Cancer Treat Res Commun 2021 Mar 16;27:100354. Epub 2021 Mar 16.
Department of Experimental, Diagnostic and Specialty Medicine, S. Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy; Oncologia Medica, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria di Bologna, via Albertoni, 15 Bologna, Italy.
Biliary tract cancers (BTCs) comprise a heterogenous group of aggressive and rare malignancies arising in the bile duct outside or within the liver. BTCs include cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), gallbladder cancer (GBC) and ampulla of Vater cancer (AVC); according to the "historical" anatomical classification, CCAs are further subdivided into extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (eCCAs) - including distal (dCCA) and perihilar (pCCA) - and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (iCCA). Notably enough, these subtypes reflect distinct features in terms of biology, epidemiology, prognosis and therapeutic strategies. Read More