62,289 results match your criteria variables development


Family-centered music therapy-Empowering premature infants and their primary caregivers through music: Results of a pilot study.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0250071. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: In Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs) premature infants are exposed to various acoustic, environmental and emotional stressors which have a negative impact on their development and the mental health of their parents. Family-centred music therapy bears the potential to positively influence these stressors. The few existing studies indicate that interactive live-improvised music therapy interventions both reduce parental stress factors and support preterm infants' development. Read More

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Functional hemispherectomy: can preoperative imaging predict outcome?

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2020 Jun 21;25(6). Epub 2020 Feb 21.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Institute, Miami Children's Hospital, Miami, Florida.

Objective: Although hemispherectomy is an effective treatment for children with intractable hemispheric epilepsy syndromes, as many as 40% of patients eventually develop seizure recurrence. The causes of seizure recurrence in these patients are incompletely understood. The authors sought to evaluate the efficacy of hemispherectomy at their center and determine whether contralateral MRI abnormalities can predict seizure recurrence. Read More

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Gut colonization in preterm infants supplemented with bovine colostrum in the first week of life: An explorative pilot study.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Comparative Paediatrics and Nutrition, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences.

Background: In the first weeks after birth, enteral feeding and bacterial colonization interact to influence gut maturation in preterm infants. Bovine colostrum (BC) has been suggested as a relevant supplementary diet when own mother's milk (MM) is insufficient or absent. In a pilot trial whether the supplement type, BC or human donor milk (DM), affects gut colonization in preterm infants during the first week of life was tested. Read More

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Supplier selection mechanism in electric coal procurement under sustainability.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

School of Science, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

The electric energy mainly comes from thermal power generation fueled by electric coal, and the selection of electric coal supplier is of great practical significance for the development of electric power enterprises. In this paper, the mechanism of supplier selection in electric coal procurement is designed from a perspective of sustainability. Concretely, eleven evaluation indexes from three aspects of economy, environment, and society are selected to construct a new evaluation index system for selecting sustainable electric coal suppliers. Read More

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Prophylactic Percutaneous Consolidation of Large Osteolytic Tumors of the Pelvic Ring Using Fixation by Internal Cemented Screws.

Radiol Imaging Cancer 2021 May;3(3):e200137

From the Department of Interventional Radiology, Gustave Roussy-Cancer Center, 114 Rue Edouard Vaillant, 94805 Villejuif, France (J.A., L.T., C.R., S.Y., A.D., A.N., M.A.A., J.C.B., T.d.B., F.D.); Laboratory of Translational Research in Immunology (LRTI), INSERM U1015, Villejuif France (L.T.); and University Paris-Sud Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France (L.T., T.d.B., F.D.).

Purpose To evaluate the efficacy, durability, and safety of percutaneous fixation by internal cemented screw (FICS) for prophylactic consolidation of impending pathologic fractures of the pelvic ring. Materials and Methods In this single-institute retrospective study, patients with large, minimally symptomatic to asymptomatic osteolytic tumors of the pelvic ring that were treated with percutaneous cone-beam CT-guided FICS procedures were included (January 2014 to May 2019). Follow-up cross-section imaging and clinical reports were reviewed for procedural complications and assessment of the long-term consolidation efficacy on the basis of the development of pathologic fracture or need for additional surgical intervention. Read More

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Performance of a clinical risk prediction model for inhibitor formation in severe haemophilia A.

Haemophilia 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Background: There is a need to identify patients with haemophilia who have a very low or high risk of developing inhibitors. These patients could be candidates for personalized treatment strategies.

Aims: The aim of this study was to externally validate a previously published prediction model for inhibitor development and to develop a new prediction model that incorporates novel predictors. Read More

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Factors associated with mental health and quality of life during the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil.

BJPsych Open 2021 May 14;7(3):e103. Epub 2021 May 14.

Faculty of Medicine of Itajubá, Afya Group, Brazil.

Background: Although mental distress and quality of life (QoL) impairments because of the pandemic have increased worldwide, the way that each community has been affected has varied.

