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Two Cases of Spontaneous Isolated Dissection of Superior Mesenteric Artery in One Night: Report of a (Noninvasive) Double Challenge.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Apr 13;22:e929538. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Medical Surgical Sciences and Advanced Technologies "GF Ingrassia" - Radiology Unit I, University Hospital "Policlinico-San Marco", Catania, Italy.

BACKGROUND Spontaneous isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SID-SMA) is a rare but potentially fatal condition. Although many cases of SID-SMA have been reported in the literature in recent years because of the increased use of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning, optimal management has not yet been firmly established. CASE REPORT We report 2 cases of SID-SMA that were managed with stenting and angioplasty via transfemoral access. Read More

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An autopsy case of corticobasal degeneration with inferior olivary hypertrophy.

Neuropathology 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurology and Neurobiology of Aging, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa, Japan.

We report autopsy results of a female patient who was confirmed pathologically as having corticobasal degeneration (CBD). This patient presented with progressive gait disturbance at the age of 66 years, and subsequently showed parkinsonism with a right-sided predominance and dementia. She was clinically diagnosed as having possible corticobasal syndrome without palatal myoclonus throughout the disease course. Read More

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CD25890, a conserved protein that modulates sporulation initiation in Clostridioides difficile.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7887. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Instituto de Tecnologia Química E Biológica António Xavier, Avenida da República, 2780-157, Oeiras, Portugal.

Bacteria that reside in the gastrointestinal tract of healthy humans are essential for our health, sustenance and well-being. About 50-60% of those bacteria have the ability to produce resilient spores that are important for the life cycle in the gut and for host-to-host transmission. A genomic signature for sporulation in the human intestine was recently described, which spans both commensals and pathogens such as Clostridioides difficile and contains several genes of unknown function. Read More

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A case of pericarditis caused by Mycoplasma hyorhinis in a weaned piglet.

Porcine Health Manag 2021 Apr 12;7(1):32. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Peripheral Diagnostic Laboratory of Pordenone, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Cordenons, PN, Italy.

Background: Mycoplasma hyorhinis (M. hyorhinis) is a bacterium commonly found in the upper respiratory tract of healthy pigs and an agent of polyserositis and polyarthritis. Moreover, it can carry antibiotic resistance genes (Wu et al, Vet. Read More

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Concurrent Ilio-Enteric and Ilio-Vesical Fistula From Large Aorto-Iliac Aneurysm.

Vasc Endovascular Surg 2021 Apr 13:15385744211010389. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Vascular Surgery, 90112Gosford Hospital, Gosford, New South Wales, Australia.

Iliac artery aneurysms (IAA) are associated frequently with abdominal aortic (AAA) and other degenerative large-vessel aneurysms. Concurrent fistulization of the aortoiliac tree into the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and bladder is exceptionally rare. We herewith report a unique case of concurrent ilio-enteric and ilio-vesical fistula arising from a large aorto-iliac aneurysm. Read More

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Recent Findings on Cell-Based Therapies for COVID19-Related Pulmonary Fibrosis.

Cell Transplant 2021 Jan-Dec;30:963689721996217

Bioinnovation Center, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien.

COVID-19 has spread worldwide, including the United States, United Kingdom, and Italy, along with its site of origin in China, since 2020. The virus was first found in the Wuhan seafood market at the end of 2019, with a controversial source. The clinical symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, and respiratory tract inflammation, with some severe patients developing an acute and chronic lung injury, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Read More

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Utility of Preoperative Electrodiagnosis Together with Peripheral Nerve High-Resolution Ultrasound: A Complex Case Report of Neurofibromatosis Type I.

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Neurology, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Integrata Verona, Verona, Veneto, Italy.

Our case report underscores the importance of electroneuromyography (ENMG) combined with peripheral nerve high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) in the evaluation of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). A 49-year-old woman affected by NF1 came to our attention because of new-onset left arm weakness and atrophy. Debulking of a cervicothoracic C7-T1 neurofibroma had been performed 8 years earlier. Read More

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Case Report: Atypical Presentation of Visceral Leishmaniasis: Two Cases from Northwest Ethiopia.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

4Department of Clinical Sciences, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium.

Human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a life-threatening disease caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the Leishmania donovani complex. Atypical cases of leishmaniasis and HIV coinfection have been documented in case reports, mostly associated with gastrointestinal tract, kidney, and skin involvement. We report two VL cases with atypical localizations not reported from east Africa before, both diagnosed and treated at the Leishmaniasis Research and Treatment Center, Gondar, Ethiopia. Read More

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Synovial sarcoma of the stomach: a case report and a systematic review of literature.

Clin J Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Comprehensive Pathology, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519, Japan.

Worldwide, 5-10% of soft tissue sarcoma cases in adults have been attributed to synovial sarcoma. It is often reported to occur near the joints of the arm, neck, and leg but rarely in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we report a case of synovial sarcoma arising in the stomach of a 59-year-old woman. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and plasma antibody titer of patients with COVID-19 in Zhejiang, China.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2020 Dec.;21(12):955-960

Research Center of Blood Transfusion Medicine, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Laboratory Medicine, Department of Blood Transfusion, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which first affected humans in China on December 31, 2019 (Shi et al., 2020). Coronaviruses generally cause mild, self-limiting upper respiratory tract infections in humans, such as the common cold, pneumonia, and gastroenteritis (To et al. Read More

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Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Causes Acute Airway Obstruction Following Upper Respiratory Tract Infection: A Case Report.

Spine Surg Relat Res 2021 10;5(2):114-116. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga, Japan.

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Vasitis Nodosa: A Rare Diagnosis for Inguinal Swelling.

Cureus 2021 Mar 8;13(3):e13759. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Radiology, Dr. Ziauddin Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Vasitis nodosa involves benign, reactive spindle-shaped nodular thickening of the ductal epithelium of vas deferens. We report the case of a 21-year-old male with a history of bilateral undescended testes and left orchidopexy. The patient presented with the complaint of a non-tender left inguinal swelling. Read More

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