84,393 results match your criteria urinary infection


Severe bilateral pleuropneumonia caused by Legionella sainthelensi: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Sep 17;21(1):966. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Laboratoire de Bactériologie, CHU Félix Guyon, Allée des Topazes, 97400, Saint-Denis, La Réunion, France.

Background: Legionella spp. are ubiquitous freshwater bacteria responsible for rare but potentially severe cases of Legionnaires' disease (LD). Legionella sainthelensi is a non-pneumophila Legionella species that was first isolated in 1980 from water near Mt. Read More

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September 2021

Evolution and Transformation of Uterine Transplantation: A Systematic Review of Surgical Techniques and Outcomes.

J Reconstr Microsurg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Strong Memorial Hospital, University of Rochester Medical Center, New York.

Background:  Uterine transplantation (UTx) is acknowledged to be on the second (2A) of five steps of development in accordance with the staging system for the evaluation of surgical innovations. Accordingly, we aimed to systematically review the available evidence of the surgical techniques and outcomes of UTx in terms of graft survival.

Methods:  A comprehensive search was conducted across PubMed Medline, Cochrane-EBMR, Scopus, Web of Science, and CENTRAL through November 2020. Read More

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September 2021

A meta-analysis and systematic review of holmium laser treatment of bladder stones.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Aug;10(8):3465-3475

Department of Urology, Luzhou People's Hospital, Luzhou, China.

Background: Holmium lasers have been used to treat bladder stones and achieve good therapeutic effects, but its efficacy remains to be explored.

Methods: The PubMed, Embase, Medline, Ovid, Springer, and Web of Sciences databases were searched from their establishment to December 31, 2020. Studies of randomized control trials (RCTs) examining the treatment of vesical calculi by holmium laser lithotripsy were identified. Read More

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Sexual Disorders in Women with Overactive Bladder and Urinary Stress Incontinence Compared to Controls: A Prospective Study.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2021 Sep 13;81(9):1039-1046. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Klinikum Worms, Worms, Germany.

Female urinary incontinence (UI) has a negative impact on sexual function and sexual quality of life (QoL) in women. But there is still no consensus on the type of UI or the prevalence of sexual dysfunction (SD). The aim of the study was to evaluate sexual disorders in women with overactive bladder (OAB) compared to patients with urinary stress incontinence (SUI) and healthy controls. Read More

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September 2021

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis due to in a non-diabetic older patient.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 16;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Geriatric Medicine, Yenepoya Medical College Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare condition characterised by destructive granulomatous inflammation of renal parenchyma. Primary renal osis has been reported in patients with immunocompromised states such as diabetes, retroviral disease, organ transplant recipients, etc. We present a unique case of an older adult in his early 60s, presenting with fever and left flank pain with renal angle tenderness, diagnosed with primary renal aspergillosis with xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis. Read More

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September 2021

Quick-Wee versus bladder stimulation to collect midstream urine from precontinent infants under 1 year of age: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (ES.Stimquick.U).

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 16;11(9):e046324. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Service des Urgences Pédiatriques, Hôpitaux Pédiatriques de Nice CHU-LENVAL, Nice, France.

Introduction: Urinary tract infections occur in around 1%-4% of boys and 3%-8% of girls under 2 years old. Diagnosis is difficult because of non-specific symptoms and the risk of urine analysis contamination depending on the sampling method used for precontinent infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommend transurethral catheterisation and suprapubic aspiration because of a low contamination rate but these techniques are invasive. Read More

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September 2021

Validating clinical practice guidelines for the management of febrile infants presenting to the emergency department in the UK and Ireland.

Arch Dis Child 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

Objective: To report the performance of clinical practice guidelines (CPG) in the diagnosis of serious/invasive bacterial infections (SBI/IBI) in infants presenting with a fever to emergency care in the UK and Ireland. Two CPGs were from the National Institutes for Health and Care Excellence (NICE guidelines NG51 and NG143) and one was from the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC).

Design: Retrospective multicentre cohort study. Read More

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September 2021

Hospital outcomes in pediatric patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) undergoing orthopedic surgery: A 12-year analysis of national trends in surgical management and inpatient hospital outcomes.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Orthopedics, Phoenix Children Hospital, Phoenix, 1919 E Thomas Rd, Phoenix, AZ, 85016, USA.