Aims: This study evaluated the impact of social distancing imposed by coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) on Brazilians' mental health and QoL.

Method: In this cross-sectional community-based online survey, data from 1156 community-dwelling adults were gathered between 11 May and 3 June 2020. Read More

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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with worse outcomes in ischemic colitis: a nationwide retrospective study.

Int J Colorectal Dis 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, MercyOne Des Moines Medical Center, Des Moines, IA, USA.

Background: Ischemic colitis (IC) occurs when the blood supply of the large intestine becomes compromised. Several cardiovascular conditions, such as coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, and atrial fibrillation, are well-established risk factors for the development of IC. The effects of pulmonary conditions, namely chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), on IC have not been well studied. Read More

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Agricultural chemicals and sustainable development: the agricultural environment Kuznets curve based on spatial panel model.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

College of Economics and Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of China.

Excessive delivery of agricultural chemicals seriously threatens the ecology and environment of agricultural areas and restricts the sustainable development of agriculture. The analysis of agrochemical Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) adopting spatial econometric tools is limited. Therefore, this study adopted the spatial panel regression approach to analyze the agricultural chemicals EKC Three Gorges Reservoir Region (TGRR). Read More

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Assessment of causality between climate variables and production for whole crop maize using structural equation modeling.

J Anim Sci Technol 2021 Mar 31;63(2):339-353. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Animal Industry Convergence, Kangwon National University, Chuncheon 24341, Korea.

This study aimed to assess the causality of different climate variables on the production of whole crop maize ( L.; WCM) in the central inland region of the Korea. Furthermore, the effect of these climate variables was also determined by looking at direct and indirect pathways during the stages before and after silking. Read More

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Development and validation of predictive model for lymph node metastasis in endometrial cancer: a SEER analysis.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):538

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China.

Background: The purpose of this study was to develop a nomogram that can be used to predict lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with endometrial cancer (EC).

Methods: The clinical data of EC patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2015 were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER) registry. The nomogram was constructed using independent risk factors chosen by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. Read More

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Changes in Vitamin A Levels and the Effect of Early Vitamin A Supplementation on Vitamin A Levels in Infants Throughout the First 6 Months of Life: A Prospective Cohort Study in Chongqing, China.

Front Public Health 2021 27;9:650823. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Chongqing Key Laboratory of Child Nutrition and Health, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, Children's Nutrition Research Center, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorder, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

This study aimed to explore the changes in infant vitamin A (VA) status and the effect of early VA supplementation on VA level throughout the first 6 months of life. A prospective cohort study was conducted in Chongqing, China. A total of 1,016 healthy infants were enrolled at birth. Read More

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Psychopathology and Dissociation among Boarding School Students in Eastern Turkey.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2021 Jun 16;14(2):201-207. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Psychiatry, Koc University Hospital, Topkapi, Davutpasa Cd. No:4, 34010 Zeytinburnu, Istanbul, Turkey.

A subset of boarding schools for adolescents was established in 1993 in the rural sections of Eastern Turkey to provide equity in terms of availability of education. Even though these schools were beneficial in many respects, implementation of this institutional model gave rise to many challenges such as weaker relationships with parents and defiance of authority figures. Failure to develop a mature response to these challenges could lead to the development of psychopathologies such as depression, psychosis, and dissociation. Read More

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Emotional Aspects of Pediatric Post-Intensive Care Syndrome Following Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2021 Jun 6;14(2):177-187. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Pediatric Psychology, Department of Pediatrics, Institute on Development and Disability, Oregon Health & Science University and Doernbecher Children's Hospital, Portland, OR USA.

Children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) requiring neurocritical care are at risk for neurocognitive, emotional, physical, and psychosocial difficulties, collectively known as Post-Intensive Care Syndrome. Our study assessed parent-reported emotional functioning and identified risk factors for emotional sequelae in the acute recovery phase. Fifty-three children between 5 and 18 years old hospitalized for TBI were assessed 1-month following discharge. Read More

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Analysis of risk factors affecting the development of peptic ulcer perforation: case-control study.

Prz Gastroenterol 2021 25;16(1):23-28. Epub 2020 Apr 25.

