20,959 results match your criteria traumatic life

Secondary Traumatic Stress in Emergency Services Systems (STRESS) Project: Quantifying and Predicting Compassion Fatigue in Emergency Medical Services Personnel.

Prehosp Emerg Care 2021 Jun 15:1-16. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Emergency Medical Science, Wake Technical Community College, Raleigh, North Carolina.

Compassion fatigue (CF) is defined as the acute or gradual loss of benevolence that occurs after exposure to critical incident stress. Colloquially referred to as the "cost of caring," CF can affect an individual's future response to stressful situations and is unhealthy for caregivers.To identify the prevalence and predictors of CF in EMS professionals. Read More

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Mental healthcare for asylum-seekers and refugees residing in the United Kingdom: a scoping review of policies, barriers, and enablers.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 Jun 14;15(1):60. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Global Health and Development, 15-17 Tavistock Place, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Since 2011, a large influx of asylum-seekers and refugees has put pressure on the UK's under-resourced national health services and mental health services. Asylum-seekers and refugees (ASR) may experience traumatic events pre-departure, life-threating circumstances on their journeys, and difficulties integrating into host countries related to immigration policies, social isolation, poor living conditions, and unemployment, all of which can significantly affect their mental health. This topic is increasingly important due to the numbers of people seeking asylum and growing concern for their mental health on resettlement. Read More

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Positive screens for mental disorders among healthcare professionals during the first covid19 wave in Belgium.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 29;140:329-336. Epub 2021 May 29.

Center for Public Health Psychiatry, Universitair Psychiatrisch Centrum, KULeuven, Belgium.

We examined the manifestation of major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, substance use disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, and panic attacks among health care professionals during the first COVID-19 wave (n = 6409) by means of mental disorder screening instruments. Logistic regressions were used to gauge individual risk factors; population attributable risk proportions (PARP) were inferred to identify the most important risk factors at the societal level. Data were weighted to represent general profiles of Belgian health care professionals. Read More

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Resilience to traumatic stress in U.S. military veterans: Application of a novel classification approach in a nationally representative sample.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 7;140:301-307. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 George St Ste 901, New Haven, CT, 06511, USA; National Center for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Clinical Neurosciences Division, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, 950 Campbell Avenue, West Haven, CT, 06516, USA.

Resilience has been of particular interest to researchers and clinicians focused on response to trauma. In the current study, we employed a novel, discrepancy-based psychiatric resilience (DBPR) analytic approach to operationalizing resilience and examined its relation to potentially protective psychosocial factors in a nationally representative sample of U.S. Read More

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Cost-effectiveness of the i-gel Supraglottic Airway Device compared to Tracheal Intubation During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Findings from the AIRWAYS-2 Randomised Controlled Trial.

Resuscitation 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Health Economics Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Oxford NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: Optimal airway management during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is uncertain. Complications from tracheal intubation (TI) may be avoided with supraglottic airway (SGA) devices. The AIRWAYS-2 cluster randomised controlled trial (ISRCTN08256118) compared the i-gel SGA with TI as the initial advanced airway management (AAM) strategy by paramedics treating adults with non-traumatic OHCA. Read More

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Clinical effects of direct anterior internal fixation with Herbert screws on hip joint function and quality of life in patients with Pipkin II femoral head fractures.

Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, Renmin Hospital, Hubei University of Medicine, No.39 Chaoyang Road, Maojian, Shiyan, 442000, Hubei, China.

Objective: The study aimed to explore the therapeutic effects of direct anterior internal fixation with Herbert screws on hip joint function and quality of life in patients with Pipkin type II femoral head fractures (FHF).

Methods: From Dec 2017 to Jul 2020, 68 patients with Pipkin type II FHF were received in our hospital and divided into two groups. The direct anterior internal fixation (DAIF) group including 34 cases were treated by direct anterior internal fixation with Herbert screws. Read More

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Pilot Study of Telehealth Delivered Rehabilitative Exercise for Youth With Concussion: The Mobile Subthreshold Exercise Program (MSTEP).

