31,337 results match your criteria tooth materials

Comparison Between Accuracy of Posts Fabricated Using a Digital CAD/CAM Technique and a Conventional Direct Technique.

Int J Prosthodont 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):212-220

Purpose: To compare the accuracy of posts fabricated using a conventional direct technique with casting to the accuracy of posts fabricated using a fully digital protocol with CAD/CAM technology and selective laser melting.

Materials And Methods: Ten extracted permanent maxillary incisors were endodontically treated and prepared for a post. For each tooth, two metal posts were fabricated, one by casting (Group C) and one by a fully digital protocol (Group D). Read More

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Medium- and Long-Term Survival Rates of Implant-Supported Single and Partial Restorations at a Maximum Follow-up of 12 Years: A Retrospective Study.

Int J Prosthodont 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):183-191

Purpose: To present medium- and long-term biologic outcomes of implant-supported single-tooth restorations and fixed partial dentures and to analyze their correlations with prosthesis and patient characteristics.

Materials And Methods: The records of patients treated with implant-supported fixed restorations between 2004 and 2019 reporting the presence or absence of peri-implantitis and/or implant failure were analyzed. The cumulative survival rate (%) over time was calculated, as well as the cumulative prevalence of units free of peri-implantitis. Read More

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The Potential of a Bioactive, Pre-reacted, Glass-Ionomer Filler Resin Composite to Inhibit the Demineralization of Enamel in Vitro.

Oper Dent 2021 Jan;46(1):E11-E20

Clinical Relevance: A prereacted, glass-ionomer filler fluoride-containing resin composite had lower remineralization potential than glass-ionomer cements but was able to inhibit enamel demineralization; thus, it may be an option for restoring dental surfaces for patients at high risk of caries.

Summary: Evidence is lacking on the use of surface prereacted glass-ionomer filler resin composites to inhibit demineralization and that simulate real clinical conditions. The present laboratory study evaluated the potential of such composites to prevent demineralization and quantified fluoride (F) and other ions released from restorative materials after a dynamic pH-cycling regimen applied to the tooth material interface in vitro. Read More

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January 2021

One year clinical success of pulpectomy in primary molars with iodoform-calcium hydroxide paste.

Quintessence Int 2021 Apr 21;0(0). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Objectives: In order to retain primary molars, eg with irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis, pulpectomy can be an alternative to extraction. However, reports on the success of pulpectomies in primary teeth vary widely in the literature. Thus, the objective of this study was not only to analyze the success rate of primary tooth pulpectomy 12 months posttreatment in the setting of a specialized clinic, but also to identify and analyze various factors that modify the outcome. Read More

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Impact of rehabilitation with removable complete or partial dentures on masticatory efficiency and quality of life: A cross-sectional mapping study.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Full Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Statement Of Problem: Tooth loss directly affects mastication, cognitive function, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). Complete dentures (CDs) and removable partial dentures (RPDs) represent a common oral rehabilitation approach. However, studies addressing the impact of removable dentures on replacing missing teeth are lacking. Read More

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Outcomes of Calcium Hydroxide with Iodoform Pulpectomies in Primary Teeth.

J Dent Child (Chic) 2021 Jan;88(1):46-51

Dr. Moskovitz is a clinical associate professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Hebrew University - Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel;, Email:

To assess retrospectively the success rate of calcium hydroxide with iodoform as a filling material in pulpectomies of primary molars with irreversible pulpitis or pulp necrosis, and to evaluate factors that affect outcomes.
This study consisted of records of 73 patients with primary molars treated with pulpectomy with high quality radiographs. Treatment was considered successful clinically if the tooth was not extracted and radiographs showed a decrease or no change in preexisting pathologic radiolucent defects. Read More

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January 2021

[The effectiveness of parodontax toothpaste in the complex treatment of chronic gingivitis].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2021 ;100(2):50-54

Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry named after A.I. Evdokimov Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia.

The Aim Of The Study: Was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of parodontax Comprehensive Protection (GlaxoSmithKline, London, UK) toothpaste in the complex therapy of chronic gingivitis.

Materials And Methods: The study involved 119 volunteers; group 1 (=59, age range 18 to 32 years) and group 2 (=60, age range 20 to 35 years) with a diagnosis of chronic gingivitis (K05.1). Read More

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[Comparative effectiveness of periodontal methods of anesthesia in the treatment of dental caries].

