2,172 results match your criteria traditional dairy

In vivo antimalarial activity of a probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus sakei isolated from traditionally fermented milk in BALB/c mice infected with Plasmodium berghei ANKA.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jul 22:114448. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, Cameroon.

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Milk production, processing and consumption are integral part of traditional practices in Fulani tribe of Cameroon. It has been observed that Fulani are resistant to malaria. Dairy products traditionally processed by Fulani are intensively used in the ritual treatment of malarial, inflammations and behavioural disorders. Read More

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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus type-2 and their association with intake of dairy and legume in Andean communities of Ecuador.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(7):e0254812. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Masira Research Institute, Medical School, Santander University (UDES), Santander, Colombia.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are metabolic alterations associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Diet has a significant impact on the risk to develop MetS and T2D; in this regard, consumption of fruits, vegetables, and protein rich foods (from plant and animals) are important to prevent and manage these pathologies. There are limited studies regarding the potential association between Andean foods rich in proteins and the presence of cardio-metabolic conditions in Ecuador. Read More

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Investigating pig survival in different production phases using genomic models.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA.

Pig survival is an economically important trait with relevant social welfare implications, thus standing out as an important selection criterion for the current pig farming system. We aimed to estimate (co)variance components for survival in different production phases in a crossbred pig population, as well as to investigate the benefit of including genomic information through single-step genomic BLUP (ssGBLUP) on the prediction accuracy of survival traits compared to results from traditional BLUP. Individual survival records on, at most, 64,894 crossbred piglets were evaluated under two multi-trait threshold models. Read More

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Transnational health protection strategies and other health-seeking behavior among undocumented and indigenous dairy workers in a rural new immigrant destination.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 8;284:114213. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Indiana University, Department of Spanish and Portuguese, 355 North Jordan Ave., Global and International Studies Building 2160, Bloomington, IN, 47405, USA. Electronic address:

Latin American immigrants in new immigrant destinations (NIDs) experience numerous barriers that negatively impact their access to healthcare. Yet the wide range of health-seeking behaviors deployed in response to these barriers-particularly among those who are undocumented and indigenous-are not well understood. Further, studies of immigrant health in NIDs tend to take place in those locations, rather than using a multi-sited design. Read More

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A sampling survey of enterococci within pasteurized, fermented dairy products and their virulence and antibiotic resistance properties.

Solomon H Mariam

PLoS One 2021 15;16(7):e0254390. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Globally, fermented foods (FFs), which may be traditional or industrially-produced, are major sources of nutrition. In the traditional practice, the fermentation process is driven by communities of virtually uncharacterized microflora indigenous to the food substrate. Some of these flora can have virulent or antibiotic resistance properties, posing risk to consumers. Read More

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Design of a High-Throughput Real-Time PCR System for Detection of Bovine Respiratory and Enteric Pathogens.

Front Vet Sci 2021 24;8:677993. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Bovine respiratory and enteric diseases have a profound negative impact on animal, health, welfare, and productivity. A vast number of viruses and bacteria are associated with the diseases. Pathogen detection using real-time PCR (rtPCR) assays performed on traditional rtPCR platforms are costly and time consuming and by that limit the use of diagnostics in bovine medicine. Read More

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The forgotten role of food cultures.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 2021 07;368(14)

Facoltà di Scienze agrarie, alimentarie ambientali, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Via Emilia Parmense, Piacenza-Cremona, Italy.

Fermentation is one of if not the oldest food processing technique, yet it is still an emerging field when it comes to its numerous mechanisms of action and potential applications. The effect of microbial activity on the taste, bioavailability and preservation of the nutrients and the different food matrices has been deciphered by the insights of molecular microbiology. Among those roles of fermentation in the food chain, biopreservation remains the one most debated. Read More

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Screening of a Bacillus subtilis strain producing both nattokinase and milk-clotting enzyme and its application in fermented milk with thrombolytic activity.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, People's Republic of China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Bacillus subtilis is a Generally Recognized as Safe Probiotic, which was used as a starter for natto fermentation. Natto is a functional food with antithrombus function due to nattokinase. Compared with natto, fermented milk is a more popular fermented food, which was commonly fermented by Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus. Read More

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The Freestall Reimagined: Effects on Stall Hygiene and Space Usage in Dairy Cattle.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Jun 8;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Animal Welfare Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, University of British Columbia, 2357 Main Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4, Canada.

