Mol Diagn Ther 2009 ;13(4):261-8
Molecular Genetics and Pathology Unit, Hospital of Divino Espirito Santo of Ponta Delgada, São Miguel Island, Azores, Portugal.
Background: Glucuronidation reactions, catalyzed by uridine-diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes, constitute a detoxification process that adds glucuronic acid to endogenous and exogenous compounds, aiding their excretion. UGT1A proteins have been implicated as risk factors for both the development of cancer and adverse drug effects.
Methods: Here, we assess the genome of 469 individuals from São Miguel Island (Azores, Portugal) in order to determine the frequencies of polymorphisms and haplotypes in UGT1A1, UGT1A6, and UGT1A7, the co-occurrence of reduced enzyme activity UGT1A variants related to irinotecan toxicity, and to calculate the extent of linkage disequilibrium (LD) in the genomic region encompassing these genes. Read More