315,665 results match your criteria uterine


Increasing of matrix metalloproteinase 3 in bovine endometritis.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 4;175:83-88. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Lanzhou Institute of Husbandry and Pharmaceutical Sciences of CAAS, Lanzhou, 730050, PR China; Key Lab of Veterinary Pharmaceutical Development of Ministry of Agriculture, Lanzhou, 730050, PR China.

Matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3), a key member of the MMPs family, is involved in the modulation of endometrial inflammation and innate immunity. However, the role of MMP3 in bovine endometritis remains unknown. To investigate the role of MMP3 in bovine endometritis, endometrial MMP3 expression were determined in uterine biopsies from twenty 40-60 days postpartum dairy cows, which six were healthy cows and fourteen were endometritic cows. Read More

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September 2021

Dihydrotestosterone regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in bovine endometrial epithelium cells by androgen receptor mediated EGFR/PI3K/Akt pathway.

J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2021 Sep 18:106001. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Animal Science and Technology College, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Uterine prostaglandins F2α (PGF2α) is essential for implantation, initiation of luteolysis and delivery. Previous studies have demonstrated that the expression of Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an enzyme limiting PGF2α rate, is regulated by steroid hormones, and also dihydrotestosterone (DHT) may be involved in regulating COX-2 expression both positively and negatively. However, it remains unclear how whether DHT regulates COX-2 expression and consequent PGF2α release in bovine endometrial epithelial cells (EECs). Read More

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September 2021

Uterine glands impact embryo survival and stromal cell decidualization in mice.

FASEB J 2021 Oct;35(10):e21938

Division of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Uterine glands are essential for the establishment of pregnancy and have critical roles in endometrial receptivity to blastocyst implantation, stromal cell decidualization, and placentation. Uterine gland dysfunction is considered a major contributing factor to pregnancy loss, however our understanding of how glands impact embryo survival and stromal cell decidualization is incomplete. Forkhead box A2 (FOXA2) is expressed only in the glandular epithelium and regulates its development and function. Read More

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October 2021

Cutaneous Endometriosis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Sep 21;22:e932493. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Millennium Pregnancy and Gynecology Center, Reston, VA, USA.

BACKGROUND Endometriosis is a unique entity described in ample literature as the decidualization of endometrial tissues under the influence of gynecological hormones outside the uterine cavity. The post-surgical presence of ectopic endometrial tissue on the skin is known as abdominal wall endometriosis, cutaneous endometriosis, or scar endometriosis. Iatrogenic implantation of detached endometrial tissues at the incision site is the most widely accepted theory for this rare monad. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge about risk factors for cancer and cancer risk behavior among patients with severe mental illness.

Psychooncology 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, Institute of Psychiatry, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Objective: To examine knowledge about, perception of and current risk factors for cancer, among patients with severe mental illness (SMI) and to compare these variables with patients without SMI.

Methods: A series of patients affected by SMI (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

US hysterectomy prevalence by age, race and ethnicity from BRFSS and NHIS: implications for analyses of cervical and uterine cancer rates.

Cancer Causes Control 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Epidemiology and Applied Research Branch, Division of Cancer Prevention and Control, CDC, 4770 Buford Hwy, MS S107-4, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA.

Purpose: Previous reports of gynecologic cancer rates have adjusted for hysterectomy prevalence with data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) or the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We sought to determine if BRFSS and NHIS produce similar estimates of hysterectomy prevalence.

Methods: Using data from BRFSS and NHIS, we calculated hysterectomy prevalence for women aged 20-79 years, stratified by 10-year age groups, survey year (2010, 2018), and race/ethnicity (Hispanic, non-Hispanic American Indian or Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic Asian, non-Hispanic Black, non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic all other race groups). Read More

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September 2021

Higher risk of hemorrhage and maternal morbidity in vaginal birth after second stage of labor C-section.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Purpose: This study evaluated the association between timing and indication for previous cesarean section (C-section) and its association with postpartum risks for adverse maternal outcomes, primarily postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).

Methods: This retrospective case-control study examined women following term vaginal delivery in a university-affiliated medical center between 2008 and 2018. Postpartum complications were compared between women who had their first VBAC and a control group comprised of women who had vaginal delivery without prior C-section. Read More

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September 2021

Proposing a Novel Organ Allocating System for Uterus Transp lantation: Implications and Issues.

