275,723 results match your criteria vascular endothelial


Autopsy-Based Pulmonary and Vascular Pathology: Pulmonary Endotheliitis and Multi-Organ Involvement in COVID-19 Associated Deaths.

Respiration 2021 Sep 15:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Pathology and Molecular Pathology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Findings from autopsies have provided evidence on systemic microvascular damage as one of the underlying mechanisms of Coronavirus disease 2019 (CO-VID-19). The aim of this study was to correlate autopsy-based cause of death in SARS-CoV-2, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) positive patients with chest imaging and severity grade of pulmonary and systemic morphological vascular pathology.

Methods: Fifteen SARS-CoV-2 positive autopsies with clinically distinct presentations (age 22-89 years) were retrospectively analyzed with focus on vascular, thromboembolic, and ischemic changes in pulmonary and in extrapulmonary sites. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of FW2 Nanoparticles Toxicity in a New In Vitro Pulmonary Vascular Cells Model Mimicking Endothelial Dysfunction.

Cardiovasc Toxicol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

University of Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U 1045, 33000, Bordeaux, France.

Several epidemiological studies have revealed the involvement of nanoparticles (NPs) in respiratory and cardiovascular mortality. In this work, the focus will be on the effect of manufactured carbon black NPs for risk assessment of consumers and workers, as human exposure is likely to increase. Since the pulmonary circulation could be one of the primary targets of inhaled NPs, patients suffering from pulmonary hypertension (PH) could be a population at risk. Read More

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September 2021

Chemerin regulates normal angiogenesis and hypoxia-driven neovascularization.

Angiogenesis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

WELBIO and I.R.I.B.H.M, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Campus Erasme, 808 route de Lennik, B-1070, Brussels, Belgium.

Chemerin is a multifunctional protein initially characterized in our laboratory as a chemoattractant factor for leukocyte populations. Its main functional receptor is CMKLR1. We identified previously chemerin as an anti-tumoral factor inhibiting the vascularization of tumor grafts. Read More

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September 2021

Inhalation of 2% Hydrogen Improves Survival Rate and Attenuates Shedding of Vascular Endothelial Glycocalyx in Rats with Heat Stroke.

Shock 2021 Oct;56(4):593-600

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, Japan.

Abstract: Heat stroke is characterized by excessive oxidative stress and inflammatory responses, both of which are implicated in vascular endothelial glycocalyx shedding and heat-stroke mortality. Although molecular hydrogen has antioxidation and anti-inflammatory potency, its effect on the vascular endothelial glycocalyx in heat stroke has not been examined. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of hydrogen inhalation on the survival and thickness of the vascular endothelial glycocalyx of rats subjected to heat stroke. Read More

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October 2021

Apatinib Combined with Paclitaxel and Cisplatin Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Cancer Biother Radiopharm 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Internal Medicine, First Hospital of Xingtai City, Xingtai, China.

We conducted a trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of apatinib, a tyrosine inhibitor against vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). One hundred twenty six patients were randomized into two cycles of paclitaxel and cisplatin (TP) ( = 61) or combined with apatinib (Apa+TP) ( = 65), followed by surgery. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR). Read More

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September 2021

Triamcinolone acetonide modulates TGF‑β2‑induced angiogenic and tissue‑remodeling effects in cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Nov 15;24(5). Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Medical Research, E‑Da Hospital, Kaohsiung 82445, Taiwan, R.O.C.

Transforming growth factor‑β2 (TGF‑β2) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), due to its ability to stimulate the overproduction of pro‑angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM). Although intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (TA) is clinically useful in the treatment of PVR and PDR, its molecular mechanism has yet to be fully elucidated. The present study investigated whether TA treatment altered TGF‑β2‑driven biological effects on the behavior of cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, in order to determine which signaling pathway may be essential for the pharmacological action of TA. Read More

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November 2021

Sprayed copper peroxide nanodots for accelerating wound healing in a multidrug-resistant bacteria infected diabetic ulcer.

Nanoscale 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Laboratory Science, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China.

Vascular dysfunction and bacterial infection are key factors for the non-healing of diabetic ulcers. Growth factors and antibiotics seem to effectively target both issues. However, the short half-life and high cost of growth factors and the antibiotics resistance of bacteria greatly limit their further widespread applications. Read More

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September 2021

Microvascular changes that stagger the mind.

