18,264 results match your criteria ubiquitin proteasome


The Intertwining of Autophagy and the Ubiquitin Proteasome System in Podocyte (Patho)Physiology.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2021 Sep;55(S4):68-95

Institute of Cellular and Integrative Physiology, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany,

Protein homeostasis strongly depends on the targeted and selective removal of unneeded or flawed proteins, of protein aggregates, and of damaged or excess organelles by the two main intracellular degradative systems, namely the ubiquitin proteasomal system (UPS) and the autophagosomal lysosomal system. Despite representing completely distinct mechanisms of degradation, which underlie differing regulatory mechanisms, growing evidence suggests that the UPS and autophagy strongly interact especially in situations of overwhelming and impairment, and that both are involved in podocyte proteostasis and in the pathogenesis of podocyte injury. The differential impact of autophagy and the UPS on podocyte biology and on podocyte disease development and progression is not understood. Read More

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September 2021

The biguanide polyamine analog verlindamycin promotes differentiation in neuroblastoma via induction of antizyme.

Cancer Gene Ther 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Division of Clinical Studies, Institute of Cancer Research, London, UK.

Deregulated polyamine biosynthesis is emerging as a common feature of neuroblastoma and drugs targeting this metabolic pathway such as DFMO are in clinical and preclinical development. The polyamine analog verlindamycin inhibits the polyamine biosynthesis pathway enzymes SMOX and PAOX, as well as the histone demethylase LSD1. Based on our previous research in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we reasoned verlindamycin may also unblock neuroblastoma differentiation when combined with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA). Read More

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September 2021

Neurotoxicity of a pyrethroid pesticide deltamethrin is associated with the imbalance in proteolytic systems caused by mitophagy activation and proteasome inhibition.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2021 Sep 11:115723. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Life Science Research Center, University of Toyama, 2630 Sugitani, Toyama, Toyama 930-0194, Japan.

Pyrethroids are one of the most commonly used classes of synthetic pesticides in the world. Recent laboratory and epidemiological evidence suggested that pyrethroids have potential adverse effects in the mammalian brain; however, the underlying mechanisms of the neurotoxic effects of pyrethroids have not been fully elucidated. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms of effects of a type II pyrethroid deltamethrin (DM) in a neuronal cell model focusing on the proteolytic function, including autophagy and the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Read More

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September 2021

Biochemical strategies of E3 ubiquitin ligases target viruses in critical diseases.

J Cell Biochem 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Bioscience and Bioengineering, Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology Unit, Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Viruses are known to cause various diseases in human and also infect other species such as animal plants, fungi, and bacteria. Replication of viruses depends upon their interaction with hosts. Human cells are prone to such unwanted viral infections. Read More

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September 2021

Harnessing the E3 Ligase KEAP1 for Targeted Protein Degradation.

J Am Chem Soc 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Mount Sinai Center for Therapeutics Discovery, Departments of Pharmacological Sciences and Oncological Sciences, Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York 10029, United States.

Proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) represent a new class of promising therapeutic modalities. PROTACs hijack E3 ligases and the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS), leading to selective degradation of the target proteins. However, only a very limited number of E3 ligases have been leveraged to generate effective PROTACs. Read More

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September 2021

Using Phage Display to Develop Ubiquitin Variant Modulators for E3 Ligases.

J Vis Exp 2021 Aug 27(174). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, College of Biological Science, University of Guelph;

Ubiquitin is a small 8.6 kDa protein that is a core component of the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Consequently, it can bind to a diverse array of proteins with high specificity but low affinity. Read More

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E3 Ubiquitin Ligase-Mediated Regulation of Osteoblast Differentiation and Bone Formation.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 27;9:706395. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Guangdong Innovation Platform for Translation of 3D Printing Application, Center for Orthopaedic Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is an essential pathway that regulates the homeostasis and function of intracellular proteins and is a crucial protein-degradation system in osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. Abnormal regulation of ubiquitination leads to osteoblast differentiation disorders, interfering with bone formation and ultimately leading to osteoporosis. E3 ubiquitin ligases (E3) promote addition of a ubiquitin moiety to substrate proteins, specifically recognizing the substrate and modulating tyrosine kinase receptors, signaling proteins, and transcription factors involved in the regulation of osteoblast proliferation, differentiation, survival, and bone formation. Read More

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Negative Regulation of RNF90 on RNA Virus-Triggered Antiviral Immune Responses Targeting MAVS.

