6,787 results match your criteria traumatic war

Vulnerability and resilience among older South Korean Vietnam war veterans: A latent profile analysis.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology and Management.

Relatively little is known about South Korean Vietnam War veterans, despite their being the second largest contingent of troops during the Vietnam War. Earlier research found elevated levels (39%) of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this older population, due to high exposure to combat and malevolent environments (Lee et al., 2020). Read More

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Trajectories of alcohol misuse among the UK Armed Forces over a 12-year period.

Addiction 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

King's Centre for Military Health Research, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, Weston Education Centre, London, UK.

Aim: To identify the main trajectories of alcohol misuse among UK military personnel from 12 years after the start of the Iraq war (2003) and the factors associated with each trajectory.

Design: Longitudinal cohort study with three phases of data collection (2004-06, 2007-09 and 2014-16).

Setting: United Kingdom. Read More

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Investigating pupillometry to detect emotional regulation difficulties in post-traumatic stress disorder.

World J Biol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 19:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Objective: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found to exhibit emotional regulation difficulties. However, the specific neural mechanisms that underlie these difficulties remain understudied. This study aimed to use pupillometry as an index function of parasympathetic nervous system activation, to investigate the mechanisms underlying emotional regulation difficulties in individuals with PTSD. Read More

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An Analysis of Prehospital Blood Administration in the Indo-Pacific Command.

Med J (Ft Sam Houst Tex) 2021 Apr-Jun(PB 8-21-04/05/06):66-71

US Army Institute of Surgical Research, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX, Brooke Army Medical Center, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX, and Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD.

Background: Blood products are often a life-saving intervention for both traumatic and medical indications. The United States Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM) is the largest Geographic Combat Command (GCC). Procurement of blood products that meet the US military healthcare standards throughout this region is challenging. Read More

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Antibodies against the pituitary and hypothalamus in boxers.

Handb Clin Neurol 2021 ;181:187-191

Department of Endocrinology, Yeditepe University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), a growing public health problem worldwide, has recently been recognized as one of the leading causes of hypopituitarism. The main causes of TBI-induced pituitary dysfunction are car accidents, falls, violence, sports-related brain injury, and war accidents, including blast-related brain injuries. Car accidents and falls are the most common causes of TBI and pituitary dysfunction among the younger generation and elderly population, respectively. Read More

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January 2021

Sociodemographic Factors in Combat Compensation Seekers for Delayed-Onset PTSD.

Mil Med 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

University Department for Forensic Sciences, University of Split, Split 21000, Croatia.

Introduction: Sociodemographic factors can sometimes be more contributory in relation to war-related stress-induced disorder treatment and compensation-seeking than health-related factors. However, their impact is often overlooked. This study explores a relationship between sociodemographic factors and diagnoses of combat-related stress-induced disorders in combat compensation seekers for delayed-onset PTSD (DOPTSD). Read More

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From Enchantment to Disillusion: A Narrative Exploration of Cannabis Use Disorder Among Young Israeli Combat Veterans.

Front Psychiatry 2021 18;12:643618. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Psychology Department, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.

Substance use is common among military personnel and war veterans, especially combat veterans. Despite substantially high prevalence of cannabis use and Cannabis Use Disorder (CUD) consistently reported among veterans, little is known about psychological factors which may underlie CUD among this population. In this study, we used narrative analysis in order to interpret retrospective in-depth interviews of combat veterans ( = 12) who were released from mandatory military duty during the past 5 years and currently qualified for a diagnosis of CUD. Read More

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Sleep disorders in traumatic brain injury.

Neurocirugia (Astur : Engl Ed) 2021 Jul-Aug;32(4):178-187. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Servicio de Neurocirugía, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

The purpose of the review is to collect the most relevant current literature on the mechanisms of normal sleep and sleep disorders associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI), to discuss the most frequent conditions and the evidence on their possible treatments and future research. Sleep disorders are extremely prevalent after TBI (30-84%). Insomnia and circadian rhythm disorders are the most frequent disorders among the population that has suffered mild TBI, while hypersomnolence disorders are more frequent in populations that have suffered moderate and severe TBI. Read More

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December 2020

Assessment of auditory and vestibular damage in a mouse model after single and triple blast exposures.

