1,321 results match your criteria uta middle

Reporting and Availability of COVID-19 Demographic Data by US Health Departments (April to October 2020): Observational Study.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 04 6;7(4):e24288. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Public Health Program, Department of Kinesiology, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, United States.

Background: There is an urgent need for consistent collection of demographic data on COVID-19 morbidity and mortality and sharing it with the public in open and accessible ways. Due to the lack of consistency in data reporting during the initial spread of COVID-19, the Equitable Data Collection and Disclosure on COVID-19 Act was introduced into the Congress that mandates collection and reporting of demographic COVID-19 data on testing, treatments, and deaths by age, sex, race and ethnicity, primary language, socioeconomic status, disability, and county. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated how COVID-19 demographic data have been collected before and after the introduction of this legislation. Read More

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Doppler assessment of the fetus in pregnant women recovered from COVID-19.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 May 1;47(5):1757-1762. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

University of Health Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ministry of Health, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the maternal-fetal Doppler patterns in pregnant women recovered from COVID-19.

Methods: This prospective case-control study was conducted in Ankara City Hospital between July 1, 2020 and August 30, 2020. Thirty pregnant women who were diagnosed with COVID-19 and completed the quarantine process were compared with 40 healthy pregnant women in terms of the fetal Doppler parameters. Read More

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Defining, conceptualizing, and measuring perceived maternal care quality in low- to high-income countries: a scoping review protocol.

Syst Rev 2021 Feb 24;10(1):61. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Gibson D. Lewis Health Science Library, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Blvd, Fort Worth, TX, 76107, USA.

Background: Health practitioners and researchers must be able to measure and assess maternal care quality in facilities to monitor, intervene, and reduce global maternal mortality rates. On the global scale, there is a general lack of consensus on how maternal care quality is defined, conceptualized, and measured. Much of the literature addressing this problem has focused primarily on defining, conceptualizing, and measuring clinical indicators of maternal care quality. Read More

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February 2021

The effect of 75-g oral glucose tolerance test on maternal and foetal Doppler parameters in healthy pregnancies: a cross-sectional observational study.

J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jan 15;41(1):83-88. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Biostatistics, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Hyperglycaemia can alter placental resistance to blood flow and hyperglycaemia has adverse perinatal outcomes. Oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) increases the maternal plasma glucose levels temporarily and mimics metabolic hyperglycaemia. The blood flow of the uterine artery (UtA), umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA) were assessed before, 1 and 2 h following the OGTT by using Doppler ultrasonography. Read More

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January 2021

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Quality of Life Questionnaire for Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia (S-CGQoL) in Latin America.

Encephale 2021 Feb 4. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Aix-Marseille Univ, EA 3279-Public Health, Chronic Diseases and Quality of Life - Research Unit, 13005 Marseille, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the Schizophrenia Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire (S-CGQoL) for use in the Hispanic-American population from the caregiver's perspective.

Methods: A cross-sectional instrumental model was used, with a sample of 253 caregivers of patients suffering of Schizophrenia in Bolivia, Peru and Chile. The psychometric properties of the S-CGQoL were tested through construct validity, reliability and some aspects of external validity. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluating couch polyurethane foam for a potential passive sampler of semivolatile organic compounds.

Chemosphere 2021 May 8;271:129349. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.

Background/objective: Polyurethane foam (PUF), a proven sampling medium for measuring air concentrations of organic compounds, is widely used in upholstered home furniture. We evaluated the potential utility of couch PUF as a passive sampler and as a reservoir for non-flame retardant semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs).

Methods: We collected PUF samples from 13 California home couches, measured concentrations (C) of 64 SVOCs at three different depths (i. Read More

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Volunteer service and positive attitudes toward aging among Chinese older adults: The mediating role of health.

Soc Sci Med 2020 11 18;265:113535. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

School of Social Work, University of Texas at Arlington, 211 S. Cooper Street, Arlington, TX, 76091, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Attitude toward aging is an important indicator for measuring the wellbeing of older people, and a vital part of active and healthy aging. We aimed to assess the relationship between volunteer service and attitudes toward aging held by older people and to determine the mediating role of health.

Method: We analyzed the data of 10,792 Chinese people over age 60 from the 2014 Chinese Longitudinal Aging Social Survey. Read More

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November 2020

Association between fetoplacental Doppler results, placental pathology, and angiogenic factors among pregnant women with anxiety.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Nov;59(6):842-847

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate whether state and trait anxiety among pregnant women were associated with fetoplacental Doppler findings, abnormal placental pathology, and placental angiogenic factors.

