28,789 results match your criteria transverse abdominal


Clinical utility of ultrasonography imaging in musculoskeletal conditions: A Systematic review and Meta-analysis.

J Med Ultrason (2001) 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Physiotherapy, D.Y. Patil University, Navi Mumbai, 400706, India.

Optimising ultrasonography imaging (UI) applications for clients is a highly specific and sensitive add-on method. The aim of this meta-analysis was to systematically evaluate the clinical utilisation of UI in musculoskeletal conditions by rehabilitation providers in the past decade. Two reviewers independently assessed relevant research articles from five databases electronically (Medline, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, ProQuest, EBSCO) and screened titles and abstracts based on predefined eligibility criteria (2010- 2020). Read More

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Caldesmon ablation in mice causes umbilical herniation and alters contractility of fetal urinary bladder smooth muscle.

J Gen Physiol 2021 Jul 11;153(7). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Vegetative Physiology, Center of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

The actin-, myosin-, and calmodulin-binding protein caldesmon (CaD) is expressed in two splice isoforms: h-CaD, which is an integral part of the actomyosin domain of smooth muscle cells, and l-CaD, which is widely expressed and is involved in many cellular functions. Despite extensive research for many years, CaD's in vivo function has remained elusive. To explore the role of CaD in smooth muscle contraction in vivo, we generated a mutant allele that ablates both isoforms. Read More

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Intramuscular Expression of Plasmid-Encoded FVII-Fc Immunoconjugate for Tumor Immunotherapy by Targeting Tumoral Blood Vessels and Cells.

Front Oncol 2021 24;11:638591. Epub 2021 May 24.

National Engineering Research Center for Biomaterials, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Tissue factor (TF) has been confirmed to be specifically expressed by vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in solid tumors and certain types of malignant tumor cells. Coagulation factor VII (FVII) can specifically bind to TF with high affinity, so the FVII-TF interaction provides an ideal target for tumor therapy. Expression of proteins in skeletal muscles is a simple and economical avenue for continuous production of therapeutic molecules. Read More

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[A Case of Pelvic Unicentric Castleman Disease Treated by Preoperative Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Tumor Complete Resection with Combined Lower Abdominal and Posterior Approach].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 Apr;67(4):157-162

The Department of Urology, Kyoto University Hospital.

A 22-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of an incidentally discovered hypervascular pelvic tumor with a maximum diameter of 10 cm. Although Castleman disease was suspected based on the imaging findings and pathologic findings of the needle biopsy, a definitive diagnosis was not made. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization was performed to decrease intraoperative bleeding, and tumor resection was performed on the following day. Read More

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Comparison between skeletal muscle and adipose tissue measurements with high-dose CT and low-dose attenuation correction CT of F-FDG PET/CT in elderly Hodgkin lymphoma patients: a two-centre validation.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jun 9:20200672. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Nuclear Medicine, University of Brescia and ASST Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Objectives: High-dose CT (HDCT) is considered the gold-standard imaging for the measurements of skeletal muscle area (SMA), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and intramuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) areas in the abdomen. These parameters may reflect sarcopenia, which can have a prognostic impact in several oncological diseases. The aim of this study was to compare the agreement of measurements of SMA, VAT, SAT and IMAT areas between HDCT and low-dose CT (LDCT) of 18-fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F-FDG PET)/CT in elderly patients affected by Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Read More

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Erector spinae plane block: a new option for managing acute axial low back pain in the emergency department.

Pain Manag 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of California San Diego, 200 West Arbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92103, USA.

To evaluate pain and length of stay outcomes in six patients who received an erector spinae plane block (ESPB) in the emergency department (ED) for low back pain. A case series of six patients who received unilateral or bilateral ESPB after presenting to the ED for acute atraumatic axial low back pain. The average visual analog scale pain score reduction was 81. Read More

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Metastases from renal cell carcinoma-Report of three unpredictable cases and literature review.