Stomatologiia (Mosk) 2021 ;100(2):40-43

A.I. Yevdokimov Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: The analysis of the criteria for predicting the effectiveness and safety of the use of periodontal anesthesia methods in the treatment of dental caries was carried out.

Materials And Methods: The study involved 78 patients: 41 women and 37 men aged from 25 to 56 years without severe somatic pathology, who needed treatment for dental caries. Intraligamental and modified periodontal anesthesia using a 4% articaine solution with different concentrations of vasoconstrictor were used as methods of anesthesia. Read More

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Investigation of in vitro odonto/osteogenic capacity of cannabidiol on human dental pulp cell.

J Dent 2021 Apr 16:103673. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Graduate Periodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Detroit Mercy, Detroit, MI, 48208, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Vital pulp treatment (VPT) maintains tooth vitality with certain dental materials by protecting pulp from noxious stimulation and promoting repair through enhancing cell proliferation/differentiation, migration, and inducing odontogenesis. As a non-psychotropic cannabis constituent, cannabidiol (CBD) process the properties of analgesic, anti-inflammation, and osteogenesis. Therefore, we hypothesize that CBD may induce the odonto/osteogenesis of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs), a critical feature using as effective pulp capping agent for VPT. Read More

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Biological outcomes and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) of minimally invasive full-mouth rehabilitations of patients with erosions and/or abrasions by means of the "3-step technique": part 2 of the 6-year outcomes of a retrospective clinical study.

Int J Prosthodont 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Purpose: To evaluate biologic and esthetic outcomes, as well as the patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), of full-mouth rehabilitations in patients suffering from generalized erosive and/or abrasive tooth wear following the 3-step technique.

Materials And Methods: Patients who received a minimally invasive full-mouth rehabilitation according to the 3-step technique and who were treated at the University of Geneva and/or in a private practice were considered for inclusion. The minimum service time of the restorations was 12 months. Read More

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Effect of Root Canal Filling Materials and Pretreatment with Solvents on the Shear Bond Strength of Composite Resin with Primary Tooth Dentin.

Biomed Res Int 2021 2;2021:5534294. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Aim: Root canal filling materials have the tendency to inhibit adhesion of resin-based composites. This study was aimed at evaluating the effect of root canal filling materials and their solvents on the shear bond strength (SBS) of resin composite with the primary tooth dentin.

Methods And Materials: Seventy-two intact anterior primary teeth were selected. Read More

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Nrf2 activation is involved in osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells under cyclic mechanical stretch.

Exp Cell Res 2021 Apr 15:112598. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School and Hospital of Stomatology, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, China; Shandong Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration, Shandong Engineering Laboratory for Dental Materials and Oral Tissue Regeneration, China. Electronic address:

During orthodontic treatment, mechanical stretch serves a crucial function in osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs). Up-regulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) level is a result of cyclic mechanical stretch in many cell types. Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) is a master regulator in various antioxidants expression. Read More

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Comparison of the Effect of Three Irrigation Techniques and Root Canal Preparation Size on Sodium Hypochlorite Penetration into Root Canal Dentinal Tubules.

Int J Dent 2021 31;2021:6612588. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Endodontics, College of Dental Medicine, Rangsit University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.

Objective: This study aims to compare the effects of conventional syringe irrigation (CSI), passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and innovative sonic-powered irrigation (EDDY) on the penetration of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions into root canal dentinal tubules at different levels of the root canal.

Materials And Methods: One hundred ninety-two extracted first mandibular premolars of 17- to 25-year-old patients were decoronated 13 mm from the root apices and separated into two groups according to apical preparation sizes (APS) 25 and 40. The root canals were dried with a paper point and stained in crystal violet for 72 hours. Read More

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Periodontal response to a tricalcium silicate material or resin composite placed in close contact to the supracrestal tissue attachment: a histomorphometric comparative study.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Santiago de Compostela, Rúa entrerríos, 15702, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Objective: Subgingival dental restorations and periodontal health have been studied for many years; however, there is a low histological evidence on the behavior of new materials in the supracrestal tissue attachment. The aim of this study is to analyze the periodontal response when a tricalcium silicate material (TSM) or composite margin restorations is placed to 0.5 mm and 1. Read More

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The effect of refractive index of fillers and polymer matrix on translucency and color matching of dental resin composite.

