729 results match your criteria traffic violations


Relationships among driving styles, desire for control, illusion of control, and self-reported driving behaviors.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 May 7:1-6. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychology, Lafayette College, Easton, Pennsylvania.

Objective: A correlational study examined relationships among driving styles, 4 subfactors of desire for control, illusion of control, accident concern, self-rated likelihood of being involved in an accident, self-rated driving skill, and self-reported accidents, violations, and close calls.

Methods: An online sample of participants ( = 601) completed (1) the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI); (2) the Desirability of Control Scale (DCS); (3) an Illusion of Control Scale; (4) an accident concern self-rating, (5) a 3-item speed questionnaire; (6) a 4-item accidents, violations, and close calls questionnaire; (7) a driving skill self-rating; and (8) a demographic questionnaire. Scales were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis where appropriate. Read More

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A Drone Logistic Model for Transporting the Complete Analytic Volume of a Large-Scale University Laboratory.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 26;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 26.

The Intervention Center, Oslo University Hospital, 0424 Oslo, Norway.

We present a model for drone transport of the complete annual analytic volume of 6.5 million analyses-(routine and emergency) between two inner-city university laboratories at Oslo University Hospital located 1.8 km apart and with a time restriction for the analyses of no more than 60 min. Read More

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A safety score for the assessment of driving style.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 Apr 21:1-16. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Japan Automobile Research Institute JARI - SAKURA project, Tsukuba.

Objective: Road traffic laws explicitly refer to a safe and cautious driving style as a means of ensuring safety. For automated vehicles to adhere to these laws, objective measurements of safe and cautious behavior in normal driving conditions are required. This paper describes the conception, implementation and initial testing of an objective scoring system that assigns safety indexes to observed driving style, and aggregates them to provide an overall safety score for a given driving session. Read More

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Sleep-deprived car-following: Indicators of rear-end crash potential.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 13;156:106123. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Transportation Systems Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai, Mumbai, 400 076, India. Electronic address:

Safety assessment among sleep-deprived drivers is a challenging research area with only a few sleep-related studies investigating safety performance during car-following. Therefore, this study aimed to measure the effects of partial sleep deprivation on driver safety during car-following. Fifty healthy male drivers with no prior history of any sleep-related disorders, drove the driving simulator in three conditions of varying sleep duration: a baseline (no sleep deprivation), test session (TS1) after one night of PSD (sleep ≤4. Read More

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Exploring the Relationship between Attitudes, Risk Perceptions, Fatalistic Beliefs, and Pedestrian Behaviors in China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 24;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Human Factors Engineering, Transportation Research Group, University of Southampton, Southampton SO16 7QF, UK.

Road safety has become a worldwide public health concern. Although many factors contribute to collisions, pedestrian behaviors can strongly influence road safety outcomes. This paper presents results of a survey investigating the effects of age, gender, attitudes towards road safety, fatalistic beliefs and risk perceptions on self-reported pedestrian behaviors in a Chinese example. Read More

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Bicycle Rider Behavior and Crash Involvement in Australia.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 1;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Faculty of Psychology-INTRAS Research Centre, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain.

This research investigated how behaviours and attitudes of bicycle riders influence crash frequency and severity. The study recruited 1102 Australian bicycle riders for an online survey. The survey comprised questions on demographics, frequency of riding and the number and severity of traffic crashes during the last five years. Read More

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The Impact of Financial and Non-Financial Work Incentives on the Safety Behavior of Heavy Truck Drivers.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 9;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Faculty of Criminal Justice and Security, University of Maribor, Kotnikova ulica 8, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The goal of the research is to determine how compensation affects the safety behavior of truck drivers and consequently the frequency of traffic accidents. For this purpose, a survey was conducted on a sample of 220 truck drivers in international road transport in the EU, where the results of the Structural Equation Model (SEM) show that in the current state of the transport sector, financial and non-financial incentives have a positive impact on the work and safety behavior of drivers. Financial incentives also have an impact on drivers' increased perception of their driving ability, while moving violations continue to have a major impact on the number of accidents. Read More

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Visual Feedback Effectiveness in Reducing Over Speeding of Moped-Riders.

Front Psychol 2021 11;12:611603. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of General Psychology, University of Padua, Padua, Italy.

