275,642 results match your criteria tyrosine residues


Identification and expression analysis of group II C-type lectin domain containing receptors in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella.

Gene 2021 Apr 18:145668. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, China; International Research Center for Marine Biosciences at Shanghai Ocean University, Ministry of Science and Technology, China; National Demonstration Center for Experimental Fisheries Science Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, China; Laboratory for Marine Biology and Biotechnology, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China. Electronic address:

Group II C-type lectin domain (CTLD) containing receptors belong to a large family of pattern recognition receptors which mainly act on the innate immunity. They are structurally related and consist of a cytoplasmic immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) and a single extracellular CTLD. Although they have been described in teleost fish, their involvement in immune responses is not well understood. Read More

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Two adjacent mutations in the conserved domain of SdhB confer various resistance phenotypes to fluopyram in Corynespora cassiicola.

Pest Manag Sci 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, 100081, China.

Background: For Corynespora cassiicola (Berk. & M.A. Read More

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Pharmaceutical Excipients Enhance Iron-Dependent Photo-Degradation in Pharmaceutical Buffers by near UV and Visible Light: Tyrosine Modification by Reactions of the Antioxidant Methionine in Citrate Buffer.

Pharm Res 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kansas, 2095 Constant Avenue, Lawrence, Kansas, 66047, USA.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of excipients, including sugars and amino acids, on photo-degradation reactions in pharmaceutical buffers induced by near UV and visible light.

Methods: Solutions of citrate or acetate buffers, containing 1 or 50 μM Fe, the model peptides methionine enkephalin (MEn), leucine enkephalin (LEn) or proctolin peptide (ProP), in the presence of commonly used amino acids or sugars, were photo-irradiated with near UV or visible light. The oxidation products were analyzed by reverse-phase HPLC and HPLC-MS/MS. Read More

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The anti-angiogenic agent lenvatinib induces tumor vessel normalization and enhances radiosensitivity in hepatocellular tumors.

Med Oncol 2021 Apr 21;38(6):60. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Medical Physics, Graduate School of Medicine, Tohoku University, 2-1 Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8575, Japan.

The evaluation of angiogenesis inhibitors requires the analysis of the precise structure and function of tumor vessels. The anti-angiogenic agents lenvatinib and sorafenib are multi-target tyrosine kinase inhibitors that have been approved for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the different effects on tumor vasculature between lenvatinib and sorafenib are not well understood. Read More

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How Coiled-Coil Assemblies Accommodate Multiple Aromatic Residues.

Biomacromolecules 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

School of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Cantock's Close, Bristol BS8 1TS, United Kingdom.

Rational protein design requires understanding the contribution of each amino acid to a targeted protein fold. For a subset of protein structures, namely, α-helical coiled coils (CCs), knowledge is sufficiently advanced to allow the rational design of many structures, including entirely new protein folds. Current CC design rules center on using aliphatic hydrophobic residues predominantly to drive the folding and assembly of amphipathic α helices. Read More

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Effects of S1PR2 antagonist on blood pressure and angiogenesis imbalance in preeclampsia rats.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Jun 21;23(6). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Obstetrics Department, Jinhua Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321000, P.R. China.

Preeclampsia (PE), a hypertensive multisystem disorder, can lead to increased maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Sphingosine‑1‑phosphate (S1P) plays various roles, depending on the cell type, by binding to S1P receptors (S1PR). The present study evaluated the changes of S1PRs and investigated the potential role of S1PRs in pregnancy‑induced hypertension. Read More

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The Use of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors to Treat Allergic Disorders.

Curr Treat Options Allergy 2021 Apr 16:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD USA.

Purpose Of Review: Studies show that inhibitors of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTKis), currently FDA-approved for the treatment of B cell malignancies, can prevent IgE-mediated reactions through broad inhibition of the FcεRI signaling pathway in human mast cells and basophils. This review will summarize recent data supporting the use of these drugs as novel therapies in various allergic disorders.

Recent Findings: Recent studies have shown that BTKis can prevent IgE-mediated degranulation and cytokine production in primary human mast cells and basophils. Read More

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Electroacupuncture Ameliorates Depressive-Like Behaviors in Poststroke Rats via Activating the tPA/BDNF/TrkB Pathway.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 13;17:1057-1067. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Beijing Bo'ai Hospital, China Rehabilitation Research Center, China Rehabilitation Science Institute, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Background: Electroacupuncture (EA) is a form of physical therapy that has been widely used in clinical practice in China. Post-stroke depression (PSD) is the most common neuropsychiatric complication after stroke. EA has been shown to have beneficial effects on PSD patients. Read More

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Multiplexed targeting of miRNA-210 in stem cell-derived extracellular vesicles promotes selective regeneration in ischemic hearts.

