531,526 results match your criteria underwent surgery


Gait kinematic alterations in subjects with adult spinal deformity and their radiological determinants.

Gait Posture 2021 Jun 4;88:203-209. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Saint-Joseph in Beirut, Lebanon; Institut de Biomécanique Humaine Georges Charpak, Arts et Métiers ParisTech, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Adults with spinal deformity (ASD) are known to have postural malalignment affecting their quality of life. Classical evaluation and follow-up are usually based on full-body static radiographs and health related quality of life questionnaires. Despite being an essential daily life activity, formal gait assessment lacks in clinical practice. Read More

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Robotic-assisted total knee arthroplasty improves the outlier of rotational alignment of the tibial prosthesis using 3DCT measurements.

Knee 2021 Jun 9;31:64-76. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Toho University School of Medicine, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of the present study was to compare the accuracy of prosthetic alignment with three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) measurements following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed using a robotic-assisted surgical technique versus a conventional TKA.

Methods: 41 TKAs were performed with a handheld robotic-assisted surgical procedure (Robot group) between 2019 and 2020. Another 41 patients underwent TKA with a conventional manual surgical procedure (Manual group) using the same prosthesis. Read More

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Anticoagulant-induced hemorrhagic cholecystitis with hemobilia after deceased donor kidney transplant and literature review.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;84:106027. Epub 2021 May 26.

Augusta University, Department of Surgery, United States of America. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Hemobilia and hemorrhagic cholecystitis are uncommon causes of right upper quadrant abdominal pain. The development of intra-gallbladder and biliary bleeding has been primarily associated with abdominal trauma, malignancy, liver transplant, and iatrogenic injury to the biliary tree and vasculature. Spontaneous anticoagulant induced hemorrhagic cholecystitis and hemobilia are incredibly rare events and have only been documented by a handful of case reports. Read More

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A rare case of large left internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to mandibular fracture: A case report and review of the literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;84:106072. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Surgical Critical Care, Kendall Regional Medical Center, Miami, FL, USA; University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.

Introduction And Importance: Pseudoaneurysms secondary to traumatic vessel wall disruption are a rare but potentially fatal complication after traumatic injury. The majority of the cases are found incidentally.

Case Presentation: An 80-year-old woman was brought into our Level 1 Trauma Center after sustaining a ground-level fall with significant facial swelling. Read More

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Subacute duodenal obstruction caused by Common Celiaco-Mesenteric Trunk anomaly-A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;83:106043. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of General Surgery, Grant Government Medical College and Sir J&J Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, India.

Introduction And Importance: The origin of the mesenteric vasculature is highly variable. One such variation is the common celiaco-mesenteric trunk (CMT). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of subacute duodenal obstruction caused by common CMT. Read More

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Emergency endoscopic surgery for pituitary apoplexy presenting as cerebral infarction in a limited resources condition: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 26;83:106015. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Surgery, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Department of Neurosurgery I, Viet Duc University Hospital, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Pituitary apoplexy is defined as a sudden onset of neurologic deficit due to infarction or hemorrhage of the pituitary tumor. We report a case of emergency endoscopic surgery for pituitary apoplexy presenting as cerebral infarction due to ICA compression in a limited resources condition.

Case Presentation: A 38-year-old female presented with acute onset of severe headache, decreased level of consciousness, decreased visual acuity bilaterally, aphasia, and right hemiparesis. Read More

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Multifocal pancreatic PPoma in the setting of MEN1: Case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 23;83:106008. Epub 2021 May 23.

Department of Surgery, Division of Surgical Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Functioning pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) that express pancreatic polypeptide-PPomas-do not yet have a pathognomonic clinical syndrome associated with them due to their overall rarity and diverse symptoms. Moreover, in patients with MEN1, the often multifocal nature of pNETs presents a unique clinical issue.

