3,408 results match your criteria ultrasonographic assessment


Virus-related neurological lower urinary tract dysfunction: Lessons learned during 4-year follow-up of patients with Congenital Zika Syndrome.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Apr 18. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Instituto Nacional de Saúde da Mulher, da Criança e do Adolescente Fernandes Figueira (IFF/FIOCRUZ), Av. Rui Barbosa, 716, Flamengo, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: We have previously reported on neurogenic bladder dysfunction among Congenital Zika Vírus Syndrome (CZS) patients, but it is unknown how they will respond to treatment.

Objective: To assess whether children with neurological lower urinary tract dysfunction and CZS will respond to Standard therapies.

Methodology: A prospective observational cohort study of children with CZS referred for urological assessment between 2016 and 2020 to our quaternary center in Brazil. Read More

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Ultrasonographic Measurement of the Median Nerve Transverse Diameter at the Wrist for Diagnosing Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol 2021 Jun;26(2):223-228

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Goto Orthopedic Hand Clinic, Sendai, Japan.

Ultrasonographically measuring the median nerve cross-sectional area (MN-CSA) is a useful and complementary method for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). This study investigated the usefulness of the median nerve transverse diameter (MN-TD) as a simpler and easier technique than MN-CSA for diagnosing CTS severity. We examined 145 hands from 101 patients with CTS and 114 age- and gender-matched control hands. Read More

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Ultrasonographic assessment of femoral cartilage thickness in patients with helicobacter pylori infection.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 29:e14276. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Gastroenterology, Sancaktepe Şehit Prof Dr Ilhan Varank Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Helicobacter pylori is a major cause of gastritis and a potential trigger of inflammatory disease. The effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on distal femoral cartilage has yet to be evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate femoral cartilage thickness in patients with helicobacter pylori infection and whether Helicobacter pylori infection affects femoral cartilage thickness. Read More

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Bedside Ultrasonographic Assessment of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter As a Means of Detecting Raised Intracranial Pressure in Neuro-Trauma Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ann Indian Acad Neurol 2021 Jan-Feb;24(1):63-68. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Community Medicine, DMC and H, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Background: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) measurement is emerging as a noninvasive method to estimate raised ICP. It is helpful in situations where imaging of brain or direct ICP monitoring is not available or feasible. Use of ONSD is still limited, so this study was planned to determine whether the bedside sonographic measurement of ONSD can reliably predict elevated ICP in neuro-trauma patients. Read More

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Evaluation of transpalpebral ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter for indirect assessment of intracranial pressure in anesthetized and standing healthy adult horses.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

Objective: To determine whether an association exists between direct intracranial pressure (ICP) measurement and ultrasonographic measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) in anesthetized and standing horses.

Design: Cross-sectional study performed on a convenience sample of healthy adult horses.

Setting: University teaching hospital. Read More

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Ultrasonographic Technique, Appearance, and Diagnostic Accuracy for Common Shoulder Sports Injuries: A Narrative Review.

JBJS Rev 2021 04 22;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

The Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

»: Ultrasonography (US) is valued for its availability, tolerability, low cost, and utility in real-time dynamic evaluation. Its use in diagnosing upper-extremity shoulder injury has expanded, but several features require definition before more widespread adoption can be realized.

»: In particular, the evaluation of rotator cuff tears (RCTs) with US has been extensively studied, and authors generally agree that US is comparable with magnetic resonance imaging for the detection of full-thickness RCTs, whereas partial-thickness RCTs are more difficult to accurately identify with US. Read More

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Does ultrasonographic assessment of gastric antrum correlate with gastric residual volume in critically ill patients? A prospective observational study.

J Clin Monit Comput 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Intensive Care, University of Health Sciences, Gulhane Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between ultrasonographic gastric antral measurements and aspirated gastric residual volume (GRV) in mechanically ventilated critically ill patients receiving enteral nutrition (EN). This prospective observational study included 56 enterally-fed critically ill patients in one-year period. All imaging procedures were done at 30-degree head-of-bed elevation and supine position on epigastric region of abdomen with 2. Read More

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Respiratory variability of inferior vena cava at different mechanical ventilator settings.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 5;48:96-102. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Assessment of the respiratory changes of the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter have been investigated as a reliable tool to estimate the volume status in mechanically ventilated and spontaneously breathing patients. Our purpose was to compare the echocardiographic measurements the IVC diameter, stroke volume and cardiac output in different positive pressure ventilation parameters.

