4,216 results match your criteria undernutrition activities

Effect of heart failure and malnutrition, alone and in combination, on rehabilitation effectiveness in patients with hip fracture.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021 Aug 25;44:356-366. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Medicine, Wakakusa-Tatsuma Rehabilitation Hospital, 1580 Ooaza Tatsuma, Daito City, Osaka, 574-0012, Japan; Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Kawara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8507, Japan. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Heart failure and malnutrition are known to each negatively affect a patient's ability to improve their activities of daily living (ADL) through rehabilitation. Here, we investigated whether the negative effects of malnutrition and heart failure on ADL are additive in patients after hip fracture.

Methods: This retrospective observational cohort study included 155 patients with hip fracture admitted to convalescent rehabilitation wards. Read More

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Risk factors for poor outcome in older patients admitted in a surgical intensive care unit.

Nurs Crit Care 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Anesthesiology, Critical Care and Perioperative Medicine, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.

Background: The benefit of a stay in an intensive care unit (ICU) is not certain for older patients, particularly in the surgical context.

Aims And Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with an unfavourable outcome in this population.

Design: Prospective, descriptive, monocentric study conducted in the surgical ICU of a French university hospital. Read More

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A Description of Handgrip Strength in the Very Older Adult People Living in Rural Vietnam and Its Association with Daily Functions.

Biomed Res Int 2021 8;2021:1237547. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam.

Objective: To describe handgrip strength (HGS) and identify associated factors in community-dwelling older adults in rural Vietnam.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in community-dwelling older adults 80 years and over in five rural communities in Hanoi, Vietnam. Age-gender-BMI stratified HGS values were reported as means and standard deviations. Read More

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Association Between Physical Performance and Cognitive Function in Chinese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Serial Mediation of Malnutrition and Depression.

Clin Interv Aging 2021 12;16:1327-1335. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: We aimed to propose a serial mediational model to further analyze the relationship between poor physical performance, malnutrition, depression and cognitive impairment in Chinese community-dwelling older adults.

Patients And Methods: This study consisted of 1386 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 65 years and older in Shanghai, China. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Instrumental Activities Of Daily Living (IADL). Read More

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Prevalence of Malnutrition Diagnosed with GLIM Criteria and Association with Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Acute Stroke.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 13;30(9):105989. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Neurosurgery, Itami Kousei Neurosurgical Hospital, Itami, Japan.

Background: Malnutrition is associated with a poor functional outcome in patients with stroke. However, the prevalence of malnutrition diagnosed with the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria or its association with activity of daily living (ADL) in patients with acute stroke have not been reported.

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of the malnutrition diagnosed with the GLIM criteria and its association with ADL or discharge destination in patients with acute stroke. Read More

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Association Between Low Handgrip Strength and 90-Day Mortality Among Older Chinese Inpatients: A National Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study.

Front Nutr 2021 29;8:628628. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

The knowledge of the association between low handgrip strength and mortality among older Chinese inpatients is limited. Given China's aging society, a great number of older adults require hospital admission. To explore the association between low handgrip strength and 90-day mortality, providing evidence for clinicians to predict the risk of mortality and improve clinical outcomes for older inpatients. Read More

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Mini Nutritional Assessment and physical function of older people in residential aged care facility, Bangladesh.

Nutr Health 2021 Jul 11:2601060211030119. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Institute of Nutrition and Food Science, 95324University of Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Background: Malnutrition may decrease physical function and exacerbate health conditions and thus have a negative effect on health-related quality of life of older people.

Aim: The study was aimed at evaluating the extent of malnutrition, physical function and other associated risk factors for the older persons (>65 years) living in the residential aged care facilities in Bangladesh.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed with a sample of 200 older people in various residential aged care facilities in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Read More

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Prevalence and the factors associated with malnutrition risk in elderly Chinese inpatients.

Aging Med (Milton) 2021 Jun 17;4(2):120-127. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Geriatrics Ward 2 The First Hospital of Lanzhou University Lanzhou China.

