822 results match your criteria vaginalis total

Effectiveness of a Culturally Tailored HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Intervention for Black Women in Community Supervision Programs: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Apr 1;4(4):e215226. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Social Intervention Group, Columbia University School of Social Work, New York, New York.

Importance: Concentrated epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have persisted among Black women in community supervision programs (CSPs) in the United States. Accumulating research has highlighted the effectiveness of culturally tailored HIV/STI interventions for Black women; however, there is a dearth of such interventions for the large number of Black women in CSPs.

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a 5-session culturally tailored group-based intervention (Empowering African-American Women on the Road to Health [E-WORTH]) with individualized computerized modules and streamlined HIV testing in reducing STIs and condomless sex vs a 1-session streamlined HIV testing control condition. Read More

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Incidence and laboratory diagnosis of sexually-transmitted infections among university students in a high-prevalence community.

J Am Coll Health 2021 Apr 8:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

College of Health Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of four sexually-transmitted infection (STI) agents among university students. : A total of 1744 Milwaukee, Wisconsin metropolitan area student encounters at two university health clinics. Following consent, participants completed an eight-item demographic and behavioral questionnaire and provided a specimen for and RNA testing. Read More

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The diagnostic role of testicular fatty acid-binding protein in testicular ischemia: A randomized controlled experimental study.

Arch Esp Urol 2021 Apr;74(3):328-334

Department of Anesthesia and Reanimation. Haseki Training and Research Hospital. Istanbul.

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of testicular fatty acid-binding protein (T-FABP) in acute testicular ischemia and prolonged ischemia. METHODS: The study included a total of 28 prepubertal male Wistar-Hannover rats. The animals were randomly divided into 4 groups as torsion groups (group I; min 30; 7 rats, group II; min 120; 7 rats, group III; min 240; 7 rats) and control group (group IV; 7 rats). Read More

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Introduction of a complementary screening system for the detection of sexually transmitted infections in patients with sterile pyuria.

Rev Esp Quimioter 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Helena Gil-Campesino, Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital of the Canary Islands. Ctra. del Rosario, 115, 38010 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.

Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate a complementary screening system for the detection of sexually transmitted infections in patients with sterile pyuria.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted using Real-time multiplex qPCR in 300 consecutive urine samples with data on sterile pyuria. STI prevalence and patient epidemiological data were analyzed. Read More

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Testicular, Spermatic Cord, and Scrotal Soft Tissue Sarcomas: Treatment Outcomes and Patterns of Failure.

Sarcoma 2021 5;2021:8824301. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Introduction: Paratesticular sarcomas are defined as tumors that arise within the scrotum and include the subsites of epididymis, spermatic cord, and tunica vaginalis and represent the most common type of GU sarcoma. The mainstay of treatment is often surgical resection, combined with histology specific chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Due to the rare nature of the disease, there are limited data to guide management. Read More

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Detection of sexually transmitted pathogens and co-infection with human papillomavirus in women residing in rural Eastern Cape, South Africa.

PeerJ 2021 3;9:e10793. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of health sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: South African women of reproductive age have a high burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. However, there is limited information on the prevalence of sexually transmitted pathogens in women from rural Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. The study aims at determining the prevalence of sexually transmitted pathogens and co-infection with high-risk (HR) HPV among women from rural Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Read More

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and Are Able to Incorporate and Influence Gene Expression in a Pre-Formed Biofilm.

Pathogens 2021 Feb 20;10(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Centre of Biological Engineering (CEB), Laboratory of Research in Biofilms Rosário Oliveira (LIBRO), Campus de Gualtar, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with a highly structured polymicrobial biofilm on the vaginal epithelium where species presumably play a pivotal role. , , and are vaginal pathogens detected during the early stages of incident BV. Herein, we aimed to analyze the impact of and on a pre-established biofilm using a novel in vitro triple-species biofilm model. Read More

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February 2021

Long-term stability of the urogenital microbiota of asymptomatic European women.

