748 results match your criteria total sdq


Effects of Cybervictimization on the Mental Health of Primary School Students.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:588209. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Girona, Girona, Spain.

Although many studies have addressed the consequences of cyberbullying on mental health in secondary school, there is a lack of research in primary education. Moreover, most students who are cybervictims also suffer from traditional bullying, and studies on cyberbullying do not always control for the effects of the latter. The aim of our study is therefore to address the possible effects of cyberbullying on different aspects of the life and behavior of students in Years 3 to 6 of primary school. Read More

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Association between sleep habits/disorders and emotional/behavioral problems among Japanese children.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 1;11(1):11438. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita City, Akita, 010-8543, Japan.

Actual sleep status and the association between sleep habits/disorders and emotional/behavioral problems among children in the development stage have not been fully clarified. A questionnaire survey was conducted on the sleep habits/disorders (Brief Child Sleep Questionnaire; BCSQ) and emotional/behavioral problems (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; SDQ) of 87,548 children enrolled in ordinary classes in nine grade levels from the first grade of elementary school to the third grade of junior high school from December 2009 to April 2010. As school grade increased, children's bedtimes were delayed and sleep duration was reduced by 2. Read More

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Association of Child Mental Health with Child and Family Characteristics in Rural China: A Cross-Sectional Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 12;18(10). Epub 2021 May 12.

China Center for Health Development Studies, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Assessing the mental health problems encountered by school children and understanding the contributing factors are crucial to inform strategies aimed at improving mental health in low-resource contexts. However, few studies have investigated the mental health problems among disadvantaged children in poorer countries. This study examines the prevalence of mental health problems in rural China and their association with child and family characteristics. Read More

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Implications of COVID-19 and Lockdown on Internet Addiction Among Adolescents: Data From a Developing Country.

Front Psychiatry 2021 12;12:665675. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia - dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Physical distancing policy during coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic requires adolescents to spend most of their time at home, thus increasing Internet use duration. Limited social interaction with their peers may lead to loneliness and an increased risk of mental health among adolescents. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) among adolescents and analyze the influence of psychosocial factors toward the heightened risk of IA during the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Parental perception on screen time and psychological distress among young children.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Feb 27;10(2):765-772. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Family Medicine, Indus Hospital Research Center (IHRC), Indus Health Network, Karachi, Pakistan.

Objective: We aimed to assess the parent-reported screen time of children, identify the perceived risk factors for increased screen time and its relationship to psychological distress in children.

Materials And Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at a teaching hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 230 employees from medical and non-medical departments were included. Read More

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February 2021

Mental health and sleep habits/problems in children aged 3-4 years: a population study.

Biopsychosoc Med 2021 May 20;15(1):10. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Ehime, Toon City, Japan.

Background: Sleep is essential for mental health at all ages, but few studies have investigated the importance of sleep for mental health in early childhood. Therefore, this study examined the association between mental health and sleep habits/problems in children aged 3-4 years.

Methods: Children aged 3 to 4 years who were living in the community (n = 415; 211/204 boys/girls) were recruited for this study. Read More

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Living arrangements after parental separation have minimal impact on mental health at age 7 years.

Acta Paediatr 2021 Sep 28;110(9):2586-2593. Epub 2021 May 28.

Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Aim: This study compared mental health after parental separation in 7-year-old children living in joint physical custody with sole physical custody family arrangements.

Methods: The study population included 39 661 children from the Danish National Birth Cohort, living in a nuclear family at age 6 months. Child mental health was measured at age 7 years with maternal reports of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) operationalised as a high total score. Read More

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September 2021

Longer-term effects of school-based counselling in UK primary schools.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Children's mental health is deteriorating while access to child and adolescent mental health services is decreasing. Recent UK policy has focused on schools as a setting for the provision of mental health services, and counselling is the most common type of school-based mental health provision. This study examined the longer-term effectiveness of one-to-one school-based counselling delivered to children in UK primary schools. Read More

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Screening for Children's Chronic Health Conditions and Their Strengths and Difficulties in Primary Care.

