831 results match your criteria varum

[Correction of complex defomities around the Knee Joint].

Orthopade 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Orthopädische Gemeinschaftspraxis in der Aukammklinik, Wiesbaden, Deutschland.

Complex deformities around the knee joint are usually severe and have several aetiologies. They can be present in one or more planes, with variations in severity between planes. The occurrence and progression of the deformity can be influenced by local and systemic factors. Read More

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[Prevalence and predictors of rebound deformity in the frontal plane : A literature review].

Orthopade 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Marienburgstraße 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

The present literature review presents the current state of the art on the prevalence and causes of the rebound phenomenon after successful correction of leg axis deformity using temporary epiphysiodesis in children and adolescents. A total of 20 studies was included by three independent reviewers. The validity of most studies regarding the rebound incidence is limited by a non-standardized follow-up after plate removal, heterogeneous patient groups with a small number of cases, and missing information on the definition of rebound. Read More

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[Dynamic analysis of joint loading due to leg axis deformity in the frontal plane : Relevance of instrumented gait analysis].

Orthopade 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Marienburgstraße 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Background: Instrumented 3D gait analysis (IGA) has been established for the functional evaluation of orthopedic diseases. It can provide valuable additional information beyond conventional static radiographic diagnostics and, thus, contributes to treatment decisions and a successful surgical outcome. Regarding the assessment of leg axis deformities IGA is currently only used in a few specialized centers. Read More

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[Radiographic analysis of limb malalignment in the frontal plane].

Orthopade 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Deutschland.

Radiographic measurement of the lower limb alignment in the frontal plane is used to assess limb deformity, to plan corrective surgery and for follow-up. It is essential that age-related normal lower limb alignment and joint orientation angles are known before planning surgical treatment. EOS (EOS™ Imaging, Paris, France) can lead to supplemental information, especially in cases of severe multidimensional joint malalignment. Read More

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[Axial deformities of the lower extremity in the frontal plane : From physiological development to pathological and possible long-term consequences].

Orthopade 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Klinik für Orthopädie (Friedrichsheim), Universitätsklinikum Frankfurt, Marienburgstraße 2, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Background: From birth to the end of growth, leg axes undergo physiological changes. Congenital, idiopathic or secondary deformities of the lower extremities are considered as a pre-arthrosis. A detailed clinical examination is of primary importance. Read More

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Lateral Femoral Closing Wedge Osteotomy in Genu Varum.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 Jun 15:102989. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Orthoprofis Hannover Luisenstraße 10/11, 30539 Hannover, Allemagne.

The distal femoral valgisation osteotomy has a variety of indications due to enhanced understanding of segmental deformities of the lower limb. Historically, an overall varus deformity was corrected at the tibia, and a valgus deformity at the femur. This approach of performing an "all in the tibia" correction for an overall varus can nevertheless lead to abnormal postoperative morphology because it is non-anatomical; creating joint line obliquity, and potentially shear stress on the cartilage. Read More

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Osteotomies around the knee lead to corresponding frontal realignment of the ankle.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department for Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, BG Klinik, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.

Introduction: Despite the fact that osteotomies around the knee represent well-established treatment options for the redistribution of loads and forces within and around the knee joint, unforeseen effects of these osteotomies on the ankle are still to be better understood. It was therefore the aim of this study to determine the influence of osteotomies around the knee on the coronal alignment of the ankle. We hypothesize that osteotomies around the knee for correction of genu varum or valgum lead to a change of the ankle orientation in the frontal plane by valgisation or varisation. Read More

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The Use of 3D Printing Technology for Manufacturing Metal Antennas in the 5G/IoT Context.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 May 11;21(10). Epub 2021 May 11.

Instituto de Telecomunicações, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

With the rise of 5G, Internet of Things (IoT), and networks operating in the mmWave frequencies, a huge growth of connected sensors will be a reality, and high gain antennas will be desired to compensate for the propagation issues, and with low cost, characteristics inherent to metallic radiating structures. 3D printing technology is a possible solution in this way, as it can print an object with high precision at a reduced cost. This paper presents different methods to fabricate typical metal antennas using 3D printing technology. Read More

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Patient satisfaction following total knee arthroplasty using restricted kinematic alignment.