Background: Malnutrition is an under recognized, but common issue in elderly patients. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of poor nutritional status and identify comprehensive geriatric assessment-based clinical factors associated with increased malnutrition risk to assessing malnutrition risk in hospitalized elderly patients in China.

Methods: A total of 365 elderly hospitalized patients (178 women, 76. Read More

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Improvement in Oral Health Enhances the Recovery of Activities of Daily Living and Dysphagia after Stroke.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 8;30(9):105961. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Center for Sarcopenia and Malnutrition Research, Kumamoto Rehabilitation Hospital, Kumamoto, Japan.

Objective: Oral problems affect rehabilitation outcomes. This study aimed to examine the association between improvement in oral health and functional outcomes in patients after stroke.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective cohort study included post-acute rehabilitation patients who presented with oral problems at admission. Read More

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Undernutrition and associated factors in orphan children aged 6-59 months in Gambella Southwest, Ethiopia: A community-based cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2021 07 8;11(7):e045892. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan-Teferi, Ethiopia

Objective: The study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting, wasting, underweight and associated factors in orphaned children under 5 years old.

Design: A cross-sectional study.

Setting: Gambella City, Ethiopia. Read More

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Differences in maternal and early child nutritional status by offspring sex in lowland Nepal.

Am J Hum Biol 2021 Jul 6:e23637. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Section of Clinical Epidemiology, Nutrition and Biostatistics, Population Policy and Practice Research and Teaching Department, Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health (ICH), University College London (UCL), London, UK.

Objective: On average, boys grow faster than girls in early life but appear more susceptible to undernutrition. We investigated sex differences in early child growth, and whether maternal nutritional status and diet differed by offspring sex during and after pregnancy in an undernourished population.

Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from a cluster-randomized trial from plains Nepal, stratifying results by child or gestational age. Read More

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The role of non-dietetic healthcare professionals in managing interventions among adults at risk of malnutrition: A systematic review.

Clin Nutr 2021 Jul 5;40(7):4509-4525. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, King's College London, London, SE1 9NH, United Kingdom.

Background: Malnutrition is estimated to affect over three million people in the UK resulting in serious consequences on both the individuals' health and healthcare system. While dietitians are uniquely qualified to provide nutritional interventions, they have one of the lowest workforce numbers in the NHS making it difficult to tackle the malnutrition burden alone. Thus, innovative ways of working are needed. Read More

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'It takes a village': a qualitative study on malnutrition and oral nutritional supplements with older adults in Ireland.

Eur J Public Health 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Sports Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland.

Background: Malnutrition affects approximately 20% of older adult populations in Europe, yet their views on the condition are rarely explored. This qualitative study aimed to explore the experiences of older adults living with malnutrition and prescribed oral nutritional supplements in the community setting.

Methods: Semi-structured individual interviews were used to collect data from 13 community-dwelling individuals aged ≥60 years with a current or previous prescription for oral nutritional supplements. Read More

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Toward the development of a vibrant, super-aged society: The future of medicine and society in Japan.

Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021 Aug 1;21(8):601-613. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Federation of National Public Service Personnel Mutual Aid Associations Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: As Japan's population continues to age, it is estimated that the number of people aged ≥75 years will exceed 20 million by 2025. Furthermore, over the past 10 years, we have not reduced the difference between life expectancy and healthy life expectancy. Therefore, the extension of healthy life expectancy and the development of a healthy society are the most urgent issues. Read More

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Interventions to optimise nutrition in older people in hospitals and long-term care: Umbrella review.

Scand J Caring Sci 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Hanze University Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.

Background: Inpatients have a high need for protein-energy intake because of increased physical stress metabolism due to illnesses. Protein-energy undernutrition in older patients increases the risk of complications such as falls, pressure ulcers and even death. An overview of effective interventions addressing this complex issue of malnutrition in older people is missing. Read More

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Identifying Low Value Malnutrition Care Activities for De-Implementation and Systematised, Interdisciplinary Alternatives-A Multi-Site, Nominal Group Technique Approach.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 16;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, The Prince Charles Hospital, Chermside, QLD 4032, Australia.

