1,064 results match your criteria upgma clustering

Genetic variation and relationships between Azerbaijani and Turkish olive genetic resources.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Crop and Animal Production, Organic Agriculture Programme, Karacabey Vocational School, Bursa Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey.

Olive (Olea europaea L.) is one of the most economically important crop from east to the west around the world. The aim of this research was to investigate the genetic relationship among 41 olive genotypes, including 11 well-known Turkish cultivars and 30 Azerbaijani olive genotypes using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Read More

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Taxonomic relevance of petiole anatomical and micro-morphological characteristics of L. (Ranunculaceae) taxa from South Korea.

PeerJ 2021 29;9:e11669. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Division of Forest Biodiversity, Korea National Arboretum, Pocheon, South Korea.

We assessed the micro-morphological and anatomical structures of the petioles of 19 taxa from South Korea. The petiole surface features were observed with the help of stereomicroscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and the anatomical features are studied via microtomy and light microscopy. The results of this study showed that the presence/absence and abundance of trichomes, petiole cross-section outlines, upper surface wings and grooves, and the number of vascular bundles were useful for species discrimination in . Read More

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Comparative Study on Seed Characteristics, Antioxidant Activity, and Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents in Accessions of (L.) Moench.

Molecules 2021 Jun 29;26(13). Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Crop Science, College of Sanghuh Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea.

Sorghum is a major cereal food worldwide, and is considered a potential source of minerals and bioactive compounds. Its wide adaptive range may cause variations in its agronomic traits, antioxidant properties, and phytochemical content. This extensive study investigated variations in seed characteristics, antioxidant properties, and total phenolic (TPC) and flavonoid contents (TFC) of sorghum collected from different ecological regions of 15 countries. Read More

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Genetic relationships and diversity analysis in Turkish laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) germplasm using ISSR and SCoT markers.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 May 20;48(5):4537-4547. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Bolu Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14030, Bolu, Turkey.

Laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) has been used in the Mediterranean basin since ancient ages. Nowadays, Turkey, Mexico, Portugal, Italy, Spain, France, Algeria, and Morocco use aromatic leaves for commercial purposes, and Turkey is the largest exporter in the world. Read More

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Molecular genetic diversity and population structure analyses of rutabaga accessions from Nordic countries as revealed by single nucleotide polymorphism markers.

BMC Genomics 2021 Jun 12;22(1):442. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, Canada.

Background: Rutabaga or swede (Brassica napus ssp. napobrassica (L.) Hanelt) varies in root and leaf shape and colour, flesh colour, foliage growth habits, maturity date, seed quality parameters, disease resistance and other traits. Read More

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Genetic diversity and inter-trait relationship of tropical extra-early maturing quality protein maize inbred lines under low soil nitrogen stress.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0252506. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.

Information on the genetic diversity, population structure, and trait associations of germplasm resources is crucial for predicting hybrid performance. The objective of this study was to dissect the genetic diversity and population structure of extra-early yellow and orange quality protein maize (QPM) inbred lines and identify secondary traits for indirect selection for enhanced grain yield under low-soil nitrogen (LN). One hundred and ten inbred lines were assessed under LN (30 kg ha -1) and assayed for tryptophan content. Read More

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Gut Microbiome Changes in Captive Plateau Zokors ().

Evol Bioinform Online 2021 27;17:1176934321996353. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Key Laboratory of Adaptation and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining, Qinghai, China.

Wild-caught animals must cope with drastic lifestyle and dietary changes after being induced to captivity. How the gut microbiome structure of these animals will change in response receives increasing attention. The plateau zokor (), a typic subterranean rodent endemic to the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, spends almost the whole life underground and is well adapted to the environmental pressures of both plateau and underground. Read More

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February 2021

Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of nine sheep populations based on microsatellite markers.

Arch Anim Breed 2021 6;64(1):7-16. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics and Breeding and Reproduction of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, PR China.

The objective of this study was to assess the genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationship of nine sheep populations, including two famous high prolific populations and seven popular mutton populations raised in China. Overall, these sheep populations in this study exhibited a rich genetic diversity. Both the expected heterozygosity and Nei's unbiased gene diversity ranged from 0. Read More

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January 2021

Molecular characterization of India Ginseng Withania somnifera (L) using ISSR markers.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 May 28;48(5):3971-3977. Epub 2021 May 28.