Authors:
Frank M Faraci

J Clin Invest 2021 Sep;131(18)

Hypertension is a leading cause of cognitive impairment and dementias. Such loss of brain health has a vascular component, but the mechanisms involved are poorly defined. In this issue of the JCI, Koide et al. Read More

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September 2021

Oxidized LDL-regulated microRNAs for evaluating vascular endothelial function: molecular mechanisms and potential biomarker roles in atherosclerosis.

Crit Rev Clin Lab Sci 2021 Sep 15:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

As a simple monolayer, vascular endothelial cells can respond to physicochemical stimuli. In addition to promoting the formation of foam cells, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) contributes to the atherosclerotic process through different mechanisms, including endothelial cell dysfunction. As conserved noncoding RNAs, microRNAs (miRNAs) naturally lie in different genomic positions and post-transcriptionally regulate the expression of many genes. Read More

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September 2021

The effect of absent blood flow on the zebrafish cerebral and trunk vasculature.

Vasc Biol 2021 29;3(1):1-16. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, University of Sheffield, Medical School, Sheffield, UK.

The role of blood flow in vascular development is complex and context-dependent. In this study, we quantify the effect of the lack of blood flow on embryonic vascular development on two vascular beds, namely the cerebral and trunk vasculature in zebrafish. We perform this by analysing vascular topology, endothelial cell (EC) number, EC distribution, apoptosis, and inflammatory response in animals with normal blood flow or absent blood flow. Read More

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The multifaceted gene.

Genes Dis 2021 Nov 30;8(6):798-813. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology (IFOM), Milan, 16 20139, Italy.

The programmed cell death 10 () gene was originally identified as an apoptosis-related gene, although it is now usually known as , as the third causative gene of cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM). CCM is a neurovascular disease that is characterized by vascular malformations and is associated with headaches, seizures, focal neurological deficits, and cerebral hemorrhage. The PDCD10/CCM3 protein has multiple subcellular localizations and interacts with several multi-protein complexes and signaling pathways. Read More

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November 2021

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor is involved in hypertension and vascular alterations caused by environmental toxicant hexachlorobenzene.

Toxicol Rep 2021 31;8:1599-1606. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Universidad de Buenos Aires, CONICET, Instituto Alberto C. Taquini de Investigaciones en Medicina Traslacional (IATIMET), Marcelo T. de Alvear 2270, C1122AAJ, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Environmental hexachlorobenzene (HCB) increases blood pressure (BP) in female rats, causing alterations in arterial structure and function. Here we study the role of Angiotensin II receptor type 1 (AT1) in HCB-induced hypertension through the use of AT1 antagonist losartan. HCB-treated male rats showed a 22. Read More

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Evolution of blood-brain barrier in brain diseases and related systemic nanoscale brain-targeting drug delivery strategies.

Acta Pharm Sin B 2021 Aug 31;11(8):2306-2325. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Ministry of Education, State Key Laboratory of Medical Neurobiology, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) strictly controls matter exchange between blood and brain, and severely limits brain penetration of systemically administered drugs, resulting in ineffective drug therapy of brain diseases. However, during the onset and progression of brain diseases, BBB alterations evolve inevitably. In this review, we focus on nanoscale brain-targeting drug delivery strategies designed based on BBB evolutions and related applications in various brain diseases including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, stroke, traumatic brain injury and brain tumor. Read More

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Influencing factors and strategies of enhancing nanoparticles into tumors .

Acta Pharm Sin B 2021 Aug 24;11(8):2265-2285. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 117004, China.

The administration of nanoparticles (NPs) first faces the challenges of evading renal filtration and clearance of reticuloendothelial system (RES). After that, NPs infiltrate through the expanded endothelial space and penetrated the dense stroma of tumor microenvironment to tumor cells. As long as possible to prolong the time of NPs remaining in tumor tissue, NPs release active agent and induce pharmacological action. Read More

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Role of hypoxia in inhibiting dendritic cells by VEGF signaling in tumor microenvironments: mechanism and application.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(8):3777-3793. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Liver Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College No. 1 Shuai-Fu-Yuan, Wang-Fu-Jing, Beijing 100730, China.

The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a central role in tumor initiation, development, immune escape, and clinical treatment. Hypoxia, an important characteristic of the TME, mediates vascular endothelial factor (VEGF) signaling through direct or indirect mechanisms. Directly, hypoxia promotes the expression of VEGF through hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) induction. Read More

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Vildagliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, attenuated endothelial dysfunction through miRNAs in diabetic rats.