Exp Clin Transplant 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

From the Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

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September 2021

Comparison of perinatal outcomes between controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal delivery system (PROPESS) and metreurynter for cervical ripening in labor induction: A retrospective single-center study in Japan.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mie University School of Medicine, Mie, Japan.

Aim: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal delivery system (PROPESS) and a metreurynter for labor induction.

Methods: This retrospective case-controlled study included 117 pregnant women (51 and 66 in the PROPESS and metreurynter groups, respectively) who required labor induction after >37 weeks' gestation at Mie University Hospital between January 2018 and September 2020. The primary outcome was the success rate of vaginal delivery. Read More

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September 2021

The Efficacy and Postoperative Follow-Up of Different Interventional Methods in Cesarean Section for Placenta Accreta Spectrum Disorders.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Sep 21;27:e932674. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Vascular Surgery, The First People's Hospital of Lianyungang, Lianyungang, Jiangsu, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy and postoperative recovery between uterine artery embolization (UAE) and infrarenal aortic balloon occlusion (IABO) in planned cesarean sections for placenta accreta spectrum disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis using the clinical data of 62 patients with placenta previa combined with placenta accreta for planned cesarean between January 2014 and December 2019 was performed at the First People's Hospital in Lianyungang. Thirty-five cases undergoing UAE during cesarean section were defined as group A, while the other 27 cases undergoing IABO were defined as group B. Read More

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September 2021

Isolated ureteral extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma: an unusual presentation.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 20;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Urology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcomas (EUESSs) are rare tumours occurring without primary uterine involvement. They are classified as primary or secondary, depending on uterine involvement by stromal sarcomas. A 56-year-old woman who earlier underwent bilateral modified radical mastectomy for adenocarcinoma and total abdominal hysterectomy for endometrial stromal sarcoma, followed by tamoxifen therapy, presented with left loin pain. Read More

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September 2021

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Pregnancy: A narrative review.

Curr Pediatr Rev 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Nursing and Midwifery Science, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari. Iran.

A novel viral respiratory disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-C0V-2), is responsible for a pandemic situation in the world. Pregnant women are susceptible against this virus due to physiologic changes of immunologic system. Some adverse pregnancy outcome such as; death, still birth, preeclampsia, intra uterine fetal distress may increase in infected pregnant women. Read More

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September 2021

Clinical analysis of endoscopic pregnancy sac aspiration in the treatment of cesarean section incision pregnancy after uterine artery embolization and chemotherapy.

Minerva Surg 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Gynecology, Shandong Province Liaocheng City Dongchangfu County Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Liaocheng, China -

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September 2021

Investigations on the potential role of prostaglandin E2 in canine uterine inertia.

Theriogenology 2021 Sep 10;175:134-147. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Reproductive Unit of the Clinics - Clinic for Small Animals, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, Germany; Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Section of Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Prostaglandin (PG) E2 plays a crucial role in the endocrine network of canine parturition and we hypothesized that PGE2, 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) and PG-transporter (PGT) might be involved in the development of primary uterine inertia (PUI). We investigated PTGE synthase (PTGES), PTGE receptors 2/4 (PTGER2/4), HPGD and PGT expression on the mRNA- and protein-level in interplacental (IP) and uteroplacental (UP) tissues of bitches presented with dystocia undergoing emergency caesarean section. Groups were formed retrospectively based on strict criteria: PUI (n = 12; small/normal/large litter - PUI-S/N/L: n = 5/4/3), and obstructive dystocia (OD, n = 8). Read More

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September 2021

LINKS BETWEEN MATERNAL CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE AND THE HEALTH OF OFFSPRING.

Can J Cardiol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Albert Einstein College of MEdicine.

Maternal Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) during pregnancy is on the rise worldwide, as both more women with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) are reaching child-bearing age, and conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity are becoming more prevalent. However, the extent to which maternal CVD influences offspring health, as a neonate and later in childhood and adolescence, remains to be fully understood. The thrifty phenotype hypothesis, by which a fetus adapts to maternal and placental changes to survive a nutrient starved environment, may provide an answer to the mechanism of maternal CVD and its impact on the offspring. Read More

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September 2021

[Surrogacy, uterus transplantation and artificial uterus: approaches from the biolaw].