Modern freestall barns for dairy cattle have been constructed with considerations for dairy cow cleanliness; partitions and other stall features such as neck rails are designed to reduce manure contamination of bedding and decrease farm labor. However, cows prefer to lie in more open spaces, including on bedded packs and pasture. We created an "alternative" housing area by modifying a traditional freestall pen and including flexible partitions to create larger lying areas. Read More

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Fermented dairy products as delivery vehicles of novel probiotic strains isolated from traditional fermented Asian foods.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Jul 23;58(7):2467-2478. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources, Konkuk University, Seoul, 05029 Korea.

The screening of novel probiotic strains from various food sources including fruits, vegetables, herbs, and traditional fermented foods, have been of growing concern recently. Most of these potential probiotic lactic acid bacteria isolates were distinguished from the commercial probiotics based on multiple therapeutic effects and functionalities. Recent in vitro and in vivo investigates have also verified the usage of probiotics to lower the risk of diseases. Read More

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A survey of Prototheca bovis infection in dairy farms of the Hubei province, China.

J Vet Med Sci 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University.

Bovine mastitis, caused by Prototheca bovis, has received much attention worldwide. To investigate the status of P. bovis infection in dairy farms of Hubei, we collected 1,158 milk samples and 90 environmental samples from 14 dairy farms of Hubei, China. Read More

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Rice as an alternative feed ingredient in swine diets.

J Anim Sci Technol 2021 May 31;63(3):465-474. Epub 2021 May 31.

Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

It has become important to explore alternative feed ingredients to reduce feed costs, which are burdensome for livestock production. In addition, it is desirable to find efficient and functional alternative ingredients for traditional feed ingredients in pig diets, considering the stress and sensitivity of disease of pig. Rice is produced around the world like corn that is the typical energy source in pig diets. Read More

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Immune Response in Neurological Pathology: Emerging Role of Central and Peripheral Immune Crosstalk.

Front Immunol 2021 10;12:676621. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Regenerative Bioscience Center, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, United States.

Neuroinflammation is a key component of neurological disorders and is an important therapeutic target; however, immunotherapies have been largely unsuccessful. In cases where these therapies have succeeded, particularly multiple sclerosis, they have primarily focused on one aspect of the disease and leave room for improvement. More recently, the impact of the peripheral immune system is being recognized, since it has become evident that the central nervous system is not immune-privileged, as once thought. Read More

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A new, reliable, and high-throughput strategy to screen bacteria for antagonistic activity against Staphylococcus aureus.

BMC Microbiol 2021 Jun 24;21(1):189. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, McGill University, Macdonald Campus, 21,111 Lakeshore Ste Anne de Bellevue, QC, H9X 3V9, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus clones have emerged globally over the last few decades. Probiotics have been actively studied as an alternative to antibiotics to prevent and treat S. aureus infections, but identifying new probiotic bacteria, that have antagonistic activity against S. Read More

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Dietary Practices of Women with Endometriosis: A Cross-Sectional Survey.

J Altern Complement Med 2021 Jun 23. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, Australia.

Endometriosis causes deleterious effects on the lives of sufferers across multiple domains impacting quality of life. Commonly utilized pharmaceutical interventions offer suboptimal efficacy in addition to potentially intolerable side effects for many women. There is some evidence for dietary therapies reducing endometriosis symptoms, but little data on dietary preferences/strategies used, and their impact, in a community setting. Read More

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Comparison of flow characteristics in a bench-scale system with commercial-scale pipelines: Use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD).

J Food Sci 2021 Jul 23;86(7):3097-3108. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Dale A. Seiberling Food Engineering Laboratory, Department of Food Science and Technology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio.

The challenges for scale-up are often encountered in cleaning operations during the interpretation of data from clean-in-place (CIP) research. The objective of this investigation was to design and characterize flow characteristics in a bench-scale system in a manner that evaluates scale-up to a commercial-scale CIP operation. A bench-scale temperature-controlled vessel was designed for evaluation of in-place cleaning, and for development of scale-up parameters. Read More

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Bacterial communities in the rumen and feces of lactating Holstein dairy cows are not affected when fed reduced-fat dried distillers' grains with solubles.