BMC Microbiol 2021 Feb 25;21(1):64. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

UCIBIO-REQUIMTE. Laboratory of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Background: To date, information on healthy female urinary microbiota is available mostly at genus level and at one time point. However, profound species-level characterization of healthy urinary microbiome and its stability over time are essential for further correct interpretation of its role in healthy urogenital tract. In this study, we investigated female urogenital microbiome (FUM) at two timepoints (within 2. Read More

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February 2021

[Sexually transmissible infections in African-descendant women in maroon communities in Brazil: prevalence and associated factors].

Cad Saude Publica 2021 10;37(2):e00174919. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brasil.

The study aimed to estimate the prevalence of sexually transmissible infections (STIs) and associated factors in women in quilombola (maroon) communities in Brazil. This was a population-based cross-sectional study of quilombola women from March 2017 to January 2019. A questionnaire was used with sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical information. Read More

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February 2021

Mycoplasma genitalium and Other Reproductive Tract Infections in Pregnant Women, Papua New Guinea, 2015-2017.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 Mar;27(3):894-904

Much about the range of pathogens, frequency of coinfection, and clinical effects of reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among pregnant women remains unknown. We report on RTIs (Mycoplasma genitalium, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Trichomonas vaginalis, Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum, bacterial vaginosis, and vulvovaginal candidiasis) and other reproductive health indicators in 699 pregnant women in Papua New Guinea during 2015-2017. We found M. Read More

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Optimization of Coumarins Extraction from Pterocaulon balansae by Box-Behnken Design and Anti-Trichomonas vaginalis Activity.

Planta Med 2021 Feb 12. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Faculdade de Farmácia, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas (PPGCF), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Santana, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

causes trichomoniasis, a nonviral sexually transmitted infection with a high prevalence worldwide. Oral metronidazole is the drug of choice for the treatment of this disease, although high levels of resistance to this agent are well documented in the literature. This study describes the anti- activity of an optimized coumarin-rich extract from . Read More

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February 2021

Intrauterine Infection Results in Fetal Growth Restriction and Alveolar Septal Hypertrophy in a Rabbit Model.

Front Pediatr 2020 22;8:593802. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

(GV) is most frequently associated with bacterial vaginosis and is the second most common etiology causing intrauterine infection after . Intrauterine GV infection adversely affects pregnancy outcomes, resulting in preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, and neonatal pneumonia. The knowledge of how GV exerts its effects is limited. Read More

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January 2021

Global survey of miRNAs and tRNA-derived small RNAs from the human parasitic protist Trichomonas vaginalis.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jan 29;14(1):87. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, #5 Dong Dan San Tiao, Beijing, 100005, People's Republic of China.

Background: Small non-coding RNAs play critical regulatory roles in post-transcription. However, their characteristics in Trichomonas vaginalis, the causative agent of human sexually transmitted trichomoniasis, still remain to be determined.

Methods: Small RNA transcriptomes from Trichomonas trophozoites were deep sequenced using the Illumina NextSeq 500 system and comprehensively analyzed to identify Trichomonas microRNAs (miRNAs) and transfer RNA (tRNA)-derived small RNAs (tsRNAs). Read More

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January 2021

Comparison between Aptima® assays (Hologic) and the CoBAS® 6800 system (Roche) for the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Mycoplasma genitalium.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Jan 25. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Clinical Microbiology Unit, Hospital Universitario Clínico San Cecilio.Instituto de Investigación Ibs.Granada, Granada, Spain.

Nowadays, it is of utmost importance to use fully validated assays for molecular-based diagnosis. In the field of sexually transmitted disease (STD), Roche and Hologic provide assays for diagnosing Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), Mycoplasma genitalium (MG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV). A total of 212 clinical samples were tested. Read More

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January 2021

Predictors of Urinary Tract Infections in Children and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in the Buea Health District, South West Region, Cameroon.

Biomed Res Int 2020 31;2020:2176569. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63, Buea, South West Region, Cameroon.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common pediatric infections and if not promptly diagnosed and treated, it could cause long term complications. Worldwide and in Cameroon, little attention has been paid to this growing problem in the pediatric population. Identification of risk factors will contribute significantly to prevention. Read More

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October 2020

Ascending testis: A congenital predetermined condition.