Arch Med Sci 2021 12;17(5):1378-1387. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Key Laboratory of Endocrinology, Ministry of Health, Department of Endocrinology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors have various cellular effects that are associated with vascular protection. Here, we examined whether vildagliptin protected endothelial function in diabetic rats and explored the involved mechanism.

Material And Methods: Experimental diabetic rats were obtained by feeding a high-fat diet and administering an intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. Read More

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RETRACTED ARTICLE: High Pulsatility Flow Promotes Vascular Fibrosis by Triggering Endothelial EndMT and Fibroblast Activation.

Cell Mol Bioeng 2015 Jun 19;8(2):285-295. Epub 2015 Mar 19.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado at Boulder, 1111 Engineering Dr, ECME 114, Boulder, CO 80309-0427 USA.

Vascular fibrosis, the formation of excess fibrous tissue on the blood vessel wall, is characterized by unmitigated proliferation of fibroblasts or myofibroblast-like cells exhibiting α-smooth-muscle-actin in vessel lumen and other vascular layers. It likely contributes to vascular unresponsiveness to conventional therapies. This paper demonstrates a new flow-induced vascular fibrosis mechanism. Read More

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High-performance renal imaging with a radiolabeled, non-excretable chimeric fusion protein.

Theranostics 2021 3;11(18):9177-9179. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Departments of Radiology and Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI, 53705, USA.

Ideal nuclear imaging tracers should exhibit high target uptake and low background signal. Traditional renal scintigraphy and SPECT scans examine kidney function static or dynamic tracing of radioactive probes in the kidneys. The lack of tracer affinity to specific biological processes and high background uptake from urinary excretion have added many difficulties to precision renal diagnosis. Read More

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September 2021

Targeted design of a recombinant tracer for SPECT renal imaging.

Theranostics 2021 27;11(18):9118-9132. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

A robust radiopharmaceutical has high uptake in the target and low retention in non-target tissues. However, traditional tracers for renal imaging that chemically chelate Tc are excreted through the renal route with transient resident time in the kidney. Following a rational design approach, we constructed a protein-based radiotracer, designated PBT-Fc, to sequentially bind tubular neonatal Fc-receptor and subsequently proximal tubular basement membrane for its targeted sequestration in kidney parenchyma. Read More

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The Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) Predicts the Prognosis of Unresectable Intermediate and Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma Treated with Apatinib.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 7;13:6989-6998. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital; Liver Cancer Center, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital; National Clinical Research Center for Cancer; Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin; Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin, 300060, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who might benefit most from anti-angiogenesis therapy remain unknown. In recent years, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), an indicator of inflammatory response, has received particular attention in HCC. Herein, we explored the prognostic value of pre-treatment NLR in individuals with unresectable intermediate and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma treated with apatinib, a second-line angiogenesis inhibitor. Read More

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September 2021

Author Correction: Long-term outcome of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment for pachychoroid neovasculopathy.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 14;11(1):18647. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Kim's Eye Hospital, Konyang University College of Medicine, 156, 4ga, Yeoungdeungpo-dong, Yeoungdeungpo-gu, Seoul, South Korea.

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September 2021

Gamma irradiation exposure for collapsed cell junctions and reduced angiogenesis of 3-D in vitro blood vessels.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 14;11(1):18230. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

During radiotherapy, microenvironments neighboring the tumor are also exposed to gamma irradiation; this results in unexpected side effects. Blood vessels can serve as microenvironments for tumors and they play an important role in providing nutrients to tumors. This is mostly related to tumor progression, metastasis, and relapse after therapy. Read More

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September 2021

The choice of negative control antisense oligonucleotides dramatically impacts downstream analysis depending on the cellular background.

BMC Genom Data 2021 Sep 14;22(1):33. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 3, 8093, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: The lymphatic and the blood vasculature are closely related systems that collaborate to ensure the organism's physiological function. Despite their common developmental origin, they present distinct functional fates in adulthood that rely on robust lineage-specific regulatory programs. The recent technological boost in sequencing approaches unveiled long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as prominent regulatory players of various gene expression levels in a cell-type-specific manner. Read More

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September 2021

Human iPSC-derived mesodermal progenitor cells preserve their vasculogenesis potential after extrusion and form hierarchically organized blood vessels.

