11 results match your criteria tycho brahe's

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The Astronomical Images in the First Chinese Treatise on the Telescope by Johann Adam Schall von Bell Revisited.

Authors:
Yunli Shi

NTM 2020 09;28(3):451-479

Department of the History of Science and Scientific Archaeology, University of Science and Technology of China, Jinzhai Road 96, 230026, Hefei, Anhui, China.

A reanalysis of the eight astronomical images that Johann Adam Schall von Bell incorporated in the first Chinese treatise on the telescope to illustrate the telescopic discoveries made by Galileo Galilei shows that they were borrowed from the works on telescopic astronomy by Galileo Galilei and Johann Georg Locher, a student of Christopher Scheiner. Except minor changes to both Galileo's illustrations of the telescopic view of the moon and nebulae and Locher's illustration of sunspots, Locher's images about the phases of Venus and Jovian satellites were redrawn presumably to convey a clearer commitment to Tycho Brahe's system of the world and most of the contents in Locher's image of Saturn was replaced by Schall's own observation. These changes seem to be the result of two important factors that confined the transcultural transmission of astronomical knowledge from Europe to China through the Jesuits in the seventeenth century, namely the official standpoint of the Catholic Church on the ongoing cosmological issues and the cultural tradition of Chinese astronomy. Read More

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September 2020

On the censorship of Tycho Brahe's books in Iberia.

Authors:
Luís Tirapicos

Ann Sci 2020 Jan 11;77(1):96-107. Epub 2020 Mar 11.

Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal.

It is known that throughout the seventeenth century the world system proposed by Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) assumed a preponderant position in the Iberian cosmological debate, according to many opinions the one showing the best agreement to empirical evidence. Moreover, the Tychonian model (or variants thereof) did not present the difficulties of apparent contradiction with scriptures, as the heliocentric system of Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) did, since it kept the earth fixed at the centre of the world. However, Tycho, as a Lutheran author, was targeted by the Inquisition. Read More

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January 2020

Tycho Brahe's way to precision.

Cytometry A 2018 10;93(10):977-979

Institute for Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (IMISE), University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

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October 2018

Facial approximation of Tycho Brahe's partial skull based on estimated data with TIVMI-AFA3D.

Forensic Sci Int 2018 Nov 9;292:131-137. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

Department of Culture and Society-Section for Medieval and Renaissance Archaeology, Aarhus University, Moesgaard Alle 20, DK 8270 Højbjerg, Denmark.

The virtual approach in physical and forensic anthropology is increasingly used to further analyze human remains, but also to propose new didactic means for visualization and dissemination of scientific results. Computerized facial approximation (FA) offers an alternative to manual methods, but usually requires a complete facial skeleton to allow for the estimation of the facial appearance of an individual. This paper presents the case of Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer born during the XVIth century, whose remains were reanalyzed at the occasion of a short exhumation in 2010. Read More

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November 2018

Rich table but short life: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) and its possible consequences.

PLoS One 2018 19;13(4):e0195920. Epub 2018 Apr 19.

PACEA-UMR 5199, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France.

The exhumation of Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe (1546-1601) was performed in 2010 to verify speculative views on the cause of his death. Previous analyses of skeletal and hair remains recovered from his grave refuted the presumption that he died from poisoning. These studies also outlined the possibility that he actually died from an acute illness, echoing the rather vague and inaccurate testimony of some historical records. Read More

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"Perhaps Irrelevant". The Iconography of Tycho Brahe's Small Gilt Brass Quadrant.

Nuncius 2015 ;30(1):9-36

When Tycho Brahe published a description of his astronomical instruments in 1598 as part of a strategy to procure royal patronage, it was not with one of his grander, precision measurement tools that he opened his account, but rather a small brass quadrant with limited observational utility. The defining feature of this instrument was seemingly a small emblematic image inscribed within the arc of the quadrant. Through this symbolic motif Tycho conveyed a moralising message about the relative worth of astronomy. Read More

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November 2015

[Tycho Brahe's moustache a posthumous witness to murder?].

Authors:
Lennart Berggren

Lakartidningen 2009 Nov 11-17;106(46):3095-8

Ogonkliniken, Akademiska sjukhuset, Uppsala.

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February 2010

Tycho Brahe's 1572 supernova as a standard type Ia as revealed by its light-echo spectrum.

Nature 2008 Dec;456(7222):617-9

Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.

Type Ia supernovae are thermonuclear explosions of white dwarf stars in close binary systems. They play an important role as cosmological distance indicators and have led to the discovery of the accelerated expansion of the Universe. Among the most important unsolved questions about supernovae are how the explosion actually proceeds and whether accretion occurs from a companion or by the merging of two white dwarfs. Read More

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December 2008

The binary progenitor of Tycho Brahe's 1572 supernova.

Nature 2004 Oct;431(7012):1069-72

Department of Astronomy, University of Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, E-08028 Barcelona, Spain.

The brightness of type Ia supernovae, and their homogeneity as a class, makes them powerful tools in cosmology, yet little is known about the progenitor systems of these explosions. They are thought to arise when a white dwarf accretes matter from a companion star, is compressed and undergoes a thermonuclear explosion. Unless the companion star is another white dwarf (in which case it should be destroyed by the mass-transfer process itself), it should survive and show distinguishing properties. Read More

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October 2004

TYCHO BRAHE'S NEW STAR.

Authors:
A Hall

Science 1880 Dec;1(23):274-5

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December 1880
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