Biomater Investig Dent 2021 Apr 1;8(1):48-53. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Biomaterials Science and Turku Clinical Biomaterials Center -TCBC, Institute of Dentistry, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Objective: When restorative resin composites absorb light from the surrounding tooth structures, it creates a color-match, which is known as 'a chameleon effect'. In this study, series of co-monomer mixtures were prepared with an increasing refraction index (RI) and mixed with glass fillers. The aim of this study was to optimize the mismatch of RI of resin/fillers to create the chameleon effect. Read More

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Prevalence of hyperdontia, hypodontia, and concomitant hypo-hyperdontia.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 23;16(2):713-717. Epub 2020 Sep 23.

School of Dental Medicine, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

Background/purpose: Anomalies in human dentition are some of the most common occurrences of congenital abnormalities. Present study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypodontia, hyperdontia and concomitant hypo-hyperdontia (CHH) among patients attending the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) School of Dental Medicine clinics.

Materials And Methods: Retrospective search was conducted on patients' clinical notes in AxiUm™. Read More

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Acemannan-induced tooth socket healing: A 12-month randomized controlled trial.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 19;16(2):643-653. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Research Unit of Herbal Medicine, Biomaterial, and Material for Dental Treatment, Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Dentistry, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background/purpose: Natural compounds have become alternatives for bone regeneration. Acemannan, the main polysaccharide extracted from vera, has been demonstrated as a promising osteoinductive material and . This clinical study investigated the effect of acemannan on tooth socket healing. Read More

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Strain analysis of anterior resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses with different thicknesses of high translucent zirconia.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 23;16(2):628-635. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Division of Oral Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Tokyo Medical and Dental University (TMDU), Tokyo, Japan.

Background/purpose: High translucent zirconia has been used as a new monolithic zirconia prosthesis, which has the potential to make anterior resin-bonded fixed dental prostheses (RBFDPs) without veneering porcelain. However, it is unclear whether the RBFDPs retainer can be thinned as much as conventional zirconia RBFDPs. The aim of this study was to assess the usability of high translucent zirconia RBFDPs with a thin retainer thickness by evaluating differences in retainer thickness on the surface strain. Read More

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2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-b-D-glucoside triggers the pluripotent-like possibility of dental pulp stem cells by activating the JAK2/STAT3 axis: Preliminary observations.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 7;16(2):599-607. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.


Background/purpose: Although 2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-beta-glucoside (THSG) reportedly has anti-inflammatory properties, its role in inducing the dedifferentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) into pluripotent-like stem cells remains to be determined. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of THSG on the pluripotent-like possibility and mechanism of DPSC. Read More

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2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside-stimulated dental pulp stem cells-derived conditioned medium enhances cell activity and anti-inflammation.

J Dent Sci 2021 Mar 18;16(2):586-598. Epub 2020 Nov 18.

School of Dentistry, College of Oral Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background/purpose: Dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) contribute to the regeneration of various tissues and have superior proliferation, immune privilege, and anti-inflammation properties to other mesenchymal stem cells. 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) not only enhances the aforementioned properties of DPSCs but also promotes self-renewal and reprogramming-like ability. However, whether THSG enhances the aforementioned properties and abilities through direct or indirect interaction mechanisms remains unclear. Read More

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Osteoblast lineage cells and periodontal ligament fibroblasts regulate orthodontic tooth movement that is dependent on Nuclear Factor-kappa B (NF-kB) activation.

Angle Orthod 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Objectives: To investigate the role of NF-κB in osteoblast lineage cells and periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts during orthodontic tooth movement (OTM).

Materials And Methods: Transgenic mice that expressed a dominant negative mutant of the inhibitor of kB kinase (IKK-DN) with lineage specific expression in osteoblastic cells and PDL fibroblasts driven by a response element in the collagen1α1 promoter and matched wild-type (WT) mice were examined. A 10-12 g force was applied by a NiTi coil and maintained for 5 or 12 days. Read More

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Effect of ferrule height and distribution on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated premolars.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Apr;24(4):505-510

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of varying ferrule height and distribution on the fatigue resistance and fracture strength of endodontically treated premolars.