The use of assistance systems aimed at reducing road fatalities is spreading, especially for car drivers, but less effort has been devoted to developing and testing similar systems for powered two-wheelers (PTWs). Considering that over speeding represents one of the main causal factors in road crashes and that riders are more vulnerable than drivers, in the present study we investigated the effectiveness of an assistance system which signaled speed limit violations during a simulated moped-driving task, in optimal and poor visibility conditions. Participants performed four conditions of simulated riding: one baseline condition without Feedback, one Fog condition in which visual feedback was provided so as to indicate to the participants when a speed limit (lower than that indicated by the traffic signals) was exceeded, and two post-Feedback conditions with and without Fog, respectively, in which no feedback was delivered. Read More

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Can the effectiveness of driver education be sustained? Effects of driving breaks on novice drivers' traffic violations.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 May 25;154:106083. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China.

Prior studies have shown that driver education can reduce traffic violations. However, few studies have examined how driving break between driver education and owning a car influences novice drivers' traffic violations. The main objective of this study is to examine the association between driving break and traffic violations. Read More

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Analysis of safety climate and individual factors affecting bus drivers' crash involvement using a two-level logit model.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 May 15;154:106087. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

School of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, 201804, China.

Although traffic crashes involving buses are less frequent than those involving other vehicle types, the consequences of bus crashes are high due to the potential for multiple injuries and casualties. As driver error is a primary factor affecting bus crashes, driver safety education is one of the main countermeasures used to mitigate crash risk. In China, however, safety education is not as focused as it should be, largely due to the limited research identifying the specific driver behaviors, and potential influences on those behaviors, that are correlated with crashes. Read More

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Steering clear: Traffic violations among emerging adults who engage in habitual or casual cannabis use.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 1;153:106059. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada. Electronic address:

While some research has shown that cannabis use can impair driving ability, evidence to the degree and impact of impairment are lacking. This study examined the association between habitual or casual cannabis use and past-year traffic violations among emerging adults (EAs). Data come from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health. Read More

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Risk factors associated with truck-involved fatal crash severity: Analyzing their impact for different groups of truck drivers.

J Safety Res 2021 02 31;76:154-165. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

School of Transportation, Southeast University, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Urban ITS, Southeast University, Jiangsu Province Collaborative Innovation Center of Modern Urban Traffic Technologies, Southeast University, PR China.

Introduction: Fatal crashes that include at least one fatality of an occupant within 30 days of the crash cause large numbers of injured persons and property losses, especially when a truck is involved.

Method: To better understand the underlying effects of truck-driver-related characteristics in fatal crashes, a five-year (from 2012 to 2016) dataset from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) was used for analysis. Based on demographic attributes, driving violation behavior, crash histories, and conviction records of truck drivers, a latent class clustering analysis was applied to classify truck drivers into three groups, namely, ''middle-aged and elderly drivers with low risk of driving violations and high historical crash records," ''drivers with high risk of driving violations and high historical crash records," and ''middle-aged drivers with no driving violations and conviction records. Read More

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February 2021

Investigating the interaction between pedestrian behaviors and crashes through validation of a pedestrian behavior questionnaire (PBQ).

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Apr 25;153:106050. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Monash University Accident Research Centre, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.

Developing countries have a high frequency of traffic incidents involving pedestrians. Given the vulnerability of pedestrians, many of these incidents result in serious or fatal injuries. The present study aimed to validate a pedestrian behavior questionnaire in Iran to investigate Persian pedestrian behaviors and to understand the relationship of these behaviors with demographic and mobility variables. Read More

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The Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Reassessing the Need for Drive Thru Community Pharmacy: Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors:
Reem M Diri

J Microsc Ultrastruct 2020 Oct-Dec;8(4):162-164. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: Community pharmacies spread all over Saudi Arabia. Customers face some of the logistic problems, such as parking availability and privacy. This study was aimed to evaluate the need, awareness, perception, and barriers of the drive-thru community pharmacy services. Read More

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December 2020

The political cycle of road traffic accidents.

J Health Econ 2021 Mar 27;76:102435. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

University of Milan, Italy.

Road traffic accidents mean lost productivity and medical expenditures. We explain trends in traffic accidents as a function of the political cycle using municipal data from Italy. We show that during municipal election years, the accident rate increases by 1. Read More

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A number's game: Towards a solution to the policing of ringfenced COVID Hotspots.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Apr 22;32(2):352-358. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, Albury, NSW, Australia.

Issued Addressed: COVID-19 has highlighted the disruptive, cross-sectorial effects a sudden-onset pandemic has on a globally interconnected world. The control of community transmission requires the identification and isolation of hotspots, commonly achieved through blanket measures or through ring-fencing. A simpler and more readily policeable, and geographically more flexible system is needed that allows both law enforcement and the public to detect people moving outside the ringfenced areas. Read More

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Development and validity of a hazard prediction test for Chinese drivers.

