both assisted in plant terrestrialization.

J Pineal Res 2021 Apr 12:e12737. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Cell Systems and Anatomy, UT Health, Long School of Medicine, San Antonio, TX, USA.

Terrestrialization is one of the most momentous events in the history of plant life, which led to the subsequent evolution of plant diversity. The transition species, in this process, had to acquire a range of adaptive mechanisms to cope with the harsh features of terrestrial environments compared to that of an aquatic habitat. As an ancient antioxidant, a leading regulator of ROS signaling or homeostasis, and a presumed plant master regulator, melatonin likely assisted plants transition to land and their adaption to terrestrial ecosystems. Read More

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Identification and biochemical characterisation of tyrosine aminotransferase from Anthoceros agrestis unveils the conceivable entry point into rosmarinic acid biosynthesis in hornworts.

Planta 2021 Apr 12;253(5):98. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Philipps-Universität Marburg, Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie und Biotechnologie, Robert-Koch-Str. 4, 35037, Marburg, Germany.

Main Conclusion: Tyrosine aminotransferase (AaTAT) from the hornwort Anthoceros agrestis Paton (Anthocerotaceae) was amplified and expressed in E. coli. The active enzyme is able to accept a wide range of substrates with distinct preference for L-tyrosine, therefore, possibly catalysing the initial step in rosmarinic acid biosynthesis. Read More

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Hospital wastewater treated with a novel bacterial consortium (Alcaligenes faecalis and Bacillus paramycoides spp.) for phytotoxicity reduction in Berseem clover and tomato crops.

Water Sci Technol 2021 Apr;83(7):1764-1780

Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, United Kingdom E-mail:

Hospital wastewaters are produced in large volumes in Pakistan (∼362-745 L/bed.day) and are discharged without proper treatment. They are widely used by farmers for crop irrigation and induce a phytotoxic effect on plant growth. Read More

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Sediments nitrogen cycling influenced by submerged macrophytes growing in winter.

Water Sci Technol 2021 Apr;83(7):1728-1738

Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400030, China; Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area, Chongqing 400030, China and Chongqing Key Laboratory of Wetland Science Research Center of the Upper Reaches of the Yangtze River, Chongqing 401331, China E-mail:

Restoration of submerged macrophytes is one of the important measures for ecological treatment of eutrophic lakes. The changes in physical and chemical conditions caused by submerged macrophytes also affect the process of benthic nitrogen cycling. The growth period of Potamogeton crispus is mainly in winter. Read More

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Direct and Indirect Somatic Embryogenesis Induction in Abel.

Front Plant Sci 2021 26;12:644389. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Key Laboratory of Forest Silviculture and Conservation of the Ministry of Education, The College of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.

Abel. is an important woody oil species; however, the shortage of rapid and industrialized seedling culture is a large constraint on the development of the tea oil industry. Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is one of the main powerful biotechnological tools for plant mass regeneration, but the largely unknown SE in limits the scale production of clonal plants. Read More

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Liverwort flora of Ayan - a gained link between subarctic and hemiboreal floras in West Okhotiya (Pacific Russia).

Biodivers Data J 2021 1;9:e65199. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Team of National Ecosystem Survey, National Institute of Ecology, Seocheon, South Korea Team of National Ecosystem Survey, National Institute of Ecology Seocheon South Korea.

The liverwort flora of Ayan was first investigated one hundred and fifty years after the first exploration of vascular plants. A number of factors has determined the relatively high taxonomic diversity of liverworts in this hemiarctic flora of small-sized area: 118 species and one subspecies were revealed. These data are new not only for the studied area, but also for the huge land adjacent to the western coast of the Sea of Okhotsk. Read More

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Evolution of the Unfolded Protein Response in Plants.

Authors:
Stephen H Howell

Plant Cell Environ 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Plant Sciences Institute and Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Department, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, US.

The Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) in plants is elicited by endoplasmic reticulum stress which can be brought about by adverse environmental conditions. The response is mediated by a conserved signaling network composed of two branches - one branch involving INOSITOL REQUIRING ENZYME1- BASIC LEUCINE ZIPPER60 (IRE1-bZIP60) signaling pathway and another branch involving the membrane transcription factors, bZIP17 and - 28. The UPR has been reported in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, a unicellular green alga, which lacks some canonical UPR signaling components found in vascular plants, raising the question whether C. Read More

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HAG1 and SWI3A/B control of male germ line development in P. patens suggests conservation of epigenetic reproductive control across land plants.

Plant Reprod 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Plant Cell Biology, Department of Biology, University of Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Key Message: Bryophytes as models to study the male germ line: loss-of-function mutants of epigenetic regulators HAG1 and SWI3a/b demonstrate conserved function in sexual reproduction. With the water-to-land transition, land plants evolved a peculiar haplodiplontic life cycle in which both the haploid gametophyte and the diploid sporophyte are multicellular. The switch between these phases was coined alternation of generations. Read More

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The benzoate plant metabolite ethyl gallate prevents cellular- and vascular-lipid accumulation in experimental models of atherosclerosis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Apr 8;556:65-71. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250353, China. Electronic address:

Ethyl gallate (EG) is a well-known constituent of medicinal plants, but its effects on atherosclerosis development are not clear. In the present study, the anti-atherosclerosis effects of EG and the underlying mechanisms were explored using macrophage cultures, zebrafish and apolipoprotein (apo) E deficient mice. Treatment of macrophages with EG (20 μM) enhanced cellular cholesterol efflux to HDL, and reduced net lipid accumulation in response to oxidized LDL. Read More

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Cloning and RNAi-mediated three lethal genes that can be potentially used for Chilo suppressalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) management.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 May 15;174:104828. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and National Centre of Plant Gene Research, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China; College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China. Electronic address:

RNA interference (RNAi) has gained attention in recent years as a viable pest control strategy. Here, RNAi assays were performed to screen the potential functionality of genes in Chilo suppressalis, a serious pest of rice, and to determine their potential for developing a highly targeted molecular control approach. Potential homologs of NADH dehydrogenase (ND), glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) and male specific lethal 3 (MSL3) were cloned from C. Read More

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Characterization and functional analysis of two acetylcholinesterase genes in Bradysia odoriphaga Yang et Zhang (Diptera: Sciaridae).

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 May 25;174:104807. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Two acetylcholinesterase genes (Boace1 and Boace2) were cloned from Bradysia odoriphaga, a devastating soil pest that mainly damages Chinese chives. The Boace1 encodes BoAChE1 protein consisting of 696 amino acid residues, while Boace2 encodes BoAChE2 containing 638 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Boace1 and Boace2 are appeared to be distinct clusters. Read More

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Three antimicrobials alter gut microbial communities and causing different mortality of brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens Stål.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 May 24;174:104806. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Biometrology and Inspection and Quarantine, College of Life Science, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China. Electronic address:

The symbionts in the gut of brown planthopper play an important role in the nutrition utilization and growth of their host, Nilaparvata lugens Stål (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Controlling the BPH infection on rice by inhibiting the symbionts using antimicrobials is feasible. However, the impact of antimicrobials on the microbiome in the gut has not been fully elucidated. Read More

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Toxicity, behavioural and biochemical effect of Piper betle L. essential oil and its constituents against housefly, Musca domestica L.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 May 25;174:104804. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Division of Germplasm Conservation and Utilization, ICAR - National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Bengaluru 560024, India.

Housefly, Musca domestica L. is a pest of public health importance and is responsible for spreading diseases like typhoid, diarrhoea, plague etc. Indiscriminate reliance on synthetic insecticides has led to development of insecticide resistance and ill effect to humans and nontarget animals. Read More

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Acropetally developing vascular bundles coexisting with basipetally developing and basally blindly ended vascular bundles in scapes of Eriocaulon taquetii (Eriocaulaceae, monocotyledons).