Malnutrition risk is identified in over one-third of inpatients; reliance on dietetics-delivered nutrition care for all "at-risk" patients is unsustainable, inefficient, and ineffective. This study aimed to identify and prioritise low-value malnutrition care activities for de-implementation and articulate systematised interdisciplinary opportunities. Nine workshops, at eight purposively sampled hospitals, were undertaken using the nominal group technique. Read More

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Four Weeks of Aerobic Training Affects Cardiac Tissue Matrix Metalloproteinase, Lactate Dehydrogenase and Malate Dehydrogenase Enzymes Activities, and Hepatorenal Biomarkers in Experimental Hyperhomocysteinemia in Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 24;22(13). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Physiology "Richard Burian", University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia.

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the application of homocysteine as well as its effect under the condition of aerobic physical activity on the activities of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH) in cardiac tissue and on hepato-renal biochemical parameters in sera of rats. Male rats were divided into four groups ( = 10, per group): C: 0.9% NaCl 0. Read More

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Malnutrition Is Associated With Impaired Functional Status in Older People Receiving Home Care Nursing Service.

Front Nutr 2021 14;8:684438. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

This study aimed to explore the magnitude and significance of associations among nutritional status, functional status, comorbidities, age, and gender in older adults receiving assistance from the in-home nursing care service. In this cross-sectional study, 210 home-dwelling persons 65 years or older who received in-home nursing care service were evaluated. Demographic variables, nutritional status, comorbidities, and the dependency levels of activities of daily living were analyzed. Read More

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Association study of the serum 25(OH)D concentration and myopia in Chinese children.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jul;100(26):e26570

Zhoushan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, ZhoushanChina.

Abstract: To analyze the serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentration in Chinese children with myopia and explore its correlation with myopia.From July to September in 2019, myopic children were collected from the Myopia Influencing Factors Survey Project. The basic information and vision related behaviors of the subjects were collected by questionnaire. Read More

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A Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Initiative in Ethnic Communities of Northern Thailand: Local Perspectives and Future Prospects.

Food Nutr Bull 2021 Jun 30:3795721211025129. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia.

Background: Nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) interventions can contribute to improved food security and household dietary diversity. As well as undertaking trials, contextual factors that influence sustainability need to be scoped.

Objective: To explore locals' views of an NSA initiative, designed to improve food security and reduce malnutrition in children younger than 5 years, scoping future prospects 6 months after the conclusion of the trial. Read More

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Vulnerabilities to and the Socioeconomic and Psychosocial Impacts of the Leishmaniases: A Review.

Res Rep Trop Med 2021 23;12:135-151. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Cultures, Societies and Global Studies, Northeastern University, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Integrated Initiative for Global Health, Boston, MA, USA.

The leishmaniases are a group of four vector-borne neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) with 1.6 billion people in some 100 countries at risk. They occur in certain eco-epidemiological foci that reflect manipulation by human activities, such as migration, urbanization and deforestation, of which poverty, conflict and climate change are key drivers. Read More

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The Association of Osteosarcopenia With Functional Disability in Community-Dwelling Mexican Adults 50 and Older.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 7;8:674724. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Politics, Population and Health Research Center, School of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.

Osteosarcopenia (OS) has recently been described as a predictor of negative outcomes in older adults. However, this alteration in body composition has not been widely studied. In Mexico and Latin America, no information is available on its frequency or associated factors. Read More

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Effect of nutrition behaviour change communication delivered through radio on mothers' nutritional knowledge, child feeding practices and growth.

J Nutr Sci 2021 7;10:e44. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), PMB 5320, Oyo Road, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Childhood undernutrition coupled with poor feeding practices continues to be public health problems in many parts of the world and efforts to address them remain elusive. We tested the hypothesis that women who are exposed to radio health/nutrition education will demonstrate greater nutrition and health knowledge, positive attitudes towards preventive health and better dietary diversity practices for improved child growth. We used a two-arm, quasi-experimental, non-equivalent comparison group design with pre- and post-test observations to evaluate the intervention. Read More

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The association between nutritional status and functional limitations among centenarians: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Geriatr 2021 06 21;21(1):376. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Institute of geriatrics, the 2nd Medical Center, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory of Aging and Geriatrics, National Clinical Research Center for Geriatrics Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, 100853, Beijing, China.