Indian J Cancer 2021 Apr-Jun;58(2):273-277

Department of Neurology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

The capacity to metastasize after long periods of discovery and resection of the primary renal lesion or to present as metastasis with undisclosed primary lesions grant renal cell carcinomas (RCC) a formidable and unpredictable behavior. We report three unusual cases of metastasis from RCC. The first patient presented with metastatic clear cell adenocarcinoma in the right shoulder muscles, with unknown primary and revealed an undetected clear cell right RCC on radiology. Read More

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Ultrasound Measurement of the Transverse Abdominis, Internal Oblique, and External Oblique Muscles Associated with Forward Head Posture and Reduced Cranio-Vertebral Angle.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Jun 7;27:e928987. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Science, Cheongju University, Chungbuk, South Korea.

BACKGROUND Abnormal posture can affect the alignment of the cervical spine, which can lead to various physical problems. There are many ways to solve the problem by limiting the area around the neck to restore abnormal neck condition. However, there is a need to look at these problems from an enlarged perspective through the relationship between the cervical spine and trunk. Read More

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Massive hemoperitoneum without peritoneal signs: An unusual presentation of omental ectopic rupture. A case report.

Case Rep Womens Health 2021 Jul 15;31:e00327. Epub 2021 May 15.

West Virginia University School of Medicine, United States of America.

Background: Extrauterine ectopic pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, accounting for roughly 1:10,000-30,000 of all pregnancies. Primary omental pregnancy is the least common form of abdominal ectopic pregnancies, making it extremely rare. Typical presentation includes pelvic pain, secondary amenorrhea, with or without vaginal bleeding. Read More

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Abdominal Muscle Use during Spontaneous Breathing and Cough in Mechanically Ventilated Patients: a bi-center ultrasound study.

Chest 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, Toronto, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Ultrasound may be useful to assess the structure, activity, and function of the abdominal muscles in mechanically ventilated patients.

Research Question: Does measurement of abdominal muscle thickening on ultrasound in mechanically ventilated patients provide clinically relevant information about abdominal muscle function and weaning outcomes?

Study Design And Methods: This study consisted of two parts, a physiological study conducted in healthy subjects and a prospective observational study in mechanically ventilated patients. Abdominal muscle thickness and thickening fraction (TF) were measured during cough and expiratory efforts in 20 healthy subjects and before and during a spontaneous breathing trial (SBT) in 57 ventilated patients. Read More

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Breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery - persistent pain and quality of life 1-8 years after breast reconstruction.

Scand J Pain 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care and Pain Medicine, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Objectives: To assess the long-term outcome of breast reconstructions with special focus on chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) in a larger cohort of breast cancer survivors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study on 121 women with mastectomy and breast reconstruction after mean 2 years 4 months follow up. The mean time from breast reconstruction to the follow-up visit was 4 years 2 months. Read More

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Relationship between gait speed and trunk muscles in frail elderly individuals.

J Phys Ther Sci 2021 May 15;33(5):384-387. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Applied Biology, Kyoto Institute of Technology, Japan.

[Purpose] The external and internal abdominal muscles may be related to gait speed; however, this has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we aimed to clarify the relationship between gait speed and trunk muscle thickness in elderly individuals. [Participants and Methods] The participants were 12 elderly individuals (4 males and 8 females, mean age 83. Read More

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Proposal of a protocol for pelvic floor muscle evaluation and training to provide care to women with urinary incontinence.

Rev Esc Enferm USP 2021 31;55:e03705. Epub 2021 May 31.

Universidade de Brasília, Departamento de Enfermagem, Programa de Pós-graduação em Enfermagem, Brasília, DF, Brazil.

Objective: To present a proposal of a protocol for pelvic floor muscle evaluation and training to provide care to women with urinary incontinence.

Method: Professional experience report, conducted in an outpatient facility for voiding dysfunctions in the Brazilian Unified Health System, conducted by an enterostomal therapist nurse.

Results: Elaboration of a proposal of care protocol in nursing consultations based on a directed physical examination, nursing diagnoses of the International Classification for Nursing Practice, and the adaptation of a muscle training protocol as prescription. Read More

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Influence of the Passive Stabilization of the Trunk and Upper Limb on Selected Parameters of the Hand Motor Coordination, Grip Strength and Muscle Tension, in Post-Stroke Patients.

J Clin Med 2021 May 29;10(11). Epub 2021 May 29.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education in Warsaw, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland.