Background: The incidence of orthopedic disorders amongst patients with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is high when compared to the general pediatric population. The purpose of this retrospective study was to define the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures in pediatric patients with PWS and to characterize the peri-operative outcomes of these patients.

Methods: The Kids Inpatient Database (KID) was queried to collect data and identify all pediatric patients with PWS who underwent orthopedic procedures from 2001 to 2012. Read More

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September 2021

Gardnerella vaginalis in urinary tract infections, are men spared?

Anaerobe 2021 Sep 13:102438. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Medical University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Gardnerella vaginalis in association with anaerobes has been linked to bacterial vaginosis in women, while urinary tract infections (UTIs) in men have rarely been reported. The aim of the review was to reveal the significance of G. vaginalis UTIs in men. Read More

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September 2021

Challenges and solutions in polymer drug delivery for bacterial biofilm treatment: a tissue-by-tissue account.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2021 Sep 13:113973. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Division of Molecular Therapeutics and Formulation, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, NG7 2RD, UK. Electronic address:

To tackle the emerging antibiotic resistance crisis, novel antimicrobial approaches are urgently needed. Bacterial communities (biofilms) are a particular concern in this context. Biofilms are responsible for most human infections and are inherently less susceptible to antibiotic treatments. Read More

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September 2021

Relay oral therapy in febrile urinary tract infections caused by extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in children: A French multicenter study.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(9):e0257217. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Service de Pédiatrie Générale, Centre Hospitalier Intercommunal de Créteil, Créteil, France.

Objectives: We need studies assessing therapeutic options for oral relay in febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI) due to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) in children. Amoxicillin-clavulanate/cefixime (AC-cefixime) combination seems to be a suitable option. We sought to describe the risk of recurrence at 1 month after the end of treatment for FUTI due to ESBL-E according to the oral relay therapy used. Read More

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September 2021

Enhanced clearing of biofilms on a 3D urothelial cell model using lysozyme-functionalized fluconazole-loaded shellac nanoparticles.

Biomater Sci 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Chemistry, Nazarbayev University, 53 Kabanbay Batyr Avenue, Nursultan city, 010000, Kazakhstan.

urinary tract biofilms are increasingly witnessed in nosocomial infections due to reduced immunity of patients and the hospital ecosystem. The indwelling devices utilized to support patients with urethral diseases that connect the unsterilized external environment with the internal environment of the patient are another significant source of urinary tract biofilm infections. Recently, nanoparticle (NP)-associated therapeutics have gained traction in a number of areas, including fighting antibiotic-resistant bacterial biofilm infection. Read More

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September 2021

No Casual Relationship Between T2DM and the Risk of Infectious Diseases: A Two-Sample Mendelian Randomization Study.

Front Genet 2021 30;12:720874. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Intensive Care Unit, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Background: In epidemiological studies, it has been proven that the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is related to an increased risk of infectious diseases. However, it is still unclear whether the relationship is casual.

Methods: We employed a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) to clarify the causal effect of T2DM on high-frequency infectious diseases: sepsis, skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), urinary tract infections (UTIs), pneumonia, and genito-urinary infection (GUI) in pregnancy. Read More

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Hematuria - Look beyond the Urinary Tract - A Rare Case Report.

J Midlife Health 2021 Apr-Jun;12(2):176-178. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College and SSK Hospital, New Delhi, India.

The major causes of hematuria in a middle-aged female include infections, renal calculi, or structural abnormalities of the urinary tract. Most patients are investigated and treated on an outpatient basis. While a possibility of malignancy of the bladder or kidneys may also be considered, hematological malignancy is an uncommon cause of hematuria. Read More

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Combination of bactericidal antibiotics and inhibitors of Universal stress protein A (UspA): a potential therapeutic alternative against multidrug resistant Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections.