Department of Surgery and Liver Transplant Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

Aim: The aim of the to determine the risk factors associated with increased risk of peptic ulcer perforation (PUP).

Material And Methods: The demographic, clinic, and biochemical parameters of 65 patients (PUP group) who underwent PUP surgery at our clinic between June 2009 and September 2016 were compared with the data of 134 patients (control group) who underwent endoscopy at a gastroenterology clinic for dyspeptic complaints. The control group were matched at random in a 1 : 2 ratio with the PUP group. Read More

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Excessive Unbalanced Meat Consumption in the First Year of Life Increases Asthma Risk in the PASTURE and LUKAS2 Birth Cohorts.

Front Immunol 2021 27;12:651709. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Munich, Germany.

A higher diversity of food items introduced in the first year of life has been inversely related to subsequent development of asthma. In the current analysis, we applied latent class analysis (LCA) to systematically assess feeding patterns and to relate them to asthma risk at school age. PASTURE (N=1133) and LUKAS2 (N=228) are prospective birth cohort studies designed to evaluate protective and risk factors for atopic diseases, including dietary patterns. Read More

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Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Screening Tool in Patients with Hepatitis B-Related Cirrhosis: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 6;14:1823-1831. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Hepatology, Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian Province, People's Republic of China.

Aim: Malnutrition is common in cirrhotic patients; however, there is no gold standard for nutritional assessment for this population. The aim of this study was to develop a novel nutritional screening tool based on objective indicators for cirrhotic patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV).

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Priority list of biodiversity metrics to observe from space.

Nat Ecol Evol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Geography and Geology, University of Wuerzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Monitoring global biodiversity from space through remotely sensing geospatial patterns has high potential to add to our knowledge acquired by field observation. Although a framework of essential biodiversity variables (EBVs) is emerging for monitoring biodiversity, its poor alignment with remote sensing products hinders interpolation between field observations. This study compiles a comprehensive, prioritized list of remote sensing biodiversity products that can further improve the monitoring of geospatial biodiversity patterns, enhancing the EBV framework and its applicability. Read More

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Off-training physical activity and training responses as determinants of sleep quality in young soccer players.

Sci Rep 2021 May 13;11(1):10219. Epub 2021 May 13.

Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, CreativeLab Research Community, Vila Real, Portugal.

This study aimed to quantify and assess the relationship of young soccer players' off-training physical activity (PA) and training responses on sleep quality. Eleven adolescent soccer players (13 ± 0.5 years old) were monitored during weekdays for four consecutive weeks, throughout soccer practice days. Read More

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Early Determination of Prognosis in Neonatal Moderate or Severe Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy.

Pediatrics 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland; and.

Background And Objectives: Early determination of prognosis is important in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Our objective was to test scoring systems developed earlier (original scoring system) and develop new prognostic models.

Methods: Secondary analysis of data from the multicenter randomized controlled trial of longer, deeper, or usual care cooling in neonatal HIE (NCT01192776) that enrolled 364 neonates diagnosed with moderate or severe HIE. Read More

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Maternal healthcare utilsation and complete childhood vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional study of 29 nationally representative surveys.

BMJ Open 2021 May 13;11(5):e045992. Epub 2021 May 13.

School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Objective: The objective of the study was to examine the association between maternal healthcare utilisation and complete childhood vaccination in sub-Saharan Africa.

Design: Our study was a cross-sectional study that used pooled data from 29 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Participants: A total of 60 964 mothers of children aged 11-23 months were included in the study. Read More

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Launching of the Anaemia Research Peruvian Cohort (ARPEC): a multicentre birth cohort project to explore the iron adaptive homeostasis, infant growth and development in three Peruvian regions.

BMJ Open 2021 May 13;11(5):e045609. Epub 2021 May 13.

Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Universidad Nacional Santiago Antúnez de Mayolo, Huaraz, Peru.