CSIR-Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research Centre, Bangalore, India.

Background: Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal), popularly known as Indian ginseng or winter cherry is a multipurpose plant of immense therapeutic value in the ayurvedic and indigenous medicine system and distributed in wide geographic locations and exhibiting extensive phenotypic and chemical variability.

Methods And Results: The present study was carried out to assess the molecular genetic diversity among 4 CIMAP varieties and five local cultivars of ashwagandha and cluster dendrograms were created by using 20 ISSR primers. Read More

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Assessment of genetic diversity in Crevost & Lemarié, an important medicine food homologous crop from Southwest China using SRAP and ISSR markers.

Genet Resour Crop Evol 2021 May 20:1-13. Epub 2021 May 20.

Key Laboratory for Research and Utilization of Characteristic Biological Resources in Southern Yunnan, College of Biological and Agricultural Sciences, Honghe University, Mengzi, Yunnan People's Republic of China.

Crevost & Lemarié is an important crop that has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and daily diets for a long time. In this study, the genetic diversity and relationships of eight cultivated populations of grown in Southwest China were examined using sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. The results showed that 139 (99. Read More

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Development and characterization of genic SSR-FDM for stem gall disease resistance in coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its cross species transferability.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 May 22;48(5):3963-3970. Epub 2021 May 22.

ICAR-National Research Centre on Seed Spices, Tabiji, Ajmer, Rajasthan, 305 206, India.

Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is well known vegetable and spice crop grown globally for its leaves and seeds. Stem gall (Protomyces macrosporus L. Read More

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Genetic diversity analysis of Chinese Leishmania isolates and development of L. donovani complex-specific markers by RAPD.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 May 21;21(1):464. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Parasitology, West China School of Basic Medical Sciences and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China.

Background: Leishmaniasis is one of the most neglected tropical diseases in the world and remains endemic in some underdeveloped regions, including western China. The phylogeny and classification of Chinese Leishmania has not been completely clarified to date, especially within the Leishmania (L.) donovani complex, although phylogenetic analyses based on a series of gene markers have been performed. Read More

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Fecal 16S rRNA Gene Sequencing Analysis of Changes in the Gut Microbiota of Rats with Low-Dose Aspirin-Related Intestinal Injury.

Biomed Res Int 2021 13;2021:8848686. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Cardiovascular Center, Xi Yuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Background: The incidence of small intestinal injury caused by low-dose aspirin (LDA) is high, but the pathogenesis and intervention measures of it have not been elucidated. Recent studies have found gut microbiota to be closely associated with onset and development of NSAID-induced intestinal injury. However, studies of the changes in the gut microbiota of rats with LDA-related intestinal injury have been lacking recently. Read More

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Assessment of the Genetic Potential of the Peregrine Falcon () Population Used in the Reintroduction Program in Poland.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Apr 29;12(5). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Animal Genetics and Conservation, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 02-787 Warszawa, Poland.

Microsatellite DNA analysis is a powerful tool for assessing population genetics. The main aim of this study was to assess the genetic potential of the peregrine falcon population covered by the restitution program. We characterized individuals from breeders that set their birds for release into the wild and birds that have been reintroduced in previous years. Read More

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Genome-Wide Identification and Development of LTR Retrotransposon-Based Molecular Markers for the Genus.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Apr 28;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

The State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystems, Key Laboratory of Grassland Livestock Industry Innovation, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, College of Pastoral Agriculture Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730020, China.

is an important genus of legumes with industrial and medicinal value, partly due to the production of coumarin. To explore the genetic diversity and population structure of , 40 accessions were analyzed using long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposon-based markers. A total of 585,894,349 bp of LTR retrotransposon sequences, accounting for 55. Read More

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Seed morphometry and ultrastructure studies on some Turkish orchids (Orchidaceae).

Microsc Res Tech 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Ondokuz Mayıs University, Samsun, Turkey.