Materials And Methods: A total of 102 pregnant women at 32-35 gestational weeks were recruited and examined prospectively. State and trait anxiety were measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Read More

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November 2020

Influence of birth weight on fetal cardiac indices at 35-37 weeks' gestation.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2021 Feb 31;57(2):266-272. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Harris Birthright Research Centre for Fetal Medicine, Fetal Medicine Research Institute, King's College Hospital, London, UK.

Objective: Echocardiographic studies have reported that fetuses with low birth weight, compared to those with normal birth weight, have globular hearts and reduced cardiac function. Dichotomizing continuous variables, such as birth weight, may be helpful in describing pathology in small studies but can prevent us from identifying physiological responses in relation to change in size. The aim of this study was to explore associations between fetal cardiac morphology and function and birth weight, as a continuous variable, as well as uterine artery (UtA) pulsatility index (PI), as an indirect measure of placental perfusion, and the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR), as an indirect measure of fetal oxygenation. Read More

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February 2021

Vaping while high: Factors associated with vaping marijuana among youth in the United States.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 12 15;217:108290. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Texas A&M University, 1010 West Avenue B, Kingsville, TX 78363, USA.

Introduction: The use of e-cigarette and other vaping devices have become popular among youth in US. In addition to nicotine, vaping devices can be used to vaporize marijuana. However, factors associated with vaping marijuana among youth remain unexplored. Read More

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December 2020

Plasma exchange in critically ill COVID-19 patients.

Crit Care 2020 08 4;24(1):481. Epub 2020 Aug 4.

Department of Internal Medicine IV, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany.

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[Standardized documentation of health-related quality of life in patients with psoriatic arthritis : Validation of the German version of the psoriatic arthritis quality of life (PsAQoL) questionnaire].

Z Rheumatol 2021 Mar;80(2):122-131

Rheumazentrum Ruhrgebiet, Herne und Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Claudiusstr. 45, 44649, Herne, Deutschland.

Background: The standardized assessment of health-related quality of life is becoming increasingly more important. The English questionnaire on psoriatic arthritis quality of life (PsAQoL) is a disease-specific instrument for measuring the quality of life of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The aim of the present study was to translate the PsAQoL into German and to validate the German version in a cohort of PsA patients recruited from routine care. Read More

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Grocery purchase data in the study of alcohol use - A validity study.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2020 09 7;214:108145. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Tampere University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Health Sciences, Arvo Ylpön katu 34, Tampere, FI-33014 Tampere University, Finland.

Background: Alcohol use epidemiology is facing challenges as survey response rates decline. In addition, population surveys fail to capture a large proportion of alcohol consumed and are expensive to conduct. This study aims to aid in complementing traditional epidemiological methods by validate grocery purchase data in the research on population alcohol use. Read More

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September 2020

Household energy insecurity: dimensions and consequences for women, infants and children in low- and middle-income countries.

Soc Sci Med 2020 08 21;258:113068. Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Environmental Science, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Energy insecurity, the lack of access to adequate, affordable, reliable, acceptable, and clean sources of energy for a healthy and sustainable livelihood, poses a challenge to several households. However, the conceptualization of its dimensions and role in the health outcomes of women, infants, and children in most sub-Saharan African countries have rarely been investigated systematically. We assessed the dimensions and adverse consequences of household energy insecurity (HEINS) in a sample of 347 Ghanaians and 420 Nigerians, with over 80% participation of women. Read More

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Secukinumab Use in Patients with Moderate to Severe Psoriasis, Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis in Real-World Setting in Europe: Baseline Data from SERENA Study.

Adv Ther 2020 06 6;37(6):2865-2883. Epub 2020 May 6.

Institute for Health Services Research in Dermatology and Nursing, University Medical Center Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Introduction: Secukinumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that directly inhibits interleukin-17A, has demonstrated robust efficacy in the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis (PsO), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS), with a rapid onset of action, sustained long-term clinical responses and a consistently favourable safety profile across phase 3 trials. Here, we report the clinical data at enrolment from SERENA, designed to investigate the real-world use of secukinumab across all three indications.

Methods: SERENA is an ongoing, longitudinal, observational study conducted at 438 sites across Europe in patients with moderate to severe plaque PsO, active PsA or active AS. Read More

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Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health and Movement Behaviors During Childhood: Examining the Longitudinal Developmental Patterns.

J Racial Ethn Health Disparities 2020 12 27;7(6):1249-1257. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

Department of Kinesiology, College of Nursing and Health Innovation, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the longitudinal developmental patterns of mental health (i.e., physical, psychosocial, and executive functioning) and movement behaviors (i. Read More

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December 2020

Fetal acute cerebral vasoreactivity to maternal hyperoxia in low-risk pregnancies: a cross-sectional study.

Prenat Diagn 2020 06 20;40(7):813-824. Epub 2020 Apr 20.