Background: Preventing infantile anaemia and ensuring optimal growth and development during early childhood, particularly in resource-constrained settings, represent an ongoing public health challenge. Current responses are aligned to treatment-based solutions, instead of determining the roles of its inter-related causes. This project aims to assess and understand the complex interplay of eco-bio-social-political factors that determine infantile anaemia to inform policy, research design and prevention practices. Read More

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Longitudinal visual field variability and the ability to detect glaucoma progression in black and white individuals.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Ophthalmology, Vision, Imaging and Performance (VIP) Laboratory, Duke Eye Center, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Background/aims: To investigate racial differences in the variability of longitudinal visual field testing in a 'real-world' clinical population, evaluate how these differences are influenced by socioeconomic status, and estimate the impact of differences in variability on the time to detect visual field progression.

Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study used data from 1103 eyes from 751 White individuals and 428 eyes from 317 black individuals. Linear regression was performed on the standard automated perimetry mean deviation values for each eye over time. Read More

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Prediagnostic circulating inflammation-related biomarkers and gastric cancer: A case-cohort study in Japan.

Cytokine 2021 May 10:155558. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

Gastric cancer is preceded by a chronic inflammatory process. Circulating levels of inflammation-related markers may reveal molecular pathways contributing to cancer development. Our study evaluated risk associations of gastric cancer with a wide range of systemic soluble inflammation and immune-response proteins. Read More

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Effect of post-stroke spasticity on voluntary movement of the upper limb.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2021 May 13;18(1):81. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Background: Hemiparesis following stroke is often accompanied by spasticity. Spasticity is one factor among the multiple components of the upper motor neuron syndrome that contributes to movement impairment. However, the specific contribution of spasticity is difficult to isolate and quantify. Read More

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Differences in reporting food insecurity and factors associated with differences among Latino fathers and mothers.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 13;21(1):912. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 1334 Eckles Ave., St. Paul, MN, 55304, USA.

Background: Food security status has been assessed as a representative score for households; however, different members in the same household may perceive and report food insecurity differently. A high prevalence of food insecurity has been reported among Latino households, therefore understanding differences in reporting food insecurity by Latino father-mother dyads may improve accuracy of assessment and plans to address food insecurity. This study aimed to 1) determine demographic characteristics and/or food-related factors associated with perceptions of food security status among Latino father-mother dyads, and 2) identify factors associated with discordance in perceptions of food insecurity between dyads. Read More

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Association of household socioeconomic status, neighborhood support system and adherence to dietary recommendation among persons with T2DM, a facility-based cross-sectional study in Ghana.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 13;21(1):911. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Dietary recommendation help persons with diabetes adopt to healthy eating habits to achieve optimal glycemic control. Socioeconomic-status and neighborhood support system can influence adherence to dietary recommendation. The purpose of our study is to assess the association of household-socioeconomic status and neighborhood-support system with adherence to dietary recommendation among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Read More

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Load-velocity relationship in the horizontal leg-press exercise in older women and men.

Exp Gerontol 2021 May 10;151:111391. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal; Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, CIDESD, Covilhã, Portugal. Electronic address:

This study analyzed the predictive ability of movement velocity to estimate the relative load (i.e., % of one-repetition maximum [1RM]) during the horizontal leg-press exercise in older women and men. Read More

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Predictive variables of prescription opioid misuse in patients with chronic noncancer pain. Development of a risk detection scale: A registered report protocol.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251586. Epub 2021 May 13.

Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Psicología, Andalucía Tech, Málaga, Spain.

Background: Opioid therapy is utilized for a broad range of chronic pain conditions. Several studies have highlighted the adverse effects of opioid medication due to the misuse of these drugs. The gradual increase in the use of opioids has become a global phenomenon and is generating social concern. Read More

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Mindfulness attenuates both emotional and behavioral reactions following psychological contract breach: A two-stage moderated mediation model.

J Appl Psychol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

WHU- Otto Beisheim School of Management.

Breach of the psychological contract between organization and employee often evokes employee hostility, which in turn can instigate deviant behaviors. We examine whether employee mindfulness attenuates these reactions to psychological contract breach. Specifically, we develop and test a two-stage moderated mediation model in which employee mindfulness moderates the mediational path from psychological contract breach via hostility to deviance by attenuating both emotional and behavioral reactions. Read More

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