Case Presentation: We report a case of a 22-year-old man with a known MEN1 gene mutation who was suffering from severe diarrhea (7-8 bowel movements per day) and was found to have only elevated PP levels on biochemical work-up. Read More

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Kinematics after cervical laminoplasty: risk factors for cervical kyphotic deformity after laminoplasty.

Spine J 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ansan Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Ansan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background Context: Laminoplasty of the cervical spine is widely used as an effective surgical method to treat compressive myelopathy of the cervical spine; however, there is an adverse effect of kyphosis after surgery. The risk factors or predictors of kyphosis have not been sufficiently evaluated.

Purpose: To assess the risk factors for kyphosis following laminoplasty. Read More

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Anesthesia or analgesia? New block for shoulder surgery: pericapsular nerve group block.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Kocaeli Derince Training and Research Hospital, Anesthesiology Department, Kocaeli, Turkey. Electronic address:

Interscalene brachial plexus (ISB) block is considered the analgesic technique of choice for shoulder surgery. However, the hemidiaphragmatic paresis that may occur after the block has led to the search for an alternative to the ISB block. In this case report, the pericapsular nerve group (PENG) block was performed for both surgical anesthesia and postoperative analgesia in two patients who underwent shoulder surgery. Read More

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Defining the rate of, and factors influencing, radiographic progression of osteoarthritis of the canine hip joint.

Vet Rec 2021 Jun 12:e516. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Translational Research in Pain (TRiP), Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.

Background: This study aimed to define the rate of progression of radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) of the canine hip joint and to describe factors affecting this progression.

Methods: Dogs that underwent unilateral total hip replacement (THR) were reviewed for the evaluation of radiographic appearance of the non-operated hip joint over time. Standard extended ventrodorsal hip radiographs were taken preoperatively and postoperatively. Read More

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Left atrial strain by speckle tracking predicts atrial fibrosis in patients undergoing heart transplantation.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University and Heart Centre, Umeå, Sweden.

Aims: In patients with heart failure (HF), chronically raised left ventricular (LV) filling pressures lead to progressive left atrial (LA) dysfunction and fibrosis. We aimed to assess the correlation of LA reservoir strain (peak atrial longitudinal strain, PALS) by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) and LA fibrosis assessed by myocardial biopsy in patients undergoing heart transplantation (HTx).

Methods And Results: Forty-eight patients with advanced HF [mean age 51. Read More

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Aortic Angiosarcoma in Association with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 12;22:e931740. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Clinical Pathology, Niigata University Faculty of Medicine, Niigata, Japan.

BACKGROUND Primary aortic sarcoma often poses diagnostic challenges for pathologists and clinicians because of a very low incidence and controversy over nomenclature and definition. We report a case of aortic angiosarcoma in association with a graft. We also conducted a clinicopathological review of cases of primary aortic sarcomas associated with implanted grafts. Read More

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Periodontal condition of mandibular incisors treated with modified Kazanjian vestibuloplasty compared to untreated sites: A prospective study.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Periodontology, Medical University of Warsaw, Poland.

Background: A shallow vestibule, insufficient keratinized tissue width and pulling of marginal gingiva may be associated with gingival recession, plaque accumulation and gingivitis. Conventional techniques for treatment of gingival recession use autogenous or allogenic grafts. However, these methods result in soreness at the donor site and pose an economic burden, which may cause patients to withdraw from treatment. Read More

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Utility of preoperative CT-based body metrics in relation to postoperative complications in pediatric liver transplant recipients.

Liver Transpl 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Computed tomography (CT) derived body metrics such as skeletal muscle index (SMI), psoas muscle index (PMI), and subcutaneous fat index (ScFI) are measurable components of sarcopenia, frailty, and nutrition. While these body metrics are advocated in adults for predicting postoperative outcomes after liver transplantation (LT), little is known about the value in pediatric populations. This study assessed the relation between preoperative CT-based body metrics and postoperative short-term outcomes in pediatric LT recipients. Read More

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DSAEK or DMEK for failed penetrating keratoplasty: a systematic review and single-arm meta-analysis.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, the Third Medical Centre, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Fuxing Road 28, Beijing, 100853, China.