Exp Mol Med 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Biology Education, College of Education, Pusan National University, Busan, Republic of Korea.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell derivatives containing diverse cellular molecules, have various physiological properties and are also present in stem cells used for regenerative therapy. We selected a "multiplexed target" that demonstrates multiple effects on various cardiovascular cells, while functioning as a cargo of EVs. We screened various microRNAs (miRs) and identified miR-210 as a candidate target for survival and angiogenic function. Read More

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J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medicine/ Rheumatology, Medical University of South Carolina, United States.

Aging is a progressive, multifactorial degenerative process in which deleterious changes occur in the biochemistry and function of organs. We showed that angiotensin II (AngII)-induced pathologies in the heart and kidney of young, 3-month-old mice are suppressed by the caveolin-1 scaffolding domain (CSD) peptide. Because AngII mediates many aging-associated changes, we explored whether CSD could reverse preexisting pathologies and improve organ function in aged mice. Read More

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Novel agents and regimens for hematological malignancies: recent updates from 2020 ASH annual meeting.

J Hematol Oncol 2021 Apr 21;14(1):66. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Medicine, New York Medical College and Westchester Medical Center, Valhalla, NY, 10595, USA.

Antibodies and chimeric antigen receptor-engineered T cells (CAR-T) are increasingly used for cancer immunotherapy. Small molecule inhibitors targeting cellular oncoproteins and enzymes such as BCR-ABL, JAK2, Bruton tyrosine kinase, FLT3, BCL-2, IDH1, IDH2, are biomarker-driven chemotherapy-free agents approved for several major hematological malignancies. LOXO-305, asciminib, "off-the-shelf" universal CAR-T cells and BCMA-directed immunotherapeutics as well as data from clinical trials on many novel agents and regimens were updated at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting. Read More

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Post-transplantation maintenance with sorafenib or midostaurin for FLT3 positive AML patients - a multicenter retrospective observational study.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Apr 21:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Institute of Hematology, Davidoff Cancer Center, Rabin Medical Center, Petah-Tikva, Israel.

The role of post allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (AlloSCT) FLT3 inhibition for acute myeloid leukemia in the real-world setting is unclear, especially in the era of widespread pre-transplant use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). In a multicenter nationwide study, we assessed 41 patients who were treated with post-transplant TKIs (sorafenib,  = 23, midostaurin,  = 18). The majority also received TKIs pre-transplant ( = 32, 79%). Read More

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Screening and tissue distribution of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitors in mice following oral administration of Garcinia mangostana L. ethanolic extract.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 9;357:129759. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

College of Pharmacy, Liaoning University, 66 Chongshan Road, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning Province, PR China; Academy of Forensic Science, Liaoning University, 66 Chongshan Road, Shenyang 110036, Liaoning Province, PR China. Electronic address:

Garcinia mangostana L. (mangosteen) is a tropical fruit that is rich in xanthones and is thought to have an anti-diabetic effect. In this study, we screened for the xanthones in mangosteen that could inhibit the activity of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B), an enzyme that is targeted by diabetic drugs. Read More

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The bullies are the leaders of the next generation: inherited aminergic neurotransmitter system changes in socially dominant zebrafish, Danio rerio.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Apr 17:113309. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Anatomy, POB 63, 00014, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

We studied the social hierarchy in zebrafish and assessed differences in neurotransmitters and behavior in the F1 generation offspring of dominant and subordinate zebrafish (Danio rerio). We used behavioral assays to study locomotion, ability to complete cognitive tasks, social interaction and aggression. To study the neurochemical changes, we applied quantitative polymerase chain reaction, high pressure liquid chromatography and immunohistochemistry. Read More

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Emerging Role of PD-1 in the Central Nervous System and Brain Diseases.

Neurosci Bull 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, 27710, USA.

Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) is an immune checkpoint modulator and a major target of immunotherapy as anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies have demonstrated remarkable efficacy in cancer treatment. Accumulating evidence suggests an important role of PD-1 in the central nervous system (CNS). PD-1 has been implicated in CNS disorders such as brain tumors, Alzheimer's disease, ischemic stroke, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, cognitive function, and pain. Read More

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Emergent salvage surgery for massive hemoptysis after proton beam therapy for lung cancer: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 20;7(1):98. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kansai Medical University, 2-3-1 Shinmachi Hirakata-shi, Osaka, 573-1191, Japan.

Background: Salvage surgery is an effective therapeutic option for patients experiencing relapses after chemoradiotherapy for advanced-stage lung cancer or after high-dose radiotherapy for early-stage lung cancer. We report a case involving an emergent salvage surgery for a patient with massive hemoptysis who developed lung cancer recurrence after undergoing proton beam therapy 7 years prior to presentation.

Case Presentation: A 70-year-old male patient was emergently admitted due to massive hemoptysis. Read More

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Optimizing Integration and Expression of Transgenic Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase for CRISPR-Cas9-Mediated Gene Editing of X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia.

CRISPR J 2021 Apr;4(2):191-206

Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA; Departments of University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a monogenic primary immune deficiency characterized by very low levels of immunoglobulins and greatly increased risks for recurrent and severe infections. Patients with XLA have a loss-of-function mutation in the Bruton's tyrosine kinase () gene and fail to produce mature B lymphocytes. Gene editing in the hematopoietic stem cells of XLA patients to correct or replace the defective gene should restore B cell development and the humoral immune response. Read More

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Physiopathology of late-onset fetal growth restriction.

Minerva Obstet Gynecol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Obstetrics, Paulista School of Medicine - Federal University of São Paulo (EPM-UNIFESP), São Paulo-SP, Brazil.

Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is defined as the inability of the fetus to reach its potential for genetic determination. FGR can have several causes, including genetic syndromes, chromosomal diseases, and infections; however, a vast majority of cases are probably attributed to impaired uterine and placental circulation. The relationships between abnormal placental development and FGR are complex, and studies are generally few, presenting confounding factors. Read More

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Optimal duration of imatinib treatment/deep molecular response for treatment-free remission after imatinib discontinuation from a Canadian tyrosine kinase inhibitor discontinuation trial.

Br J Haematol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Oncology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada.

Although total duration of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and of molecular response at 4 log reduction or deeper (MR4) correlates with treatment-free remission (TFR) success after TKI discontinuation, the optimal cut-off values of the duration remain unresolved. Thus, 131 patients were enrolled into the Canadian TKI discontinuation study. The molecular relapse-free survival (mRFS) was defined from imatinib discontinuation till molecular recurrence, that is, major molecular response (MMR) loss and/or MR4 loss. Read More

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Sequential chemotherapy regimen of induction with panitumumab and paclitaxel followed by radiotherapy and panitumumab in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer unfit for platinum derivatives. The phase II, PANTERA/TTCC-2010-06 study.

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Medical Oncology Service, Institut Català D'Oncologia (ICO) Hospitalet, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: Sequential treatment of Panitumumab (Pb) plus Paclitaxel (Px) as induction treatment (IT) followed by concurrent bioradiotherapy (Bio-RT) with Pb may be an alternative for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LA-SCCHN) in patients ineligible for high-dose cisplatin therapy.

Methods: Phase II, single-arm, multicentre study, with two-stage design, in patients ≥ 18 years with stage III-IVa-b LA-SCCHN unfit for platinum. Patients received Px + Pb (9 weeks) as IT followed by Bio-RT + Pb. Read More

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Gastrointestinal stromal tumor: a review of current and emerging therapies.

Cancer Metastasis Rev 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Oncology, Karmanos Cancer Institute, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are rare neoplasms arising from the interstitial cell of Cajal in the gastrointestinal tract. Two thirds of GIST in adult patients have c-Kit mutation and smaller fractions have platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) mutation. Surgery is the only curative treatment for localized disease. Read More

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Cellular Mn/Zn ratio influences phosphoglucomutase activity and capsule production in D39.