Hear Res 2021 Aug 7;407:108292. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Section on Developmental Neuroscience, National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA.

The use of explosive devices in war and terrorism has increased exposure to concussive blasts among both military personnel and civilians, which can cause permanent hearing and balance deficits that adversely affect survivors' quality of life. Significant knowledge gaps on the underlying etiology of blast-induced hearing loss and balance disorders remain, especially with regard to the effect of blast exposure on the vestibular system, the impact of multiple blast exposures, and long-term recovery. To address this, we investigated the effects of blast exposure on the inner ear using a mouse model in conjunction with a high-fidelity blast simulator. Read More

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Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and coping with the lockdown among help-seeking veterans before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Croat Med J 2021 Jun;62(3):241-249

Marina Letica-Crepulja, Department of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20, 51 000 Rijeka, Croatia,

Aim: To compare the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and of particular PTSD clusters among help-seeking veterans before and during the COVID-19 lockdown. The second aim was to identify the main coping strategies used.

Methods: Male war veterans (N=176) receiving outpatient treatment at the Referral Center for PTSD were assessed at baseline (12-18 months before the pandemic declaration in March 2020) and during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown (March-June 2020). Read More

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Concussion coach for postconcussive symptoms: a randomized, controlled trial of a smartphone application with Afghanistan and Iraq war Veterans.

Clin Neuropsychol 2021 Jun 29:1-27. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Minneapolis VA Health Care System, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Investigate the effectiveness of Concussion Coach, an interactive smartphone application, as a treatment for residual neurobehavioral symptoms and distress in Veterans with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mild TBI). Veterans with mild TBI were randomized to Concussion Coach (n = 238) or Treatment-as-Usual (TAU) (n = 241) in a 3-month randomized controlled trial. Primary outcome measures included postconcussive symptom (PCS) severity as measured by the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (NSI), and psychological distress as measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18). Read More

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Using clinical expertise and empirical data in constructing networks of trauma symptoms in refugee youth.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 Jun 9;12(1):1920200. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

: In recent years, many adolescents have fled their home countries due to war and human rights violations, consequently experiencing various traumatic events and putting them at risk of developing mental health problems. The symptomatology of refugee youth was shown to be multifaceted and often falling outside of traditional diagnoses. : The present study aimed to investigate the symptomatology of this patient group by assessing the network structure of a wide range of symptoms. Read More

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Possible effects of agent orange and posttraumatic stress disorder on hyperglycemia in Korean veterans from the US-Vietnam war.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jun;100(25):e26508

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Konkuk University Chungju Hospital, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.

Abstract: This study was conducted to examine whether Korean veterans from the US-Vietnam War who had a diagnosis of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as well as past history of exposure to agent orange (AO) are vulnerable to hyperglycemia when receiving intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI) for pain relief.The current study included a total of 49 patients (n = 49) who received an injection of triamcinolone 20 or 40 mg to the shoulder under sonographic guidance or did that of dexamethasone 10 mg or triamcinolone 40 mg combined with dexamethasone 20 mg to the spine under fluoroscopic guidance. Their 7-day fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels were measured and then averaged, serving as baseline levels. Read More

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A national survey on depressive and anxiety disorders in Afghanistan: A highly traumatized population.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 06 22;21(1):314. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Dept of Mental Health & Substance Abuse, Primary Health Care Directorate, Ministry of Public Health, Kabul, Afghanistan.

Background: This survey attempts to measure at a national level, exposures to major traumas and the prevalence of common mental health disorders in a low-income dangerous country, highly affected by conflicts: Afghanistan.