J Dev Behav Pediatr 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH; Department of Pediatrics, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH; Community Research, Department of Pediatrics, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH.

Objective: This study explores parents' perceptions of their child's health status and their strengths and difficulties using 2 validated instruments in primary care settings.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between February 2018 and October 2019. Parents of children aged 2 to 18 years completed the Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN) screener and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) as well as demographics. Read More

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Emotional and behavioral problems in pediatric patients with migraine and tension-type headache.

Brain Dev 2021 Sep 11;43(8):826-832. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Hyogo, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the associations between psychopathological characteristics of children and adolescents with primary headache, as measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and treatment outcomes.

Methods: A cohort study was conducted on 124 pediatric patients with primary headache. At the first consultation, the SDQ was completed by the parents. Read More

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September 2021

Psychological well-being of early and continuously treated phenylketonuria patients.

JIMD Rep 2021 May 21;59(1):69-80. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Center for Pediatric Research Leipzig (CPL), Department of Women and Child Health, University Hospital, University of Leipzig Leipzig Germany.

Background: Despite enormous advances in therapy, phenylketonuria (PKU) remains an incurable, inherited metabolic disease requiring life-long treatment with potential to negatively impact quality of life and psychological well-being. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen early diagnosed and continuously treated children with PKU on psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties.

Methods: Evaluation of psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties in 49 patients with PKU (23f, 2-17 years) by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; self-report 11-17 years and parent-report 2-17 years). Read More

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Neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders in pediatric bladder and bowel dysfunction.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Division of Urology, Hospital for Sick Children and Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common pediatric problem that describes a constellation of lower urinary tract symptoms associated with constipation and/or encopresis. Its association with neurodevelopmental and psychiatric (NDP) problems is not well understood.

Objectives: Our primary aim was to identify pre-existing NDP disorders in children with BBD. Read More

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Association of Birth Order With Mental Health Problems, Self-Esteem, Resilience, and Happiness Among Children: Results From A-CHILD Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 14;12:638088. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Health and Welfare Services, National Institute of Public Health, Saitama, Japan.

This study aimed to investigate the association of birth order with mental health problems, self-esteem, resilience, and happiness among children aged 9-10 years. This was a cross-sectional study using data from the Adachi Child Health Impact of Living Difficulty (A-CHILD) study, which was a population-based study of children in fourth grade in public schools in Adachi City, Tokyo, Japan in 2018 ( = 3,744). Parent-rated Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and self-rated resilience, happiness, and self-esteem score were used to assess child mental health. Read More

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Validation of the parent version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) to screen mental health problems among school-age children in Mongolia.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 04 29;21(1):218. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, 2-10-1, Okura, Tokyo, Setagaya, 157-8535, Japan.

Background: Child and adolescent mental health problems are urgent health issues in low- and middle-income countries. To promote child and adolescent mental health services, simple validated screening tools are helpful. In Mongolia, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), an internationally used child and adolescent mental health screening tool for children aged 4-17, was translated but not yet validated. Read More

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Nutrition, Cognition, and Social Emotion among Preschoolers in Poor, Rural Areas of South Central China: Status and Correlates.

Nutrients 2021 Apr 16;13(4). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

International Food Policy Research Institute, 1201 Eye Street, Washington, DC 20005, USA.

Existing empirical evidence suggests that the prevalence of undernutrition in remote and poor, rural areas is still high among Chinese children. While evidence reveals that undernutrition may detrimentally affect child development, studies focusing on rural Chinese preschoolers are sparse. Using the baseline survey of a preschool's free nutritious lunch pilot program, this study examined the relationship between child undernutrition and developmental outcomes among a preschool-aged sample in poor, rural areas of China. Read More

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Headache Is Associated with Low Systolic Blood Pressure and Psychosocial Problems in German Adolescents: Results from the Population-Based German KiGGS Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 3;10(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Clinic for Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG), Waldweg 33, D-37075 Göttingen, Germany.