Animal 2021 Jul 19;15(7):100281. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, The University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, USA. Electronic address:

Reduced-fat dried distillers' grains with solubles (RF-DDGSs) are co-products of ethanol production and contain less fat than traditional distillers' grains. The fat in corn is ~91% unsaturated, and it is toxic to rumen microorganisms so it could influence the composition of the rumen microbiome. It has been demonstrated that RF-DDGS is a suitable ration ingredient to support the high-producing dairy cow, and this feedstuff is a promising alternative protein source for lactating dairy cows. Read More

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Evaluation of bacterial diversity of traditional cheese in Tarbagatay Prefecture, China, and its correlation with cheese quality.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jun 9;9(6):3155-3164. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Food Science and Technology/Key laboratory of Xinjiang Phytomedicine Resource and Utilization of Ministry of Education Shihezi University Shihezi China.

In Xinjiang, China, traditional handmade cheese is made from fresh milk under natural environmental conditions and is a common fermented dairy product in the region. Due to differences in production methods between regions, the research conducted on the bacterial diversity of traditional handmade cheese is not comprehensive. Hence, little is known about the relationship between bacteria and cheese quality. Read More

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Genome-wide scan reveals genetic divergence in Italian Holstein cows bred within PDO cheese production chains.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 15;11(1):12601. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Dipartimento di Scienze Medico-Veterinarie, University of Parma, Via del Taglio 10, 43126, Parma, Italy.

Dairy cattle breeds have been exposed to intense artificial selection for milk production traits over the last fifty years. In Italy, where over 80% of milk is processed into cheese, selection has also focused on cheese-making traits. Due to a deep-rooted tradition in cheese-making, currently fifty Italian cheeses are marked with the Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) label as they proved traditional land of origin and procedures for milk transformation. Read More

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Bioenergy from dairy manure: technologies, challenges and opportunities.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 1;790:148199. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Biomass Energy Technology Research Centre, Key Laboratory of Development and Application of Rural Renewable Energy (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs), Biogas Institute of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Section 4-13, Renmin South Road, Chengdu 610041, PR China; Chengdu National Agricultural Science and Technology Center, Chengdu, PR China. Electronic address:

Dairy manure (DM) is a kind of cheap cellulosic biomass resource which includes lignocellulose and mineral nutrients. Random stacks not only leads damage to the environment, but also results in waste of natural resources. The traditional ways to use DM include returning it to the soil or acting as a fertilizer, which could reduce environmental pollution to some extent. Read More

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Dietary Patterns and Their Associations With the and Gene Variants Among Emirati Adults.

Front Nutr 2021 19;8:668901. Epub 2021 May 19.

Research Institute for Medical and Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

To examine the dietary patterns and their associations with the FTO and FGF21 gene variants among Emirati adults. Using a cross-sectional design, healthy adult male and female Emiratis ( = 194) were recruited from primary health care centers in Sharjah, UAE. Participants completed a 61-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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Design of an autochthonous starter culture using strains isolated from traditional Matsoni.

FEMS Microbiol Lett 2021 06;368(11)

George Eliava Institute of Bacteriophages, Microbiology and Virology, 0160 Tbilisi, Georgia.

Artisanal products support the conservation of the indigenous biodiversity of food microbiomes, although they do not always comply to quality and hygienic requirements for the dairy industry. This study describes the development of an autochthonous starter culture to produce Matsoni, a traditional Georgian fermented milk. To this end, strains of lactic acid bacteria isolated from artisanal Matsoni samples were used to design a starter formulation reproducing the dominant microbial diversity, also preserving quality characteristics and ensuring the safety of the product. Read More

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Live Promotes Rumen Fermentation by Modulating Rumen Microbiota In Vitro.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 24;11(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

Previous studies have shown that affects rumen fermentation and rumen microbial community structure, which are limited to detect a few microbial abundances using traditional methods. However, the regulation of on rumen microorganisms and the mechanisms of microbiota that affect rumen fermentation is still unclear. This study explored the effects of live and autoclaved on ruminal microbial composition and diversity in vitro using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and the underlying mechanisms. Read More

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Using Wearable Cameras to Assess Foods and Beverages Omitted in 24 Hour Dietary Recalls and a Text Entry Food Record App.