Methods: Trans-sectional probability survey in general population by multistage sampling in 8 provinces, represented nationwide: 4445 adults (4433 weighted),15 years or older, 81% participation rate. Face to face interviews used specific scales for measuring lifetime exposure (LEC 5 Life Events Checklist) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD Check List), a diagnostic standardized interview: Composite International Diagnostic Interview (Short Form) for. Read More

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Parental post-traumatic stress and psychiatric care utilisation among refugee adolescents.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm University/Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Parental psychiatric morbidity related to experiences of war and trauma has been associated with adverse psychological outcomes for children. The aim of this study was to investigate parental post-traumatic stress in relation to psychiatric care utilization among children of refugees with particular attention on the child's own refugee status, sex of both child and parents, and specific psychiatric diagnoses. This was a register study in a population of 16 143 adolescents from refugee families in Stockholm County born 1995-2000 and followed between 2011 and 2017 (11-18 years old). Read More

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Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder under ongoing threat: A systematic review.

Clin Psychol Rev 2021 May 28;88:102049. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychology, Ryerson University, Canada.

Some individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at elevated risk of reexposure to trauma during treatment. Trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) are recommended as first-line PTSD treatments but have generally been tested with exclusion criteria related to risk for trauma exposure. Therefore, there is limited knowledge on how to best treat individuals with PTSD under ongoing threat of reexposure. Read More

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"An automatic Bible in the brain": Trauma and prayer among Acholi Pentecostals in northern Uganda.

Lars H Williams

Transcult Psychiatry 2021 Jun 15:13634615211018556. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

London School of Economics and Political Science.

This article examines the role of prayers for traumatized survivors of war within a Pentecostal-charismatic community in post-conflict northern Uganda. It argues that becoming part of a church group and learning certain regimes of prayer can work toward symptom relief and recovery for people suffering from traumatic experiences. The study builds on 13 months of ethnographic fieldwork in rural northern Uganda, with extensive participant observation of religious practices and interviews with rural church congregants. Read More

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Advances in the pharmacotherapeutic management of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Expert Opin Pharmacother 2021 Jun 14:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Pharmacology Division, University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental disorder, is associated with anxiety, depression, and social awkwardness resulting from past traumatic episodes like natural disasters, accidents, terrorist attacks, war, rape, and sexual violence. It affects primarily the amygdala, cortex, and hippocampus where neurochemical changes result in altered behavior. PTSD patients display impaired fear extinction, and past events keep haunting them. Read More

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WWII traumatic events, subjective well-being and valuation of life in the very old.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Chair of Rehabilitative Gerontology, Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Herbert-Lewin-Str. 2, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Experiencing war is a major trigger for physical and mental health problems. People in the German population who are currently over 80 years of age experienced the Second World War (WWII) as children or adolescents, at a time when psychological vulnerability is high. Empirical results show that positive subjective well-being (SWB) and valuation of life (VoL) in older cohorts are widespread; however, when confronted with existential age-associated changes, many older adults experience increased burden, sometimes bringing biographical vulnerabilities to the forefront. Read More

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Fibrinogen in traumatic haemorrhage.

Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2021 Aug;34(4):514-520

Consultant Haematologist, Department of Haematology.

Purpose Of Review: Recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiological processes associated with traumatic haemorrhage and trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) have resulted in improved outcomes for seriously injured trauma patients. However, a significant number of trauma patients still die from haemorrhage. This article reviews the role of fibrinogen in normal haemostasis, the effect of trauma and TIC on fibrinogen levels and current evidence for fibrinogen replacement in the management of traumatic haemorrhage. Read More

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Posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among trauma-exposed adolescents from low- and middle-income countries.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Jun 5;15(1):26. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Skaraborgs Hospital Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.

Background: Exposure to traumatic events in childhood is associated with the development and maintenance of various psychiatric disorders, but most frequently with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the types of traumatic events experienced and the presence and predictors of PTSD symptoms among adolescents from the general population from ten low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Methods: Data were simultaneously collected from 3370 trauma-exposed adolescents (mean age = 15. Read More

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The War after War: Volumetric Muscle Loss Incidence, Implication, Current Therapies and Emerging Reconstructive Strategies, a Comprehensive Review.

