1,667 results match your criteria vaccine hesitancy


Vaccine hesitancy in migrant communities: a rapid review of latest evidence.

Curr Opin Immunol 2021 Jun 9;71:62-68. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; Department of Global Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa; School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

By refusing or delaying vaccination, vaccine hesitant individuals and communities undermine the prevention, and ultimately, elimination of communicable diseases against which safe and effective vaccines are available. We reviewed recent evidence of vaccine hesitancy within migrant communities in the context of increased human mobility and widespread anti-immigrant sentiment and manifest xenophobia. Among many immigrant parents and families, vaccine hesitancy is largely associated with fears and misinformation about vaccine harms, limited knowledge of both preventable diseases and vaccines, distrust of host countries' health systems and their attendant intentions, language barriers, and perceived incompatibility between vaccine uptake and migrants' religion. Read More

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Improving Vaccination for Young Children (IVY): A Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial.

Acad Pediatr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, 1211 Medical Center Dr, Nashville, TN 37232, Nashville, Tennessee, United States. Electronic address:

Background: High childhood vaccination rates are critical for public health. We hypothesized that implementation of a vaccine education and quality improvement (QI) program, Improving Vaccinations for Young Children (IVY), would improve childhood vaccine rates.

Methods: Eight pediatric practices (3 academic-based, 5 community-based) were randomized to implement IVY within a stepped-wedge cluster randomized trial (SWCRT) in middle Tennessee. Read More

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Perceptions and Concerns Regarding COVID-19 Vaccination in a Military Base Population.

Mil Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

88th Medical Operations Squadron, Wright-Patterson Medical Center, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433, USA.

Introduction: Safe and effective vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus 2 are essential tools in the fight against the coronavirus disease 2019  (COVID-19) pandemic. However, hesitancy to vaccination is a major barrier to achieving herd immunity, particularly among a population working on a military base. To better understand the perceptions and concerns of these individuals, a voluntary survey was conducted. Read More

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Association of vaccine hesitancy and immunization coverage rates in the European Union.

Vaccine 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

While previous studies have validated vaccine hesitancy scales with uptake behavior at the individual level, the conditions under which aggregated survey data are useful are less clear. We show that vaccine public opinion data aggregated at the subnational level can serve as a valid indicator of aggregate vaccine behaviour. We use a public opinion survey (Eurobarometer EB 91. Read More

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Topics and Sentiments in COVID-19 Vaccine-related Discussion on Twitter.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Mathematics, University of California, Davis, Davis, US.

Background: Though vaccination is a cornerstone for the prevention of communicable infectious diseases, vaccination has traditionally faced public fears, hesitancy. COVID-19 vaccines are no exception. Social media use plays a role in low acceptance of vaccines. Read More

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Do Social Norms Influence Young People's Willingness to Take the COVID-19 Vaccine?

Health Commun 2021 Jun 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Psychology, Linnæus University.

Although young adults are not at great risk of becoming severely ill with COVID-19, their willingness to get vaccinated affects the whole community. Vaccine hesitancy has increased during recent years, and more research is needed on its situational determinants. This paper reports a preregistered experiment ( = 654) that examined whether communicating descriptive social norms - information about what most people do - is an effective way of influencing young people's intentions and reducing their hesitancy to take the COVID-19 vaccine. Read More

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Attitude and acceptance of Covid-19 vaccine amongst medical and dental fraternity - a questionnaire survey.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2021 ;72(2):185-191

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rayat and Bahra Dental College and Hospital, Mohali, India.

Background: The second wave of Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2) is proving more disastrous than the first because of the new mutant stains. Under these circumstances, vaccination is the only effective solution that can save millions of lives across the globe.

Objectives: The present study was conducted to assess the attitude and acceptance/willingness of health care professionals (medical and dental) towards COVID-19 vaccine. Read More

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January 2021

A survey about the degree of information and awareness of adolescents regarding vaccination in a Province of Central Italy.

Ann Ig 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Prevention, ASL Latina, Latina, Italy.

Background: Understanding the level of awareness in adolescents on the value of vaccination is kay to developing a proper culture of prevention to counter vaccine hesitancy and the decrease in vaccination coverages.

Study Design: The aim of the survey was to evaluate awareness, attitudes, opinions, skills and knowledge about vaccines in a group of Italian adolescents through a paper-and-pencil questionnaire.

Methods: The questionnaire was administered to adolescents who had appointments in two vaccination centers of the Public Health Authority of Latina (Latium, Italy), between August 2018 and January 2019. Read More

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Optimal governance and implementation of vaccination programmes to contain the COVID-19 pandemic.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Jun 9;8(6):210429. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.