Studies have reported controversial results on the relationship between headache and blood pressure. The aim of this post hoc study was twofold: first, to further investigate this relationship and, second, to assess the impact of psychosocial factors on this association in a population-based study of German children and adolescents. The analysis was conducted on study participants aged between 11 and 17 years ( = 5221, weighted from the total study cohort) from the nationwide German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS). Read More

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Atopic diseases in children and adolescents are associated with behavioural difficulties.

BMC Pediatr 2021 04 23;21(1):197. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Women and Children's Health, Hospital for Children and Adolescents and Center for Pediatric Research (CPL), Leipzig University, Liebigstrasse 20a, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Atopic diseases and behavioural difficulties in children have both been on the rise in recent decades. This study seeks to assess associations between atopic diseases and behavioural difficulties, examining the differences considering child age and how behavioural difficulties were reported (via self-report or parent-report).

Methods: Data on behavioural difficulties, assessed through the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and on atopic diseases, assessed through the participant's medical history, were available for 2701 study participants aged 3 to 18 years. Read More

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Assessing recovery in treatment as usual provided by community child and adolescent mental health services.

BJPsych Open 2021 Apr 23;7(3):e87. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Child and Adolescent Mental Health Group, Department for Health, University of Bath, UK; and Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, UK.

Background: Despite the importance of routinely assessing the outcomes of everyday practice, few studies have reported outcome metrics for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS).

Aims: Our aim is to investigate reliable change and recovery rates for treatment as usual, provided by one community CAMHS over two time periods.

Method: We prospectively audited accepted consecutive referrals from November 2017 to January 2018, and April to September 2019. Read More

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Youth with hearing loss: Emotional and behavioral problems and quality of life.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jun 19;145:110718. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Oslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Department of Research and Innovation, Norway; University of Oslo, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Norway.

Objectives: To compare parent- and self-reported emotional and behavioral problems and quality of life (QoL) among youth with hearing loss (HL) to norms, and to investigate possible associations between emotional and behavioral problems and QoL among youth with HL.

Methods: We used the Strengths and Difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) and the Inventory of Life Quality in Children and Adolescents (ILC) to measure emotional and behavioral problems and QoL in youth with HL (n = 317, ages 6-18), where 78% had bilateral HL, 22% unilateral HL, 16% had cochlear implants, and 59% conventional hearing aids.

Results: The youth with HL had significantly more parent-reported (but not self-reported) emotional and behavioral problems and poorer parent- and self-reported QoL than hearing youth. Read More

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The relationship between childhood emotional abuse and depressive symptoms among Chinese college students: The multiple mediating effects of emotional and behavioral problems.

J Affect Disord 2021 06 31;288:129-135. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: This study aims to explore the mediational effects of emotional and behavioral problems on the association between childhood emotional abuse and depressive symptoms among college students.

Methods: Data were drawn from 60 universities from 10 provinces in China (n=30,374). Information about childhood maltreatment, depressive symptoms, emotional and behavioral problems were gathered through the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), respectively. Read More

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Urgency in children with overactive bladder or voiding postponement: What's the difference?

J Pediatr Urol 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Center for Children's Urinary Disorders (CEDIMI), Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Overactive bladder (OAB) and voiding postponement (VP) can share the same symptom of urgency, but with different pathophysiology, including the cerebral interpretation of bladder filling. The objective of the present study was to compare the clinical, psychological and sociodemographic features of children with urgency for OAB with those who presented urgency for VP (UrVP).

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study with an analytical component was conducted with patients of 5-14 years of age with urinary urgency between January, 2014, and January, 2019. Read More

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Psychological health in preschool children with underweight, overweight or obesity: a regional cohort study.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 15;5(1):e000881. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Clincal Science, Universitetet i Bergen Det Medisinske Fakultet, Bergen, Norway.