Orchid seeds have great morphological variations that imply the phylogenetic relationship of the species depending on the biodiversity of the family or act as an adaptation to seed dispersal mechanisms depending on the life form. This study aims to both describe and analyse the qualitative and quantitative traits of 12 Turkish orchids representing epidendroids and orchidoids in detail to investigate which properties are diagnostic among these taxa and also reveal if seed properties are differentiated in relationship to the ecological preferences of the studied species. Both qualitative and quantitative features were determined, and measurements were obtained using light and scanning electron microscopy. Read More

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Genetic diversity and structure of Saussurea polylepis (Asteraceae) on continental islands of Korea: Implications for conservation strategies and management.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0249752. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Biological Sciences, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.

Saussurea polylepis Nakai is an herbaceous perennial endemic to Korea and is highly restricted to several continental islands in the southwestern part of the Korean Peninsula. Given its very narrow geographical distribution, it is more vulnerable to anthropogenic activities and global climate changes than more widely distributed species. Despite the need for comprehensive genetic information for conservation and management, no such population genetic studies of S. Read More

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Genetic analysis and selection of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea [L.] Verdc.) landraces for high yield revealed by qualitative and quantitative traits.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 7;11(1):7597. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Laboratory of Climate-Smart Food Crop Production, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security (ITAFoS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), UPM Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia.

As a crop for the new millennium Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea [L.] Verdc.) considered as leading legumes in the tropical regions due to its versatile advantages. Read More

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Genomic and Phenotypic Diversity of Cultivated and Wild Tomatoes with Varying Levels of Heat Tolerance.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Mar 29;12(4). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Basic and Applied Science, University of Ghana, PMB LG30 Legon, Ghana.

Assessment of genetic variability in heat-tolerant tomato germplasm is a pre-requisite to improve yield and fruit quality under heat stress. We assessed the population structure and diversity in a panel of three (wild tomatoes) and 42 (cultivated tomatoes) lines and accessions with varying heat tolerance levels. The DArTseq marker was used for the sequencing and 5270 informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were retained for the genomic analysis. Read More

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Random amplified polymorphic DNA and inter simple sequence repeat markers reveals genetic diversity between micro propagated, wild and field cultivated genotypes of Gloriosa superba: an endangered medicinal plant.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Mar 25;48(3):2437-2452. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology, M.P. Council of Science and Technology, Vigyan Bhawan, Nehru Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, 462003, India.

Gloriosa superba L., an endangered medicinal plant with global interest due to presence of colchicine, an important alkaloid used in formulations of Indian and Traditional medicine. The plant has become endangered due to its unscientifically exploitation and high medicinal values. Read More

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Association of Genetic Structure and Diversity in Iranian Wild Germplasms of Mentha longifolia L. Based on Phenotypical, Biochemical, and Molecular Markers.

Chem Biodivers 2021 Apr 25;18(4):e2001044. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, 9177948978, Iran.

Mentha longifolia L. is well-known to be one of the most pervasive wild-growing species of the Lamiaceae family, which has extensive beneficial properties in the fields of pharmacology and biological products. In the present study, the correlation between Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers and morpho-chemical parameters of twenty different M. Read More

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Cranial variation in allactagine jerboas (Allactaginae, Dipodidae, Rodentia): a geometric morphometric study.

Bader H Alhajeri

Zool Res 2021 Mar;42(2):182-194

Department of Biological Sciences, Kuwait University, Safat 13060, Kuwait. E-mail:

Allactaginae is a subfamily of dipodids consisting of four- and five-toed jerboas ( , , , , ) found in open habitats of Asia and North Africa. Recent molecular phylogenies have upended our understanding of this group's systematics across taxonomic scales. Here, I used cranial geometric morphometrics to examine variation across 219 specimens of 14 allactagine species ( , , , , , , , , , , , , , ) in light of their revised taxonomy. Read More

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RAPD, ISSR, and SCoT markers based genetic stability assessment of micropropagated Lindl. var. oculatum Hk. f.- an important endangered orchid.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Feb 16;27(2):341-357. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Department of Biotechnology, Manipur University, Canchipur, Manipur 795003 India.

is an ornamental and medicinal orchid listed in the Red data book of IUCN. Phytohormones' effect on the in vitro regeneration of the orchid was studied using Mitra medium supplemented with different growth regulators. KN produced effective shoot formation when present alone or in combination with IBA or NAA. Read More

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February 2021

Land snail biogeography and endemism in south-eastern Africa: Implications for the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany biodiversity hotspot.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(3):e0248040. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

Invertebrates in general have long been underrepresented in studies on biodiversity, biogeography and conservation. Boundaries of biodiversity hotspots are often delimited intuitively based on floristic endemism and have seldom been empirically tested using actual species distributions, and especially invertebrates. Here we analyse the zoogeography of terrestrial malacofauna from south-eastern Africa (SEA), proposing the first mollusc-based numerical regionalisation for the area. Read More

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Analysis of genetic relationships of genotypes of the genus Rosa L. from the collection of Nikita Botanical Gardens using ISSR and IRAP DNA markers.