J Pediatr Urol 2020 Dec 20. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust: John Radcliffe Hospital, Department of Paediatric Surgery, UK; Alexandria University Hospital, Department of Paediatric Surgery, Egypt.

Introduction: About 0.8% of boys have undescended testes at 1 year of age. However, the overall rate of orchidopexy is 2. Read More

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December 2020

Cervical Gardnerella vaginalis in women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(1):e0245937. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Charles University Faculty of Medicine in Hradec Kralove, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.

Objective: To determine the association between microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and/or intra-amniotic inflammation (IAI) and the cervical prevalence of Gardnerella vaginalis DNA in pregnancies with preterm prelabor rupture of membrane (PPROM).

Method: In total, 405 women with singleton pregnancies complicated with PPROM were included. Cervical fluid and amniotic fluid samples were collected at the time of admission. Read More

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January 2021

Sternberg's Canal and Defect: Is the Lateral Craniopharyngeal Canal a Source of Spontaneous Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak? Anatomic and Radiological Analysis in Pediatric and Adult Populations.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Mar;20(4):426-432

Department of Neurosurgery, Albany Medical Center, Albany, New York.

Background: The lateral craniopharyngeal or Sternberg's canal (SC) originates from superior orbital fissure (SOF) and traverses the sphenoid body into the nasopharynx. A remnant of the canal, Sternberg's defect (SD), has been debated as a source of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. The canal was described in 1888, and there is limited accurate visual illustration in the literature. Read More

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Clinical Characteristics, Ultrasonographic Findings, and Treatment of Pediatric Transverse Testicular Ectopia: A 10-Year Retrospective Review.

Urology 2021 Jan 14. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Urology and Laboratory of Pelvic Floor Muscle Function, Shenzhen Children's Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the clinical data, ultrasonic features, treatment, and long-term outcome of transverse testicular ectopia (TTE) in children.

Methods: Children with TTE were enrolled in the study between November 2009 and August 2019 in Shenzhen Children's Hospital in China. Clinical information, including demographic characteristics, clinical manifestations, TTE-associated anomalies, ultrasonographic findings, and surgical procedures, were collected from all patients. Read More

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January 2021

Are Swedish swingers a risk group for sexually transmitted infections?

Int J STD AIDS 2021 Apr 9;32(5):427-434. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, 174459Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

The aim of this study was to investigate whether Swedish swingers constitute a risk group for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Two swinger clubs were invited to participate. At swinger meetings, members were offered an STI sampling kit and a questionnaire. Read More

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Comparison of laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure and laparoscopic intracorporeal suture in pediatric hernia repair.

J Pediatr Surg 2020 Nov 27. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China. Electronic address:

Background: Laparoscopic inguinal repair use is rapidly growing because it is a minimally invasive surgery (MIS) technique. However, there is insufficient evidence to support the use of one MIS over others. We compared laparoscopic intracorporeal suture (LIS) and laparoscopic percutaneous extraperitoneal closure (LPEC) to determine which technique is superior. Read More

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November 2020

Epididymitis and its aetiologies in a central London sexual health clinic.

Int J STD AIDS 2021 Jan 8;32(1):96-99. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Sexual Health Department, Guy's & St. Thomas NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Epididymitis is a common cause of scrotal pain presentation in sexual health clinics; however, it is unclear what fraction is attributable to transmissible infections. We, therefore, reviewed the aetiologies causing epididymitis. A retrospective data analysis of all cases of epididymitis diagnosed from January 2018 to December 2018 in three sexual health clinics was conducted, collecting demographics, results, management and symptom resolution at two weeks follow up. Read More

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January 2021

Profile of sexually transmitted infections causing urethritis and a related inflammatory reaction in urine among heterosexual males: A flow-cytometry study.

PLoS One 2020 2;15(12):e0242227. Epub 2020 Dec 2.

Andrology Centre, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia.

Background: Information about the use of flow cytometry in the diagnosis of male urethritis is scarce. The current study aims to evaluate the performance of flow cytometry on first-voided urine in males with infectious urethritis (Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium and Trichomonas vaginalis).