Front Pediatr 2021 28;9:645814. Epub 2021 May 28.

Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA, United States.

Concussion is common, and up to 30% of youth develop persistent symptoms. Preliminary data suggests treatment with rehabilitative exercise is beneficial, but most programs require frequent in-person visits, which is challenging for youth in rural areas, and has been made more difficult for all youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. We have adapted an exercise intervention to be delivered via telehealth using Zoom and personal fitness devices, which could ensure access to this type of treatment. Read More

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The Effect of Anti-seizure Medications on the Propagation of Epileptic Activity: A Review.

Front Neurol 2021 27;12:674182. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Neurology, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

The propagation of epileptiform events is a highly interesting phenomenon from the pathophysiological point of view, as it involves several mechanisms of recruitment of neural networks. Extensive and research has been performed, suggesting that multiple networks as well as cellular candidate mechanisms govern this process, including the co-existence of wave propagation, coupled oscillator dynamics, and more. The clinical importance of seizure propagation stems mainly from the fact that the epileptic manifestations cannot be attributed solely to the activity in the seizure focus itself, but rather to the propagation of epileptic activity to other brain structures. Read More

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Post-traumatic Growth and Related Influencing Factors in Discharged COVID-19 Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:658307. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Nephrology, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the current state of post-traumatic growth (PTG) and identify its influencing factors in discharged COVID-19 patients. PTG refers to individual experiences of significant positive change arising from the struggle with a major life crisis. This descriptive cross-sectional study used the convenient sampling method to recruit 140 discharged COVID-19 patients in Hunan, China. Read More

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Brief Report: Characteristics and Needs of Persons Admitted to an Inpatient Psychiatric Hospital With Workers' Compensation Coverage.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:673123. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Health Sciences, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada.

The rise of mental health issues in the workplace is widely known. Though mental health issues were not covered by the Workplace Safety Insurance Board (WSIB) in Ontario (Canada) until 2018, it was listed as responsible for payment of inpatient psychiatric hospital stays between 2006 and 2016. This population-level observational analytic study compares the clinical and service needs of 1,091 individuals admitted to inpatient psychiatry with WSIB coverage to all other admissions ( = 449,128). Read More

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Psychological impact of an acute intervention on medical-psychological emergency unit professionals: the example of hurricane Irma.

BJPsych Open 2021 Jun 14;7(4):e113. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Cellule d'Urgence Médico-Psychologique, Hôpital Edouard Herriot, Hospices Civils de Lyon, France; and Centre Régional du Psychotraumatisme, Hospices Civils de Lyon, France.

Background: Medical-psychological emergency units (Cellules d'Urgence Médico-Psychologiques, CUMP) are deployed following major events where there is a risk of psychological trauma, in order to provide acute and proper psychological care for the victims.

Aims: To describe and evaluate the risk of a psychological impact on CUMP professionals after their participation in the aftermath of the hurricane Irma natural disaster. CUMP teams consist of medical and paramedical staff, who can have permanent or volunteer status. Read More

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Early adverse life events and post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with constipation and suspected disordered defecation.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021 Jun 14:e14195. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Early adverse life events (EALs) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Disordered defecation (DD) presents with symptoms of IBS or functional constipation (FC) and is associated with psychological distress. However, the role of trauma and stress in chronic constipation is poorly defined. Read More

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Effects of peri-traumatic stress experienced during Hurricane Sandy on functional limitation trajectories for older men and women.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jun 6;281:114097. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine, Stratford, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Background And Methods: Although the short-term effects of disasters on the physical health of mid-life and older people have been documented, little is understood about the long-term effects that disasters have on the physical health of these people. Based on the environmental docility hypothesis and research regarding gender effects on functional limitations and disaster, our analyses examined the effects of peri-traumatic stress experienced during Hurricane Sandy using longitudinal data from 5688 people aged 50 and older collected over six waves (2006-2019).

Results: We found that functional limitations follow three trajectories, with people in each group having a significant linear increase over time and all but the highest functioning people also having a significant quadratic effect, indicating that the linear increase peaked post-Hurricane and then slowed in later waves. Read More

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A longitudinal investigation of trauma-specific rumination and PTSD symptoms: The moderating role of interpersonal trauma experience.