Methods: This prospective clinical study with crossover design was conducted in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Read More

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Intestinal endometriotic nodules with a length greater than 2.25 cm and affecting more than 27% of the circumference are more likely to undergo segmental resection, rather than linear nodulectomy.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0247654. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Santa Casa de de Misericórdia São Paulo, Sector of Gynecological Endoscopy and Endometriosis at Santa Casa de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Study Objective: To analyze the efficacy of intestinal ultrasonography with bowel preparation (TVUSBP) for endometriosis mapping in evaluating intestinal endometriosis to choose the surgical technique (segmental resection or linear nodulectomy) for treatment.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study.

Setting: University Hospital-Center for Advanced Endoscopic Gynecologic Surgery from April 2010 to November 2014. Read More

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Randomized Controlled Trial of Ultrasound-guided Fluid Resuscitation of Sepsis-Induced Hypoperfusion and Septic Shock.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Feb 10;22(2):369-378. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, The Thai Red Cross Society, Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.

Introduction: The ultrasound measurement of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter change during respiratory phase to guide fluid resuscitation in shock patients is widely performed, but the benefit on reducing the mortality of sepsis patients is questionable. The study objective was to evaluate the 30-day mortality rate of patients with sepsis-induced tissue hypoperfusion (SITH) and septic shock (SS) treated with ultrasound-guided fluid management (UGFM) using ultrasonographic change of the IVC diameter during respiration compared with those treated with the usual-care strategy.

Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial conducted in an urban, university-affiliated tertiary-care hospital. Read More

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February 2021

A novel grey Scale and Power Doppler ultrasonographic score for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: Siena Myositis Ultrasound Grading Scale.

Rheumatology (Oxford) 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, Surgery and Neurosciences, University of Siena, Italy.

Objectives: No clear-cut guidelines exist about the use of diagnostic procedures for idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and only scanty and conflicting data report the use of ultrasound (US). In this regard, we aimed to assess if grey-scale (GS) and Power Doppler (PD) US, graded with a 0-3-points-scale, may be a reliable tool in a cohort of patients affected by IIM.

Methods: All patients underwent US examination of both thighs in axial and longitudinal scans. Read More

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Analysis of Risk Factors for Thromboembolic Events in 88 Patients with COVID-19 Pneumonia in Wuhan, China: A Retrospective Descriptive Report.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Apr 11;27:e929708. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in December 2019, there have been 96 623 laboratory-confirmed cases and 4784 deaths by December 29 in China. We aimed to analyze the risk factors and the incidence of thrombosis from patients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty-eight inpatients with confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia were reported (31 critical cases, 33 severe cases, and 24 common cases). Read More

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The Reproducibility of Ultrasonographic Findings of Rectosigmoid Endometriosis Among Examiners With Different Level of Expertise.

J Ultrasound Med 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, School of Medicine, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain.

Objective: To analyze the reproducibility of ultrasonographic (US) findings of rectosigmoid endometriosis among examiners with different level of expertise using stored three-dimensional (3D) volumes of the posterior compartment of the pelvis as a part of SANABA (Sardinia-Navarra-Barcelona) collaborative study.

Materials And Methods: Six examiners in 3 academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, with different levels of experience and blinded to each other, evaluated 60 stored 3D volumes from the posterior compartment of the pelvis and looked for the presence or absence of features of rectosigmoid endometriotic lesions defined as an irregular hypoechoic nodule with or without hypoechoic foci at the level of the muscularis propria of the anterior wall rectum sigma. Multiplanar view and virtual navigation were used. Read More

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Ultrasound Measures of Intrinsic Foot Muscle Size and Activation Following Lateral Ankle Sprain and Chronic Ankle Instability.

J Sport Rehabil 2021 Apr 9:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Context: Tibial nerve impairment and reduced plantarflexion, hallux flexion, and lesser toe flexion strength have been observed in individuals with recent lateral ankle sprain (LAS) and chronic ankle instability (CAI). Diminished plantar intrinsic foot muscles (IFMs) size and contraction are a likely consequence.

Objectives: To assess the effects of ankle injury on IFM size at rest and during contraction in young adults with and without LAS and CAI. Read More

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OPTIMAL ANTENATAL CORTICOSTEROID EXPOSURE IN WOMEN WITH HISTORY OF PRIOR PRETERM BIRTH AND ASYMPTOMATIC SHORT CERVICAL LENGTH.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Apr 6:100371. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, OH.

Background: A proposed benefit of cervical length (CL) assessment after 24 weeks' gestation in women with a prior history of preterm birth (PTB) is to aid in the timing of antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) in otherwise asymptomatic women.