Bone Joint J 2021 Jun;103-B(6 Supple A):59-66

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Aims: Alternative alignment concepts, including kinematic and restricted kinematic, have been introduced to help improve clinical outcomes following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, along with patient satisfaction, following TKA using the concept of restricted kinematic alignment.

Methods: A total of 121 consecutive TKAs performed between 11 February 2018 to 11 June 2019 with preoperative varus deformity were reviewed at minimum one-year follow-up. Read More

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Femur originated genu varum in a patient with symptomatic ACL deficiency: a case report and review of literature.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 May 13;22(1):437. Epub 2021 May 13.

Hip and Knee arthroplasty, Joint Reconstruction Research Center, Imam Khomeini hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, End of Keshavarz Blvd, 1419733141, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may be associated with genu varum. There are a few indications in which the varus deformity can be corrected at the time of ACL reconstruction. However, as the genu varum originates mostly from the tibia and the simultaneous presence of ACL deficiency and femur originated genu varum is uncommon, only a few papers have described their management for ACL deficient patients with femur originated genu varum. Read More

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Colonic delivery of metronidazole-loaded capsules for local treatment of bacterial infections: A clinical pharmacoscintigraphy study.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Aug 7;165:22-30. Epub 2021 May 7.

Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

Drug delivery to the colon offers great promise for local treatment of colonic diseases as it allows bypassing systemic absorption in the small intestine, thereby increasing luminal drug concentrations in the colon. The primary objective of this in vivo pharmaco-scintigraphy study was to assess the colon drug targeting accuracy of a metronidazole benzoate colonic drug delivery system intended for local treatment of Clostridioides difficile infections. Additionally, it was assessed if the concept of mucoadhesion would increase colonic residence time and promote higher drug bioavailability. Read More

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Dynamic Knee Alignment and Pelvic Balance: Comparison Regarding Gender in Young Soccer Athletes.

Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2021 Apr 26;56(2):175-180. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Departamento de Fisiologia e Farmacologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

 To evaluate knee alignment in the frontal plane and pelvic balance during the step-down test in female and male soccer players.  Cross-sectional study carried out with male and female soccer players from under-15 and under-17 teams of a professional club in Southern Brazil. The step-down test was performed, filmed with a video camera, and evaluated according to the angular measurements obtained during movement using the Kinovea software (open source), version 0. Read More

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Medial Opening Wedge Proximal Tibial Osteotomy: Lessons Learned from a Series of 175 Consecutive Cases.

Cartilage 2021 Apr 27:19476035211011503. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

CHUM, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Introduction: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a surgical procedure aimed at inhibiting the progression of osteoarthritis of the knee joint. The aim of this study was to identify factors influencing the functional outcome after opening wedge valgus HTO.

Methods: A total of 175 cases (155 patients) of varus-correcting high tibial open-wedge osteotomies using the Tomofix plate were reviewed retrospectively. Read More

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Proximal tibial osteotomy for genu varum: Radiological evaluation of deformity correction with a plate external fixator.

World J Orthop 2021 Mar 18;12(3):140-151. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hospital for Special Surgery, Weill Medical College of Cornell University, New York, NY 10021, United States.

Background: High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well-known procedure for the correction of knee varus. The purpose of this study was to compare the radiological results and accuracy of deformity correction performed using two different techniques: acute opening wedge correction using a plate and gradual correction with a monolateral external fixator.

Aim: To compare of the radiological results of two different techniques: acute opening wedge correction (a plate and screw) and gradual correction (external fixator). Read More

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Relationship of Patellofemoral Angles and Tibiofemoral Rotational Angles With Jumper's Knee in Professional Dancers: An MRI Analysis.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Mar 16;9(3):2325967120985229. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Orthopaedic and Spine Center, Istanbul Florence Nightingale Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Jumper's knee is a type of tendinopathy affecting the distal insertion of the quadriceps tendon (25% of cases) or the patellar tendon. It has been shown that frontal-plane measurements, such as genu valgum, genu varum, an increased quadriceps angle, a protuberant tibial tuberosity, patella alta, and short hamstring muscles, may be related to jumper's knee.

Purpose: To investigate the effects of tibiofemoral rotational angles and patellofemoral (PF) angles on the development of jumper's knee in professional folk dancers. Read More

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Total knee arthroplasty in femoral bowing: does patient specific instrumentation have something to add? A randomized controlled trial.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Apr 2;22(1):321. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-Daero, Seocho-Gu, Seoul, 06591, Republic of Korea.