J Antibiot (Tokyo) 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnology, Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

The increasing incidence of multidrug resistant uropathogenic E. coli (MDR-UPEC), the most common opportunistic pathogen in urinary tract infections (UTI) pose a global health problem and demands searching for alternative therapeutics. Antibiotics generate oxidative stress in bacteria which results in overexpression of the universal stress protein, UspA that helps in bacterial survival. Read More

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September 2021

Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of hepatitis B associated membranous nephropathy and idiopathic membranous nephropathy complicated with hepatitis B virus infection.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 15;11(1):18407. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Nephrology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450052, Henan Province, China.

The main objective of this study is to analyze the clinical and pathological features and prognosis of patients with Hepatitis B associated membranous nephropathy (HBV-MN) and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) complicated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. This study will provide more basis for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. A total of 50 patients with HBV-MN were included in this study. Read More

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September 2021

A pragmatic randomized trial of a primary care antimicrobial stewardship intervention in Ontario, Canada.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 Sep 15;22(1):185. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Antimicrobial Stewardship Program, University Health Network, Toronto, Canada.

Background: More than 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, but 50% may be unnecessary. Reducing unnecessary antibiotic overuse is needed to limit antimicrobial resistance. We conducted a pragmatic trial of a primary care provider-focused antimicrobial stewardship intervention to reduce antibiotic prescriptions in primary care. Read More

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September 2021

Association between biofilm-production and antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli isolates: A laboratory-based case study and a literature review.

Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

6Department of Medical Microbiology, Albert Szent-Györgyi Health Center and Faculty of Medicine, University of Szeged, Semmelweis utca 6., 6725 Szeged, Hungary.

Bacteria can enhance their survival by attaching to inanimate surfaces or tissues, and presenting as multicellular communities encased in a protective extracellular matrix called biofilm. There has been pronounced interest in assessing the relationship between the antibiotic resistant phenotype and biofilm-production in clinically-relevant pathogens. The aim of the present paper was to provide additional experimental results on the topic, testing the biofilm-forming capacity of Escherichia coli isolates using in vitro methods in the context of their antibiotic resistance in the form of a laboratory case study, in addition to provide a comprehensive review of the subject. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of constant antibiotic prophylaxis in children affected by spinal dysraphism performing clean intermittent catheterization: a 2-year monocentric retrospective analysis.

Childs Nerv Syst 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Unità Operativa Spina Bifida e Uropatie Malformative, Dipartimento Di Scienze Della Salute Della Donna, Del bambino e Di sanità pubblica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Spinal dysraphism (SD) is a general term used to refer to developmental abnormalities of the spine that involves many clinical conditions including myelomeningocele (MMC). In these patients, neurogenic bladder (NB) is a common and predisposing factor for renal damage; the most frequently used approach to manage this situation is based on clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) and anticholinergic drugs. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a significant concern for these patients, and antibiotic prophylaxis is frequently used even if it is still a debated topic of literature. Read More

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September 2021

Virulence Genes Profile and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Community-Acquired Bacterial Urinary Tract Infections in a Brazilian Hospital.

Curr Microbiol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Fundação Hospitalar do Estado de Minas Gerais, FHEMIG, Fazenda da Lagoa, Zona Rural, Bambuí, Minas Gerais, CEP 38900-000, Brazil.

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are one of the most common diseases worldwide and Escherichia coli is the most common causative bacteria. Empirical treatment is challenging due to antimicrobial or multidrug-resistance. The aims of this study were to determine the uropathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility profile, as well as to identify the phylogroups and virulence genes of E. Read More

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September 2021

Positive Culture Prior to Transperineal Prostate Biopsy Was Not Associated with Post-Biopsy Febrile Urinary Tract Infection Development.

Res Rep Urol 2021 7;13:691-698. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Urology, Faculty of Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan.

Purpose: To investigate the association between urine culture before transperineal prostate biopsy and post-biopsy febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI).

Patients And Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 307 patients who underwent urine culture before transperineal prostate biopsy between April 2017 and September 2020. Patients with indwelling urinary catheters (n=7) were excluded. Read More

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September 2021

Associations Between Kidney Dysfunction and Risk Factors in Patients with Transurethral Resection of the Prostate.

Res Rep Urol 2021 7;13:665-672. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Medical Faculty of Riau University, Pekanbaru, Riau, Indonesia.