J Bacteriol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Biological Sciences, Idaho State University, Pocatello, ID, 83202, USA

Capsular polysaccharide (CPS) is a major virulence determinant for human pathogenic bacteria. Although the essential functional roles for CPS in bacterial virulence have been established, knowledge of how CPS production is regulated remains limited. (pneumococcus) CPS expression levels and overall thickness change in response to available oxygen and carbohydrate. Read More

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Select antitumor cytotoxic CD8 T clonotypes expand in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia treated with ibrutinib.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hematology Branch, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute

Purpose: In chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire is skewed and tumor-derived antigens are hypothesized as drivers of oligoclonal expansion. Ibrutinib, a standard treatment for CLL, inhibits not only Bruton tyrosine kinase of the B-cell receptor signaling pathway, but also interleukin-2-inducible kinase of the TCR signaling pathway. T-cell polarization and activation are affected by ibrutinib, but it is unknown if T cells contribute to clinical response. Read More

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The , a massive transposon carrying meiotic drive genes.

Genome Res 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Systematic Biology, Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, 752 36 Uppsala, Sweden.

The genomes of eukaryotes are full of parasitic sequences known as transposable elements (TEs). Here, we report the discovery of a putative giant tyrosine-recombinase-mobilized DNA transposon, , from the model fungus Previously, we described a large genomic feature called the block which is notable due to the presence of meiotic drive genes of the gene family. The block ranges from 110 kb to 247 kb and can be present in at least four different genomic locations within , despite what is an otherwise highly conserved genome structure. Read More

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Molecular diagnosis in non-small-cell lung cancer: expert opinion on and testing.

J Clin Pathol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Pathology, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, Sevilla, Spain.

The effectiveness of targeted therapies with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) depends on the accurate determination of the genomic status of the tumour. For this reason, molecular analyses to detect genetic rearrangements in some genes (ie, , , ) have become standard in patients with advanced disease. Since immunohistochemistry is easier to implement and interpret, it is normally used as the screening procedure, while fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) is used to confirm the rearrangement and decide on ambiguous immunostainings. Read More

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Can locally developed me-too drugs aid price negotiation? An example of cancer therapies from China.

Semin Oncol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Rapid growth in pharmaceutical expenditures and high prices have greatly hampered access to medicines, especially targeted anticancer medicines. Confronted with such difficulties, the Chinese government has put more effort into supporting local research and development of cancer medicines, resulting in locally developed me-too drugs. Since 2016, the government has implemented a central reimbursement-linked drug price negotiation policy aimed at reducing the prices of expensive medicines. Read More

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Metagenomic insights into the bacteria responsible for producing biogenic amines in sufu.

Food Microbiol 2021 Sep 17;98:103762. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

School of Material Science and Food Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Zhongshan Institute, Zhongshan, 528402, China.

Harmful levels of biogenic amines (BAs) are frequently identified in sufu. The microorganisms and mechanisms responsible for BA production in sufu, however, are not well documented. In this study, sufu samples were randomly obtained from various regions of China. Read More

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September 2021

Mitochondrial protein CMPK2 regulates IFN alpha-enhanced foam cell formation, potentially contributing to premature atherosclerosis in SLE.

Arthritis Res Ther 2021 Apr 19;23(1):120. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Institute of Cellular and System Medicine, National Health Research Institute, Zhunan, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Background: Premature atherosclerosis occurs in patients with SLE; however, the mechanisms remain unclear. Both mitochondrial machinery and proinflammatory cytokine interferon alpha (IFN-α) potentially contribute to atherogenic processes in SLE. Here, we explore the roles of the mitochondrial protein cytidine/uridine monophosphate kinase 2 (CMPK2) in IFN-α-mediated pro-atherogenic events. Read More

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Effects of Intermittent Fasting on Response to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) in Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: An Outcome of European LeukemiaNet Project.

Cancer Control 2021 Jan-Dec;28:10732748211009256

Diagnostic Genomic Division, 36977Hamad Medical Corporation (HMC), Doha, Qatar.

The overall survival of patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) treated by using tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) is very close to that of the healthy population. However, little is known about the effect of specific measures such as intermittent fasting, especially during Ramadan period. A 3-year retrospective study was conducted to evaluate the effect of fasting on patients with CML receiving TKIs by evaluating certain clinical, hematological, and molecular parameters. Read More

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[Bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy attenuates cardiac remodeling and improves cardiac function in pressure-overloaded heart failure mice].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr 24;49(4):345-352. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Internal Medicine, Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China.

To investigate the effect of bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy on cardiac remodeling and function in pressure-overloaded heart failure (HF) mice. Pressure-overloaded HF mouse model was produced by severe thoracic aorta banding (sTAB). Bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCGx) was performed 2 weeks after sTAB. Read More

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