Since the recent introduction of several viable vaccines for SARS-CoV-2, vaccination uptake has become the key factor that will determine our success in containing the COVID-19 pandemic. We argue that game theory and social network models should be used to guide decisions pertaining to vaccination programmes for the best possible results. In the months following the introduction of vaccines, their availability and the human resources needed to run the vaccination programmes have been scarce in many countries. Read More

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Overcoming vaccine hesitancy in low-income and middle-income regions.

Nat Rev Dis Primers 2021 Jun 10;7(1):41. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Infection Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

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Changing the COVID-19 vaccine narrative to dispel vaccine hesitancy.

J Public Health (Oxf) 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

De La Salle University, Manila 0922, Philippines.

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Re-examining Vaccine Staggering Within Hesitancy Frameworks.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:662814. Epub 2021 May 24.

Institute for Vaccine Science and Policy, Saint Louis University, Saint Louis, MO, United States.

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A Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Trial for Early Breast Cancer is Impacted by COVID-19: Addressing Vaccination and Cancer Trials Through Education, Equity, and Outcomes.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Medicine, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco.

While COVID-19 vaccine distribution has addressed vulnerabilities related to age and co-morbidities, there is a need to ensure vaccination of cancer patients receiving experimental and routine treatment, where interruption of treatment by infection is likely to result in inferior outcomes. Among cancer patients, those undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) or adjuvant chemotherapy (Adj chemo) for early breast cancer (EBC) are at particularly high risk for inferior outcomes, in part because optimal timing of chemotherapy is essential for promoting distant disease-free survival (DDFS). COVID-19 data from the ongoing multicenter I-SPY 2 trial of NAC for EBC provides a window into the magnitude of the problem of treatment interruption, not only for the trial itself but also for routine Adj chemo. Read More

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How can human-centered design build a story-based video intervention that addresses vaccine hesitancy and bolsters vaccine confidence in the Philippines? A mixedmethod protocol for project SALUBONG.

BMJ Open 2021 06 9;11(6):e046814. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Heidelberg Institute of Global Health, Ruprecht Karls Universität Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Introduction: Since the onset of a dengue vaccine controversy in late 2017, vaccine confidence has plummeted in the Philippines, leading to measles and polio outbreaks in early 2019. This protocol outlines a human-centered design (HCD) approach to co-create and test an intervention that addresses vaccine hesitancy (VH) via narrative and empathy with and among families and healthcare workers. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: 'Salubong' is a Filipino term that means to welcome someone back into one's life, reinforcing notions of family ties and friendships. Read More

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Forty days of regulatory emergency use authorisation of COVID-19 vaccines: Interfacing efficacy, hesitancy and SDG target 3.8.

Glob Public Health 2021 Jun 9:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

School of Pharmacy, Sefako Makgatho Health Sciences University, Pretoria, South Africa.

The year 2020 will be synonymous with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for many global citizens. Millions have died from and tens of millions more have been infected globally by the COVID-19 pandemic. This has led to an urgent search for COVID-19 vaccines and treatments by the scientific and political communities and civil society. Read More

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Understanding vaccine hesitancy: the evidence.

Authors:
Alison While

Br J Community Nurs 2021 Jun;26(6):278-282

Emeritus Professor of Community Nursing, Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Palliative Care, King's College London; Fellow of the Queen's Nursing Institute ORCID: 0000-0003-0955-3472.

Vaccination is an important public health intervention, but its effectiveness depends upon the uptake of vaccination reaching sufficient levels to yield 'herd' immunity. While the majority of the UK hold positive attitudes about vaccination, some people, including health professionals, decline vaccinations. This article reviews the evidence relating to vaccine hesitancy, its underlying factors and the sociodemographic variations. Read More

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Validity and reliability of Turkish version of the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 1;56(3):230-235. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Public Health, Süleyman Demirel University School of Medicine, Isparta, Turkey.

Objective: This study was planned to adapt the Vaccine Hesitancy Scale to Turkish and evaluate its validity and reliability.

Material And Methods: This research was conducted methodologically. The sample of the study consisted of 317 individuals from the patient relatives in the waiting rooms, who have children between the ages 9-16, who applied to the Suleyman Demirel University Hospital policlinic in December 2019. Read More

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COVID-19 vaccination willingness among people with multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler J Exp Transl Clin 2021 Apr-Jun;7(2):20552173211017159. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Neurology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Hesitancy to receive COVID-19 vaccination is a major public health concern. COVID-19 vaccine willingness and the factors contributing to willingness in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) is unknown. We administered an online survey from 1 December 2020 to 7 January 2021 to adults with MS to estimate COVID-19 vaccine willingness among adults with MS. Read More

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Risk Perception and Hesitancy Toward COVID-19 Vaccination Among Healthcare Workers and Staff at a Medical College in Nepal.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 1;14:2253-2261. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Gandaki Medical College, Pokhara, Gandaki, Nepal.