Vavilovskii Zhurnal Genet Selektsii 2020 Aug;24(5):474-480

Order of the Red Banner of Labour Nikita Botanical Gardens - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Republic of the Crimea, Russia.

In connection with the development of breeding and the creation of new plant varieties, the problem of their genotyping and identification is becoming increasingly important, therefore the use of molecular methods to identify genetic originality and assess plant genetic diversity appears to be relevant. As part of the work performed, informative ISSR and IRAP DNA markers promising for the study of genetic diversity of the Rosa L. genus were sought and applied to analysis of genetic relationships among 26 accessions of the genus Rosa L. Read More

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High temperature induced changes in quality and yield parameters of tomato ( L.) and similarity coefficients among genotypes using SSR markers.

Heliyon 2021 Feb 3;7(2):e05988. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Department of Plant Physiology, College of Agriculture, Kerala Agricultural University, Vellayani, Thiruvananthapuram, India.

High temperature induced by climatic fluctuations are an important threat for plant growth, development and quality of agricultural produces. Adaptableness to environmental changes generally derives from a large set of genetic traits affecting physio-morphological, biochemical and agronomic parameters. Therefore, the identification of genotypes with higher yield and good quality parameters at high temperatures is becoming increasingly necessary for future breeding programs. Read More

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February 2021

The influence of roads on the fine-scale population genetic structure of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus).

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 02 26;15(2):e0009139. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Center for Marine Environmental Studies (CMES), Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan.

Dengue is endemic in tropical and subtropical countries and is transmitted mainly by Aedes aegypti. Mosquito movement can be affected by human-made structures such as roads that can act as a barrier. Roads can influence the population genetic structure of Ae. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular characterization of endangered Iranian terrestrial orchids using ISSR markers and association with floral and tuber-related phenotypic traits.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 Jan 16;27(1):53-68. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Organismal Biology, Evolutionary Biology Centre, Uppsala University, Norbyvagen 18D, 75236 Uppsala, Sweden.

We aimed to study the genetic diversity, population structure, and phylogeny of Iranian orchids using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers to find markers associated with phenotypic traits. Based on the phenotypic analysis, the inflorescence length and the flower number of studied accessions ranged from 3.92 to 27. Read More

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January 2021

Gene Sequencing Reveals the Effects of Successive Monoculture on the Soil Diazotrophic Microbial Community in Plantations.

Front Plant Sci 2020 25;11:578812. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China.

The growth and productivity of is negatively impacted by planting sickness under long-term monoculture regimes. In this study, Illumina MiSeq sequencing targeting genes was used to assess variations in the rhizospheric soil diazotrophic community under long-term monoculture rotations. Principal component analysis and unweighted pair-group method with arithmetic means (UPGMA) clustering demonstrated distinct differences in diazotrophic community structure between uncultivated soil (CK), the first rotation plantation (FCP), the second rotation plantation (SCP), and the third rotation plantation (TCP). Read More

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January 2021

[COⅠ and 16S rDNA Sequence Identification of Common Necrophagous Flies in Fujian Province].

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2020 Dec;36(6):749-754

Criminal Technology Corps of Fujian Provincial Public Security Department, Fuzhou 350003, China.

Abstract: Objective To identify the species of common necrophagous flies in Fujian Province by gene fragment sequences of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit Ⅰ (COⅠ) and 16S ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid (16S rDNA), and to explore the identification efficacy of these two molecular markers. Methods In total 22 common necrophagous flies were collected from the death scenes in 9 different regions in Fujian Province and DNA was extracted from the flies after morphological identification. The gene fragments of COⅠ and 16S rDNA were amplified and sequenced. Read More

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December 2020