PLoS One 2021 25;16(1):e0245843. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning, P. R. China.

Background: Hazard perception ability, which develops with driving experience, has been proven to be associated with drivers' traffic involvement. Although classic reaction time-based hazard perception tests have been developed in many developed counties, experience-related differences may not be found in drivers from developing countries due to their increased opportunities to experience hazards on roads. Therefore, the present study aims to develop a hazard prediction test for Chinese drivers based on a predictive paradigm called "What happens next?" and assess its reliability and validity. Read More

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January 2021

Observational-based study to explore pedestrian crossing behaviors at signalized and unsignalized crosswalks.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Mar 20;151:105990. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address:

Despite many studies on exploring the behaviors of pedestrians crossing the road, there is a need for comprehensive studies that identify the factors that may influence pedestrians crossing behavior at signalized and unsignalized intersections. This study aims to comprehensively examine the influence of gender, age group, group-crossing, technological devices and carrying items on pedestrians crossing behaviors at signalized and unsignalized crosswalks simultaneously. Observational data of 552 pedestrians at two signalized and two unsignalized crosswalks in Tehran were collected. Read More

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Comparison of Motor Vehicle Crashes, Traffic Violations, and License Suspensions Between Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescent and Young Adult Drivers.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jan 13. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

Center for Autism Research, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and the Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Objective: One-third of autistic individuals obtain a driver's license by age 21 years; however, prior studies suggest they may be at heightened risk for motor vehicle crashes. We compared objective rates of crashes, traffic violations, and license suspensions for newly licensed autistic and non-autistic adolescents.

Method: This retrospective cohort study included New Jersey residents born from 1987 through 2000 who were patients of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia health care network. Read More

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January 2021

Analysis of Traffic Crashes Caused by Motorcyclists Running Red Lights in Guangdong Province of China.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 11;18(2). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.

Motorcycles are among the primary means of transport in China, and the phenomenon of motorcyclists running red lights is becoming increasingly prevalent. Based on the traffic crash data for 2006-2010 in Guangdong Province, China, fixed- and random-parameter logit models are used to study the characteristics of motorcyclists, vehicles, roads, and environments involved in red light violations and injury severity resulting from motorcyclists' running red lights in China. Certain factors that affect the probability of motorcyclists running red lights are identified. Read More

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January 2021

Developing and validating a measurement tool to self-report pedestrian safety-related behavior: The Pedestrian Behavior Questionnaire (PBQ).

Bull Emerg Trauma 2020 Oct;8(4):229-235

Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objective: Pedestrians are road users vulnerable to traffic injuries and fatalities. This study aimed to develop and validate a pedestrian behavior questionnaire to be used in Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the initial questionnaire was designed based on the evaluation of previous studies conducted world-wide or in Iran. Read More

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October 2020

Effects of surgery for obstructive sleep apnea on cognitive function and driving performance.

Sleep Breath 2021 Jan 4. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery, Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital, 39 Jabotinsky St., 4941492, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with a significantly increased risk of motor vehicle accidents in addition to such cognitive impairments as attention and memory deficits. The aim of the study was to examine the effect of upper airway surgery for OSA on driving and cognitive function.

Methods: Adult patients who underwent surgery for OSA at a tertiary medical center in 2016-2019 were prospectively recruited. Read More

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January 2021

Not gendered… but different from each other? A structural equation model for explaining risky road behaviors of female and male pedestrians.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Feb 17;150:105942. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2313, United States. Electronic address:

As alternative transportation is getting more and more fashionable, and more people worldwide are "shifting" to walking trips, even for their daily commuting, traffic crashes suffered by pedestrians are still a great concern for road safety and public health researchers and practitioners. In this regard, risky or "aberrant" road behaviors have emerged, during the last few years, as a key issue to be considered for crash prevention. Nevertheless, the idea of a "generic pedestrian" is getting re-evaluated, and analyzing key features, such as gender, seems to be crucial for understanding pedestrians' performance and safety outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Traffic climate and driver behaviors: The moderating role of driving skills in Turkey and China.

J Safety Res 2020 12 18;75:87-98. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Intelligent Transportation Systems Research Center, Wuhan University of Technology, China; Engineering Research Center of Transportation Safety, Ministry of Education, China.