Objective: Assessment of the influence of a stable trunk and the affected upper limb (dominant or non-dominant) on the parameters of the wrist and hand motor coordination, grip strength and muscle tension in patients in the subacute post-stroke stage compared to healthy subjects.

Design: An observational study.

Setting: Stroke Rehabilitation Department. Read More

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Transverse vaginal septum managed by simple flap surgery technique: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 20;83:105990. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Anatomic Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Background: Transverse Vaginal Septum (TVS) is a rare congenital abnormality, classified as the Mullerian duct anomaly development. TVS incidence range from 1:2.000 to 1:72. Read More

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A Prenatal Ultrasound Scanning Approach: One-Touch Technique in Second and Third Trimesters.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Ultrasound, Affiliated Shenzhen Maternity & Child Healthcare Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

This study was aimed at evaluating the performance of the innovative technique Smart Fetus (SF) developed to recognize the planes and obtain the basic biometric measurements of fetuses automatically. This prospective study included 1005 uncomplicated singleton pregnancies undergoing routine examinations. For every pregnancy, planes, including the transverse section of the thalami, transverse section of the abdomen and longitudinal section of the femur, were acquired, and standard biometric measurements, including biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference and femur length, were obtained using SF and traditional ultrasound technique (TUT). Read More

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Recurrent formation of haematocolpos in a young girl with multiple congenital anomalies of the urogenital tract.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Mar;71(3):1017-1019

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ziauddin Hospital, Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan.

An 11-year-old girl, a known case of left crossed fused renal ectopia and sacral hypoplasia presented to the gynaecological OPD in Karachi, Pakistan, in February 2019 with complaints of abdominal pain. On examination, she was found to have a septum covering her vaginal orifice. She was subsequently diagnosed with haematocolpos secondary to imperforate hymen. Read More

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A Deep Learning Localization Method for Measuring Abdominal Muscle Dimensions in Ultrasound Images.

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform 2021 May 31;PP. Epub 2021 May 31.

Health professionals extensively use 2D US videos and images to visualize and measure internal organs for various purposes including evaluation of muscle architectural changes. US images can be used to measure abdominal muscles dimensions for the diagnosis and creation of customized treatment plans for patients with LBP, however, they are difficult to interpret. Due to high variability, skilled professionals with specialized training are required to take measurements to avoid low intra-observer reliability. Read More

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Transversus Abdominis and Lumbar Multifidus Thickness Among Three Dance Positions in Argentine Tango Dancers.

Int J Exerc Sci 2021 1;14(1):473-485. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences at Serres, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GREECE.

Core muscle function is considered a risk factor for low back pain appearance in dancers. The purpose of this study was to examine the transversus abdominis and lumbar multifidus thickness among Argentine Tango dancers in different functional dance positions. A secondary purpose was to compare muscle thickness at rest and contraction between dancers and untrained participants. Read More

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Desmoid type fibromatosis of the distal pancreas: A case report.

Ann Hepatobiliary Pancreat Surg 2021 May;25(2):276-282

Department of Surgery, Presbyterian Medical Center, Jeonju, Korea.

A 23-year-old Korean female presented epigastric pain of two-months' duration. She had a laparoscopic ovarian cyst excision 8 months previously. Clinical examination was normal. Read More

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Effect of photobiomodulation therapy on trunk flexor performance after incisional hernia repair: a randomized controlled trial.

Lasers Med Sci 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Physical Therapy for Surgery, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, 7Ahmed El-Zayat St. Bien El-Sarayat, Dokki, Giza, 11432, Egypt.

To investigate the effect of two photobiomodulation approaches on trunk flexor performance after incisional hernia repair and to compare the effects of both wavelengths. Forty-five patients were randomly distributed after isokinetic trunk flexor assessments into infrared laser, red laser, and placebo groups. Each patient received laser treatment followed by a traditional physical therapy program. Read More

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Embodiment of intra-abdominal pressure in a flexible multibody model of the trunk and the spinal unloading effects during static lifting tasks.

Biomech Model Mechanobiol 2021 May 29. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.

The role of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in spinal load reduction has remained controversial, partly because previous musculoskeletal models did not introduce the pressure generating mechanism. In this study, an integrated computational methodology is proposed to combine the IAP change with core muscle activations. An ideal gas relationship was introduced to calculate pressure distribution within the abdominal cavity. Read More

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Opioid-free anesthesia-dexmedetomidine as adjuvant in erector spinae plane block: a case series.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 29;15(1):276. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Policlinico - Federico II University Hospital, 80100, Naples, Italy.