Cuad Bioet 2021 May-Aug;32(105):213-223

Grupo de Investigación Transhumanismo, Posthumanismo y Postfeminismo: análisis interdisciplinar, filosófico y bioético. Instituto de Bioética de la Universidad Francisco de Vitoria (Madrid).

More than forty years after the first baby's birth through in vitro fertilization, innovations in the field of human reproduction have experienced a significant growth increase. Those first techniques have led evolved to others that push the biological limits of reproduction. Recent developments in genomic editing -particularly, CRISPR/Cas9 technology- had leaded an intense ethical, social and legal discussion about the boundaries limits of the new models of human reproduction, and their consequences in recent years. Read More

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January 2021

Comparison of transvaginal and transumbilical single-hole laparoscopy in the operation of uterine leiomyoma.

Minerva Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Gynecology, Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital, Zaozhuang, China -

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September 2021

Feasibility of T2 relaxation time in predicting the technical outcome of MR-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound treatment of uterine fibroids.

Int J Hyperthermia 2021 ;38(1):1384-1393

Department of Radiology, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of T2 relaxation time in predicting the immediate technical outcome i.e., nonperfused volume ratio (NPVr) of magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgHIFU) treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids and to compare it with existing T2-weighted imaging methods (Funaki classification and scaled signal intensity, SSI). Read More

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January 2021

Thoracic endometriosis syndrome at University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital.

Afr J Thorac Crit Care Med 2018 21;24(2). Epub 2018 Jun 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

Background: Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue (stroma and functional glands) outside the uterine cavity in women of reproductive age. Ectopic sites are frequently located in the pelvis; extrapelvic sites have been reported in the gastrointestinal tract and thoracic cavity. Thoracic manifestation of endometriosis constitutes thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES). Read More

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Secondary peripheral T-cell lymphoma and acute myeloid leukemia after Burkitt lymphoma treatment: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7237-7244

Department of Hematology, Hainan General Hospital, Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University, Haikou 570311, Hainan Province, China.

Background: Multiple primary cancer refers to more than one synchronous or sequential cancer in the same individual. Multiple primary cancer always presents as solid cancer or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) secondary to lymphoma. Here, we report a rare case of secondary peripheral T-cell lymphoma and AML after Burkitt lymphoma treatment. Read More

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Transcriptomic Drivers of Differentiation, Maturation, and Polyploidy in Human Extravillous Trophoblast.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 3;9:702046. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Pathology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, United States.

During pregnancy, conceptus-derived extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invades the endomyometrium, anchors the placenta to the maternal uterus, and remodels the spiral arteries in order to establish maternal blood supply to the fetoplacental unit. Recent reports have described early gestation EVT as polyploid and senescent. Here, we extend these reports by performing comprehensive profiling of both the genomic organization and transcriptome of first trimester and term EVT. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Thyromimetic GC-1 Selective Signaling on Reproductive and Lactational Performance in the Hypothyroid Rat.

Eur Thyroid J 2021 Jul 27;10(5):425-433. Epub 2021 May 27.

Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina.

Introduction: The potential of the thyroid hormone receptor β (TRβ1) selective analog GC-1 has been widely proven in animal models and humans. However, its effect on the reproductive stage of the female rat has not been evaluated.

Methods: The effect of the administration of GC-1 or equimolar doses of triiodothyronine (T3) was evaluated on the reproductive performance of the hypothyroid female rat and the indirect effect on pup thyroid status, weight, and survival. Read More

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Synchronous Breast Carcinoma, Uterine Myoma, and Ovarian Teratoma in a Single Woman.

Cureus 2021 Sep 14;13(9):e17977. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

General Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhopal, Bhopal, IND.

Multiple primary tumors in a patient diagnosed with invasive ductal breast cancer are rarely reported in the literature. Here we present a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 42-year-old lady, with synchronous uterine leiomyoma (UL), ovarian teratoma and with prior history of follicular adenoma of thyroid in the same patient. The clinical presentation and management plan is discussed with a review of the literature. Read More

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September 2021

Myoma Expulsion after Uterine Artery Embolization.