Background: Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) proponents have suggested the benefits of improved component alignment and reduced outliers. In this randomized controlled trial, we attempted to assess the advantage of using PSI over conventional intermedullary (IM) guides for primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with bilateral severe femoral bowing (> 5°). A parallel trial design was used with 1:1 allocation. Read More

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Alkaline phosphatase in pediatric patients with genu varum caused by vitamin D-deficient rickets.

Endocr J 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pediatrics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

An elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level is one of the markers for the presence of rickets in children, but it is also associated with bone formation. However, its role in diagnosing genu varum in pediatric patients with vitamin D-deficient rickets is still unknown. To clarify the role of the serum ALP level in assessing the severity of genu varum, we retrospectively investigated this issue statistically using data on rickets such as serum intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, ALP, the level of creatinine as the percentage of the median according to age (%Cr), and the metaphyseal diaphyseal angle (MDA) in the lower extremities as an index of the severity of genu varum. Read More

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A retrospective study of treatment of genu valgum/varum with guided growth: Risk factors for a lower rate of angular correction.

Sci Prog 2021 Jan-Mar;104(1):368504211002612

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

The rate of angular correction (ROAC) is very unpredictable and may be affected by various factors in the treatment of genu valgum and varum by means of guided growth. The purpose of this study was to assess the ROAC in cases from our institution and to identify risk factors associated with the occurrence of lower ROAC.We retrospectively reviewed the chart records of 68 patients undergoing guided growth with figure-eight plate for the correction of genu valgum and varum. Read More

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Complex Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty in a Patient with Achondroplasia, Osteoarthritis, and Severe Coronal Instability.

Arthroplast Today 2021 Apr 24;8:24-28. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Genu varum in patients with achondroplasia is common and is often exacerbated by the associated generalized ligamentous laxity. Despite this, development of knee osteoarthritis is rare. There are only a few previously published case reports of total knee arthroplasty in this population. Read More

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Percutaneous high tibial closed-wedge corticotomy and casting for treating genu varum in adolescents.

Musculoskelet Surg 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, 1007 Leena Springs compound, 90th street, 5th settlement, Fayoum, New Cairo, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: Diverse surgical modalities have been designated for the treatment of genu varum deformity. However, other studies have not constantly confirmed which technique to be better than the other. The use of hardware, bone graft or bone substitute have their own risks. Read More

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Single-stage medial plateau elevation and metaphyseal osteotomies in advanced-stage Blount's disease: a new technique.

J Child Orthop 2021 Feb;15(1):12-23

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: Surgical treatment in advanced-stage infantile Blount's disease with medial plateau (MP) depression is challenging. Several osteotomies and fixation methods have been described with no established benchmark. We conducted this study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a new single-stage technique for acute medial condyle elevation and metaphyseal osteotomies with internal fixation. Read More

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February 2021

Surgical management of rickets-like bone deformities (knock-knee and bow-leg) in children in sub-Saharan Africa.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Sep;86(3):391-396

Rickets-like deformities of the lower limb (knock- knee or bow-leg) are very frequent in sub-Saharan Africa. A prospective study was carried out over a period of 5 years. Forty-eight children were treated surgically for rickets-like deformities. Read More

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September 2020

Lifetime impact of achondroplasia: Current evidence and perspectives on the natural history.

Bone 2021 May 3;146:115872. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Royal Children's Hospital, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

Achondroplasia, the most common form of disproportionate short stature, is caused by a variant in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) gene. Advances in drug treatment for achondroplasia have underscored the need to better understand the natural history of this condition. This article provides a critical review and discussion of the natural history of achondroplasia based on current literature evidence and the perspectives of clinicians with extensive knowledge and practical experience in managing individuals with this diagnosis. Read More

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The Prevalence of Genu Varum and Genu Valgum in Overweight and Obese Patients: Assessing the Relationship between Body Mass Index and Knee Angular Deformities.

Acta Biomed 2020 10 5;91(4):ahead of print. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Pediatric Growth and Development Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Recent studies have shown evidence of a relationship between overweight and obesity with skeletal abnormalities, especially angular knee disorders.

Aim Of The Study: To reveal causal relationship between obesity and skeletal abnormalities.