Purpose: To review the published literature on indications and outcomes of DSAEK/DSEK and DMEK for the treatment of failed penetrating keratoplasty.

Design: This is a systematic review and single-arm meta-analysis.

Methods: Literature searches were conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Read More

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Living donor liver transplantation for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma including macrovascular invasion.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Radiology, Shifa International Hospital Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: The indications for liver transplantation (LT) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) continue to evolve. The aim of this study was to report outcomes in patients who underwent living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for HCC outside traditional criteria including macrovascular invasion (MVI).

Methods: We reviewed outcomes in patients who met the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) criteria (n = 159) and our center-specific criteria (UCSF+) (largest tumor diameter ≤ 10 cm, any tumor number, AFP ≤ 1000 ng/ml) (n = 58). Read More

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Prepancreatic common hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery: an exceptional but important finding during pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

HPB Unit, Digestive Surgery Department, Nouvel Hopital Civil, University of Strasbourg, 1 Place de l'Hôpital, 67091, Strasbourg, France.

Purpose: The hepato-mesenteric trunk is an extremely rare condition in which the common hepatic artery (CHA) originates from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Usually, CHA passes behind the head of the pancreas. A systematic review was performed to provide guidelines for the perioperative management of patients with this anatomical variation who underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Read More

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Both arthroscopic and open posterior knee capsulotomy are effective in terms of extension recovery and functional improvement-systematic review.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Artromedical Orthopaedic Clinic, Antracytowa 1, 97-400, Belchatow, Poland.

Purpose: To assess the recovery of extension and improvement in functional scores after an arthroscopic or open posterior knee capsulotomy in the setting of an extension deficit.

Methods: A systematic search of articles published between 1980 and 2020 was performed in the MEDLINE/PubMed database, EMBASE/Ovid database and Web of Science database. The inclusion criteria consisted of patients with primary extension deficits > 5° who underwent an arthroscopic or open posterior knee capsulotomy. Read More

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Coronary revascularization in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease: a meta-analysis.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 12:e14506. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing, China.

To compare coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for revascularizing coronary arteries in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). CKD is described as a continuous decrease in the glomerular filtration rate or abnormalities in kidney structure or function. PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase databases were searched for studies on the revascularization of coronary arteries in patients with CKD and ESRD. Read More

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A liver metastasis 7 years after resection of a low-risk duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Surgery, National Hospital Organization, Higashihiroshima Medical Center, 513 Jike, Saijo-cho, Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-0041, Japan.

Duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumors (dGISTs) are rare, and a lack of consensus exists regarding their treatment, particularly for recurrent disease. We herein report a rare case of liver metastasis 7 years after resection of a low-risk duodenal gastrointestinal stromal tumor. A 45-year-old woman revealed positive fecal occult blood. Read More

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Current status of surgical treatment of Boerhaave's syndrome.

Esophagus 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Frontier Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba, Japan.

Background: Surgical treatment is usually required for Boerhaave's syndrome (post-emetic esophageal perforation), and the technique should be chosen based on the local infection status and patient's general condition. This study was performed to examine the current status of surgical treatment of Boerhaave's syndrome in Japan.

Methods: Ninety-five patients with Boerhaave's syndrome who underwent surgical treatment from January 2010 to December 2015, obtained from a national survey were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Subclinical Lymphedema After Treatment for Breast Cancer: Risk of Progression and Considerations for Early Intervention.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) is a devastating complication of breast cancer (BC) treatment. The authors hypothesized that identifying subclinical lymphedema (SCL) presents an opportunity to prevent BCRL development. They aimed to assess rates of SCL progression (relative volume change [RVC], 5-10%) to BCRL (RVC, ≥10%) in women undergoing axillary surgery for BC via axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) or sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). Read More

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Lymphocyte-C-reactive protein ratio as a prognostic marker associated with the tumor immune microenvironment in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

Int J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Surgery and Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan.