Objective: To examine if underweight (UW), overweight (OW) or obesity (OB), or body mass index (BMI) expressed as its SD score (BMI SDS), were associated with psychological difficulties in preschool children.

Design: Regional cohort study.

Setting: Oppland County, Norway. Read More

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Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy and Behavioural Outcomes in the Offspring: Findings from the Millennium Cohort Study.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 19;287:222-228. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

INFANT Research Centre, Cork, Ireland; School of Public Health, Western Gateway Building, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the association between hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) and behavioural outcomes in offspring at five time-points.

Methods: We used maternal-reported data from the Millennium Cohort Study. Data on HDP were collected when children were 9-months. Read More

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The iBerry study: a longitudinal cohort study of adolescents at high risk of psychopathology.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 Apr 1;36(4):453-464. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

The iBerry study is a population-based cohort study designed to investigate the transition from subclinical symptoms to a psychiatric disorder. Adolescents were selected based on their self-reported emotional and/or behavioral problems assessed by completing the strengths and difficulties questionnaire-youth (SDQ-Y) in their first year of high school. A total of 16,736 SDQ-Y questionnaires completed in the academic years 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 by students in the greater Rotterdam area in the Netherlands were screened. Read More

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Parent-Adolescent Agreement on Adolescents' Emotional and Behavioral Problems Assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 12;8:2333794X211001245. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Toon City, Ehime, Japan.

. The perception of emotion and behavior is different between adolescents and their parents. Parent-adolescent agreement on emotional and behavioral problems has not been well researched. Read More

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[Mental Health of Children and Adolescents with and without Disabilities and Health-related Impairment: Results of the Representative German Child and Adolescent Health Survey (KiGGS Wave 2)].

Gesundheitswesen 2021 Jul 18;83(7):490-497. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Fachbereich Pflege und Gesundheit, Public Health Zentrum Fulda (PHZF), Hochschule Fulda, Fulda, Deutschland.

Background And Objective: Children and adolescents with disabilities and health-related impairment belong to a vulnerable population group. There are only few German findings on mental health that distinguish between children and adolescents with and without disabilities and health-related impairment.

Materials And Methods: Data were used from the German KiGGS Wave 2 of the Robert Koch-Institute from 2014-2017. Read More

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The effect of dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms: a randomized controlled clinical trial.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Oct 14;60(7):3647-3658. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Nutrition and Food Security Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: The dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet have several components like high amounts of fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and vitamin C and low amounts of simple sugars that might improve attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. We aimed to investigate the effect of a DASH diet on children (aged 6-12 years) with ADHD, for the first time.

Methods: Participants were randomized to receive a DASH or a control diet for 12 weeks. Read More

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October 2021

Factor structure of the SDQ and longitudinal associations from pre-school to pre-teen in New Zealand.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(3):e0247932. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

School of Psychology, Faculty of Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in a cohort of New Zealand children followed from birth to the age of eleven. The study also aimed to assess the stability of the child data in relation to behavioural outcomes during this period.

Methods: Children in the Auckland Birthweight Collaborative Study were assessed at approximately 3½, 7 and 11 years of age. Read More

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Physical Activity Improves Mental Health in Children and Adolescents Irrespective of the Diagnosis of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)-A Multi-Wave Analysis Using Data from the KiGGS Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 24;18(5). Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Göttingen, 37075 Göttingen, Germany.

Physical activity (PA) may have positive effects on mental health in children and adolescents. This post hoc study aimed to further investigate the relationship between different frequency levels of PA and general mental health as well as specific hyperactivity/inattention symptoms in children and adolescents.

Methods: The analyses were based on data drawn from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) study, a regularly conducted large-scale, epidemiological investigation of somatic and mental health of children and adolescents in Germany. Read More

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February 2021

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 Mar 23;56(2):248-256. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, QLD, Australia.

Background: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community. Read More

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