Front Immunol 2021 27;12:730483. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Henan Key Laboratory of Immunology and Targeted Drug, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China.

The antiviral innate immunity is the first line of host defense against viral infection. Mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS, also named Cardif/IPS-1/VISA) is a critical protein in RNA virus-induced antiviral signaling pathways. Our previous research suggested that E3 ubiquitin-protein ligases RING-finger protein (RNF90) negatively regulate cellular antiviral responses by targeting STING for degradation, though its role in RNA virus infection remains unknown. Read More

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Activation of Antioxidant and Proteolytic Pathways in the Nigrostriatal Dopaminergic System After 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine Administration: Sex-Related Differences.

Front Pharmacol 2021 27;12:713486. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy") is an amphetamine-related drug that may damage the dopaminergic nigrostriatal system. To investigate the mechanisms that sustain this toxic effect and ascertain their sex-dependence, we evaluated in the nigrostriatal system of MDMA-treated (4 × 20 mg/kg, 2 h apart) male and female mice the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), the gene expression of SOD type 1 and 2, together with SOD1/2 co-localization with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-positive neurons. In the same mice and brain areas, activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and of β2/β5 subunits of the ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) were also evaluated. Read More

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Implications of FBXW7 in Neurodevelopment and Neurodegeneration: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Potential.

Front Cell Neurosci 2021 25;15:736008. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Shandong Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis, Treatment and Behavioral Interventions of Mental Disorders, Institute of Mental Health, Jining Medical University, Jining, China.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) mediated protein degradation is crucial to maintain quantitive and functional homeostasis of diverse proteins. Balanced cellular protein homeostasis controlled by UPS is fundamental to normal neurological functions while impairment of UPS can also lead to some neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders. Functioning as the substrate recognition component of the SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligase, FBXW7 is essential to multiple aspects of cellular processes via targeting a wide range of substrates for proteasome-mediated degradation. Read More

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Autophagy-competent mitochondrial translation elongation factor TUFM inhibits caspase-8-mediated apoptosis.

Cell Death Differ 2021 Sep 12. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Oncology, Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21287, USA.

Mitochondria support multiple cell functions, but an accumulation of dysfunctional or excessive mitochondria is detrimental to cells. We previously demonstrated that a defect in the autophagic removal of mitochondria, termed mitophagy, leads to the acceleration of apoptosis induced by herpesvirus productive infection. However, the exact molecular mechanisms underlying activation of mitophagy and regulation of apoptosis remain poorly understood despite the identification of various mitophagy-associated proteins. Read More

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September 2021

Implications of Valosin-containing protein in promoting autophagy to prevent Tau aggregation.

Neuroscience 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Neurobiology Group, Division of Biochemical Sciences, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pune, 411008, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, India.

Chaperones and cellular degradative mechanisms modulate Tau aggregation. During aging and neurodegenerative disorders, the cellular proteostasis is disturbed due to impaired protective mechanisms. This results in accumulation of aberrant Tau aggregates in the neuron that leads to microtubule destabilization and neuronal degeneration. Read More

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September 2021

Mutation of a ubiquitin carboxy terminal hydrolase L1 lipid binding site alleviates cell death, axonal injury, and behavioral deficits after traumatic brain injury in mice.

Neuroscience 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Geriatric Research Educational and Clinical Center, V.A. Pittsburgh Healthcare System, Pittsburgh PA, USA; Department of Neurology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh PA, USA. Electronic address:

Ubiquitin carboxy terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) is a protein highly expressed in neurons that may play important roles in the ubiquitin proteasome pathway in neurons, axonal integrity, and motor function after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Binding of reactive lipid species to cysteine 152 of UCHL1 results in unfolding, aggregation, and inactivation of the enzyme. To test the role of this mechanism in TBI, mice bearing a cysteine to alanine mutation at site 152 (C152A mice) that renders UCHL1 resistant to inactivation by reactive lipids were subjected to the controlled cortical impact model (CCI) of TBI and compared to wild type (WT) controls. Read More

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September 2021

Chirality and asymmetry increase the potency of candidate ADRM1/RPN13 inhibitors.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(9):e0256937. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Pathology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America.