Background: Changes in immune cell and inflammation-associated protein levels, either independently or in combination, are commonly used as prognostic factors for various cancers. The ratio of lymphocyte count to C-reactive protein concentration (lymphocyte-CRP ratio; LCR) is a recently identified prognostic marker for several cancers. Here, we examined the prognostic value of LCR and its relationship to various aspects of the tumor immune microenvironment in patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Read More

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Defining the minimal clinically important difference for the knee society score following revision total knee arthroplasty.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, 20 College Road, Academia, Level 4, Singapore, 169856, Singapore.

Background: No previous study has evaluated the MCID for revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aimed to identify the MCID for the Knee Society Score (KSS), for revision TKA.

Methods: Prospectively collected data from 270 patients who underwent revision TKA at a single institution was analysed. Read More

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Calcaneal fractures: 3D-printing model to assist spatial weaving of percutaneous screws versus conventional open fixation-a retrospective cohort study.

Int Orthop 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Shanghai Tongji Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200065, China.

Purpose: This study compared the clinical effectiveness and wound complications of a three-dimensional model-assisted spatial weaving screw fixation (3D-SWSF) versus open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) via an L-shaped extensile lateral approach for calcaneal fractures.

Methods: This single-centre retrospective cohort study was conducted with two cohort groups in which patients with Sanders II and III calcaneal fractures underwent 3D-SWSF or conventional ORIF. The clinical outcome measures included operation duration, time to operation, wound complications, blood loss volume, hospital stays, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot score, and visual analog scale (VAS) score. Read More

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Demography, clinical profile and surgical outcomes of paediatric giant retinal tear related retinal detachments.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To determine the demographic profile, clinical features and surgical outcomes of giant retinal tear (GRT) related retinal detachments (RD) in children.

Methods: In this retrospective study, medical records of children aged 14 years and below, who underwent surgery for RD at our centre in the last 5 years were reviewed. Among these, we selected medical records of children with RDs with GRT, and examined the coloured retinal drawings, ultrawidefield photographs and/or surgical videos. Read More

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Is there an association of socioeconomic deprivation with acute primary angle closure?

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion, Edinburgh, UK.

Background: Socioeconomic deprivation is known to increase the risk of late presentation of many diseases. This is the largest study in United Kingdom investigating the relationship between socioeconomic deprivation and acute primary angle closure (APAC).

Methods: A retrospective review of case notes was conducted of 718 consecutive patients who underwent laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) in Edinburgh (Princess Alexandra Eye Pavilion) and Fife (Queen Margaret Hospital) between 2015 and 2019. Read More

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Cabozantinib promotes erythroid differentiation in K562 erythroleukemia cells through global changes in gene expression and JNK activation.

Cancer Gene Ther 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences and Medical Biotechnology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Cabozantinib is a potent tyrosine kinase inhibitor with multiple targets including MET, VEGFR2, RET, KIT, and FLT3. Cabozantinib is widely used for the treatment of medullary thyroid cancer and renal cell carcinoma. We recently suggested cabozantinib as a potential therapeutic alternative for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with FLT3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD). Read More

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Discharge Disposition and Clinical Outcomes After Spine Surgery.

Am J Med Qual 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA.

Objective: Spinal decompression with or without fusion is one of the most commonly performed procedures in spine surgery. However, there is limited evidence on the effect of discharge environment on outcomes after surgery. The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of discharge disposition setting on clinical outcomes after spine surgery. Read More

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Statin therapy for patients with aortic stenosis who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a report from a Japanese multicentre registry.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 11;11(6):e044319. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Cardiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Japan.

Objective: Data on statin for patients with aortic stenosis (AS) who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are limited. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of statin on midterm mortality of TAVI patients.

Design: Observational study. Read More

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