Materials And Method: Thirty-two extracted human premolars were endodontically treated and prepared to receive all-ceramic crowns. Teeth were randomly divided into two groups. Read More

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Biomimetic Properties of Engineered Periodontal Ligament/Cementum in Dental Implants.

Contemp Clin Dent 2020 Oct-Dec;11(4):301-310. Epub 2020 Dec 20.

Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India.

The conventional concept of osseointegrated dental implants based on direct connection to alveolar bone lacks a structured periodontal ligament (PDL) as in natural tooth. This limits the physiologic and functional efficiency of the implant in cushioning occlusal overload, orthodontic tooth movement, and proprioception. Development of bio-mimetic implants that can satisfy the bio-functional requirements of the natural tooth will be an innovative approach and preliminary researches in this area has been reported. Read More

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December 2020

Comparative Evaluation of Short Fiber-reinforced Composite Resin Thickness on Fracture Resistance of Class II Composite Restoration: An Study.

J Contemp Dent Pract 2020 Nov 1;21(11):1201-1204. Epub 2020 Nov 1.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate the difference in fracture resistance of the short fiber-reinforced composite (SFRC) thickness as intermediate layer of class II composite restoration.

Materials And Methods: Thirty human maxillary premolars were selected and divided into three groups. In groups I, II, and III, class II cavities were prepared. Read More

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November 2020

Material preferences for tooth-supported 3-unit fixed dental prostheses: A survey of German dentists.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Professor, Department of Prosthetic Dentistry and Dental Materials Science, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Statement Of Problem: Different material options are available for fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), but valid data on the favored materials of German dentists for 3-unit FDPs are lacking. It is unclear whether preferences depend on the individual characteristics of the dentists or their dental practices.

Purpose: The purpose of this survey was to identify the preferred material selection of German dentists for the fabrication of tooth-supported 3-unit FDPs depending on the location of the abutment teeth and the individual characteristics of the dentist or the dental practice. Read More

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Assessment of preparation time and 1-year Invisalign aligner attachment survival using flowable and packable composites.

Angle Orthod 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Objectives: To compare preparation time and 1-year Invisalign aligner attachment survival between a flowable composite (FC) and a packable composite (PC).

Materials And Methods: Fifty-five participants (13 men and 42 women, mean age ± SD: 24.2 ± 5. Read More

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Effect of different platelet-rich fibrin matrices for ridge preservation in multiple tooth extractions: A split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial.

J Clin Periodontol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Oral Health Sciences, Section of Periodontology and Oral Microbiology, KU Leuven, University Hospitals Leuven Dentistry, Leuven, Belgium.

Aim: To evaluate dimensional changes in the alveolar ridge and bone structure after tooth extraction when L-PRF or A-PRF+ was used in comparison to unassisted socket healing.

Materials And Methods: Twenty patients in need of at least three tooth extractions in the aesthetic zone were included. L-PRF, A-PRF+ or control was randomly assigned, leaving one empty socket/edentulous site between conditions. Read More

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Rodent incisor and molar dental follicles show distinct characteristics in tooth eruption.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Apr 2;126:105117. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610041, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Rodent incisors and molars show different eruption patterns. Dental follicles and their interaction with dental epithelia play key roles in tooth eruption. However, little is known about the differences between incisor dental follicle (IF) and molar dental follicle (MF) during tooth eruption of rodents. Read More

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De-Implementing Opioid Use and Implementing Optimal Pain Management Following Dental Extractions (DIODE): Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 12;10(4):e24342. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Friends Research Institute Inc, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Background: Overdose deaths from prescription opioid analgesics are a continuing crisis in the United States. Opioid analgesics are among the most frequently prescribed drugs by dentists. An estimated 5 million people undergo third-molar extractions in the United States each year, resulting in postoperative pain. Read More

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The effect of aging on the nanostructure of murine alveolar bone and dentin.

J Bone Miner Metab 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Biomaterials, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Potsdam, Germany.

Introduction: Alveolar bone, dentin, and cementum provide a striking example of structurally different collagen-based mineralized tissues separated only by periodontal ligament. While alveolar bone is strongly remodeled, this does not hold for dentin and cementum. However, additional dentin can be deposited on the inner surface of the pulp chamber also in older age. Read More

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