Nutrients 2021 May 26;13(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Charles Perkins Centre, Nutrition and Dietetics Group, School of Life and Environmental Science, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia.

Technology-enhanced methods of dietary assessment may still face common limitations of self-report. This study aimed to assess foods and beverages omitted when both a 24 h recall and a smartphone app were used to assess dietary intake compared with camera images. For three consecutive days, young adults (18-30 years) wore an Autographer camera that took point-of-view images every 30 seconds. Read More

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Value-Creating Strategies in Dairy Farm Entrepreneurship: A Case Study in Northern Spain.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 13;11(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Oviedo, Av. del Cristo s/n, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.

This paper explores different value-creating strategies (VCS) used by dairy farmers engaged in on-farm diversification ventures. In order to explicitly identify the informal strategies followed by 49 farmers in their value-added ventures, we applied a theoretically informed business model framework combining three dimensions: value proposition linked to local food, customer engagement via quality schemes and shorter supply chains, and the key capabilities of the entrepreneur. Using cluster analysis, four different types of VCS were identified and labelled as 'Ecological', 'Single-product', 'Innovative', and 'Traditional'. Read More

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Invited review: The influence of immune activation on transition cow health and performance-A critical evaluation of traditional dogmas.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Aug 28;104(8):8380-8410. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames 50011. Electronic address:

The progression from gestation into lactation represents the transition period, and it is accompanied by marked physiological, metabolic, and inflammatory adjustments. The entire lactation and a cow's opportunity to have an additional lactation are heavily dependent on how successfully she adapts during the periparturient period. Additionally, a disproportionate amount of health care and culling occurs early following parturition. Read More

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The mineral profile affects the coagulation pattern and cheese-making efficiency of bovine milk.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Aug 28;104(8):8439-8453. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), University of Padova, 35020 Legnaro (PD), Italy.

Natural variations in milk minerals, their relationships, and their associations with the coagulation process and cheese-making traits present an opportunity for the differentiation of milk destined for high-quality natural products, such as traditional specialties or Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) cheeses. The aim of this study was to quantify the effects of the native contents of Ca, P, Na, K, and Mg on 18 traits describing traditional milk coagulation properties (MCP), curd firming over time (CF) equation parameters, cheese yield (CY) measures, and nutrient recoveries in the curd (REC) using models that either included or omitted the simultaneous effects of milk fat and casein contents. The results showed that, by including milk fat and casein and the minerals in the statistical model, we were able to determine the specific effects of each mineral on coagulation and cheese-making efficiency. Read More

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ADSA Foundation Scholar Award: New frontiers in calf and heifer nutrition-From conception to puberty.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Aug 28;104(8):8341-8362. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Animal Biosciences, Animal Science and Nutrition, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 1Y2. Electronic address:

Dairy calf nutrition is traditionally one of the most overlooked aspects of dairy management, despite its large effect on the efficiency and profitability of dairy operations. Unfortunately, among all animals on the dairy farm, calves suffer from the highest rates of morbidity and mortality. These challenges have catalyzed calf nutrition research over the past decade to mitigate high incidences of disease and death, and improve animal health, growth, welfare, and industry sustainability. Read More

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Impact of NSLAB on Kazakh cheese flavor.

Food Res Int 2021 06 23;144:110315. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Institute of Agro-products Processing Science and Technology, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural and Reclamation Science, Shihezi, Xinjiang 832000, PR China.

Xinjiang is a multiethnic region of China. Traditionally, most ethnic minorities are known to produce and consume cheese. Nomadic people have been reported to use lactic acid bacteria (LAB) for decades to produce fermented dairy products as part of a balanced diet. Read More

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Plant Natural Flavonoids Against Multidrug Resistant Pathogens.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2021 May 26:e2100749. Epub 2021 May 26.

National Center for Veterinary Drug Safety Evaluation, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

The increasing emergence and dissemination of multidrug resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens accelerate the desires for new antibiotics. Natural products dominate the preferred chemical scaffolds for the discovery of antibacterial agents. Here, the potential of natural flavonoids from plants against MDR bacteria, is demonstrated. Read More

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