Bortezomib and the other licensed 20S proteasome inhibitors show robust activity against liquid tumors like multiple myeloma, but have disappointed against solid tumors including ovarian cancer. Consequently, interest is mounting in alternative non-peptide based drugs targeting the proteasome's 19S regulatory particle subunit, including its ubiquitin receptor RPN13. RA183 and RA375 are more potent analogs of the prototypic inhibitor of RPN13 (iRPN13) called RA190, and they show promise for the treatment of ovarian cancer. Read More

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September 2021

Innate Immune Evasion of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus through Degradation of F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 protein via Ubiquitin-proteasome Pathway.

J Virol 2021 Sep 8:JVI0088921. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

State Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Harbin, China.

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) causes a porcine disease associated with swine epidemic diarrhea. Different antagonistic strategies have been identified, and the mechanism by which PEDV infection impairs the production of interferon (IFN) and delays the activation of the IFN response to escape host innate immunity has been determined, but the pathogenic mechanisms of PEDV infection remain enigmatic. Our preliminary results revealed that endogenous F-box and WD repeat domain-containing 7 (FBXW7), the substrate recognition component of the SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligase, is downregulated in PEDV-infected Vero E6 cells, according to the results from an isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Recent Developments in PROTAC-mediated Protein Degradation: From Bench to Clinic.

Chembiochem 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Yale University, MCDB, UNITED STATES.

Proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), an emerging paradigm-shifting technology, hijacks the ubiquitin-proteasome system for targeted protein degradation. PROTACs induce ternary complexes between an E3 ligase and protein of interest (POI), and this induced proximity leads to poly-ubiquitin chain formation on substrate proteins and eventual proteasomal-mediated POI degradation. PROTACs have shown therapeutic potential by degrading many disease-causing proteins, such as the androgen receptor and BRD4. Read More

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September 2021

Shigella ubiquitin ligase IpaH7.8 targets gasdermin D for degradation to prevent pyroptosis and enable infection.

Cell Host Microbe 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Physiological Chemistry, Genentech, 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. Electronic address:

The pore-forming protein gasdermin D (GSDMD) executes lytic cell death called pyroptosis to eliminate the replicative niche of intracellular pathogens. Evolution favors pathogens that circumvent this host defense mechanism. Here, we show that the Shigella ubiquitin ligase IpaH7. Read More

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September 2021

Hepatitis C virus induces oxidation and degradation of apolipoprotein B to enhance lipid accumulation and promote viral production.

PLoS Pathog 2021 Sep 7;17(9):e1009889. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

NHC Key Laboratory of Systems Biology of Pathogens, Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection induces the degradation and decreases the secretion of apolipoprotein B (ApoB). Impaired production and secretion of ApoB-containing lipoprotein is associated with an increase in hepatic steatosis. Therefore, HCV infection-induced degradation of ApoB may contribute to hepatic steatosis and decreased lipoprotein secretion, but the mechanism of HCV infection-induced ApoB degradation has not been completely elucidated. Read More

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September 2021

Characterization of R2R3 S23 MYB Transcription Factors as Novel Targets of the Ubiquitin Proteasome-Pathway and Regulators of Salt Stress and Abscisic Acid Response.

Front Plant Sci 2021 19;12:629208. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, United States.

Rapid response to environmental changes and abiotic stress to coordinate developmental programs is critical for plants. To accomplish this, plants use the ubiquitin proteasome pathway as a flexible and efficient mechanism to control protein stability and to direct cellular reactions. Here, we show that all three members of the R2R3 S23 MYB transcription factor subfamily, MYB1, MYB25, and MYB109, are degraded by the 26S proteasome, likely facilitated by a CUL3-based E3 ligase that uses MATH-BTB/POZ proteins as substrate adaptors. Read More

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Japanese Encephalitis Virus NS2B-3 Protein Complex Promotes Cell Apoptosis and Viral Particle Release by Down-Regulating the Expression of AXL.