Division of Fetal and Transitional Medicine, Children's National Hospital, Washington, District of Columbia, USA.

Objective: To establish whether fetal cerebral vasoreactivity (CVR ), following maternal hyperoxia, is predicted by fetal cerebral and uteroplacental Doppler pulsatility indices (PI) at baseline, fetal pulmonary vasoreactivity to oxygen (PVR ), gestational age (GA), or sex.

Methods: Pulsatility index of middle (MCA), anterior (ACA), posterior cerebral (PCA), umbilical (UA), uterine (UtA), and branch of the pulmonary arteries (PA) were obtained, by ultrasound, before (baseline), during (hyperoxia) and after 15 minutes of maternal administration of 8 L/min of 100% oxygen, through a non-rebreathing face mask, in normal singleton pregnancies within 20 to 38 weeks' gestation. CVR was defined as changes greater than zero in z score of PI of the cerebral arteries from baseline to hyperoxia. Read More

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Association of Maternal and Umbilical Cord Blood Lipid Parameters with Uterine and Fetal-Placental Blood Flow in Hypertensive and Normotensive Pregnancies.

Int J Womens Health 2020 28;12:115-125. Epub 2020 Feb 28.

Eastern Health, Box Hill Hospital, FRANZCOG, Box Hill, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: There is a growing evidence suggesting that hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), especially preeclampsia, are associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic disease for both mother and child later in life. The objective of this study was to determine the association of maternal and umbilical cord blood (UCB) lipid profiles with uterine and fetal-placental blood flow at the third trimester of pregnancy.

Patients And Methods: A total of 1,135 women were prospectively followed through pregnancy and data for 812 mother-newborn pairs, including 170 HDP ‎developed subjects and ‎642 ‎normotensive subjects were analyzed at the end of the study. Read More

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February 2020

Psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents in a middle-income Latin American country.

BMC Psychiatry 2020 03 5;20(1):104. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Departamento de Psiquiatría, Faculta de Medicina, Hospital Clínico, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Child and adolescent mental health has scarcely been studied in developing countries, though it is an important aspect of health. Mental health problems in youth often continue into adulthood if not diagnosed or treated in time.

Methods: The Sistema de Evaluación de Niños y Adolescentes (SENA) [Child and Adolescent Evaluation System] was used to evaluate mental health indicators in a sample of students in Northern Chile. Read More

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Two-step predictive model for early detection of emergency department patients with prolonged stay and its management implications.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 02 30;40:148-158. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Department of Emergency Medicine, John Peter Smith Health Network, 1500 S. Main St., Fort Worth, TX 76104, USA; Integrative Emergency Services, 4835 LBJ Fwy Suite 900, Dallas, TX 75244, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To develop a novel model for predicting Emergency Department (ED) prolonged length of stay (LOS) patients upon triage completion, and further investigate the benefit of a targeted intervention for patients with prolonged ED LOS.

Materials And Methods: A two-step model to predict patients with prolonged ED LOS (>16 h) was constructed. This model was initially used to predict ED resource usage and was subsequently adapted to predict patient ED LOS based on the number of ED resources using binary logistic regressions and was validated internally with accuracy. Read More

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February 2021

Diagnostic Accuracy of Doppler Ultrasound in Predicting Perinatal Outcome in Appropriate for Gestational Age Fetuses: A Prospective Study.

Ultraschall Med 2020 Feb 10. Epub 2020 Feb 10.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University-Hospital of Northern Norway, UiT Norges arktiske universitet Alta, Norway.

Objective:  To elucidate the role of Doppler ultrasound in predicting perinatal outcome in appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetuses at term.

Material And Methods:  Prospective study carried out in a dedicated research ultrasound clinic. The inclusion criterion was AGA fetuses, defined as those with an estimated fetal weight between the 10 and 90 percentile, at 36 + 0-37 + 6 weeks of gestation. Read More

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February 2020

Fluctuations of consciousness after stroke: Associations with the confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit (CAM-ICU) and potential undetected delirium.

J Crit Care 2020 04 10;56:58-62. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Department of Neurology, Brown University, Alpert Medical School, United States of America; Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Alpert Medical School, United States of America.

Purpose: To examine associations between fluctuating consciousness and Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) assessments in stroke patients compared to non-neurological patients.

Materials And Methods: We linked all recorded CAM-ICU assessments with corresponding Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) measurements in patients with stroke or sepsis from a single-center ICU database. Fluctuating consciousness was defined by RASS variability using standard deviations (SD) over 24-h periods; regression analyses were performed to determine associations with RASS variability and CAM-ICU rating. Read More

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National early warning score (NEWS) and the new alternative SpO scale during rapid response team reviews: a prospective observational study.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2019 Dec 16;27(1):111. Epub 2019 Dec 16.