J Affect Disord 2021 May 26;292:142-148. Epub 2021 May 26.

Florida State University, United States.

Background: Interpersonal trauma (IPT) is one of the most commonly reported types of traumatic experiences and has the greatest likelihood of resulting in a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Relative to other types of trauma, victims of IPT report greater trauma-specific rumination, whereby they focus on negative consequences of the trauma on their life. Theoretical and empirical work suggest trauma-specific rumination leads to elevated posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS); however, there has been a dearth of research examining how trauma type may impact this association. Read More

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Relationship between level of economic development, age and etiology of spinal cord injury: a cross-sectional survey from 22 countries.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Lodz, Poland.

Objective: To examine relationships between age and spinal cord injury (SCI) and cause of SCI, and how this depends on economic development.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Community, 22 countries representing all stages of economic development. Read More

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Medial or lateral orbitofrontal cortex activation during fear extinction differentially regulates fear renewal.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Jun 9;412:113412. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Institute of Systems Neuroscience, National Tsing Hua University, Hsihchu, 30013, Taiwan; Brain Research Center, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, 30013, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Some anxiety-related disorders, such as panic disorder, specific phobia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), develop because of the poor regulation and inappropriate expression of fear-related behavior at the wrong place and wrong time. In clinical settings, exposure therapy, which consists of repeated presentation of trauma-related stimuli without real threats in the therapeutic context, is commonly used to treat these disorders. However, 30-50 % of patients suffer from the recurrence of anxiety symptoms after they leave the therapeutic context. Read More

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The Impact of Combat Ocular Trauma and Traumatic Brain Injury on Vision- and Health-Related Quality of Life Among U.S. Military Casualties.

Mil Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess visual and health-related quality of life (QOL) among U.S. military service members who sustained combat ocular trauma (COT) with or without associated traumatic brain injury (TBI). Read More

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Implications of posttraumatic growth for the treatment of comorbid substance abuse among survivors of traumatic experiences.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Jul 22;126:108289. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Behavioral Sciences and Social Medicine, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, FL, USA.

Objectives: Research suggests that individuals treated for substance use disorders are not routinely assessed for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology despite high rates of comorbidity. One area of research that has been overlooked in theory, research, and practice on the comorbidity of substance use disorders and PTSD is the study of post-traumatic growth. The purpose of the current study is to explore the relevance of post-traumatic growth for the treatment of comorbid substance use disorders among individuals suffering from traumatic stress or PTSD. Read More

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Traumatized attendings - When the doctor has the disease.

Am J Surg 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Department of Trauma Surgery, Dallas, USA.

Background: This study aims to compare PTSD prevalence between seven medical specialties and to identify potential risk factors for PTSD.

Methods: A cross-sectional national survey of attending physicians (n = 2216) was conducted and screened for PTSD using the Primary Care PTSD Screen. Stepwise multivariable regression analysis with backward elimination identified potential risk factors. Read More

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WWII traumatic events, subjective well-being and valuation of life in the very old.

Z Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Chair of Rehabilitative Gerontology, Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Science, Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Cologne, Herbert-Lewin-Str. 2, 50931, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Experiencing war is a major trigger for physical and mental health problems. People in the German population who are currently over 80 years of age experienced the Second World War (WWII) as children or adolescents, at a time when psychological vulnerability is high. Empirical results show that positive subjective well-being (SWB) and valuation of life (VoL) in older cohorts are widespread; however, when confronted with existential age-associated changes, many older adults experience increased burden, sometimes bringing biographical vulnerabilities to the forefront. Read More

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Factors Associated with Self-Reported PTSD Diagnosis among Older Lesbian Women and Gay Men.

J Gerontol Soc Work 2021 Jun 11:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

SANE Australia, Melbourne, Australia.

