Int J Drug Policy 2021 Jun 5;92:103265. Epub 2021 May 5.
Centre for Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Oxford, St Cross Building St. Cross Rd, Oxford OX1 3UL, United Kingdom; Columbia School of Social Work, Columbia University, 1255 Amsterdam Ave, New York, NY 10027, United States.
In 2014, newly-elected President Joko Widodo announced that Indonesia was facing a national 'emergency' due to high levels of drug use that necessitated harsh criminal justice responses, including the ultimate punishment of death. On April 29, 2015 Indonesia executed eight prisoners condemned to death for drug-related offences, including seven foreigners, eliciting widespread international criticism. This commentary explores the strategies employed and obstacles faced by national anti-death penalty advocates that opposed the 2015 executions, primarily focusing on their efforts between 2015 and 2017. Read More