Virol Sin 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

MOE Joint International Research Laboratory of Animal Health and Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a flavivirus transmitted by mosquitoes that causes severe encephalitis in humans and animals. It has been suggested that AXL, a transmembrane protein, can promote the replication of various flaviviruses, such as dengue (DENV), Zika (ZIKV), and West Nile (WNV) viruses. However, the effect of AXL on JEV infection has not yet been determined. Read More

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September 2021

The OMM-severed and IMM-ubiquitinated mitochondria are intermediates of mitochondrial proteotoxicity-induced autophagy in PRKN/parkin-deficient cells.

Autophagy 2021 Sep 5:1-3. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Center for Biomedical Engineering and Technology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Among other mechanisms, mitochondrial membrane dynamics including mitochondrial fission and fusion, and the activity of the ubiquitin (Ub)-proteasome system (UPS) both are critical for maintaining mitochondrial function. To advance our knowledge of the role of mitochondrial fission, the UPS, and how they coordinatively affect mitochondrial response to proteotoxicity, we analyzed mitochondrial ubiquitination and mitochondria-specific autophagy (mitophagy) in E3 Ub ligase PRKN/parkin-expressing and -deficient cells. Through imaging, biochemical, and genetic analyses, we found that in a model of acute reduction of mitochondrial translation fidelity (MTF) some population of mitochondria within a single cell are enriched, while some showed reduced levels of CYCS (cytochrome c, somatic) and CPOX (coproporphyrinogen oxidase) proteins, both located in the intermembrane space (IMS); henceforth called "mosaic distribution". Read More

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September 2021

Regulation of Ferroptosis Pathway by Ubiquitination.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 13;9:699304. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Tongji University Cancer Center, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent form of programmed cell death, which plays crucial roles in tumorigenesis, ischemia-reperfusion injury and various human degenerative diseases. Ferroptosis is characterized by aberrant iron and lipid metabolisms. Mechanistically, excess of catalytic iron is capable of triggering lipid peroxidation followed by Fenton reaction to induce ferroptosis. Read More

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Proteomic Analysis of Copper Toxicity in Human Fungal Pathogen .

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2021 12;11:662404. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Beijing Key Laboratory for Mechanisms Research and Precision Diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Diseases, Beijing, China.

is an invasive human fungal pathogen that causes more than 181,000 deaths each year. Studies have demonstrated that pulmonary infection induces innate immune responses involving copper, and copper detoxification in  improves its fitness and pathogenicity during pulmonary infection. However, the molecular mechanism by which copper inhibits  proliferation is unclear. Read More

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USP5 Sustains the Proliferation of Glioblastoma Through Stabilization of CyclinD1.

Front Pharmacol 2021 16;12:720307. Epub 2021 Aug 16.

Institute of Pediatric Research, Children's Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the most malignant primary tumors in humans. Despite standard therapeutic strategy with tumor resection combined with radiochemotherapy, the prognosis remains disappointed. Recently, deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) has been reported as potential cancer therapy targets due to their multifunctions involved in the regulation of tumorigenesis, cell cycle, apoptosis, and autophagy. Read More

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Rag GTPases suppress PRL-3 degradation and predict poor clinical diagnosis of cancer patients with low PRL-3 mRNA expression.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Oct 31;576:108-116. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Physiology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore; Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology, A∗STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), Singapore, Singapore; Department of Molecular and Cellular Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, USA. Electronic address:

Ras-related GTP binding (Rag) GTPases are required to activate mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), which plays a central role in cell growth and metabolism and is considered as one of the most important oncogenic pathways. Therefore, Rag GTPases have been speculated to play a pro-cancer role via mTOR induction. However, aside from stimulation of mTOR signaling, firm links connecting Rag GTPase activity and their downstream effectors with cancer progression, remain largely unreported. Read More

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October 2021

Regulation of topoisomerase II stability and activity by ubiquitination and SUMOylation: clinical implications for cancer chemotherapy.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Sep 2;48(9):6589-6601. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

HwaMei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ningbo, 315010, China.