Department of Emergency Care and Services, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The national early warning score (NEWS) enables early detection of in-hospital patient deterioration and timely activation of hospital's rapid response team (RRT). NEWS was updated in 2017 to include a separate SpO scale for those patients with type II respiratory failure (T2RF). In this study we investigated whether NEWS with and without the new SpO scale for the T2RF patients is associated with immediate and in-hospital patient outcomes among the patients actually attended by the RRT. Read More

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December 2019

Obeticholic acid for the treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: interim analysis from a multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial.

Lancet 2019 12 5;394(10215):2184-2196. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Intercept Pharmaceuticals, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common type of chronic liver disease that can lead to cirrhosis. Obeticholic acid, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, has been shown to improve the histological features of NASH. Here we report results from a planned interim analysis of an ongoing, phase 3 study of obeticholic acid for NASH. Read More

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December 2019

Incidence of hallux valgus primary surgical treatment. Finnish nationwide data from 1997 to 2014.

Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Dec 17;25(6):761-765. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere University, Medical School, Tampere, Finland.

Background: Many surgical procedures have been described for hallux valgus. Evidence provided by the current literature on the different procedures is, however, poor. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of HV surgery in Finland between 1997 and 2014 and to find out whether changes in operation techniques of HV have occurred during the study period. Read More

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December 2019

The Latin American version of the internalized stigma of mental illness scale (LA-ISMI): a multicentric validation study from three Latin American countries.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2019 Nov 27;17(1):175. Epub 2019 Nov 27.

Aix-Marseille Univ, EA 3279 - Public Health, Chronic Diseases and Quality of Life - Research Unit, 13005, Marseille, France.

Background: To date, no data have been available concerning the psychometric characteristics of the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale (ISMI-29) in Latin American countries. The aim of this study was to validate a Latin American version of the ISMI in people with schizophrenia.

Methods: The study included 253 stabilized outpatients with schizophrenia from 3 Mental Health Services in three Latin American countries: Bolivia (N = 83), Chile (N = 85) and Peru (N = 85). Read More

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November 2019

Assessment of Construct Validity of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Scoliosis Research Society-30 Questionnaire (SRS-30) in Patients With Degenerative Spinal Disease.

Spine Deform 2019 11;7(6):929-936

Department of Surgery, Central Finland Central Hospital, Keskussairaalantie 19, 40620 Jyväskylä, Finland.

Study Design: Observational cohort study.

Objectives: To measure and compare the structural validity of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the Scoliosis Research Society-30 (SRS-30) questionnaire in an adult population with prolonged degenerative thoracolumbar disease.

Summary Of Background Data: The ODI and the SRS-30 are commonly used patient-reported outcome instruments to assess back-specific disability and symptoms related to scoliosis. Read More

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November 2019

Aging and strategic prospective memory monitoring.

Mem Cognit 2020 04;48(3):370-389

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, CB1125, One Brookings Dr, St. Louis, MO, 63130, USA.

Monitoring the environment for the occurrence of prospective memory (PM) targets is a resource-demanding process that produces cost (e.g., slowing) to ongoing activities. Read More

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Uncovering a health and wellbeing gap among professional nurses: situated experiences of direct care nurses in two Canadian cities.

Soc Sci Med 2019 12 25;242:112568. Epub 2019 Sep 25.

The School of Social Work, University of Windsor, 167 Ferry St, Windsor, ON N9A4M5, Canada. Electronic address:

Understanding the drivers of nurses' poor health and the implications for quality of care are important in sustaining a healthy workforce, stimulating professional nursing practice, and ensuring healthy lives while promoting the wellbeing of nurses of all ages. Previous scholarship has identified factors influencing nurses' wellbeing, but have neglected to take a comprehensive approach to assessing the multiple dimensions of nurses' wellbeing and their collective, syndemic effects. Neither have these studies explored the context within which these experiences occur, or how these experiences differ for nurses with multiple marginalized identities in spite of an increasingly diverse workforce. Read More

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December 2019

Validation of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index in Patients Having Undergone Ankle Fracture Surgery.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2019 Nov 6;58(6):1100-1107. Epub 2019 Sep 6.

Resident, Department of Surgery, Central Finland Central Hospital, Jyväskylä, Finland.

The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) that is widely used to evaluate the pain, stiffness, and physical function of patients with osteoarthritis of the hip and knee. Although the WOMAC has also been used for patients after foot and ankle surgery, it has not been validated for this purpose. A total of 130 patients with surgically treated ankle fractures completed the WOMAC, Visual Analogue Scale Foot and Ankle (VAS FA), Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS), 15D Health-Related Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (15D), and Visual Analog Scale for General Health (VAS general health) after foot and ankle surgery. Read More

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November 2019