Objective: We sought to investigate whether use of an ultrasonographic short CL as an indication for ACS in asymptomatic women results in optimal exposure when compared to women receiving ACS for preterm labor symptoms.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study of all women with a prior spontaneous preterm birth and a singleton gestation who underwent serial CL assessment at a large academic tertiary medical center from 2011-2016. Read More

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The effectiveness of high-intensity laser therapy in the treatment of post-stroke patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain: a prospective randomized controlled study.

Lasers Med Sci 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Health Sciences University, Gaziler Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

To evaluate clinical and ultrasonographic efficacy of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) in patients with hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP) accompanied by partial thickness rotator cuff tear (PTRCT). The study was designed as a prospective, randomized, controlled trial. Patients with HSP accompanied by PTRCT (n = 44) were randomly assigned to HILT and control groups. Read More

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[Clinical anatomy of deep femoral vessels in the area of femoral triangle].

Angiol Sosud Khir 2021 ;27(1):17-23

I.P. Pavlov Ryazan State Medical University of the RF Ministry of Public Health, Ryazan, Russia.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to specify the anatomy of the deep femoral artery and deep femoral vein within the femoral triangle.

Material And Methods: The study was based on the data of anatomical dissection of vessels in the area of the upper third of the femur (20 specimens ) and ultrasonographic duplex angioscanning of patients undergoing routine examination of the vascular system (40 patients, 50 lower extremities). Ultrasonography was performed using linear and convex transducers (frequency 3-13 and 3-5 MHz). Read More

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Diagnostic imaging in acute interstitial pneumonia in foals: High variability of interpretation of chest radiographs and good conformity between ultrasonographic and post-mortem findings.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Veterinary Clinic, Destedt, Destedt, Germany.

Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) in foals is a rare but challenging syndrome. Diagnostic imaging is crucial for its diagnosis. While there are some reports on radiographic findings, ultrasound is sparsely described. Read More

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Ultrasonographic assessment in vivo of the excursion and tension of flexor digitorum profundus tendon on different rehabilitation protocols after tendon repair.

J Hand Ther 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Department of Orthopaedics, Wuxi 9th Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Study Design: Interpretive description study.

Purpose: In management of patients with flexion tendon injuries, passive, control active and active motion protocols were proposed after repair to minimize tendon adhesion. The purpose of this study was to compare the excursion distance and the tension of Flexor Digitorum Profundus (FDP) during simulated active and passive motion using ultrasonography techniques using normal subjects. Read More

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January 2021

Heel fat pad involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: a review and case series.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Rheumatology, Boston University/Boston Medical Center, 725 Albany Street, Boston, MA, 02118, USA.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting not only the synovial joints but also multiple extra-articular sites, including ankle and foot soft tissue. Hindfoot abnormalities usually follow those in the forefoot, with up to 4 out of 10 patients experiencing talalgia during their disease course. Enthesophytosis, retrocalcaneal bursitis, and plantar fasciitis are among the most common etiologies, while heel fat pad abnormalities like subcalcaneal bursitis are rare. Read More

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Usefulness of Maternal and Fetal Parameters for the Prediction of Parturition Date in Dogs.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Animal Medicine, Production and Health (MAPS), University of Padua, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy.

An accurate parturition timing is of key importance for breeders and veterinarians in order to give professional assistance to parturition in dogs. However, pregnancy length calculated from the breeding date has a wide variability. Different parameters and formulas have been described and calculated, as well as their accuracy which is affected by various factors: stage of pregnancy, litter and maternal size. Read More

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Serial Ultrasonographic and Real-Time Elastosonographic Assessment of the Ovine Common Calcaneal Tendon, after an Experimentally Induced Tendinopathy.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 25;8(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Scuola di Bioscienze e Medicina Veterinaria, Università degli studi di Camerino, UO di Chirurgia, 62024 Matelica, Italy.

Real-time elastosonography (RTE) is a recently described, non-invasive, ultrasonographic technique developed to assess tissue elasticity. The main aim of this study was to investigate the ultrasonographic and elastosonographic appearance of the common calcaneal tendon (CCT) in an ovine model, and to monitor the progression of tendon healing after an experimentally-induced tendinopathy. Sound tendons were initially evaluated (T) with a caliper and by a single operator with ultrasound. Read More

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The atherosclerosis burden score.

Vasa 2021 Apr 1:1-6. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Angiology, University Hospital CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland.