J Plant Res 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

, Karabe 4-26-38, Narita, 286-0036, Japan.

In various monocotyledons, there are basally blindly ended stem vascular bundles, which never connect to the vascular bundles of roots. These blindly ended vascular bundles seem to be unsuitable for transferring water in terrestrial plants. In the present study, we aim to clarify the trace of the blindly ended stem vascular bundles in whole plants, and consider the evolutional process for holding such vascular bundles in the stem. Read More

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Ancient noeggerathialean reveals the seed plant sister group diversified alongside the primary seed plant radiation.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Mar 8;118(11). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Indiana Geological and Water Survey, Bloomington, IN 47404;

Noeggerathiales are enigmatic plants that existed during Carboniferous and Permian times, ∼323 to 252 Mya. Although their morphology, diversity, and distribution are well known, their systematic affinity remained enigmatic because their anatomy was unknown. Here, we report from a 298-My-old volcanic ash deposit, an in situ, complete, anatomically preserved noeggerathialean. Read More

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sp. nov., isolated from the pod of soybean, .

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021 Apr;71(4)

Medical Laser Research Center, Dankook University, Cheonan 31116, Republic of Korea.

Soybean pods, separated and enclosed from the outside environment, are considered a suitable place to find new microbes. A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic bacterium, bacterial strain (YB22) was isolated from the pod of (soybean) collected from a rural area in Republic of Korea and characterized by using polyphasic taxonomy. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped (approximately 0. Read More

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First Report of Wilt of European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) Caused by in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Nanjing Forestry University, 74584, College of Forestry, No.159, Longpan Road, Xuanwu District, Nanjing, China, 210037.

European hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) has been used as an important ornamental species for urban landscaping since the Italian Renaissance (Rocchi et al. 2010). Read More

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Levels, distributions, and seasonal variations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in ambient air and pine components.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Apr 9;193(5):253. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bursa Uludag University, 16059, Nilüfer, Bursa, Turkey.

Pine tree (Pinus pinea) components have been used as passive air samples for determining atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) concentrations. Our results indicated that pine needles and branches were found to be statistically successful in describing the ambient air. Monthly pine needles, branches (1- and 2-year-old) and ambient air samples were collected for 1 year to identify molecular distributions and temporal concentrations of PAHs in a suburban-industrial area. Read More

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Validity and reliability of Turkish version of Beliefs About Third-Hand Smoke Scale: BATHS-T.

Cent Eur J Public Health 2021 03;29(1):56-61

Family Medicine Department, Meram Medical Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey.

Objective: Exposure to third-hand smoke (THS) poses health risk, especially for children. THS is mostly ignored in Turkey. The aim of this study is to adapt the Beliefs about Third-Hand Smoke (BATHS) scale to Turkish. Read More

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[An unusual allergy : cannabis-fruit and vegetable syndrome].

Rev Med Suisse 2021 Apr;17(733):680-683

Service d'immunologie et allergie, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne.

Cannabis-fruit and vegetable syndrome is of recent discovery and linked to lipid transfer protein (LTP) sensitization. It is thought that the primary sensitization originates from the cannabis LTP (Can s 3). Sensitized patients can cross-react to others LTP homologs such as peach LTP (Pru p 3). Read More

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Verbena officinalis Verbenaceae (Lamiales): a new plant model system for phyllotaxis research.

J Plant Res 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Experimental Biology, University of Wroclaw, Kanonia Str. 6/8, 50-328, Wrocław, Poland.

Phyllotactic diversity and developmental transitions between phyllotactic patterns are not fully understood. The plants studied so far, such as Magnolia, Torreya or Abies, are not suitable for experimental work, and the most popular model plant, Arabidopsis thaliana, does not show sufficient phyllotactic variability. It has been found that in common verbena (Verbena officinalis L. Read More

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