Background: Laparoscopic pain is related to the stretching of the peritoneum and peritoneal irritation caused by insufflation of the parietal peritoneum with carbon dioxide. In 2017, erector spinae plane block (ESPB) was described for management of postoperative pain following open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery. The use of multimodal anesthesia reduces both intraoperative and postoperative opioid use and improves analgesia. Read More

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Increased incidence of massive hemorrhage at uncommon sites after initiation of systemic anticoagulation in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Riad El-Solh, P.O. Box 11-236, Beirut, 1107 2020, Lebanon.

Background: The management of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infected patients continues to be challenging. Critically ill COVID patients are at increased risk of serious thrombotic events and hence increased mortality. On the other side, COVID-19 patients are also showing major life-threatening bleeds, especially when systemic anticoagulation is used. Read More

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Synchronous volvulus of the transverse and sigmoid colon: a rare case of large bowel obstruction.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 2;38:231. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Hospital Ibn Tofaîl, University Hospital Center Mohammed VI, Marrakech, Morocco.

Colonic volvulus usually occurs as a single event that can affect various parts of the colon. The usual sites affected being the sigmoid colon (75%) and the caecum (22%). The phenomenon of multiple sites simultaneously undergoing volvulus is an extremely rare occurrence. Read More

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[Stimulating electroneuromyography in the diagnosis of neurogenic disorders of the pelvic floor muscles].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(4):48-56

Ryzhikh State Scientific Center of Coloproctology, Moscow, Russia.

The article describes the technology for detecting and studying late phenomenon in stimulating electroneuromyography in order to objectively assess the state of innervation. The standard study of the motor response (M-response), Pudendal nerve terminal motor latency testing (PNTML), using the St. Mark's electrode from the external sphincter and pelvic floor muscles provides information only about efferent innervation at the distal part of the . Read More

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[Effectiveness of abdominal minimal incision sacrocolpopexy for advanced pelvic organ prolapse].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;56(5):328-334

UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.

To evaluate the indications, surgical skills and clinic outcomes of abdominal minimal incision sacrocolpopexy (AMISC) for treatment of advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The retrospective study analyzed 30 women with advanced POP who underwent AMISC between June 2016 and October 2019, including 9 cases of recurrent prolapse and 10 cases of vault prolapse. AMISC was especially applicable to: (1) patients with several medical complications who was unable to tolerate general anesthesia or laparoscopic surgery, but able to tolerate combined spinal-epidural anesthesia and open surgery; (2) other abdominal procedures were indicated to perform with AMISC simultaneously, such as myomectomy, subtotal hysterectomy etc, the specimens were easy to get out of the abdominal cavity and morcellation was avoided; (3) surgeons preferring open surgery to laparoscopic surgery or skilled in open surgery; (4) patients with prior pelvic operations, presenting severe abdominal and pelvic adhesions. Read More

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Clinical experience with near-infrared ray catheter, a fluorescent ureteral catheter, on laparoscopic surgery for colon diverticulitis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e26085

Department of General and Gastroenterological Surgery.

Rationale: As the world's population ages, the number of surgical cases of colovesical fistulas secondary to colon diverticulitis is also expected to increase. The key issue while performing laparoscopic surgery for these fistulas is the avoidance of iatrogenic ureteral injury. There are no reports of Near-infrared Ray Catheter being used in surgery for diverticulitis, which is one of the diseases with the highest risk of ureteral injury. Read More

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Comparison of ultrasound speed-of-sound of the lower extremity and lumbar muscle assessed with computed tomography for muscle loss assessment.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(21):e25947

Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Abstract: To compare the speed of propagation of ultrasound (US) waves (SoS) of the lower leg with the clinical reference standard computed tomography (CT) at the level of lumbar vertebra 3 (L3) for muscle loss assessment. Both calf muscles of 50 patients scheduled for an abdominal CT were prospectively examined with ultrasound. A plexiglas-reflector located on the opposite side of the probe with the calf in between was used as a timing reference for SoS (m/s). Read More

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