Purpose: Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) with urinary retention can result in kidney dysfunction. Several risk factors might influence deterioration in kidney function. The aims of this study were to assess the association between kidney dysfunction and risk factors in patients with transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Read More

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September 2021

Paraperitoneal herniation of the ureter.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 3;16(11):3414-3417. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of General surgery, GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Visakhapatnam, India.

Ureteral herniation into the scrotum is rare and often associated with congenital abnormalities or postoperative anatomic changes. A high index of suspicion is needed to avoid intraoperative ureteric injuries. A 50-year-old man with ureteric herniation into an inguinoscrotal hernia reported acute left flank pain and had a history of recurrent urinary tract infections. Read More

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November 2021

Seven-day Oral Intake of Orthosiphon stamineus Leaves Infusion Exerts Antiadhesive Ex Vivo Activity Against Uropathogenic E. coli in Urine Samples.

Planta Med 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

University of Münster, Institute of Pharmaceutical Biology and Phytochemistry, Münster, Germany.

leaves (Java tea) extract is traditionally used for the treatment of urinary tract infections. According to recent data, animal infection studies, and transcriptomic investigations, polymethoxylated flavones from Java tea exert antiadhesive activity against uropathogenic (UPEC). This antiadhesive activity has been shown to reduce bladder and kidney lesion in a mice infection model. Read More

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September 2021

Antimicrobial Resistance Trends of Isolates from Outpatient and Inpatient Urinary Infections over a 20-Year Period.

Microb Drug Resist 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale di Monza ASST-Monza, Desio Hospital, Desio, Italy.

Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide problem, and resistance in Enterobacteriaceae, particularly and , is a critical threat to human health. Inappropriate and unnecessary use of antibiotics in human health care is the most common cause for the development and spread of antimicrobial resistance. In this work, we retrospectively analyzed the antimicrobial data of strains isolated from midstream urinary samples over a 20-year period (2000-2019). Read More

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September 2021

Outpatient and oral management is suitable for infants 60-90 days old with urinary tract infections at low risk of bacteremia.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Pediatric Emergency Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain.

One previous study recommended oral and outpatient management for those infants aged 60-90 days with urinary tract infection (UTI) meeting the low-risk criteria identified: to be well-appearing and to have a procalcitonin value of < 0.7 ng/mL. A retrospective study was conducted, including infants aged 29 to 90 days with UTI from 2014 to 2019, to validate these low-risk criteria identified and determine the adherence to the new algorithm for managing these patients at the Emergency Department. Read More

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September 2021

Common maternal infections during pregnancy and childhood leukaemia in the offspring: findings from six international birth cohorts.

Int J Epidemiol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Nuffield Department of Women's and Reproductive Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Previous epidemiological studies have found positive associations between maternal infections and childhood leukaemia; however, evidence from prospective cohort studies is scarce. We aimed to examine the associations using large-scale prospective data.

Methods: Data were pooled from six population-based birth cohorts in Australia, Denmark, Israel, Norway, the UK and the USA (recruitment 1950s-2000s). Read More

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September 2021

Species-Level Resolution of Female Bladder Microbiota from 16S rRNA Amplicon Sequencing.

mSystems 2021 Sep 14:e0051821. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Division of Bioinformatics and Computational Biomedicine, Department of Medical Informatics and Clinical Epidemiology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA.

The human bladder contains bacteria, even in the absence of infection. Interest in studying these bacteria and their association with bladder conditions is increasing. However, the chosen experimental method can limit the resolution of the taxonomy that can be assigned to the bacteria found in the bladder. Read More

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September 2021

Genomic Features Associated with the Degree of Phenotypic Resistance to Carbapenems in Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.

mSystems 2021 Sep 14:e0019421. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Northwestern Universitygrid.16753.36 Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains cause severe infections that are difficult to treat. The production of carbapenemases such as the K. pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC) is a common mechanism by which these strains resist killing by the carbapenems. Read More

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September 2021

Septic arthritis in the end-stage renal disease population.

J Investig Med 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia, USA

Septic arthritis is important to consider in any patient who presents with joint pain because it is a medical emergency with an 11% fatality rate. Diagnosis and treatment may improve prognosis; however, many patients do not regain full joint function. In patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), immune dysfunction due to uremia and chronic vascular access leads to increased risk of infection. Read More

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September 2021