We carried out this study to evaluate the predictive value of atherosclerosis burden score (ABS) to predict coronary artery disease (CAD) among asymptomatic patients without known cardiovascular disease (CVD), as compared to other imaging or functional techniques, namely coronary artery calcium (CAC) score, carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT), and ankle brachial index (ABI). This prospective study included 198 asymptomatic consecutive patients referred for evaluation of their cardiovascular (CV) risk and for therapeutic advice. Traditional CV risk factors, ABS, CAC score, C-IMT, ABI and an ECG-synchronized coronary CT-angiography (CCTA) were performed for each patient. Read More

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Effect of Autologous Expanded Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells or Leukocyte-Poor Platelet-Rich Plasma in Chronic Patellar Tendinopathy (With Gap >3 mm): Preliminary Outcomes After 6 Months of a Double-Blind, Randomized, Prospective Study.

Am J Sports Med 2021 May 30;49(6):1492-1504. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Musculoskeletal Disorders, University of Salerno School of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry, Salerno, Italy.

Background: Patellar tendinopathy is common. The success of traditional management, including isometric or eccentric exercises combined with shockwave therapy and even surgery, is limited. Therefore, it is important to determine whether biological treatments such as ultrasound-guided intratendinous and peritendinous injections of autologous expanded bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) or leukocyte-poor platelet-rich plasma (Lp-PRP) improve clinical outcomes in athletic patients with patellar tendinopathy. Read More

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The gray zone of thyroid nodules: Using a nomogram to provide malignancy risk assessment and guide patient management.

Cancer Med 2021 Apr 24;10(8):2723-2731. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Pathology, LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

Background: Thyroid nodules have a low prevalence of malignancy and most proven cancers do not behave aggressively. Thus, risk-stratification of nodules is a critical step to avoid surgical overtreatment. We hypothesized that a risk management system superior to those currently in use could be created to reduce the number of clinically indeterminate nodules (i. Read More

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Anaesthesiologists' clinical judgment accuracy regarding preoperative full stomach: Diagnostic study in urgent surgical adult patients.

Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2021 Mar 19;40(3):100836. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Pierre Paul Riquet Hospital, University Hospital of Toulouse, University Toulouse-3 Paul Sabatier, 31059 Toulouse, France.

Background: In urgent situations, preoperative full stomach assessment mostly relies on clinical judgment. Our primary objective was to assess the diagnostic performance of clinical judgment for the preoperative assessment of full stomach in urgent patients compared to gastric point-of-care ultrasound (PoCUS). Our secondary objective was to identify risk factors associated with PoCUS full stomach in urgent patients. Read More

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Post-operative tension adjustment-A simple technical modification in mid-urethral slings (MUS) for stress urinary incontinence (SUI).

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 May 15;260:78-84. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Klinik Tettnang, Germany. Electronic address:

Introduction: Mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgeries have revolutionized the management of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). However, MUS is a delicate balance of tension on the mid urethral segment with a 12 % risk of failure to achieve complete continence; and up-to 20 % chance of post-operative voiding dysfunction. We propose a simple technical modification in which the long ends of the tape at suprapubic or groin area are not cut immediately and are covered with a sterile dressing. Read More

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Ultrasound assessment of ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction in mechanically ventilated pediatric patients.

Paediatr Respir Rev 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, University Regional Hospital of Málaga, Spain.

Introduction: Ultrasonography has recently emerged as a promising technique that can rapidly estimate diaphragm function, especially during the weaning period. The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of diaphragmatic morphology and functional measurements by ultrasound in ventilated children.

Material And Methods: This was a prospective, observational, single-center study. Read More

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February 2021

Anatomic, computed tomographic, and ultrasonographic assessment of the lymph nodes in presumed healthy adult cats: The head, neck, thorax, and forelimb.

J Anat 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animals, Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Assessment of the lymph nodes is key in staging cancer patients. Descriptions of normal features of the feline lymph nodes using computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound (US) are limited. A prospective anatomic and comparative imaging study was performed. Read More

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The association of the steatosis severity, NAFLD fibrosis score and FIB-4 index with atherogenic dyslipidaemia in adult patients with NAFLD: A cross-sectional study.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Mar 8:e14131. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Objectives: Obesity and dyslipidaemia are the major risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and are known to increase cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death in NAFLD patients. The present cross-sectional study aimed to investigate associations among severity of hepatic steatosis, NAFLD fibrosis score and atherogenic lipid profile.

Methods: A total of 265 patients with NAFLD confirmed by ultrasonographic findings were included. Read More

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