Acc Chem Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.
State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China.
ConspectusHysteresis is ubiquitous in nature and biology. It appears in ferromagnetism, ferroelectrism, traffic congestion, river sedimentation, electronics, thermoresponses, cell division, differentiation, and apoptosis. Hysteresis phenomena are beyond equilibrium and involve nonlinear, bistable, time delay, and memory events, which are described in input/output profiles by different outputs during continuous decreases and increases in input intensity. Read More