Introduction: While road traffic accidents and fatalities are a worldwide problem, the rates of road traffic accidents and fatalities show differences among countries. Similarly, driver behaviors, traffic climate, and their relationships also show differences among countries. The aim of the current study is to investigate the moderating effect of driving skills on the relationship between traffic climate and driver behaviors by country. Read More

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December 2020

Influence of personality traits on aberrant driving behaviors: A comparison of Japanese, Chinese, and Vietnamese drivers.

J Safety Res 2020 12 16;75:178-188. Epub 2020 Oct 16.

Institutes of Innovation for Future Society, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction: This study aims to explore the influence of Big Five personality traits in combination with various socio-demographic factors and experiences of accident involvement on aberrant driving behaviors. The study also compares the effects of the level of development (i.e. Read More

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December 2020

Mid-term prediction of at-fault crash driver frequency using fusion deep learning with city-level traffic violation data.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Feb 8;150:105910. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Civil Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, 106, Taiwan.

Traffic violations and improper driving are behaviors that primarily contribute to traffic crashes. This study aimed to develop effective approaches for predicting at-fault crash driver frequency using only city-level traffic enforcement predictors. A fusion deep learning approach combining a convolution neural network (CNN) and gated recurrent units (GRU) was developed to compare predictive performance with one econometric approach, two machine learning approaches, and another deep learning approach. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of warning message on driver's stop/go decision and red-light-running behaviors under fog condition.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Feb 6;150:105906. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland (CARRS-Q), Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI), Kelvin Grove, Queensland, 4059, Australia. Electronic address:

The red-light-running (RLR) warning system has substantial potentials in helping drivers make proper stop/go decisions and reducing the RLR violations. Adverse foggy weather degrades drivers' performances and may also affect the effectiveness of the RLR warning system. However, limited research has been conducted regarding the impact of the RLR warning on driving performances under foggy weather. Read More

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February 2021

Are Latin American cycling commuters "at risk"? A comparative study on cycling patterns, behaviors, and crashes with non-commuter cyclists.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Feb 1;150:105915. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

FACTHUM.Lab (Human Factor and Road Safety) Research Group, INTRAS (Research Institute on Traffic and Road Safety), University of Valencia, Spain. Electronic address:

Introduction: As part of the transformation of urban transportation dynamics, commuter cycling has acquired a high relevance as an alternative mode of transport in different countries, and Latin America seems to be one of the main focus of this worldwide "revolution". However, the high rates of crashes and injuries suffered by commuters have become a relevant issue in the field of road safety, especially in emerging regions with low cycling tradition, where social and infrastructural gaps may endanger the cyclists' safety.

Objectives: This study had two objectives. Read More

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February 2021

Understanding the Interaction between Cyclists' Traffic Violations and Enforcement Strategies: An Evolutionary Game-Theoretic Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 11 15;17(22). Epub 2020 Nov 15.

School of Transportation and Civil Engineering, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China.

An evolutionary game-theoretic analysis method is developed in this study to understand the interactions between cyclists' traffic violations and the enforcement strategies. The evolutionary equilibrium stabilities were analysed under a fixed (FPS) and a dynamic penalty strategy (DPS). The simulation-based numerical experiments show that: (i) the proposed method can be used to study the interactions between traffic violations and the enforcement strategies; (ii) FPS and DPS can reduce cyclists' probability of committing traffic violations when the perceived traffic violations' relative benefit is less than the traffic violation penalty and the enforcement cost is less than the enforcement benefit, and using DPS can yield a stable enforcement outcome for law enforcement compared to using FPS; and (iii) strategy-related (penalty amount, enforcement effectiveness, and enforcement cost) and attitudinal factors (perceived relative benefit, relative public image cost, and cyclists' attitude towards risk) can affect the enforcement strategy's impacts on reducing cyclists' traffic violations. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluation of Naturalistic Driving Behavior Using In-Vehicle Monitoring Technology in Preclinical and Early Alzheimer's Disease.

Front Psychol 2020 27;11:596257. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Department of Neurology, Charles F. and Joanne Knight Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, United States.

Cognitive impairment is a significant risk factor for hazardous driving among older drivers with Alzheimer's dementia, but little is known about how the driving behavior of mildly symptomatic compares with those in the preclinical, asymptomatic phase of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study utilized two in-car technologies to characterize driving behavior in symptomatic and preclinical AD. The goals of this pilot study were to (1) describe unsafe driving behaviors in individuals with symptomatic early AD using G-force triggered video capture and (2) compare the driving habits of these symptomatic AD drivers to two groups of cognitively normal drivers, those with and those without evidence of cerebral amyloidosis (CN/A+ and CN/A-) using a global positioning system (GPS) datalogger. Read More

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October 2020