Background: Although there have been studies on the association between nutritional status and functional limitations, there were few studies on Asian centenarians in community. Therefore, this study aims to identify associations between nutritional status and functional limitations among centenarians in China.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with the data from the China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study. Read More

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Deficits in Geriatric Assessment Associate With Disease Activity and Burden in Older Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Background & Aims: We aimed to perform geriatric assessment in older patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to evaluate which IBD characteristics associate with deficits in geriatric assessment and the impact of deficits on disease burden (health-related quality of life).

Methods: A prospective multicenter cohort study including 405 consecutive outpatient patients with IBD aged ≥65 years. Somatic domain (comorbidity, polypharmacy, malnutrition), impairments in (instrumental) activities of daily living, physical capacity (handgrip strength, gait speed), and mental (depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment) and social domain (life-partner) were assessed. Read More

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Complications of chronic pancreatitis in children.

Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, USA Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Paediatrics, Translational Medicine, Research Institute, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical Center and Schulze Diabetes Institute Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Purpose Of Review: In children, chronic pancreatitis is infrequent but may be associated with serious complications, including severe pain that limits activities, exocrine and endocrine pancreatic insufficiency and malnutrition. Investigation into pediatric chronic pancreatitis has transitioned from single center reports to multicenter, protocol-driven studies. As a result, we now have information on much larger numbers of children with chronic pancreatitis, allowing a more reliable understanding of the complications of chronic pancreatitis. Read More

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Corrigendum to 'Tangible dynamic changes in resilience, nutrition, and leisure activity of older patients with cardiovascular disease and possible sarcopenia: A longitudinal study' [Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics AGG, Volume 91, July-August 2021, 104416].

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Sep-Oct;96:104456. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Taipei Municipal Gan-Dau Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, No.12, 225 Lane, Zhi-Sing Road, Taipei Taiwan, 11260, Taiwan, ROC.

Aim And Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the inter-relationships among resilience, nutrition, and leisure activity of older patients with cardiovascular disease and possible sarcopenia. Besides, the patterns of these three variables over a long-term follow-up was examine.

Material And Methods: Quantitative longitudinal study design was used in this study. Read More

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Frailty and restrictions in geriatric domains are associated with surgical complications but not with radiation-induced acute toxicity in head and neck cancer patients: A prospective study.

Oral Oncol 2021 Jul 7;118:105329. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, PO box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the association between frailty screening and geriatric assessment (GA) on short term adverse events in patients treated for head and neck cancer (HNC) for the first time in a prospective study.

Materials And Methods: Newly diagnosed HNC patients undergoing curative treatment were prospectively included in OncoLifeS, a data biobank. Prior to the start of treatment, frailty was assessed with a GA, Groningen Frailty Indicator (GFI) and Geriatric-8 (G8). Read More

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Current Knowledge on Functionality and Potential Therapeutic Uses of Donkey Milk.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 13;11(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Veterinary Science, University of Pisa, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

The increase of knowledge on the composition of donkey milk has revealed marked similarities to human milk, which led to a growing number of investigations focused on testing the potential effects of donkey milk in vitro and in vivo. This paper examines the scientific evidence regarding the beneficial effects of donkey milk on human health. Most clinical studies report a tolerability of donkey milk in 82. Read More

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Stakeholder Perspectives on Barriers and Facilitators on the Implementation of the 1000 Days Plus Nutrition Policy Activities in Ghana.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 17;18(10). Epub 2021 May 17.

INPreP Study Group.

Optimizing nutrition in the preconception and 1000 days periods have long-term benefits such as higher economic productivity, reduced risk of related non-communicable diseases and increased health and well-being. Despite Ghana's recent progress in reducing malnutrition, the situation is far from optimal. This qualitative study analyzed the maternal and child health nutrition policy framework in Ghana to identify the current barriers and facilitators to the implementation of nutrition policies and programs relating to the first 1000 days plus. Read More

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