DNA topoisomerases II (TOP2) are peculiar enzymes (TOP2α and TOP2β) that modulate the conformation of DNA by momentarily breaking double-stranded DNA to allow another strand to pass through, and then rejoins the DNA phosphodiester backbone. TOP2α and TOP2β play vital roles in nearly all events involving DNA metabolism, including DNA transcription, replication, repair, and chromatin remodeling. Beyond these vital functions, TOP2 enzymes are therapeutic targets for various anticancer drugs, termed TOP2 poisons, such as teniposide, etoposide, and doxorubicin. Read More

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September 2021

Ligandability of E3 Ligases for Targeted Protein Degradation Applications.

Biochemistry 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 United States.

Targeted protein degradation (TPD) using proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) and molecular glue degraders has arisen as a powerful therapeutic modality for eliminating disease-causing proteins from cells. PROTACs and molecular glue degraders employ heterobifunctional or monovalent small molecules, respectively, to chemically induce the proximity of target proteins with E3 ubiquitin ligases to ubiquitinate and degrade specific proteins via the proteasome. Whereas TPD is an attractive therapeutic strategy for expanding the druggable proteome, only a relatively small number of E3 ligases out of the >600 E3 ligases encoded by the human genome have been exploited by small molecules for TPD applications. Read More

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September 2021

Mechanistic and thermodynamic characterization of oxathiazolones as potent and selective covalent immunoproteasome inhibitors.

Comput Struct Biotechnol J 2021 9;19:4486-4496. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Medicinal Chemistry Research Group, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Magyar tudósok körútja 2, Budapest 1117, Hungary.

The ubiquitin-proteasome system is responsible for the degradation of proteins and plays a critical role in key cellular processes. While the constitutive proteasome (cPS) is expressed in all eukaryotic cells, the immunoproteasome (iPS) is primarily induced during disease processes, and its inhibition is beneficial in the treatment of cancer, autoimmune disorders and neurodegenerative diseases. Oxathiazolones were reported to selectively inhibit iPS over cPS, and the inhibitory activity of several oxathiazolones against iPS was experimentally determined. Read More

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BTB-BACK-TAZ domain protein MdBT2-mediated MdMYB73 ubiquitination negatively regulates malate accumulation and vacuolar acidification in apple.

Hortic Res 2020 Sep 2;7(1):151. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, Shandong Collaborative Innovation Center of Fruit & Vegetable Quality and Efficient Production, College of Horticulture Science and Engineering, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai-An, Shandong, 271018, China.

As an important primary metabolite, malate plays a key role in regulating osmotic pressure, pH homeostasis, stress tolerance, and fruit quality of apple. The R2R3-MYB transcription factor (TF) MdMYB73 was identified as a protein that plays a critical role in determining malate accumulation and vacuolar acidification by directly regulating the transcription of aluminum-activated malate transporter 9 (MdALMT9), vacuolar ATPase subunit A (MdVHA-A), and vacuolar pyrophosphatase 1 (MdVHP1) in apple. In addition, the bHLH TF MdCIbHLH1 interacts with MdMYB73 and enhances the transcriptional activity of MdMYB73. Read More

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September 2020

In silico analysis and molecular identification of an anaphase-promoting complex homologue from human pathogen Entamoeba histolytica.

J Genet Eng Biotechnol 2021 Sep 1;19(1):133. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Microbiology, The University of Burdwan , Burdwan, West Bengal, 713104, India.

Background: Amoebiasis, being endemic worldwide, is the second leading cause of parasite-associated morbidity and mortality after malaria. The human parasite Entamoeba histolytica is responsible for the disease. Metronidazole is considered as the gold standard for the treatment of amoebiasis, but this antibiotic is carcinogenic and the development of antibiotic resistance against E. Read More

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September 2021