Biofabrication 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg, Koellikerstr. 6, Wurzburg, 97070, GERMANY.

Post-fabrication formation of a proper vasculature remains an unresolved challenge in bioprinting. Established strategies focus on the supply of the fabricated structure with nutrients and oxygen and either rely on the mere formation of a channel system using fugitive inks or additionally use mature endothelial cells and/or peri-endothelial cells such as smooth muscle cells for the formation of blood vessels in vitro. Functional vessels, however, exhibit a hierarchical organization and multilayered wall structure that is important for their function. Read More

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September 2021

Novel sulfonamide-chalcone hybrid stimulates inflammation, angiogenesis and upregulates vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in vivo.

Microvasc Res 2021 Sep 11:104253. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Laboratory of Radiobiology and Mutagenesis, Department of Genetics, Institute of Biological Sciences, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Chalcones and sulfonamides are well-known chemical groups associated with several biological activities such as antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, and antitumor activities. Over the past few decades, a series of sulfonamide-chalcone hybrids have been synthesized and assessed to develop compounds with interesting biological properties for application in disease therapy. In the present study, a new sulfonamide-chalcone hybrid μ - (2,5-dichloro-N-{4-[(3E)-4-(3-nitrophenyl) buta-1,3-dien-2-yl] phenyl} benzene sulfonamide), or simply CL185, was synthesized, and its angiogenic activity was assessed using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay at different concentrations (12. Read More

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September 2021

Does immune checkpoint inhibitor exhibit limited efficacy against non-viral hepatocellular carcinoma?: a review of clinical trials.

Hepatol Res 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors has been shown to be beneficial for cancers originating from various organs. In May 2020, combination therapy with anti-programmed death-ligand 1 antibody atezolizumab and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody bevacizumab was approved as a novel first-line systemic therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The number of patients with HCC not caused by hepatitis virus infection (non-viral HCC), including non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related HCC, has been increasing in recent years. Read More

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September 2021

AAV-Mediated Expression of Human VEGF, TNF-α, and IL-6 Induces Retinal Pathology in Mice.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 Sep;10(11):15

Cardiometabolic Diseases Research, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Biberach an der Riß, Germany.

Purpose: Retinopathies display complex pathologies, including vasculopathies, inflammation, and fibrosis, leading ultimately to visual impairment. However, animal models accurately reflecting these pathologies are lacking. In this study, we evaluate the suitability of using Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated long-term expression of cytokines to establish retinal pathology in the murine retina. Read More

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September 2021

Multiprong control of glioblastoma multiforme invasiveness: blockade of pro-inflammatory signaling, anti-angiogenesis, and homeostasis restoration.

Cancer Metastasis Rev 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Neuroscience Center of Excellence, School of Medicine, Louisiana State University Health New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most invasive type of glial tumor with poor overall survival, despite advances in surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation. One of the main challenges in treating GBM is related to the tumor's location, complex and heterogeneous biology, and high invasiveness. To meet the demand for oxygen and nutrients, growing tumors induce new blood vessels growth. Read More

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September 2021

Switch to SGLT2 Inhibitors and Improved Endothelial Function in Diabetic Patients with Chronic Heart Failure.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy.

Purpose: The use of sodium-glucose-cotransporter-type-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) was associated in previous studies with an improved vascular function in non-human experimental models. We therefore sought to evaluate possible changes in endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), switching from other oral hypoglycemic agents to SGLT2i in an observational study.

Methods: Twenty-two consecutive outpatients with CHF and T2DM were enrolled after switching to SGLT2i therapy, and compared with 23 consecutive controls from the same registry comparable for principal clinical characteristics. Read More

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September 2021

A circular RNA, circUSP36, accelerates endothelial cell dysfunction in atherosclerosis by adsorbing miR-637 to enhance WNT4 expression.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):6759-6770

Department of Mental Health, Yishui People's Hospital, Linyi, Shandong Province, China.

Atherosclerosis is a fatal disorder that is fundamental to various cardiovascular diseases and severely threatens people's health worldwide. Several studies have demonstrated the role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. circUSP36 acts as a key modulator in the progression of atherosclerosis, but the molecular mechanism underlying this role is as yet unclear. Read More

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December 2021