Methods: This study was performed on 280 overweight or obese patients (with BMI > 25kg/m2) who referred to Rasoul Akram hospital in Tehran between 2017 and 2018. Read More

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October 2020

Global varus malalignment increase from double-leg to single-leg stance due to intra-articular changes.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Jan 24. Epub 2021 Jan 24.

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Institute of Movement and Locomotion, St. Marguerite Hospital, 270 Boulevard Sainte Marguerite, BP 29, 13274, Marseille, France.

Purpose: Preoperatively planned correction for tibial osteotomy surgery is usually based on weightbearing long-leg Xrays, while the surgery is performed in a supine non-weightbearing position. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences in lower limb alignment in three different weightbearing conditions: supine position, double-leg (DL) stance and single-sleg (SL) stance prior to performing a medial opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (MOWHTO) for varus malalignment. The hypothesis of this study was that progressive limb-loading would lead to an increased preoperative varus deformity. Read More

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January 2021

Correction of coronal plane deformities around knee in children with two-hole tension band plates.

Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021 6;32(1):177-184. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Hacettepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Ortopedi ve Travmatoloji Anabilim Dalı, 06100 Sıhhiye Ankara, Türkiye.

Objectives: This study aims to present the 10-year results and complications of two-hole tension band plate hemiepiphysiodesis for coronal deformities around knee in a large population from a single center.

Patients And Methods: Seventy-seven patients (46 boys, 31 girls; mean age 93±36 months; range, 22 to 181 months) who underwent temporary hemiepiphysiodesis around knee between January 2009 and January 2019 with two-hole tension band plates were retrospectively evaluated. Improvement of joint orientation angles and mechanical axis deviations, deformity correction rates, etiology groups, and complications were noted. Read More

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High Tibial Osteotomy for Genu Varum in Adults: Do Proprietary Implants Limit the Quality of Correction?

Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr 2020 Jan-Apr;15(1):13-22

St. George City Hospital, Saint Petersburg, Russia, Russian Federation.

The surgical technique of proximal tibial osteotomy for genu varum in adults has evolved from a procedure using closing wedges of estimated sizes with staple fixation in the 1960s to using standard trauma internal fixation implants and, more recently, to gradual correction with software-guided hexapod external fixators. In the last two decades, implant manufacturers have also produced anatomical implants specific for such corrective osteotomies. This study evaluates the limits of using such proprietary implants for proximal tibial osteotomy in genu varum. Read More

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December 2020

Impact of medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy for medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee.

World J Orthop 2020 Dec 18;11(12):606-614. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha 442001, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Most populations worldwide, who are used to squatting and sitting cross-legged for their activities of daily living, largely comprise the lower socioeconomic strata, thus making them candidates for exclusion for total knee arthroplasty. Proximal/high tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a preferred strategy for clinically symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) with genu varum due to painful medial compartment OA which is not amenable to conservative measures.

Aim: To evaluate the outcomes of medial open-wedge HTO along with autologous bone grafting and buttress plate for the treatment of genu varum due to OA of the knee in a rural population of central India. Read More

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December 2020

Affecting Factors and Correction Ratio in Genu Valgum or Varum Treated with Percutaneous Epiphysiodesis Using Transphyseal Screws.

J Clin Med 2020 Dec 18;9(12). Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keimyung University Dongsan Hospital, Keimyung University School of Medicine, 1035 Dalgubeol-daero, Dalseo-gu, Daegu 42601, Korea.

This study evaluated the correction rates of idiopathic genu valgum or varum after percutaneous epiphysiodesis using transphyseal screws (PETS) and analyzed the affecting factors. A total of 35 children without underlying diseases were enrolled containing 64 physes (44 distal femoral (DT), 20 proximal tibial (PT)). Anatomic tibiofemoral angle (aTFA) and the mechanical axis deviation (MAD) were taken from teleroentgenograms before PETS surgery and screw removal. Read More

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December 2020

Rotational kinematics differ between mild and severe valgus knees in total knee arthroplasty.

Knee 2021 Jan 10;28:81-88. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Orthopaedics, Tokyo University Hospital, Japan.

Background: There is no consensus regarding femorotibial rotational kinematics in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for valgus knee deformity. Additionally, whether the degree of valgus deformity influences intraoperative rotational kinematics and postoperative clinical scores remains unclear. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether the valgus angle is associated with intraoperative rotational kinematics in TKA for valgus knee deformity and to examine the relationship between rotational kinematics and postoperative clinical results. Read More

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January 2021