Methods: Male patients of the Andrology Centre (Tartu University Hospital, Estonia) were recruited during the period March 2015 -January 2018. Read More

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January 2021

Trichomonas vaginalis serostatus and prostate cancer risk in Egypt: a case-control study.

Parasitol Res 2021 Apr 7;120(4):1379-1388. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, 2 El-Gomhouria Street, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt.

Trichomonas vaginalis is one of the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that has been associated with prostate cancer in some countries. This study aims to investigate if T. vaginalis infection can be a risk factor for prostate cancer in Egypt and its possible relationship with cancer prognostic factors and overall survival. Read More

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The Dwindling Microbiota of Aerobic Vaginitis, an Inflammatory State Enriched in Pathobionts with Limited TLR Stimulation.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Oct 28;10(11). Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Bioscience Engineering, Research Group Environmental Ecology and Applied Microbiology, University of Antwerp, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.

While bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a well-known type of vaginal dysbiosis, aerobic vaginitis (AV) is an inflammatory condition that remains understudied and under-recognised. It predisposes women to serious complications including urogenital infections and pregnancy problems. Here, we investigated the bacterial community in AV to explore its possible role in AV pathogenesis. Read More

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October 2020

Probiotics improved hyperlipidemia in mice induced by a high cholesterol diet downregulating FXR.

Food Funct 2020 Nov;11(11):9903-9911

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, China.

Probiotics effectively regulated lipid metabolism and improved hyperlipidemia. The purpose of this study was to further evaluate the functions of lipid-lowering strains in vivo and elucidate the mechanism. The hyperlipidemia model was constructed using a high fat diet, and four lipid-lowering strains were selected for intervention. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluating the effectiveness of incentives to improve HIV prevention outcomes for young females in Eswatini: Sitakhela Likusasa impact evaluation protocol and baseline results.

BMC Public Health 2020 Oct 22;20(1):1591. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

The World Bank Group, 1776 G Street, Washington, DC, 20006, USA.

Background: Eswatini continues to have the highest prevalence of HIV in the world, and one of the highest HIV incidences among adult populations (aged 15-49). This analysis reports on both key elements of study design/protocol and baseline results from an impact evaluation of an intervention incentivizing (i) initiation, enrolment, attendance or completion of some form of education, and (ii) lower risk sexual behaviour.

Methods: The impact evaluation employs a two by two factorial design in which participants are enrolled in either the incentive for education arm ('education treatment arm' providing a conditional cash incentive) or the control arm ('education control arm'). Read More

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October 2020

Lack of association between Mycoplasma hominis and Trichomonas vaginalis symbiosis in relation to metronidazole resistance.

Parasitol Res 2020 Dec 17;119(12):4197-4204. Epub 2020 Oct 17.

School of Clinical Medicine Laboratory, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Resistance mechanisms of Trichomonas vaginalis to metronidazole are still not well understood. It has been shown that Mycoplasma hominis has the ability to establish an endosymbiotic relationship with T. vaginalis. Read More

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December 2020

Comparison of effect between dartos fascia and tunica vaginalis fascia in TIP urethroplasty: a meta-analysis of comparative studies.

BMC Urol 2020 Oct 15;20(1):161. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty is the most commonly performed procedure for hypospadias. Several flap procedures have been recommended to decrease the postoperative complication rate in TIP repair, but no single flap procedure is ideal. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of dartos fascia (DF) and tunica vaginalis fascia (TVF) as intermediate layers in TIP urethroplasty. Read More

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October 2020

Increased diagnostic yield of routine multiplex PCR compared to clinician requested testing for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis.

Pathology 2021 Feb 6;53(2):257-263. Epub 2020 Oct 6.

Department of Microbiology, Monash Pathology, Clayton, Vic, Australia; Monash Infectious Diseases, Monash Health, Clayton, Vic, Australia; Faculty of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Vic, Australia.

Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection is the leading cause of non-viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) globally and is endemic in rural and remote Australia. However, current accurate prevalence data for TV in urban Australia are scarce as TV is not a notifiable infection outside of the Northern Territory (NT). This study evaluated Australian guidelines for TV testing and determined TV prevalence among patients at a large urban public hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Read More

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February 2021