Biomedicines 2021 May 18;9(5). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Biology, Rome University Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy.

Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is the massive wasting of skeletal muscle tissue due to traumatic events or surgical ablation. This pathological condition exceeds the physiological healing process carried out by the muscle itself, which owns remarkable capacity to restore damages but only when limited in dimensions. Upon VML occurring, the affected area is severely compromised, heavily influencing the affected a person's quality of life. Read More

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Brain networks involved in the influence of religion on empathy in male Vietnam War veterans.

Sci Rep 2021 May 26;11(1):11047. Epub 2021 May 26.

Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Brain Injury Research, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, Chicago, IL, USA.

Humans all over the world believe in spirits and deities, yet how the brain supports religious cognition remains unclear. Drawing on a unique sample of patients with penetrating traumatic brain injuries (pTBI) and matched healthy controls (HCs) we investigate dependencies of religious cognition on neural networks that represent (1) others agents' intentions (Theory of Mind, ToM) and (2) other agents' feelings (Empathy). Extending previous observations that ToM networks are recruited during prayer, we find that people with vmPFC damage report higher scores on the personal relationship with God inventory even when they are not praying. Read More

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A review on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): "Symptoms, Therapies and Recent Case Studies".

Curr Mol Pharmacol 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of School of Pharmacy, Abhilashi University, Chail Chowk, tehsil Chachyot, Mandi, Himachal Pradesh 175028, India.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), previously known as battle fatigue syndrome or shell shock, is a severe mental disturbance condition that is normally triggered by the experience of some frightening/scary events or trauma where a person undergoes some serious physical or mental harm or threatened. PTSD is a long-life effect of the continuous occurrence of traumatic conditions which, leading the production of feelings of helplessness, intense fear, and horror in the person. There are various examples of events that can cause PTSD, such as physical, mental, or sexual assault at home or working place by others, unexpected death of a loved one, an accidental event, war, or some kind of natural disaster. Read More

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Mapping the transcriptomics landscape of post-traumatic stress disorder symptom dimensions in World Trade Center responders.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 05 24;11(1):310. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

Gene expression has provided promising insights into the pathophysiology of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, specific regulatory transcriptomic mechanisms remain unknown. The present study addressed this limitation by performing transcriptome-wide RNA-Seq of whole-blood samples from 226 World Trade Center responders. The investigation focused on differential expression (DE) at the gene, isoform, and for the first time, alternative splicing (AS) levels associated with the symptoms of PTSD: total burden, re-experiencing, avoidance, numbing, and hyperarousal subdimensions. Read More

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Predictors of Veterans Health Administration utilization and pain persistence among soldiers treated for postdeployment chronic pain in the Military Health System.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 May 24;21(1):494. Epub 2021 May 24.

VA Health Services Research & Development, Center for Innovation to Implementation (Ci2i), VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Menlo Park, CA, 94025, USA.

Background: Chronic pain presents a significant burden for both federal health care systems designed to serve combat Veterans in the United States (i.e., the Military Health System [MHS] and Veterans Health Administration [VHA]), yet there have been few studies of Veterans with chronic pain that have integrated data from both systems of care. Read More

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Post-traumatic stress, personal risk and post-traumatic growth among UK journalists.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 Mar 2;12(1):1881727. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of Westminster, London, UK.

: Journalists covering traumatic news events can develop symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, they may also experience perceived post-traumatic growth (PTG). The outcome may be affected by whether work-related traumatic stress has a degree of personal risk. Read More

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Trajectory of self-rated health after combat-related injury.

Injury 2021 Jul 9;52(7):1721-1726. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Naval Health Research Center, 140 Sylvester Rd., San Diego, CA, 92106, USA; Leidos, Inc., 140 Sylvester Rd., San Diego, CA, 92106, USA. Electronic address:

Background: The U.S. military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan yielded the most combat casualties since Vietnam. Read More

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