Purpose: The study was conducted to explore the perception of healthcare workers and staff towards the risk of COVID-19 vaccination and to study vaccine hesitancy amongst them.

Methods: A total of 266 healthcare workers working in a medical college in Nepal were studied using a questionnaire consisting of three sections: demographics, experiences and perception of COVID-19, and COVID-19 vaccine safety. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 26. Read More

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Safety of measles, rubella and mumps vaccines in adults: a prospective cohort study.

J Travel Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Center for Geographic Medicine and Tropical Diseases, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Ramat Gan, 52621, Israel.

Background: In recent years, multiple outbreaks of measles associated with vaccine hesitancy occurred in high-income countries, where measles incidence had previously been low. Most safety data about the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine are derived from studies conducted among children, whereas evidence regarding the safety profile of the vaccine in adults is scarce.

Methods: In 2017, during an outbreak of measles in Europe, Israeli travellers to high-risk locations who were incompletely vaccinated, were urged to complete the two MMR vaccination schedule before their travel. Read More

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COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy: a survey in a population highly compliant to common vaccinations.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Jun 7:1-7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

ASL Napoli 1 Centro, Distretto Sanitario 28, Naples, Italy.

Vaccination is a key protective factor against COVID-19. Some vaccines have already received emergency authorization from Health Agencies, but growing skepticism and vaccine hesitancy will probably affect COVID-19 vaccination campaigns. In the attempt to shed light on this issue, we conducted an online survey in a population of parents referring to 4 pediatric practices in Naples, Italy in whom we evaluated potential vaccine acceptability in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, perception of personal health and of the impact of COVID-19, and attitudes toward general vaccination practices. Read More

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Utilizing the Theory of Planned Behavior to determine the intentions to receive the influenza vaccine during COVID-19: A cross-sectional survey of US adults.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Sep 29;23:101417. Epub 2021 May 29.

Touro College of Pharmacy, 230 West 125th Street, Room 505, New York, NY 10027, USA.

Vaccine hesitancy, especially in the setting of an ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and upcoming flu season, may pose a significant burden on US healthcare systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the intentions of US adults to receive the influenza vaccine this flu season (2020-2021). A cross-sectional, population-based survey study of US adults age 18 years and older was distributed in early September 2020. Read More

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September 2021

Willingness of Middle Eastern Public to Receive COVID-19 Vaccines.

Saudi Pharm J 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, PO. 22110, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: COVID-19 is a pacing pandemic that affected health systems, economy, and social life in the whole world. Currently, there is no treatment for it, but the world is in a race that yielded, in a relatively short time than usual, several approved, promising vaccines in the middle of a storm of debates because of the speed of their production and approval.

Objective: This study assessed the willingness of Middle Eastern Arab publics to receive COVID-19 vaccines and investigated the factors behind any reluctance to receive them. Read More

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COVID-19 and influenza vaccine hesitancy among college students.

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003) 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Background: Successful vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an essential component of achieving community immunity to bring the COVID-19 pandemic to an end. Vaccine hesitancy, identified as a top threat to global health by the World Health Organization, is a significant barrier to vaccine uptake. With COVID-19 vaccination programs in effect since December 2020, it is critical that vaccination barriers are proactively identified. Read More

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Race, ethnicity and COVID-19 vaccination: a qualitative study of UK healthcare staff.

Ethn Health 2021 Jun 6:1-20. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Objective: COVID-19-related inequities experienced by racial and ethnic minority groups including healthcare professionals mirror wider health inequities, which risk being perpetuated by lower uptake of vaccination. We aim to better understand lower uptake among racial and ethnic minority staff groups to inform initiatives to enhance uptake.

Design: Twenty-five semi-structured interviews were conducted (October 2020-January 2021) with UK-based healthcare staff. Read More

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Vaccination in pregnancy: Challenges and evidence-based solutions.

Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Dalhousie University, Canada.

Vaccination in pregnancy (VIP) is dually beneficial - it protects the mother and the baby from tetanus, influenza, and pertussis. VIP uptake is low in many countries. Vaccine hesitancy, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a "delay in acceptance or refusal of vaccination despite the availability of vaccination services" is one of WHO's ten threats to global health per 2019. Read More

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Readability assessment of vaccine information: A systematic review for addressing vaccine hesitancy.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Health Communication, School of Public Health, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan.

Objective: Vaccine hesitancy is a problem attracting growing attention and concern. Communication can be an effective tool to counteract vaccine hesitancy and promote optimal vaccine uptake. Readability has been recognized as one of the more important aspects of health communication for achieving good health literacy. Read More

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