Lesbian women and gay men are at greater risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) than heterosexual people, however few studies have examined PTSD in older lesbian women and gay men. This study examined predictors of having ever been diagnosed with PTSD, as well as relationships to current quality of life, among 756 lesbian women and gay men aged 60 years and older in Australia. Participants were surveyed on their sociodemographic characteristics, experiences of sexual orientation discrimination over their lifetime, whether they had ever been diagnosed with PTSD, whether they were currently receiving treatment for PTSD, and their current quality of life. Read More

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The effect of targeted psychological nursing intervention on postoperative pain and quality of life in patients with radical mastectomy.

Bin Hao Yang Feng

Minerva Med 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, Jinan people's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, China.

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Imaging in traumatic injury to the inferior vena cava.

Clin Radiol 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Radiology, The Royal London Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, Whitechapel Road London, E1 1FR, UK.

Inferior vena cava (IVC) injury is a rare but serious consequence of trauma. It presents with high scores on trauma assessment scales and is often life threatening. Factors that contribute to poor survival include delay and difficulty in diagnosis due to non-specific clinical features. Read More

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Rigor and Respect: Recruitment Strategies for Engaging Vulnerable Populations in Research.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Jun 9:8862605211023497. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Engaging vulnerable populations in research is a critical focus for researchers seeking to find ways to improve safety and well-being for broader populations. Vulnerabilities often co-occur, meaning that individuals may experience vulnerabilities in multiple facets of their life (e.g. Read More

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An Audiovisual 3D-Immersive Stimulation Program in Hemianopia Using a Connected Device.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jun 9;22:e931079. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Donald K. Johnson Eye Institute, Krembil Research Institute, University Health Network, Toronto, ON, Canada.

BACKGROUND Homonymous hemianopia is a loss of conscious vision in one hemifield, strongly affecting everyday life. Audiovisual stimulation programs improve visual perception in the blind hemifield; however, they use large equipment operated in clinical settings. Such treatments require frequent visits at the clinic, hampering the patient's adherence and compliance. Read More

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Lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder in older individuals with a history of institutional upbringing in childhood: the role of social acknowledgement and stressful life events.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 May 28;12(1):1915578. Epub 2021 May 28.

Psychopathology and Clinical Intervention, Institute of Psychology, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

: Child maltreatment (CM), particularly in institutional contexts, can affect the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Research suggests that factors during CM (e.g. Read More

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Neuroprotective Potential of Caffeic Acid Phenethyl Ester (CAPE) in CNS Disorders: Mechanistic and Therapeutic Insights.

Curr Neuropharmacol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), S.A.S. Nagar, Mohali, Punjab, India.

Neurological disorders like Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), stroke, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington's disease (HD), epilepsy, traumatic brain injury (TBI), depression and anxiety are responsible for thousands of deaths worldwide every year. With the increase in life expectancy, there has been a rise in the prevalence of these disorders. Age is one of the major risk factors for these neurological disorders and with the aged population is set to rise to 1. Read More

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TGF-β1 signaling is essential for tissue regeneration in the Xenopus tadpole tail.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Aug 5;565:91-96. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Amphibian Research Center, Graduate School of Integrated Sciences for Life, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima, 739-8526, Japan. Electronic address:

Amphibians such as Xenopus tropicalis exhibit a remarkable capacity for tissue regeneration after traumatic injury. Although transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) receptor signaling is known to be essential for tissue regeneration in fish and amphibians, the role of TGF-β ligands in this process is not well understood. Here, we show that inhibition of TGF-β1 function prevents tail regeneration in Xenopus tropicalis tadpoles. Read More

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The prevalence of compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue among nurses: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 May 15;120:103973. Epub 2021 May 15.

College of Nursing, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No.1166 Liutai Road, Wenjiang District, Chengdu City, Sichuan province, 611137, China. Electronic address:

Background: Compassion fatigue is a consequence of chronic work-related stress exposure among healthcare providers. Nursing is a high-risk, stressful profession which increases nurses' vulnerability to compassion fatigue symptoms compared to other healthcare workers. Compassion fatigue has serious consequences for nursing staff, patients and healthcare organizations. Read More

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