Case Rep Surg 2021 8;2021:6644229. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Medicine of Faculty of Medicine of Marilia, 17519-060, Marilia, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Uterine leiomyomas are the most common benign pelvic tumors in women over 35 years and can be symptomatic or asymptomatic. Among the main treatment strategies, there are hormone therapy, hysterectomy, myomectomy, and uterine artery embolization (UAE), a recent and promising treatment for patients who wish to avoid hysterectomy. Ideal candidates for UAE are women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas that present no desire for pregnancy, premenopausal and heavy menstrual bleeding, or dysmenorrhea caused by intramural fibroids. Read More

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September 2021

Ovarian Vein Thrombosis Complicated by Pulmonary Embolism after Cesarean Delivery in the Presence of a Large Fibroid: Case Report and Literature Review of Contributing Factors.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 8;2021:6389713. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St George University Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Ovarian vein thrombophlebitis is rare and mostly occurs during the puerperal period and in higher rates after a cesarean delivery. The objective of this case report and literature review is to highlight the rare occurrence of an ovarian vein thrombosis in a 37-year-old woman postcesarean delivery in the setting of a large uterine fibroid who subsequently developed a pulmonary embolism. The patient presented with severe abdominal pain, fever, and chills. Read More

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September 2021

Prolactin-Secreting Leiomyoma Causing Hyperprolactinaemia Unresponsive to Dopamine Agonist Therapy and Resolution following Myomectomy.

Case Rep Endocrinol 2021 9;2021:5553187. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, Australia.

Prolactin-secreting leiomyomas are rare, with only eight cases reported in the literature. This case describes a 37-year-old female with hyperprolactinaemia (1846 mIU/L; 85-500 mIU/L) refractory to cabergoline causing infertility and galactorrhea. MRI pituitary was normal. Read More

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September 2021

A challenging diagnosis and management of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome in low-resource Settings: A case report complicated with hydronephrosis.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Oct 8;70:102843. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Hama University, Hama, Syria.

Introduction: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital disorder that consists of a didelphic uterus, hemivaginal septum, and unilateral renal agenesis. Both diagnosis and management can be challenging in low-income countries.

Case Presentation: a 13-year-old female who experienced recurrent pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and abdominal mass for one month. Read More

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October 2021

The effects of laparoscopic myomectomy and open surgery on uterine myoma patients' postoperative immuno-inflammatory responses, endocrine statuses, and prognoses: a comparative study.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9671-9678. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Gynecology, Jincheng People's Hospital Jincheng, Shanxi Province, China.

Objective: To explore the effects of laparoscopic myomectomy and open surgery on the postoperative inflammatory responses, endocrine statuses, and prognoses of uterine myoma patients.

Methods: Uterine myoma patients (n=126) admitted to the Department of Gynecology in our hospital were recruited as the study cohort and divided into an observation group (n=63), and a control group (n=63). The patients in the observation group underwent laparoscopic myomectomies, and the patients in the control group underwent open surgery. Read More

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Effect of midwife intervention coupled with acupressure on the vaginal delivery rate and negative emotion in parturients with scarred uterus re-pregnancy.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9429-9436. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Department of Obstetrics, The People's Hospital of Chizhou Chizhou, Anhui Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of midwife intervention coupled with acupressure on the vaginal delivery rate and negative emotion in parturients with scarred uterus re-pregnancy.

Methods: A total of 85 parturients with scarred uterus re-pregnancy who agreed to trial-produce vaginally after assessment were analyzed retrospectively. Parturients were divided into the research group (43 parturients) who received midwife intervention coupled with acupressure and the control group (42 parturients) who received routine nursing intervention. Read More

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Management of Rapidly Progressive Precocious Puberty in a Patient with Mosaic Turner Syndrome.

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2021 Apr-Jun;17(1):101-105

Marmara University Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes, Istanbul, Turkey.

Context: Rapidly progressive precocious puberty (RPPP) is a rare condition in Turner syndrome (TS), with no consensus on treatment and follow-up. Only 12 cases have been reported so far.

Objective: We aimed to evaluate the effects of the GnRH analog (GnRHa) on growth and anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in TS and RPPP. Read More

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October 2021